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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of ILASS-Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Institute for Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems-Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Dec 2015
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Sep 2015
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Jun 2015
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Mar 2015
Selecting the target year
Evaluation on Emission Characteristics of Trace Hazardous Material from Motorcycle Exhaust by EURO III
Yoo, Heung-Min ; Son, JiHwan ; Park, Gyu-Tae ; Mun, SunHee ; Yun, ChangWan ; Kim, JeongSoo ; Lee, JongTae ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 20, issue 4, 2015, Pages 207~216
DOI : 10.15435/JILASSKR.2015.20.4.207
Recently, the researches for air pollutant control technologies have been performing in Korea, while considering an one of the latest main topics as problems on air pollutant control. However, it is difficult to investigate emission amount of air pollutant by passenger cars, because of lack of the domestic information about mobile source; the number of research institutes are less in the whole. Especially, the informations on registered numbers and emissions of motorcycles are less. Thus, in this study, the analysis that is based on experimental results was conducted for finding out source profiling and emission characteristics on motorcycles exhaust. For these experiments, the domestic motorcycles were chosen and evaluated by EURO III standard. From the result, controlled pollutants (CO, HC, NOx) were met to EURO III, but low displacement motorcycles showed a higher incomplete combustion reaction than that of 250 cc motorcycles. Additionally, uncontrolled pollutants (BTEX and 1,3-butadiene) were decreased with increasing a displacement of motorcycles. However, the emission trend of aldehydes was not followed that of those; the formaldehyde ratio increased upto approximately 33%, with increasing a displacement of motorcycles. In the future, it would be used to support the CAPSS as basic data of Korea.
A Study on Injection Rate Characteristics of a Diesel Injector
Chung, Jaewoo ; Kim, Namho ; Lim, Chanhyun ; Kim, Dugjin ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 20, issue 4, 2015, Pages 217~222
DOI : 10.15435/JILASSKR.2015.20.4.217
In this study, Injection rate tests of a Diesel common-rail injector have been performed with injection volume measurement type injection rate test system EMI21 for construction of injector model can be used in an engine calibration mean valued model. The measuring principle of the test system is based on measurement of dispalcement of a movable measurement piston by the volume of fluid released by the injector. From these injection rate test results, the characteristics on shape of instantaneous injection rate and injection fuel amount have been investigated and injection fuel amount calculation equation based on test results has been newly constructed. This equation is very simple and calculation error is less than 5% with test results for wide range injection pressure (200~1800 bar) and injection duration (
) conditions. So, it is anticipated that newly constructed simple injection fuel amount model in this study can be efficiently used on engine calibration and control model.
Characteristic Analysis of Regulated Pollutants Emitted from Passenger Cars according to Fuel Additives
Jung, Sungwoon ; Son, Jihwan ; Hong, Heekyoung ; Sung, Kijae ; Kim, Jeongsoo ; Kim, Jounghwa ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 20, issue 4, 2015, Pages 223~229
DOI : 10.15435/JILASSKR.2015.20.4.223
This paper was designed to investigate emission characteristics of regulated pollutants (CO, HC, NOx and PM) from 134 diesel and gasoline passenger cars based on emission standards according to fuel additives. The experiments using chassis dynamometer were conducted under NEDC and CVS-75 modes. Comparison for fuel additive management and test between Korea, USA, EU and Japan, Korea was more strict than others. The fuel additives of this study was satisfied within fuel manufacturing standards. For with/without fuel additives according to diesel emission standards, NOx of EURO 4 and EURO 5 showed a relatively similar tendency. In the case of PM reduction rate, EURO 5 was over 20% increased than EURO 4. In the case of standard deviation/average ratio for gasoline vehicles, variation interval was big for LEV 23.3~58% and ULEV 31.6~56.4%. Following the imposition of stricter regulations (EURO 5 and ULEV), difference rate for standard deviation was big. Especially, in the case of diesel vehicles, difference rate for NOx 68% and PM 48% was most big. The results of present study will be of assistance in completing the legislative process and will provide basic data to set up emission standards for fuel additives in Korea.
Development of an Infrared Two-color Probe for Particle Cloud Temperature Measurement
Alshaikh Mohammed, Mohammed Ali ; Kim, Ki Seong ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 20, issue 4, 2015, Pages 230~235
DOI : 10.15435/JILASSKR.2015.20.4.230
The demands for reliable particle cloud temperature measurement exist in many process industries and scientific researches. Particle cloud temperature measurements depend on radiation thermometry at two or more color bands. In this study, we developed a sensitive, fast response and compact online infrared two-color probe to measure the temperature of a particle cloud in a phase of two field flow (solid-gas). The probe employs a detector contained two InGaAs photodiodes with different spectral responses in the same optical path, which allowed a compact probe design. The probe was designed to suit temperature measurements in harsh environments with the advantage of durability. The developed two-color probe is capable of detecting particle cloud temperature as low as
, under dynamic conditions.
Characteristics for Nanofluid Droplet Evaporation on Heated Surface at Boiling Temperature of Base Liquid
Kim, Dae Yun ; Jung, Jung-Yeul ; Lee, Seong Hyuk ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 20, issue 4, 2015, Pages 236~240
DOI : 10.15435/JILASSKR.2015.20.4.236
This study aims to experimentally investigate the evaporation characteristics of nanofluid droplet on heated surface at boiling temperature of DI-water. In particular, textured surface was used to examine the effect of wettability on evaporation. At the initial stage of evaporation process, dynamic contact angle (DCA) of nanofluid droplet with 0.01 vol.% concentration on textured surface rapidly increased over its equilibrium contact angle by generated large bubble inside the droplet due to lower wettability. However, contact angle of nanofluid droplet with higher concentration on textured surface decreased with surface tension. In addition, total evaporation time of droplet on textured surface was considerably delayed due to reduction of contact area between droplet and solid surface. Thus, evaporation characteristics were highly affected by the nanofluid concentration and surface wettability.
Combustion Instability Prediction Using 1D Thermoacoustic Model in a Gas Turbine Combustor
Kim, Jin Ah ; Kim, Daesik ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 20, issue 4, 2015, Pages 241~246
DOI : 10.15435/JILASSKR.2015.20.4.241
The objective of the current study is to develop an 1D thermoacoustic model for predicting basic characteristics of combustion instability and to investigate effects of key parameters on the instabilities such as effects of flame geometry and acoustic boundary conditions. Another focus of the paper is placed on limit cycle prediction. In order to improve the model accuracy, the 1D model was modified considering the actual flame location and flame length (i.e. distribution of time delay). As a result, it is found that the reflection coefficients have a great effect on the growth rate of the instabilities. In addition, instability characteristics are shown to be strongly dependent upon the fuel compositions.
A Study on the Optimization of Multiple Injection Strategy for a Diesel Engine using Grey Relational Analysis and Linear Regression Analysis
Kim, Sookyum ; Woo, Seungchul ; Kim, Woong Il ; Park, Sangki ; Lee, Kihyung ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 20, issue 4, 2015, Pages 247~253
DOI : 10.15435/JILASSKR.2015.20.4.247
Recently, the engine calibration technique has been much more complicated than that of the past engine case in order to satisfy the strict emission regulations. The current calibration method for the diesel engine which has an increasing market is both costly and time-consuming. New engine calibration method is required to develop for high-quality diesel engines with low cost and release it at the appropriate time. This study provides the optimal calibrating technique for complex engine systems using statistical modeling and numerical optimization. Firstly, it design a test plan based on Design of Experiments, a V-optimality methodology which is suitable looking for set-points, and determine the shape of test engine response. Secondly, it uses functions to make linear regression model for data analysis and optimization to fit the models of engines behavior. Finally, it generates the optimal calibrations obtained directly from empirical engine models using Grey Relational Analysis and compares the calibrations with data. This method can develop a process for systematically identifying the optimal balance of engine emissions.
Numerical Study on the Effect of Nozzle Geometry on the Small CRDI Engine Performance
Min, Se Hun ; Suh, Hyun Kyu ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 20, issue 4, 2015, Pages 254~260
DOI : 10.15435/JILASSKR.2015.20.4.254
The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of multi-hole nozzle on the performance of small CRDI engine. Combustion and exhaust emission characteristics of engine were studied by using CFD simulation with ECFM-3Z combustion model. The conditions of simulation were varied with nozzle geometry, injection timing and injection quantity. In addition, the results were compared in terms of combustion pressure, rate of heat release,
and soot emissions. It was found that combustion pressure was increased when injection timing was advanced. The rate of heat release of 6 hole nozzle was higher than that of 12 hole nozzle since the quantity of fuel impinged at the bottom of piston rim was different under different injection timing conditions. In the case of
emission, 6 hole nozzle generated more
emission than 12 hole nozzle. On the other hand, in the case of soot emission, 12 hole nozzle showed higher value than 6 hole nozzle because injected fuel droplets from multi-hole nozzle were coalesced.
Effect of Initial Diameter on the Soot Generation of Toluene Fuel Droplet
Lim, Young Chan ; Suh, Hyun Kyu ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 20, issue 4, 2015, Pages 261~267
DOI : 10.15435/JILASSKR.2015.20.4.261
The main purpose of this study is to provide the information of soot generation of toluene fuel droplet. To achieve this, this paper provides the experimental results on the different initial diameter of toluene droplet combustion characteristics conducted under equivalent ambient pressure (
) and oxygen concentration (
) conditions. Visualization of single fuel droplet was performed with high resolution CCD camera and visualization system. At the same time, ambient pressure (
) and oxygen concentration (
) were maintained by ambient condition control system. Soot volume fraction (
) was analyzed and compared on the basis of intensity ratio (
) of background image. The result of soot generation was almost the same regardless of initial droplet diameter since thermophoretic flux is not much changed under the same ambient conditions. Soot standoff ratio (SSR) of 2 mm diameter showed unstable variation characteristics due to the short available measuring time.