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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of ILASS-Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Institute for Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems-Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Mar 2016
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A Cumulative Injected Fuel Mass Measurement Under a Vehicle Driven Condition using Loadcells
Cho, Seung Keun ; Lee, Choong Hoon ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 21, issue 1, 2016, Pages 1~6
DOI : 10.15435/JILASSKR.2016.21.1.1
A gasoline injector rig which can measure cumulative injected fuel mass under a vehicle driving condition was developed. The measurement system consists of an engine control unit (ECU), data acquisition (DAQ) and injected fuel collection system using loadcells. By supplying reconstructed sensor signals which simulate the real vehicle's sensor signals to the ECU, the ECU drives injectors as if they were driven in the vehicle. The vehicle's performance was computer simulated by using
software based on both engine part load performance and automatic transmission shift map. Throttle valve position, engine and vehicle speed, air mass flow rate et al. were computer simulated. The used vehicle driving pattern for the simulation was FTP-75 mode. For reconstructing the real vehicle sensor signals which are correspondent to the
simulated vehicle's performance, the DAQ systems were used. The injected fuel was collected with mess cylinders. The collected fuel mass in the mess cylinder with elapsed time after starting FTP-75 driving mode was measured using loadcells. The developed method shows highly improved performance in fast timing and accuracy of the cumulative injected fuel mass measurement under the vehicle driven condition.
A Study on Flow Characteristics of Spark-Ignited Engine with Variable Intake Valve Closing Timing for Miller Cycle
Chung, J.H. ; Kang, S.J. ; Kim, J.S. ; Jeong, S.C. ; Lee, J.W. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 21, issue 1, 2016, Pages 7~12
DOI : 10.15435/JILASSKR.2016.21.1.7
In this study, to research in-cylinder flow characteristics of spark-ignited engine with intake valve closing timing change for Miller cycle. 3D simulation study were used 6 different intake valve profile with
gap for retard intake valve closing timing. Comparison of In-cylinder flow pattern characteristic were accompanied between Base and LIVC. And the efficiency of volume and the work of compression were analyzed with simulation study. When intake valve closing angle was retarded in
, the pressure in cylinder was decreased about 12~13 bar and volume efficiency was reduced about 16%. The efficiency of volume and the work of compression were reduced on LIVC.
Effects of Propellant Phases on Atmospheric Spray Characteristics of a Pintle Injector for Throttleable Rocket Engines
Yu, Kijeong ; Son, Min ; Radhakrishnan, Kanmaniraja ; Kim, Heuy Dong ; Koo, Jaye ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 21, issue 1, 2016, Pages 13~19
DOI : 10.15435/JILASSKR.2016.21.1.13
Atmospheric spray characteristics were experimentally compared between liquid-gas and liquid-liquid sprays of a pintle injector. In order to study spray characteristics, water and air were used as the simulants and the visualization technic was adopted. Spray images were acquired by using a backlight method by a high-resolution CMOS camera. As a result, when the pintle opening distance increased, liquid sheets became unstabled and fluttering droplets increased. In the liquid-gas case, the breakup performance increased as the pressure of gas injected from the annular orifice increased. In the liquid-liquid case, atomization efficiency decreased as the pressure of liquid injected from the annular orifice increased. Spray angles presented a similar trend between two cases. At the same momentum ratio, the spray angle of liquid-liquid case was lower than the angle of liquid-gas case.
Study on the Injection Characteristics using Injection Rate in a Direct-injection Gasoline Injector with Multi-hole
Park, Jeonghyun ; Shin, Dalho ; Park, Su Han ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 21, issue 1, 2016, Pages 20~28
DOI : 10.15435/JILASSKR.2016.21.1.20
This paper presents an experimental study on the GDI injector with Bosch method. The injection characteristics, such as the injection quantity, the injection rate, the maximum velocity of the nozzle exit and the injection delay were studied through the change of the injection pressure, the tube pressure and energizing duration in injection rate measurement device using nheptane. The injection quantity is increased by increasing injection pressure, decreasing tube pressure or increasing energizing duration. As the difference of the injection quantity changed, the shape of injection rate was moved with a constant form. The maximum velocity of the nozzle exit showed a tendency to increase as the injection pressure is increased. However, tube pressure did not affect. Overall, it was confirmed that the closing delay is longer than the opening delay in all conditions. As the injection pressure increased, the result has a tendency to decrease the closing delay, it did not affect the opening delay. Reduction of the closing delay showed the reduction of the injection duration. the tube pressure and energizing duration did not affect the injection delay (opening delay, closing delay).
Effect of High Temperature and Pressure Conditions on the Combustion Characteristics of n-butanol and n-heptane Fuel
Lim, Young Chan ; Suh, Hyun Kyu ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 21, issue 1, 2016, Pages 29~36
DOI : 10.15435/JILASSKR.2016.21.1.29
The effect of high ambient temperature and pressure conditions on the combustion performance of n-butanol, n-heptane and its mixing fuel (BH 20) were studied in this work. To reveal this, the closed homogeneous reactor model applied and 1000-1200 K of the initial temperature, 20-30 atm of initial pressure and 1.0 of equivalence ratio were set to numerical analysis. It was found that the results of combustion temperature was increased and the ignition delay was decreased when the ambient conditions were elevated since the combustion reactivity increased at the high ambient conditions. On the contrary, under the low combustion temperature condition, the combustion pressure was more influenced by the ambient temperature in the same ambient conditions. In addition, the total mass and the mass density of tested fuels were influenced by the ambient pressure and temperature. Also, soot generation of mixing fuel was decreased than n-heptane fuel due to the oxygen content of n-butanol fuel.
An Experimental Study on the Ignition Probability and Combustion Flame Characteristics of Spark-Ignited Direct-Injection CNG
Hwang, Seongill ; Chung, Sungsik ; Yeom, Jeongkuk ; Jeon, Byongyeul ; Lee, Jinhyun ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 21, issue 1, 2016, Pages 37~46
DOI : 10.15435/JILASSKR.2016.21.1.37
For the SI engines, at only full load, the pumping loss has a negligible effect, while at part load conditions, the pumping loss increases. To avoid the pumping loss, the spark-ignited engines are designed to inject gasoline directly into the combustion chamber. In the spark-ignited direct-injection engines, ignition probability is important for successful combustion and the flame propagation characteristics are also different from that of pre-mixed combustion. In this paper, a visualization experiment system is designed to study the ignition probability and combustion flame characteristics of spark-ignited direct-injection CNG fuel. The visualization system is composed of a combustion chamber, fuel supply system, air supply system, electronic control system and data acquisition system. It is found that ambient pressure, ambient temperature and ambient air flow velocity are important parameters which affect the ignition probability of CNG-air mixture and flame propagation characteristics and the injected CNG fuel can be ignited directly by a spark-plug under proper ambient conditions. For all cases of successful ignition, the flame propagation images were digitally recorded with an intensified CCD camera and the flame propagation characteristics were analyzed.
Modeling of CNG Direct Injection using Gaseous Sphere Injection Model
Choi, Mingi ; Park, Sungwook ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 21, issue 1, 2016, Pages 47~52
DOI : 10.15435/JILASSKR.2016.21.1.47
This paper describes the modeling of CNG direct injection using gaseous sphere injection model. Simulation of CNG direct injection does not need break up and evaporation model compared to that of liquid fuel injection. And very fine mesh is needed near the injector nozzle to resolve the inflow boundary. Therefore it takes long computation time for gaseous fuel injection simulation. However, simulation of CNG direct injection could be performed with the coarse mesh using gaseous sphere injection model. This model was integrated in KIVA-3V code and RNG
turbulence model needs to be modified because this model tends to over-predict gas jet diffusion. Furthermore, we preformed experiments of gaseous fuel injection using PLIF (planar laser induced fluorescence)method. Gaseous fuel injection model was validated against experiment data. The simulation results agreed well with the experiment results. Therefore gaseous sphere injection model has the reliability about gaseous fuel direct injection. And this model was predicted well a general tendency of gaseous fuel injection.
Evaporative Heat Transfer Characteristics of Droplet on Oxi-nitriding Surface
Kim, Dae Yun ; Lee, Seong Hyuk ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 21, issue 1, 2016, Pages 53~57
DOI : 10.15435/JILASSKR.2016.21.1.53
The present study aims to experimentally investigate the evaporative heat transfer characteristics of Oxi-nitriding SPCC surface. Moreover, the heat transfer coefficient was examined with respect to surface temperature during droplet evaporation. In fact, the nitriding surface showed significant enhancement for anticorrosion performance compared to bare SPCC surface but the thermal resistance also increased due to the formation of compound layer. From the experimental results, the evaporative behavior of sessile droplet on nitriding surface showed similar tendency with the bare surface. Total evaporation time of sessile droplet on the nitriding surface was delayed less than 5%. The difference in heat transfer coefficient increased with the surface temperature, and the maximum difference was estimated to be around 11% at
surface. Thus, this nitriding surface treatment method could be useful for seawater heat exchanger industries.
Dynamic Characteristics of Droplet Impinging on Multi-layer Texture Surfaces
Moon, Joo Hyun ; Lee, Seong Hyuk ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 21, issue 1, 2016, Pages 58~63
DOI : 10.15435/JILASSKR.2016.21.1.58
This study presents the dynamic characteristics of an impinging droplet on hydrophobic and hydrophilic surfaces with various texture area fractions. The flat surface was fabricated by using the drilling technique to make micro-meter hole-patterned surfaces, which shows hydrophobic textured surfaces. Moreover, the hydrophilic textured surfaces were manufactured by anodizing technique on the micro-meter hole-patterned surfaces to generate multi-layer surfaces. Impinging droplet experiments were conducted for various hole-patterned surfaces, with changing impact velocity and texture area fractions. It is observed that an anodizing technique increases wettability by decrease in hole diameter on the textured surfaces. However, micro-drilled surfaces decreases wettability because the hole diameter was so large that air can be trapped under the holes. In addition, the maximum spreading diameter decreases with the texture area fraction for the micro-drilled surfaces because of decrease in wettability.