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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of ILASS-Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Institute for Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems-Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 3, Issue 4 - Dec 1998
Volume 3, Issue 3 - Sep 1998
Volume 3, Issue 2 - Jun 1998
Volume 3, Issue 1 - Mar 1998
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A Study on Analysis of Breakup Mechanism of Vaporizing Fuel Droplet in High Temperature and Velocity Air Stream
Kim, K.C. ; Hwang, S.S. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 3, issue 3, 1998, Pages 1~13
In this study, an experimental study was performed to investigate the breakup mechanism of vaporizing droplet. A well-controlled experimental apparatus was used to study breakup mechanisms of a monodisperse stream of drops injected into a transverse high temperature and velocity air stream. The experiments gave information$ about the microscopic structure of the liquid drop breakup process, drop breakup regimes, and drop trajectories in high temperature flow region. The breakup time, drop acceleration and wavelength of surface instability wave were measured from a high-magnification and double spark photography. The two instability theories, i.e., Kelvin-Helmholtz instability and Rayleigh-Taylor instability, were estimated by comparing the calculated data with the measurements. The results showed that the breakup time in high temperature flow condition is shortened because the surface tension is decreased by the increase of gas temperature.
The effect of steam condensation on the behavior of an hygroscopic aerosol
Park, J.W. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 3, issue 3, 1998, Pages 14~22
The growth by steam condensation of an hygroscopic aerosol is investigated using the condensation rate model which has been derived from the mass and heat transfer equations. The present model accounts for both the solute and Kelvin effects. When the hygroscopicity is considered, condensation can occur on hygroscopic seed particles even under subsaturated steam conditions. This study focuses on the effect of hygroscopicity on the evolution of the particle size distribution and decay of the total aerosol concentration. It is found that hygroscopicity causes the particle size distribution to rapidly move upward even in a very short time, resulting in substantially higher decay of the total aerosol concentration than the case without considering hygroscopicity.
Effects of Aspect Ratio on Combustion Characteristics in Diesel Engine
Kwon, S.I. ; Kwon, J.B. ; Kim, H.S. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 3, issue 3, 1998, Pages 23~32
The effect of reentrant type bowl geometry on combustion characteristics was investigated in a D.I. diesel engine. The main factor was the aspect ratio (Bowl Diameter / Bowl Depth) of bowl of combustion chamber, and the cylinder pressure, engine performance and emissions of the engine using the 4 kinds of the combustion chamber were meadured. Also, the combustion characteristics compared of the experimented and the calculated values which is used by the Hiroyasu's combustion model. The results are as follows; The effect of
on ignition delay period are small. The smoke is corerelated to the heat release of the premixed and the diffusion combustion, i.g, the smoke decreased by decreasing the premixed combustion or increasing the diffusion combustion on cumulative heat release. The premixed combustion process has more effect than the diffusion combustion on smoke. The formal tendency of
on engine performance has not appear.
A Study on the Optimization of Fuel Metering for the Lean Combustion System in a Gasoline Engine (I)
Yoon, S.J. ; Cho, D.J. ; Pang, D.Y. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 3, issue 3, 1998, Pages 33~41
In recently, a study on the lean combustion is investigated intensively, because it is expected that this method may decrease the harmful exhaust gas and improve fuel economy in gasoline engine. The problems of lean combustion system in gasoline engine are ignition difficulty, misfire and instability of combustion. The investigation on the optimization of fuel metering and the control of mixing gas flow may be critical to improve the performance of lean combustion. In the fuel injection gasoline engine, the formation of mixture influences strongly on the engine performance such that the importance of fuel metering system becomes apparent. First of all, a study on the fuel breakup characteristics of gasoline fuel injector was carried out in this paper. Fuel injectors are pintle and 4hole-2spray type. The purpose of this study is to clarify the atomization mechanism of spray injected into atomosphere field through electronic controlled-fuel injectors, and to analyze spray characteristics such as drop size distribution and mean drop diameter produced at fuel injector. In this paper, the spray development is observed by taking photograps using 80mm still-camera system, and drop sizes are measured by PMAS. From these experiment, spray pattern injected from gasoline fuel injectors was investigated clearly. Also, it was found that SMD and drop size distribution of injected fuel spray from gasoline fuel injectors.
An Study on the Spray Structure of Fuel Port Injectors
Lee, C.S. ; Lee, K.H. ; Chon, M.S. ; Sohn, K.H. ; Park, J.S. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 3, issue 3, 1998, Pages 42~48
This study describes the spray structure of gasoline port injectors by using phase Doppler particle analyzer(PDPA) and particle motion analysis system(PMAS). The characteristics of fuel spray such as the spray penetration, spray angle and breakup processes were obtained by PMAS and the droplet size and mean velocity were measured by PDPA system. Pintle type and two-hole type injectors were used as gasoline port fuel injectors under various injection pressures. The effect of injection pressure on the droplet mean diameter and axial mean velocity of droplet were investigated under the various injection conditions. In addition the comparison of breakup processes for the two types of injectors was also conducted. It Is shown that pintle type injector has smaller droplet size than that of two-hole type injector.
Numerical Studies on Vaporization Characterization and Combustion Processes in High-Pressure Fuel Sprays
Moon, Y.W. ; Kim, Y.M. ; Kim, S.W. ; Kim, J.Y. ; Yoon, I.Y. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 3, issue 3, 1998, Pages 49~59
The vaporization characteristics and spray combustion processes in the high-pressure environment are numerically investigated. This study employ the high-pressure vaporization model together with the state-of-art spray submodels. The present high-pressure vaporization model can account for transient liquid heating, circulation effect inside the droplet forced convection, Stefan flow effect, real gas effect and ambient gas solubility in the liquid droplets. Computations are carried out for the evaporating sprays, the evaporating and burning sprays, and the spray combustion processes of the turbocharged diesel engine. Numerical results indicate that the high-pressure effects are quite crucial for simulating the spray combustion processes including vaporization, spray dynamics, combustion, and pollutant formation.