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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of ILASS-Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Institute for Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems-Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 3, Issue 4 - Dec 1998
Volume 3, Issue 3 - Sep 1998
Volume 3, Issue 2 - Jun 1998
Volume 3, Issue 1 - Mar 1998
Selecting the target year
Measurement of Breakup Length of Viscous Liquid Jet in Stagnant Air
Rhim, Jung-Hyun ; Ryu, Keun-Young ; Lim, Sung-Bin ; No, Soo-Young ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 3, issue 4, 1998, Pages 1~7
The measurement of breakup length of viscous liquid jet in stagnant air was conducted by a 3CCD digital video camera. The nozzle diameters of 4, 6, 8mm with L/d=50 were selected and the dynamic viscosity of viscous liquid made of glycerine and water was in the range of
. The critical velocity is decreased and the breakup length is increased with the increase of nozzle diameter at the same dynamic viscosity of liquid. At the same nozzle diameter, the breakup length and the critical velocity are both increased with the increase of dynamic viscosity of liquid. It is found in the theoretical analysis that the initial disturbance level is the main cause of occurrance of critical Reynolds number in the stability curve. The comparison of experimental critical Reynolds number and the empirical correlation by Tanasawa and Toyota reveals the relatively good agreement.
A Study on the Development of Emulsified Fuel Supplier and Spray Characteristics of Domestic Petroleum Boiler
Yoon, M.K. ; Kim, Y.K. ; Ryu, J.Y. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 3, issue 4, 1998, Pages 8~15
The spray characteristics of emulsified fuel of W/O type has been experimentally investigated. The mixture of light oil and water by using ultrasonic energy adding system is used as the emulsified fuel. The SMD of sprayed droplet of emulsified fuel is measured by using the particle size analyzer. Major parameters of the present experimental study are the volume fraction of water in emulsified fuel,
by 5%, injection pressure,
, and the measurement distance,
, between injection nozzle tip and analyzer beam. Compared with light oil, the SMD of emulsified fuel is larger gradually by increasing the volume fraction of water in emulsified fuel, heightening injection pressure and increasing the spray distance. Also, In considering the fact that the pattern of drop size distribution of emulsified fuel is alike that of light oil, the real time spray in coincidence with making emulsified fuel by adding ultrasonic energy can stabilize spray pattern without modificating the injection system used by now.
The Effect of the Air Temperature and Air-assisted Pressure on the Fuel Droplet Atomization
Kim, Y.S. ; Lee, J.S. ; Yoon, S.H. ; Chung, S.S. ; Ha, J.Y. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 3, issue 4, 1998, Pages 16~24
The fuel injection type, in the gasoline engines of atomization of fuel droplet and its distribution hae influenced directly on the decision of engine performance and harmful emission. In this paper, atomization characteristics of fuel spray is investigated with microscopic visualization system. Particle motion analysis system is used to measure the SMD from fuel spray of air-assisted injector by initial factors such as temperature of ambient air and air-assisted pressure. As air-assist pressure and ambientair temperature increase, the SMD is decreased, and its variation is more stable.
An Analysis of the Hygroscopic Aerosol Behavior Using the Moving Sectional Method
Park, J.W. ; Kim, H.D. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 3, issue 4, 1998, Pages 25~34
Hygroscopic aerosols can rapidly grow in size by steam condensation even under subsaturated steam conditions. Much efforts have been made to handle this process, but there have been computational difficulties in handling the condensational growth of hygroscopic aerosols by contentional methods. A recently released computer code, CONTAIN 2.0, employs a new technique called Moving Sectional Method(MSM) to handle the growth of hygroscopic aerosols. As a part of the model verification efforts, we have used the code to simulate the VANAM M3U hygroscopic aerosol experiment. We assess the accuracies of the new MSM and the conventional Fixed Sectional Method(ESM) based on the simulation results. Also presented are discussions about the robustness of the MSM.
A Study on Quantitative Measurements of Equivalence Ratio in Constant Volume Chamber Using UV Laser Raman Scattering
Jin, S.H. ; Heo, H.S. ; Kim, G.S. ; Park, K.S. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 3, issue 4, 1998, Pages 35~42
Laser Raman scattering method has been applied to measure equivalence ratio of methane/air and propane/air mixture in constant volume combustion chamber. We used high power KrF excimer laser
and a high gain ICCD camera to capture low intensity Raman signal. Raman shifts and Ram cross-sections of
were measured precisely. Our results showed an excellent agreement with other groups. Mole fraction measurement of
from air showed that
= 0.206 : 0.794. We used constant volume combustion chamber and gas injector which is operated at
. Methane and propane are used as a fuel. 50 Raman signal are obtained and ensemble averaged for measurement of equivalence ratio. Our measured results showed that the equivalence ratio of fuel/air mixture is reasonable at
A Study on the Influence of Equivalence Ratio and Kinds of fuel in Flame Structure
Park, S.K. ; Choi, N.J. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 3, issue 4, 1998, Pages 43~49
In order to clarify the effect of equivalence ratio and kinds of fule in flame structure, a numerical simulation of triple flame developed in a co-flowing methane-air and air stream was carried out by the elementary chemical reaction mechanism. The following conclusions were obtained. Equivalence ratio at which the apparent burning velocity is maximum is a little larger than that of the one-dimensional premixed flame. Apparent burning velocities are two times higher than that of the one-dimensional premixed flame for the methane-air. The flame thrusts out forward in the downstream of the boundary between mixture and air stream, and a part of the flow is bent and forks out in this protruding flame so that a triple flame is originated; this triple flame is composed of fuel rich and lean premixed flame branches and a diffusion flame branch. Near the equivalence ratio at which the burning velocity of rule-dimensional premixed flame is the largest the effect of one-dimensional premixed flame becomes large and the fuel rich premixed flame advances and becomes vertical to the flow direction.
A Study on Ultrasonic Effects for the Atomization in a Twin-Fluid Spray
Ju, E.S. ; Chung, J.D. ; Song, M.G. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 3, issue 4, 1998, Pages 50~57
The utilization of resonance should be considered to get the maximum effect of ultrasonic to atomize liquid. The ultrasonic generator, transducer, horn, and all attached parts are used to produce the resonance, and specially the characteristics of liquids such as liquid load, property, and etc., for the liquid atomization affinity are considered. In this study, the variable device of liquid load was made and distilled water and city water selected as experimental liquids were sprayed by a twin-fluid spray method and their diameters, distributions, and spray quantum of spray droplets were measured by the light scattering system. And all data were observed, compared and considered relatively. In results, a lot of phenomena of liquid atomization affinity by ultrasonic appeared in accordance with liquid loads, namely head h.
A Study of Spray Characteristics of Injector on the Air-assisted Pressure Variation
Yoon, S.H. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 3, issue 4, 1998, Pages 58~64
In the gasoline engine of fuel injection type, atomization of fuel droplet and its distribution has directly influenced the performance of engine and harmful emission. To investigate atomization characteristics of fuel spray, in this paper fuel spray of air-assisted injector is observed at the various initial conditions of ambient air temperature and air assisted pressure. Behavior of fuel spray is photographed with microscopic visualization system. The SMD of fuel droplet is measured with PMAS (Particle Motion Analysis System). The effect of air-assisted pressure and temperature of ambient air resulted in the decrement of SMD and its variation. Finally, It was found that It was found that from spray angle at the two-hole injector had measured
degree the result of photographs by shadow graphy. The mean diameter of suns decreased and the of droplets increased with increasing the temperature in the spray fields by the results of PMAS measurement. It was found that the characteristics of sprays became finer by increasing the temperature of spray fields about 373K without the delivery of air-assistance.
Experimental and Numerical Study on the Air-assist Atomizer Spray Droplets
Kim, D.I. ; Oh, S.H. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 3, issue 4, 1998, Pages 65~76
An experimental and numerical study of a spray flow is performed to investigate the spray characteristics using an air-assisted atomizer. A Partical Dynamic Analyzer(PDA) is used to measure SMD, dmp velocity, and drop number density whose the initial conditions have considerable effect on the numerical results. The measured experimental data have been used to asses the accuracy of model predictions. Numerical investigation is made with the Eulerian - Lagrangian formulism. Turbulent dispersion effects using a Monte-Carlo method, turbulent modulation effect and entrainment of air are also numerically simulated. Results show that the numerical predictions of SSF(Stochastic Separated Flow) analysis yielded reasonable agreement with the experimental data. However, the model calculations for small drops produced the inconsistent numerical results due to the effect of surrounding air entrainment.