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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of ILASS-Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Institute for Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems-Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 4 - Dec 1999
Volume 4, Issue 3 - Sep 1999
Volume 4, Issue 2 - Jun 1999
Volume 4, Issue 1 - Mar 1999
Selecting the target year
Distribution of the Concentration of Fuel Vapor in DI Gasoline Sprays Under Evaporation Condition
Hwang, S.C. ; Choi, D.S. ; Cha, K.J. ; Kim, D.J. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 4, issue 4, 1999, Pages 1~8
The concentration and spatial distribution of vapor phases in DI (Direct Injection) gasoline spray were measured quantitatively by exciplex fluorescence method. Fluorobenzene and DEMA (diethylmethylamine) in a solution of hexane were used as the exciplex-forming dopants. The fluorescence intensity of vapor phase were obtained by ICCD camera with the appropriate filter The relationship between fluorescence intensity and vapor concentration was induced fer the purpose of a quantitative analysis. The 2-D vapor/liquid images of fuel spray were captured under the evaporation condition, and the spatial distribution of vapor concentration was obtained. The spatial distribution of liquid phase had hollow-cone shape. And the vapor phase was widely distributed in the whole spray. The behavior of vapor phase was significantly affected by second flow such as entrainment, vortex, while that of liquid phase was scarcely affected.
Comparision of Spray Angles of Pintle-Type Gasoline Injector with Different Measuring Methods
Kim, K.J. ; Rhim, J.H. ; No, S.Y. ; Moon, B.S. ; Kim, J.Y. ; Kang, K.G. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 4, issue 4, 1999, Pages 9~16
Spray angle, a parameter which is most commonly used to evaluate. spray distribution, is important because it affects the axial and radial distribution of the fuel. Spray angles were measured and compared for the pintle-type gasoline fuel injector with n-heptane as a test fuel with the three different measuring techniques, i.e. digital image processing, shadowgraphy and spray patternator, respectively. Fuel was injected with the injection pressures of 0.2-0.35MPa into the room temperature and atmospheric pressure environment. In digital image processing method, the transmittance level greatly influences the spray angle with the axial distance from the injector. From the experimental results by the shadowgraphy technique, it is obvious that the spray angle vary during the injection period. The results of spray angle from the spray patternator show that there exist the different spray angles in the different areas. The spray angles increase with the increase in the injection pressure for the three measurement techniques considered in this study. The spray angle is widely different, especially in the near region from the injector, according to the measurement techniques used in this experimental work.
A study on the spray combustion characteristics of D.I. diesel engine using visualization engine system
Chung, J.W. ; Lee, K.H. ; Choi, S.W. ; Kim, B.S. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 4, issue 4, 1999, Pages 17~23
Recently, many researchers have been studied a D.I. diesel engine because of the exhaust gas restriction and fuel consumption performance. It is well known that the fuel injection characteristics are the key factors on the diesel combustion and exhaust emission. In this study, the fuel injection characteristics of 5-hole injector and the combustion characteristics are investigated with the amount of fuel by means of the visualization method and visualization D.I. diesel engine system. As the results of the experiments, the spray pattern of the fuel injection and the diffusion flame of a D.I. diesel engine are clarified. In addition, combustion phenomena with operation conditions such as engine speed and engine load are made clear.
The Effect of Viscosity on the Spray Characteristics of Pressure Swirl Atomizer
Yoon, S.J. ; Cho, D.J. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 4, issue 4, 1999, Pages 24~29
In the pressure swirl atomizer, the liquid is injected through tangential passages into a swirl chamber, from which it emerges with both tangential and axial velocity components to form a thin conical sheet at the nozzle exit. This sheet rapidly attenuates, finally disintegrating into ligaments and then drops. The purpose of this study is to measure the spray characteristics according to variation of viscosity of the spray produced by the pressure swirl atomizer. The nozzle tested here were especially designed for this investigation. The discharge coefficient is determined by measuring the volume flow rate with a flow meter and the cone angle of the liquid sheets issuing from the nozzle is obtained from series of photographs of the sheet for various liquid viscosity and injection pressure. And mean drop size is measured by image processing method. It is found that the geometrical characteristics of the nozzle and the variation of viscosity were the influential parameters to determine the spray characteristics such as the cone angle, discharge coefficients and SMD.
An Experimental study on the drop size and velocity characteristic of drop by impinging jets
Han, Jae-Seob ; Kim, Seon-Jin ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 4, issue 4, 1999, Pages 30~37
The breakup characteristics of liquid sheet formed by the liquid rocket injector has a close relation with the combustion efficiency. In this paper, basic characteristics of droplet size and velocity distribution were measured with PDPA for the Like Doublet Impinging Injector. Test variables were the angle of impact, the diameter of orifice and jet velocity. Water was used as test fluid. As a result, for impingement angle less than 90 degree, following correlations were obtained between drop size and design parameters :
. For impingement angle greater than 100 degree, drop sizes were increased but eventually converged to a certain limiting value.
The Near Field Structure of Initially Asymmetic Jets
Kim, K.H. ; Shin, J.K. ; Lee, H.Y. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 4, issue 4, 1999, Pages 38~45
The near field structure of round turbulent jets with initially asymmetric velocity distribution is investigated experimentally. Experiments were carried out using a constant temperature hot-wire anemometry system to measure streamwise velocity in the jets. The measurements were undertaken across the jet at various streamwise stations in a range starting from the jet exit plane and up to a downstream location of twelve diameters. The experimental results include the distribution of mean and instantaneous velocities, vorticity field, turbulence intensity, and the Reynolds shear stress. The asymmetry of the jet exit plane was obtained by using circular cross-section pipes with a bend at the upstream of the exit. Three pipes were used for this study: A straight pipe, 90 and 160 degree-bended pipes. Therefore, at the upstream of the pipe exit, the secondary flow through the bend and the mean streamwise velocity distribution could be controlled by changing the curvature of pipes.