Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of ILASS-Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Institute for Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems-Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 4 - Dec 2000
Volume 5, Issue 3 - Sep 2000
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Jun 2000
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Mar 2000
Selecting the target year
Spray Charateristics of Water/Oil Emulsified Fuel in Pressure-Swirl Nozzle
Rhim, J.H. ; No, S.Y. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 5, issue 1, 2000, Pages 5~12
The beneficial aspects of applying emulsion fuels to combustion systems may be due to the changes of fuel properties which lead to the enhanced atomization characteristics. The spray characteristics of water/oil emulsified fuel injected from the pressure-swirl(simplex) atomizer using for oil burner were investigated. Four different water contents from 10 to 40 % by volume at 10% increment were prepared by mixing with the different contents of surfactants. Total amount of surfactant used was varied from 1 to 3 % by volume. This study demonstrates the influence of water and surfactant contents of emulsified fuel, injection pressure on the spray characteristics, i.e. Sauter mean diameter(SMD) and spray angle. The drop size distribution of the emulsified fuel spray was measured with a Malvem particle sizer. In order to measure the spray angle, the digital image processing was employed by capturing multiple images of the spray with 3-CCD digital video camera. It was evident that the addition of water and surfactant changes fuel properties which are the key parameters influencing the atomization of the spray. The increase in surfactant content results in the decrease of SMD and the increase in spray angle. The droplets decease with increase in injection pressure, but the influence of injection pressure in this experimental condition was less important than expected. The more viscous fuel with the increase of water content exhibits the larger droplets in the centerline of the spray, and the less viscous fuel in the outer edges of the spray. The increase in axial position from the nozzle causes the spray angle to decrease. The spray angle decreases with increase in water content. This is due to increase in viscosity with increase in water content.
Unstructured Finite-Volume Analysis of Vaporization Characteristics of Fuel Droplets in Laminar Flow Field
Kim, T.J. ; Kim, Y.M. ; Sohn, J.L. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 5, issue 1, 2000, Pages 13~22
The present study has numerically analyzed the vaporization characteristics of fuel droplets in the high temperature convective flow field. The axisymmetric governing equations for mass, momentum, energy, and species are solved by an iterative and implicite unstructured finite-volume method. The moving boundary due to vaporization is handled by the deformable unstructured grid technique. The pressure-velocity coupling in the density-variable flows is treated by the SIMPLEC algorithm. In terms of the matrix solver, Bi-CGSTAB is employed for the numerically efficient and stable convergence. The n-decane is used as a liquid fuel and the initial droplet temperature is 300K. Computations are performed for the nonevaporating and evaporating droplets with the relative interphase velocity(25m/s). The unsteady vaporization process has been simulated up to the nondimensional time, 25. Numerical results indicate that the mathematical model developed in this study succesfully simulates the main features of the droplet vaporization process in the convective environment.
Soot Concentration Measurement in Diesel Engine Using Laser Sheet Beam
Lee, J.S. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 5, issue 1, 2000, Pages 23~29
Recently the laser sheet technique has been developed to improve our limited understanding of the in-cylinder diesel combustion. The technique is capable of high temporal and spatial resolution, so that it is proved to be an adequate combustion diagnostics to find out exhaust emission formation. The optical signals of LIS(Laser Induced Scattering) and LII(Laser Induced Incandescence) images show informations for soot concentration within the optically accessible diesel engine. The LIS and LII signal images of soot concentration provide new insight into where and when soot occurs in a diesel engine.
Measurements of Droplet Sizes and Velocities with Optimum Probability Density Function in a Transient Liquefied Butane Spray
Kim, J.H. ; Kim, J.W. ; Koo, J.Y. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 5, issue 1, 2000, Pages 30~40
The characteristics of liquefied butane spray are expected to be different from conventional diesel fuel spray, because a kind of flash boiling spray is expected when the back pressure is below the saturated vapor pressure of the butane(0.23MPa at 298K). The ambient pressure was held at a pressure above(0.37MPa) and below(0.15MPa) the fuel vapor pressure. The axial velocities, radial velocities, and size distributions in butane sprays were measured with PDPA(Phase Doppler Particle Analyzer) system. The PDPA measurement showed a smaller SMD at the 0.15MPa chamber pressure, compared to the 0.37MPa case. Log-hyperbolic density function for the droplets size distribution can be fitted to the experimental results of a liquefied butane spray.
A study on the Velocity Distribution of the Liquid Sheet Formed by Two Impinging Jets at Low Velocities
Choo, Yeon-Jun ; Kang, Bo-Seon ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 5, issue 1, 2000, Pages 41~48
In this research, the velocity distribution of the liquid sheet formed by two impinging jets at low velocities are measured using LDV. The spatial distribution of the sheet velocity as well as the effects of impinging anlge and jet velocity on the sheet velocity are examined. The sheet velocity is highest along the sheet axis and it decreases with the increase of the azimuthal angle. With the increase of the impinging angle, the average sheet velocity is decreased due to the increased impact momentum. The average sheet velocity is proportional to the jet velocity but it is always higher than the jet velocity. This result is against the fact that the sheet velocity can be assumed to be equal to the jet velocity in the previous researches.
A Study on the Flow Field Characteristics of Air Induction System for Reducing the Signal-to-Noise in the MAFS Output
Yoo, Seoung-Chool ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 5, issue 1, 2000, Pages 49~57
This study presents the flow visualization results, velocity and turbulence intensity measurements made within an air filter cover and entry region of a mass air flow sensor (MAFS) which is used in an induction system of 3.8L engine. Flow structure in two air filter cover assemblies were examined. The first was a clear plastic replica of the production cover while the second was a modified clear plastic cover with a geometry configured to reduce fluctuations. High speed flow visualization and laser doppler velocimetry (LDV) systems were used to reveal and analyze the flow field characteristics encountered in the sensor design process under steady flow conditions. A 40-watt copper vapor laser was used as a light source. Its beam is focused down to a sheet of light approximately 1.5mm thick. The light scattered off the particles was recorded by a 16mm high speed rotating prism camera at 5000 frames per second. A comparison of the flow patterns and LDV measurements in the original and modified air filter covers is presented to illustrate the controlling effect of the cover design on the turbulence structure formation near the bypass and on the sensor output signal. In both axial and radial planes of the main passage it was found that the turbulence flow pattern is remarkably influenced by the air filter cover and main passage configuration.