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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of ILASS-Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Institute for Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems-Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 4 - Dec 2001
Volume 6, Issue 3 - Sep 2001
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Jun 2001
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Mar 2001
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Characteristics of Accumulator Type Fuel Injection System with Spool Valve
Choi, Y.H. ; Lee, J.H. ; Yoon, S.J. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 6, issue 1, 2001, Pages 1~8
Fuel injection system is very important in diesel combustion. Recently electronic control of fuel injection system and common rail systems are introduced to reduce the emission and to increase the energy efficiency from diesel engine by control of the injection timing and duration. In this study, evaluation possibility of the system for electronic control by spool valve, one of the accumulator type injection systems with spool valve using solenoid was composed and the operating characteristics were investigated to evaluate the effects of spring coefficient, initial spring force, solenoid driving time, fuel supply pressure on the injection timing and duration. We could confirm the capability that diesel injection was electronically controlled by spool valve.
An Experimental Study on Structure of Air-assist Spray with Air Entrainment
Chae, H.C. ; Kim, D.I. ; Oh, S.H. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 6, issue 1, 2001, Pages 9~17
The effect of air entrainment in twin-fluid spray structure is investigated experimentally by varing the amount of itemizing air. The air entrainment is expected to affect on droplet size and velocity, droplet number density, turbulent kinetic energy and vorticity. PDA(Phase Doppler Anemometer) and PIV(Particle Image Velocimetry) system are used to measure those important factors in analyzing spray structure. The results show that spray structure consists of three distinctive regions ; the atomizing region near nozzle, characterizing strong convective effect, the central core region where droplets are accelerated, and the spray sheath region where droplets are decelerated due to air entrainment. The local air entrainment rate is largest near nozzle, characterizing strong turbulent kinetic energy and vorticity but deceases along axial distance.
Characteristics of Water Droplets in Gasoline Pipe Flow
Kim, J.H. ; Kim, S.G. ; Bae, C. ; Sheen, D.H. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 6, issue 1, 2001, Pages 18~24
Liquid fossil fuel contaminated by water can cause trouble in the combustion processes and affect the endurance of a combustion system. Using an optical sensor to monitor the water content instantaneously in a fuel pipeline is an effective means of controlling the fuel quality in a combustion system. In two component liquid flows of oil and water, the flow pattern and characteristics of water droplets are changed with various flow conditions. Additionally, the light scattering of the optical sensor measuring the water content is also dependent on the flow patterns and droplet characteristics. Therefore, it is important to investigate the detailed behavior of water droplets in the pipeline of the fuel transportation system. In this study, the flow patterns and characteristics of water droplets in the turbulent pipe flow of two component liquids of gasoline and water were investigated using optical measurements. The dispersion of water droplets in the gasoline flow was visualized, and the size and velocity distributions of water droplets were simultaneously measured by the phase Doppler technique. The Reynolds number of the gasoline pipe flow varied in the range of
, and the water content varied in the range of 50 ppm to 300 ppm. The water droplets were spherical and dispersed homogeneously in all variables of this experiment. The velocity of water droplets was not dependent on the droplet size and the mean velocity of droplets was equal to that of the gasoline flow. The mean diameter of water droplets decreased and the number density increased with the Reynolds number of the gasoline flow.
Effects of Ambient Conditions on the Atomization of Direct Injection Injector
Lee, J.S. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 6, issue 1, 2001, Pages 25~34
Several efforts to meet the exhaust gas regulation have been undertaken by many researchers in recent years. Main researches are on development of design techniques of intake port and combustion chamber, atomisation of fuel and precise control of air-fuel ratio, post-treatment of exhaust gas and so on. Engine technology is changed from PFI to GDI to correspond with exhaust gas regulation. GDI technique makes it possible to preserve lean air-fuel ratio and control accurate air-fuel ratio. Nevertheless, It is not cleared that information of spray characteristics and atomization process are very dependent on fluctuation of pressure and change of temperature in intake stroke. In this study, a constant volume combustion chamber is manufactured to investigate various fluctuations of in-cylinder pressure for injection duration. It is taken photographs of injection process of conventional GDI injector using PMAS. Then, it was verified experimently that ambient conditions as temperature and pressure of combustion chamber have effects on process of spray growth and atomization of fuel.
Improvement of Image Processing Algorithm for Particle Size Measurement Using Hough Transform
Kim, Yu-Dong ; Lee, Sang-Yong ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 6, issue 1, 2001, Pages 35~43
Previous studies on image processing techniques for panicle size measurement usually have focused on a single panicle or weakly overlapped particles. In the present work, the image processing algorithm for particle size measurement has been improved to process heavily-overlapped spherical-particle images. The algorithm consists of two steps; detection of boundaries which separate the images of the overlapped panicles from the background and the panicle identification process. For the first step, Sobel operator (using gray-level gradient) and the thinning process was adopted, and compared with the gray-level thresholding method that has been widely adopted. In the second, Hough transform was used. Hough transform is the detection algorithm of parametric curves such as straight lines or circles which can be described by several parameters. To reduce the measurement error, the process of finding the true center was added. The improved algorithm was tested by processing an image frame which contains heavily overlapped spherical panicles. The results showed that both the performances of detecting the overlapped images and separating the panicle from them were improved.
Effects of the Electrohydrodynamic Forces on Characteristics of Spray
Lee, J.H. ; Kwon, S.D. ; Kim, S.H. ; Moon, S.Y. ; Lee, C.W. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 6, issue 1, 2001, Pages 44~51
The distributions of the SMD and behavior of 2%
spray discharged from a fan-spray twin fluid type nozzle are measured and observed. The spray characteristics, according to the variation in the applied voltages, are demonstrated using the PMAS (particle Motion Analysis System) and the CCD camera, respectively. The preliminary experiments are executed to select an optimum condition for solidifying a galvanized coating layer in the uncharged condition before carrying out the main experiments. The liquid and air pressure of
can be considered the optimum conditions to use in the main experiment. As the applied voltage increases, the frequent range of relatively large droplets diminishes. Thus, the distributions of drop diameter in the charged spray are more uniform than these in the uncharged condition. This is explained by recognizing that repulsive forces among droplets with the charges of the same sign cause them to be uniform.