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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of ILASS-Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Institute for Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems-Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 4 - Dec 2001
Volume 6, Issue 3 - Sep 2001
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Jun 2001
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Mar 2001
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A Study on the Velocity Characteristics of the Spray Formed by Two Impinging Jets
Choo, Yeon-Jun ; Oh, Dai-Jin ; Kang, Bo-Seon ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 6, issue 2, 2001, Pages 1~8
In this study, the velocity characteristics of liquid elements formed by two impinging jets is analysed using double pulse image capturing technique. For the droplets formed by low speed impinging jets, the droplet velocities are higher with smaller azimuthal and impingement angle. The maximum droplet velocities are about 25 % lower than jet velocity. With an increase of azimuthal angle, the shedding angles increases but remains lower than azimuthal angle. The velocities of ligaments formed by high speed impinging jets gradually decreases with an increase of azimuthal angle. The maximum ligament velocities are about 40% lower than jet velocity. Higher impingement angles produce lower ligament velocities. The shedding angles of ligament almost increases with the same value of azimuthal angle, which implies that the moving direction of ligaments is radial from the origin as the impingement point.
A numerical study on the characteristics of internal flows in a gasoline direct swirl injector
Bae, S.H. ; Moon, S.Y. ; Lee, C.W. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 6, issue 2, 2001, Pages 9~15
The internal flow characteristics of a gasoline direct injector have been studied to improve fuel economy and reduce exhaust emissions. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) is used to examine the internal flow of the GDI with the purpose of designing the optimum geometry of the injector. This study tests orifice length, cone angle, swirl angle, orifice diameter and needle lift. The results show that optimum sizes of the orifice length, cone angle, swirl angle, orifice diameter and needle lift are 0.8mm,
, respectively. The size of the lift does not affect the formation of the air core signficantly near the tip of the needle compared to the ball-type needle. The vena contracta phenomenon near the orifice inlet can be released by smoothing the edge.
Spray Behaviors and Characteristics of Droplet Distribution in GDI injector
Kim, M.K. ; Lee, C.S. ; Lee, K.H. ; Jin, D. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 6, issue 2, 2001, Pages 16~21
This paper describes the macroscopic behavior and atomization characteristics of the high-pressure gasoline swirl injector in direct-injection gasoline engine. The global spray behavior of fuel injector was visualized by shadowgraph technique. The atomization characteristics of gasoline spray such as mean diameter and mean velocity of droplets were measured by the phase Doppler particle analyzer system. The macroscopic visualization and experiment of particle measurement on the fuel spray were investigated at 7 and 10 MPa of injection pressure under different spray cone angle. The results of this work show that the geometry of injector was more dominant over the macroscopic characteristics of spray than the fuel injection pressure and injection duration. As for the atomization characteristics, the increase of injection pressure resulted in the decrease of fuel droplet diameter and the atomization characteristics differed as to the spray cone angle. The most droplets had under
diameter and for the large droplets(upper
) as the spray grew the atomization presses were very slow. Comparison results between the measured droplet distribution and the droplet distribution functions revealed that the measured droplet distribution is very closed to the Normal distribution function and Nukiyama-Tanasawa's function.
Measurement technique for particle and soot of diesel injection by using a visualization method
Chung, J.W. ; Park, H.J. ; Lee, K.H. ; Lee, C.S. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 6, issue 2, 2001, Pages 22~28
Recently, many researches have been performed to improve the combustion and emission in a D.I.Diesel engine. Especially reduction of the soot formation in the combustion chamber is the essential to acquire the improvement of the emission performance. This emission of the diesel combustion is effected by the characteristics of air-fuel mixing. Therefore, the optical measurement technique such as LII and LIS were established in order to visualize the distribution of the soot and analyze the particle including spray in the combustion chamber. In this study, we developed the algorithm for calculating relative diameter and density of particle and applied this method to measure stimultaneously the distribution of soot and spray in a D.I. diesel engine. From this experiment we found that the soot is existed in the rich region of spray and generated caused by incapable air fuel mixture.
Development and Decay of Columnar Vortex in two faces interface ; gas/liquid and solid/liquid
Lee, Seung-Hwan ; Kim, Kyung-Hoon ; Kim, Seok-Woo ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 6, issue 2, 2001, Pages 29~36
Vortices terminating at free surface have been investigated extensively. however. are focused on surface parallel vortices and little has been known about surface normal vortex or columnar vortex. Visualized experimental results utilizing LlF technique are discussed for the purpose of characterization of columnar vortex interacting with a clean and a contaminated free surfaces and a solid body interface in the present investigation. The results reveal that surface tension changes due to surface contamination although bulk viscosity remains constant and eventually the behavior of a columnar vortex interacting with a contaminated free surface and a solid body interface are totally different from the clean free surface case.