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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of ILASS-Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Institute for Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems-Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 4 - Dec 2002
Volume 7, Issue 3 - Sep 2002
Volume 7, Issue 2 - Jun 2002
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Mar 2002
Selecting the target year
Spray Angle of Hollow Cone Liquid Sheet Discharged from Simplex Swirl Spray Nozzle
Koh, K.U. ; Lee, S.Y. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 7, issue 4, 2002, Pages 1~8
This paper investigates the spray angle and the outline shape of the liquid sheet discharged from a simplex swirl nozzle. A theoretical model was proposed and the corresponding experimental data were presented for comparison. Axial and tangential velocities and thickness of the liquid sheet at the nozzle exit were also predicted. The liquid sheet thickness at nozzle exit, as well as the discharge coefficient, turned out to be a sole function of the swirl Reynolds number. However, the axial and tangential velocities at nozzle exit and the spray angle could not be expressed only with the swirl Reynolds number. The predicted outline shape and spray angle of the liquid sheet agreed reasonably with the measured data.
Tomographic reconstruction of Asymmetric Spray by Direct Sampling Method
Lee, C.H. ; Won, J.C. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 7, issue 4, 2002, Pages 9~15
Convolution Fourier transformation tomographically reconstructs the spatially resolved spray injection rate from direct measuring cells. Asymmetric sprays generated from a twin-hole air shroud injector are tested with 12 equiangular projections of measurements. For each projection angle, line of sight integrated injection rate was measured at 35 positions with equal spacing measuring cells of 3 mm in width, 100 mm in length, 55 mm in depth and 0.5 mm thickness of separating wall. Interpolated data between the projection angles effectively increase the number of projections, which significantly enhances the signal-to-noise level in the reconstructed data. This modified convolution Fourier transformation scheme predicts well the structure of asymmetric sprays. Comparative study has been made between sprays with and without air shrouding. Tomograhpic reconstruction of injection rate from direct measuring cells obtained can be used to estimate the accuracy of volume fraction of spray from the LDPA tomographic reconstruction.
A Study on Spray Characteristics Analysis of Free Spray of Diesel Fuel with Ultra High Pressure
Jeong, D.Y. ; Lee, J.T. ; Hong, G.B. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 7, issue 4, 2002, Pages 16~22
The characteristics of free spray with ultra injection pressure was analyzed to clear the limit pressure of diesel engine. To obtain final goal, ultra high pressure injection equipment was developed, spray patterns were visualized under various ultra injection pressures. Spray penetration and spray width, volume and entrained air mass were increased with the increase of injection pressure. Sauter mean diameter and injection durstion wert decreased. But over 3,000bar of ultra injection pressure region the rates of increase show almost similar and finally the reversed tendencies at 4,140bar.
Measurement of Sizes and Velocities of Spray Droplets by Image Processing Method
Choo, Y.J. ; Kang, B.S. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 7, issue 4, 2002, Pages 23~31
In this study, the sizes and velocities of droplets in sprays were measured by image processing method from digital images of local region of sprays. The morphological method based on the Euclidean distance transform, Watershed separation, and perimeter image was adopted for the recognition and separation of overlapped particles. The match probability method was used for the particle tracking and pairing. The measurement results show that the present method may be reliable for the analysis of the motion and distribution of droplets produced by spray and atomization devices.
The Effects of Orifice Internal Flow on the Breakup Characteristics of Liquid Sheets Formed by Like-Doublet Injectors
Jung, K.H. ; Khil, T.O. ; Yoon, Y.B. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 7, issue 4, 2002, Pages 32~41
The breakup characteristics of liquid sheets formed by like-doublet injector were investigated in the cold-flow and atmospheric ambient pressure condition. The sheet breakup wavelength, which induces the sheet to be broken into ligaments, as well as the sheet breakup length, which is important for the flame location, was measured using a stroboscopic light. The liquid ligaments are formed intermittently after the breakup of sheet, and the wavelength of ligaments has been believed to have a relation to the combustion instability of liquid rocket engine. Therefore, the wavelength of ligaments and the breakup length of ligaments into fine drops were also measured. Since these spray characteristics are affected by the flow characteristics of two liquid jets before they impinge on each other, we focused on the effects of orifice internal flow such as the cavitation phenomenon that occurs inside the sharp-edged orifice. From the experimental results, we found that the liquid jet turbulence delays the sheet breakup and makes shorter wavelengths for both sheets and ligaments. Since the turbulent strength of sharp-edged orifice is stronger than that of round-edged orifice, the shape of orifice entrance results in large differences in the spray characteristics. Using these results, we proposed empirical models on the spray characteristics of the like-doublet injector, and these models are believed to provide some useful and actual data for designing liquid rocket combustors.
A Study on Measurement of NO Concentrations in Burner Flames by LIF
Park, K.S. ; Kim, S.W. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 7, issue 4, 2002, Pages 42~49
In this study, quantitative measurement of nitric oxide concentration distributions were investigated in the laminar CH4/O2/N2 premixed flame by laser-induced fluorescence (LIF). The NO A-X (0,0) vibrational band around 226nm was excited using a XeCl excimer-pumped dye laser. Selecting an appropriate NO transition minimizes interference from Rayleigh scattering and O2 fluorescence. The measurements were taken in CH4/O2/N2 premixed flame with equivalence ratios varying from
, and a fixed flowrate of 5slpm. NO was found to produce primarily between an inner premixed and an outer nonpremixed flame front, and total NO concentration is raised when equivalence ratios increase. These results suggest that prompt NO is likely to contribute to NO formation in CH4/O2/N2 premixed flame. Furthermore, this trend was well matched with previous works.