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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of ILASS-Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Institute for Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems-Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Dec 2004
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Sep 2004
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Jun 2004
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Mar 2004
Selecting the target year
Effect of nozzle geometry on the injection characteristics and spray behavior
Lee, C.S. ; Park, S.W. ; Chon, M.S. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 9, issue 1, 2004, Pages 1~7
This paper describes the characteristics of injection rate and macroscopic behavior of fuel spray injected from common-rail type diesel injectors with different nozzle geometries. The injection rates according to the nozzle geometries were measured at different energizing duration of the injector solenoid and injection pressure by using the Bosch's injection rate meter based on the pressure variation in the tube. The spray behaviors injected from the different nozzles were visualized using the spray visualization system composed of an Ar-ion laser, an ICCD camera, and a synchronization system at various injection and ambient pressures. It is revealed that VCO nozzle has higher spray tip velocity at the early stage of injection duration and wider spray cone angle than the mini-sac nozzles. Also the spray cone angle is increased with the increase of nozzle diameter.
Effect of Injection Hole and Needle-driven Characteristics on Pilot Spray in High Pressure Injector with Common-rail System
Lee, Jin-Wook ; Bae, Jang-Woong ; Kim, Ha-Nul ; Kang, Kern-Yong ; Min, Kyung-Duk ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 9, issue 1, 2004, Pages 8~14
future exhaust emission limits for diesel-driven passenger cars will force the automotive company to significantly develop of the new technologies of diesel engine respectively of the drive assemblies. As we know, the contributions of soot and nitrogen oxide is the main problems in diesel engine. Recently, as a result, the pilot injection of common-rail fuel injection system recognizes an alternative function to solve an environmental problem. This study describes the effect of the nozzle structure and driven characteristic of injector on pilot injection fur a passenger car common-rail system. The pilot spray structure such as spray tip penetration, spray speed and spray angle were obtained by high speed images, which is measured by the Mie scattering method with optical system fur high-speed temporal photography. Also the CFD analysis was carried out for fuel behavior under high pressure in between needle and nozzle of injector for common-rail system to know the condition of initial injection at experiment test. It was found that solenoid-driven injector with 5-hole was faster than 6-hole injector in spray speed at same conditions and piezo-driven injector showed faster response than solenoid injector.
The experimental study of post injection effect on exhaust gas temperature and composition in a common rail DI diesel engine
Chung, Jae-Wook ; Chang, Dong-Hoon ; Park, Jung-Kyu ; Chun, Kwang-Min ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 9, issue 1, 2004, Pages 15~20
The post injection effect to enhance aftertreatment devices' performance is essential to meet future stringent emission standards by controlling exhaust gas temperature and emission pollutants. The test has been made with commercial common rail diesel engine by post injection manipulation, to optimize exhaust gas temperature while guarantee low fuel penalty. The optimization was done at 1500, 2000 and 2500[rpm] for 2, 4[bar] condition which show low exhaust gas temperature. The main purpose of this test is dedicated to understand mechanism of exhaust gas temperature rise while optimizing
The Effects of Operating Conditions and Injector Geometry on the Spray Characteristics of Swirl Injectors
Kim, D.J. ; Im, J.H. ; Han, P.G. ; Yoon, Y.B. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 9, issue 1, 2004, Pages 21~29
The flow characteristics of a swirl injector were investigated with the variation of the flow condition and geometric dimensions, such as orifice length for considering the viscous effect and tangential entry port area for considering the swirl intensity. The liquid film thickness strongly influencing on the formed drop size of the spray was measured using a new technique. The film thickness measurement technique proposed here, used the attenuation of fluorescence signal near the injector exit. The breakup length that is important for the flame location as well as the spray cone angle which influences on the ignition performance was measured using a backlit stroboscopic photography technique. From the experimental results, it is found that an increase in injection pressure decreased the film thickness and breakup length, and also enlarged the spray cone angle. A decrease in orifice length and tangential entry port area has a similar tendency of thinner film thickness, shorter breakup length and larger spray cone angle. In the present study, we proposed empirical models of the flow characteristics of the swirl injectors.
The basic study of spray characteristics and optimal fuel injection for high pressure injector in homogeneous charge compression ignition engine
Ryu, Jea-Duk ; Kim, Hyung-Min ; Lee, Ki-Hyung ; Lee, Chang-Sik ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 9, issue 1, 2004, Pages 30~36
The purpose of this study was to investigate the fuel spray characteristics that made most important at an homogeneous air fuel mixture, in a common rail direct injection type HCCI engine. As a study conducted relation which a back pressure and injection pressure are influenced to air fuel mixture characteristics, we tried to offer date even through we select suitable to a HCCI engine running condition of the fuel injection condition. To accomplish the study, to measure a injection rate of common rail type injector and to visualize and simulate a fuel spray was conducted. From the result of injection rate, a common rail injector was confirmed to appear a initial delay of 0.3msec and a latter period delay of 0.7msec. Therefore, real injection duration was determined by about 0.5msec increasing. From the result of fuel spray, the spray penetration was proportional to 1/4 exponent of atmosphere pressure. An experimental equation was deduced from the spray penetration of spray visualization experiment and the relation of injection duration and penetration was estimated in HCCI engine using an experimental equation.
Wall Impingement Phenomena of a Fuel Spray Injected by an EFI Injector
Kim, Y.I. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 9, issue 1, 2004, Pages 37~42
In a port fuel injection system of engine, a large part of fuel injected into an intake port adheres on its wall and inlet valve. Consequently, the wall impinging spray interaction might occur the generation of several harmful phenomena. There are uncontrollable mixture formation, an accidental backfire and unburned hydrocarbons. Therefore, it is important to analyze the fuel behavior during the spray-wall interaction. In this study, splash characteristics of impingement and reflecting or scattering behavior of droplets of fuel injected from EFI nozzle were studied experimentally. A test fuel used is LAWS and its physical characteristics are similar to the conventional gasoline except for the ignition point. Since the liquid film formed immediately after impinging on an impingement plate is unstable, it is easy to cause secondary disintegration. In addition, when the intermittently impingement on the impingement plate with LAWS, the splash ratio is around 0.6. If an injection period becomes longer, liquid film will become thick and the splash ratio will fall bout 10 percent. On the other hand, when the injection period of an intermittent spray is long, the same time lapse as a continuous spray is shown.