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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of ILASS-Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Institute for Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems-Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Dec 2004
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Sep 2004
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Jun 2004
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Mar 2004
Selecting the target year
Breakup Characteristics of Liquid Sheets Formed by Impinging Jets in High Pressure Environments
Jung, Ki-Hoon ; Khil, Tea-Ock ; Lim, Byoung-Jik ; Yoon, Young-Bin ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 9, issue 4, 2004, Pages 1~8
Breakup characteristics of liquid sheets formed by the impingement of two water jets, such as a breakup length and a breakup wavelength of sheet, were investigated as increasing the injection velocity up to 30m/s and the ambient gas pressure up to 4.0MPa. While round edged orifices formed a laminar sheet which has no waves on the sheet when the injection velocity is low, sharp edged orifices formed a turbulent sheet which has impact waves irrespective of the injection velocity. Thus we compared the differences of breakup characteristics between them. The results showed that the aerodynamic force significantly affects the breakup of laminar sheet when the gas based Weber number is higher than unity, It was also found that the turbulent sheets have three breakup regimes, i.e. expansion regime, wave breakup regime and catastrophic breakup regime according to the gas based Weber number.
A Study on the Fuel Characteristics and Engine Performance of Indolene - Methanol Alternative Fuel
Lee, Min-Ho ; Oh, Yool-Kwon ; Cha, Kyung-Ok ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 9, issue 4, 2004, Pages 9~16
A study of the propeny and performance effect of Indolene - Methanol Plus High Alcolhols (MPHA) has been completed. This study invested the measurement of fuel properties and performance parameters. The fuel properties investigated are distillation characteristics, heating valuer flash point, specific gravity and water tolerance. The performance parameters measured are minimum advance for best torque (MBT) spark timing, power output. The alcohol concentration was varied from 0 to 100 percent by volume in clear Indolene. The measurement of fuel properties indicated that, in general, Indolene - MPHA blends have higher water tolerance, similar specific gravity, similar flash point and different distillation characteristics compared to Indolene - Methanol blends. The performance parameters were measured using a single cylinder spark ignition engine at different compression ratios. The results of the performance measurements indicated that Indolene - MPHA blends have a higher MBT spark advance, similar power output.
A study on distribution of drop size and injection rate of air-shroud injector sprays under steady and transient injection condition
Lee, C.H. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 9, issue 4, 2004, Pages 17~23
Spray characteristics of a twin-hole air shrouded nonle designed for gasoline injectors was investigated by using laser diffraction particle analyzer (LDPA) and tomography reconstruction- A confined spray chamber which is optically accessible through a pair of glass windows was made to simulate the fuel injection condition in intake manifold of gasoline engine. The measurement was applied to the twin hole injector with and without an air shroud. It demonstrates that for the case with an air shroud, fine atomization is achieved and there exists a large number of fine droplets between the region of the main spray streams, which conforms with the spray visualization. The drop size distribution was investigated as a function of elapse time after fuel injection. The distribution was greatly affected by the measurement position from the injector exit. Also, the spatially resolved spray volume fraction and Sauter Mean Diameter (SMD) from line-of-sight data of the LDPA are tomographically reconstructed by Convolution Fourier transformation under the steady injection condition.
A Study on the Fluid Mixing Analysis for Proving Shell Wall Thinning of a Feedwater Heater
Kim, Kyung-Hoon ; Hwang, Kyeong-Mo ; Kim, Sang-Nyung ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 9, issue 4, 2004, Pages 24~30
Feedwater flowing tube side of number 5 high pressure feedwatrr heaters was heated by extracting steam from high pressure turbine and draining water from moisture separators and number 6 high pressure feedwater heaters and supplied into steam generators. Because the extracting steam from the high pressure turbine is two phase fluid of high temperature, high pressure, and high speed and flows to inverse direction after impinging to impingement baffle. the shell wall of the number 5 high pressure feedwater heater may be affected by flow accelerated corrosion. On May 14, 1999, Point Beach Nuclear Plant (PBNP) with operating at full power experienced a steam leak from rupture of shell side of number 4B feedwater heater. Also, d domestic nuclear power plant experienced a severe wall thinning of shell side of number 5A and 5B feedwater heaters. This paper describes the fluid mixing analysis study using PHOENICS code in order to get at the root of the shell wall thinning of the feedwater heaters. The sections included in the fluid mixing analysis model are around the number 5h feedwater heater shell including the extracting pipeline. To identify the relation between the local velocities and wall thinning. the local velocities according to the analysis results were compared with the distribution of the shell wall thickness by ultrasonic test.
SPRAY AND COMBUSTION CHARACTERISTICS OF HYDROCARBON FUEL INJECTED FROM PRESSURE-SWIRL NOZZLES
Laryea Gabriel Nii ; No Soo-Young ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 9, issue 4, 2004, Pages 31~37
This paper presents spray and combustion characteristics of hydrocarbon fuel injected from pressure-swirl nozzles. Three commercial nozzles with orifice diameters of 0.256, 0.308 and 0.333mm and injection pressures ranging from 0.7 to 1.3 MPa were selected f9r the experiments. Spray characteristics such as breakup length. spray angle and drop size (SMD) were analyzed using photo image analyses and Malvern Panicle Size Analyzer. The drop size was measured with and without a blower at the same measuring locations. The flame length and width were measured using photo image analyses. The temperature distribution along the axial distance and the gas emission such as CO,
were studied. The breakup length decreased with an increase in injection pressure for each nozzle but increased with an increase in nozzle orifice diameter. The spray angle increased and SMD decreased with an increase in injection pressure. The flame with an increased linearly with an increase in injection pressure and in nozzle orifice diameter. The flame temperature increased with an increase in injection pressure but decreased along the axial distance. The maximum temperatures occurred closer to the burner exit and flame at axial distance of 242mm from the diffuser tip. The experimental results showed that the level of CO decreased while that of
increased with an increase in injection pressure and nozzle orifice diameter.
Analysis of Unsteady Cavitating Flows in Fuel Injection Nozzle of Piezo-driven Injector by Eulerian-Lagrangian Multi-phase Method
Lee, Jin-Wook ; Min, Kyung-Duk ; Kang, Kern-Yong ; Gavaises, M. ; Arcoumanis, C. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 9, issue 4, 2004, Pages 38~45
This study describes the analysis results of unsteady cavitating flows behavior inside nozzle of the prototype piezo-driven injector. This piezo-driven injector has been recognised as one of the next generation diesel injector due to a higher driven efficiency than the conventional solenoid-driven injector. The three dimensional geometry model along the central cross-section regarding of one injection hole has been used to simulate the cavitating flows for injection time by at fully transient simulation with cavitation model. The cavitation model incorporates many of the fundamental physical processes assumed to take place in cavitating flows. The simulations performed were both fully transient and 'pseudo' steady state, even if under steady state boundary conditions. We could analyze the effect the pressure drop to the sudden acceleration of fuel, which is due to the fastest response of needle, on the degree of cavitation existed in piezo-driven injector nozzle
Effect of Injection Characteristics on Performance in a LPLi Engine
Kim, Chang-Gi ; Lee, Jin-Wook ; Kang, Kern-Yong ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 9, issue 4, 2004, Pages 46~52
An LPG engine (KL6i) for heavy duty vehicle has been developed using liquid phase LPG injection (LPLi) system, which has regarded as one of next generation LPG fuel supply systems. For the KL6i engine, lean burn technology was introduced to minimize the thermal loading and NOx emissions due to an increase of the engine power. In this work, injection timing and piston bowl shape were investigated for the stabilization of lean burn characteristics. Experimental results reveals that fuel stratification induced by these parameters is most effective strategy to extend lean combustion limit in the LPLi system.
Reynolds Stress Distribution on Boundary Layer Flow Conditions in the Near-Wake of a Flat Plate
Kim, Dong-Ha ; Chang, Jo-Won ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 9, issue 4, 2004, Pages 53~66
An experimental study was carried out in order to investigate the influence of flow conditions on a boundary layer in the near-wake of a flat plate. The flow conditions in the vicinity of the trailing edge that is influenced by upstream condition history are an essential factor that determines the physical characteristics of a near-wake. Tripping wires attached at various positions were selected to change flow conditions of a boundary layer. The flows such as laminar, transitional, and turbulent boundary layer at 0.98C from the leading edge are imposed in order to investigate the evolution of symmetric and asymmetric wake. An x-type hot-wire probe(55P61) is employed to measure at 8 stations in the near-wake. Test results show that the near-wake for the case of a turbulent boundary layer is relatively insensitive to instability after separating at the trailing edge, and Reynolds shear stress in the near-wake for the case of a turbulent boundary layer collapses due to turbulent kinetic energy.
Species Concentration Measurement Technique Using Wavelength Modulation Absorption Spectroscopy
Ahn, J.H. ; Kim, Y.M. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 9, issue 4, 2004, Pages 67~76
Diode laser absorption sensors are advantageous because they may provide fast, sensitive, absolute, and selective measurements of species concentration. These systems are very attractive for practical applications owing to its compactness, reasonable cost, robustness, and ease of use. In addition, diode lasers we fiber-optic compatible and thus enable simultaneous measurements of multiple species along a line-of-sight. Recent advances of room-temperature, near-IR and visible diode laser sources for telecommunication, optical data storage applications make it possible to be applied for combustion diagnostics based on diode laser absorption spectroscopy. Therefore, combined with fiber-optics and high sensitive detection strategies, compact and portable sensor systems are now appearing for variety of applications. The objectives of this research are to develop new gas sensing system and to verify feasibility of this system. Wavelength modulation spectroscopy has been demonstrated in these experiments and has a bright prospect to this diode laser system.
An Experimental Study on Engine Cooling System Improvement
Chon, M.S. ; Hwang, Y.H. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 9, issue 4, 2004, Pages 77~82
This paper describes the improvement of engine cooling system. To improve engine cooling performance, the authors approached in two ways. One is to increase water pump performance, changing of impeller shape and lightening of material were carried out. The second one is cooling efficiency rise, which were investigated with head gasket coolant flow passage optimization with flow visualization technique. The test results show that water pump performance was increased effectively, reduction of pump drive torque, and increase of pump flow-rate and pressure rise. Gasket hole pattern optimization test results represent an optimized head coolant flow which stands cross flow from exhaust to intake port side and small vortex were removed.
Characteristics of Heptane Droplet Vaporization in High-Pressure and Temperature Flow Field
Ko, Jung-Bin ; Koo, Ja-Ye ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 9, issue 4, 2004, Pages 83~89
Vaporization characteristics of a liquid heptane droplet in high-pressure and temperature flow field are numerically studied. Variable thermodynamic and transport properties and high-pressure effects are taken into account in order to consider real gas effects. Droplet Vaporization in convective environments was investigated on the basis of droplet vaporization in quiescent and convective environment. In quiescent environments, droplet lifetime is directly proportional to pressure at the subcritical temperature range but it is inversely proportional to pressure at the supercritical temperature range. In convective environment, droplet deformation becomes stronger by increasing Reynolds number due to increase of velocity while droplet deformation is relatively weak at a higher pressure for the same Reynolds number cases.