Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Phonetics and Speech Sciences
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Speech Sciences
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 4 - Dec 2013
Volume 5, Issue 3 - Sep 2013
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Jun 2013
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Mar 2013
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Rhythm of Korean English Learners' Interlanguage Talk
Chung, Hyunsong ;
Phonetics and Speech Sciences, volume 5, issue 3, 2013, Pages 3~10
DOI : 10.13064/KSSS.2013.5.3.003
This study investigated the rhythmic accommodation of Korean English learners' interlanguage talk. Twelve Korean speakers, 6 native English speakers and 6 non-native English speakers in London participated in multiple conversations on different topics which produced 36 conversational data in interlanguage talk (ILT) settings. 190 utterances from the 36 conversational data were analyzed to investigate the rhythmic patterns of Korean English learners when they communicated with English speakers with different language backgrounds. Save for the final-syllable, the normalized duration of consecutive syllables was compared in order to derive a variability index (VI). It was found that there was no significant variability in the measurement of the syllable-to-syllable duration for the utterances of Korean English learners, regardless of their interlocutor's language background. Conversely, it was found that there was evidence that Korean English learners showed rhythmic accommodation in ILT when they conversed with non-native English speakers. The speaking rate became significantly slower when Korean English learners talked to non-native English speakers, than when they talked to other Korean English learners. Furthermore, there was a negative correlation between speaking rate and the VI in the utterances of Korean English learners in ILT.
An Acoustical Analysis of English Stops at the Initial and After-initial-/s/ Positions by Korean and American Speakers
Yang, Byunggon ;
Phonetics and Speech Sciences, volume 5, issue 3, 2013, Pages 11~20
DOI : 10.13064/KSSS.2013.5.3.011
The purpose of this study is to compare the acoustic parameters of English stop consonants at the initial and after-initial-/s/ positions in a message produced by 47 Korean and American speakers in order to provide better pronunciation skills of English stops for Korean learners. A Praat script was developed to obtain voice onset time (VOT), maximum consonant intensity (maxCi), and rate of rise (ROR) from six target words with stops at the positions in the message. Results show that VOT and maxCi were significantly different between the two language groups while ROR wasn't. The Korean speakers generally produced the stop consonants with longer VOTs and higher consonant intensity. From the comparison of consonant groups at the two different positions, the Korean participants did not distinguish them as clearly as the American participants did at the after-initial-/s/ position. Finally a comparison of each language and sex group revealed that the major difference was attributed to stop consonants in the after-/s/ position. The author concluded that Korean speakers should be careful not to produce all the stops with longer VOTs and higher intensity. Further studies would be desirable to examine how Americans evaluate Korean speakers' English proficiency with modified acoustic values of English stops.
An ERP Study of the Perception of English High Front Vowels by Native Speakers of Korean and English
Yun, Yungdo ;
Phonetics and Speech Sciences, volume 5, issue 3, 2013, Pages 21~29
DOI : 10.13064/KSSS.2013.5.3.021
The mismatch negativity (MMN) is known to be a fronto-centrally negative component of the auditory event-related potentials (ERP).
et al. (1997) and Winkler et al. (1999) discuss that MMN acts as a cue to a phoneme perception in the ERP paradigm. In this study a perception experiment based on an ERP paradigm to check how Korean and American English speakers perceive the American English high front vowels was conducted. The study found that the MMN obtained from both Korean and American English speakers was shown around the same time after they heard F1s of English high front vowels. However, when the same groups heard English words containing them, the American English listeners' MMN was shown to be a little faster than the Korean listeners' MMN. These findings suggest that non-speech sounds, such as F1s of vowels, may be processed similarly across speakers of different languages; however, phonemes are processed differently; a native language phoneme is processed faster than a non-native language phoneme.
A Study on the Influence of English Vowel Pronunciation Training on Word Initial Stop Pronunciation of Korean English Learners
Km, Ji-Eun ;
Phonetics and Speech Sciences, volume 5, issue 3, 2013, Pages 31~38
DOI : 10.13064/KSSS.2013.5.3.031
This study investigated the influence of English vowel pronunciation training to English word-initial stop pronunciation. For that purpose, VOT values of English stops produced by twenty Korean English learners(five Youngnam dialect male speakers, five Youngnam dialect female speakers, five Kangwon dialect male speakers, and five Kangwon dialect female speakers) were measured using the Speech Analyzer and their post-training production was compared with their pre-training production. The result shows that post-training VOT values of voiced stops became closer to those of native English speakers in all four groups. Hence, it can be inferred that vowel pronunciation training is effective for correcting pronunciation of voiced vowels by analyzing the change of the quality of following vowels(especially low vowels) and the degree of giving stress.
Effects of F1/F2 Manipulation on the Perception of Korean Vowels /o/ and /u/
Yun, Jihyeon ; Seong, Cheoljae ;
Phonetics and Speech Sciences, volume 5, issue 3, 2013, Pages 39~46
DOI : 10.13064/KSSS.2013.5.3.039
This study examined the perception of two Korean vowels using F1/F2 manipulated synthetic vowels. Previous studies indicated that there is an overlap between the acoustic spaces of Korean /o/ and /u/ in terms of the first two formants. A continuum of eleven synthetic vowels were used as stimuli. The experiment consisted of three tasks: an /o/ identification task (Yes-no), an /u/ identification task (Yes-no), and a forced choice identification task (/o/-/u/). ROC(Receiver Operating Characteristic) analysis and logistic regression were performed to calculate the boundary criterion of the two vowels along the stimulus continuum, and to predict the perceptual judgment on F1 and F2. The result indicated that the location between stimulus no.5 (F1 = 342Hz, F2 = 691Hz) and no.6 (F1 = 336Hz, F2 = 700Hz) was estimated as a perceptual boundary region between /o/ and /u/, while stimulus no.0 (F1=405Hz, F2=666Hz) and no.10 (F1=321Hz, F2=743Hz) were at opposite ends of the continuum. The influence of F2 was predominant over F1 on the perception of the vowel categories.
Characteristics of AP Tonal Patterns & Slopes Produced by Chinese Learners of Korean
In, Jiyoung ; Seong, Cheoljae ;
Phonetics and Speech Sciences, volume 5, issue 3, 2013, Pages 47~54
DOI : 10.13064/KSSS.2013.5.3.047
The purpose of this study is to analyse prosodic characteristics of accentual phrases (AP, hereafter) produced by Chinese learners of Korean in Korean text reading. The study is restricted only to the initial APs. Subjects are students who have been studying Korean at a beginner level. The results showed that Chinese learners of Korean tended to make errors in the realization of the tonal patterns of the initial 2 syllables of the initial APs. Also they showed different F0 slopes across the initial and second syllables in the initial APs. Chinese learners of Korean, therefore, need to focus on the prosodic characteristics of the initial 2 syllables of Korean APs to realize fluent Korean intonation.
Acoustic and Physiologic Characteristics of Newborn Infants' Communication Intent via Crying
Jang, Hyo-Ryung ; Ko, Do-Heung ;
Phonetics and Speech Sciences, volume 5, issue 3, 2013, Pages 55~60
DOI : 10.13064/KSSS.2013.5.3.055
The purpose of this study was to investigate the acoustic characteristics of crying infants according to the communication intents such as hunger and pain in terms of acoustic differences in the fundamental frequency (
), jitter, shimmer, noise-to-harmonic ratio(NHR), habitual pitch, and intensity. The subjects were 20 healthy, normal infants, less than seven days old, from the city of Seoul and were born after 38 to 42 weeks(full term) of pregnancy. The sound of crying was recorded for three minutes. The crying due to pain was induced by means of the inborn metabolism error test, whereas the crying due to hunger was verified by means of the rooting reflex by waiting for the designated eating time. The results were as follows: (1) the fundamental frequency, noise-to-harmonic ratio(NHR), and intensity of the infants' crying due to pain was higher than that by hunger, showing a significant difference between the mean values. (2) the infants' crying due to hunger and that by pain did not have a significant difference in the mean jitter and shimmer values but both of them were largely outside of the normal threshold values(jitter by 1.04% and shimmer by 3.81%). This study was significant in the sense that it showed the acoustic characteristics of infants' crying from hunger and pain were very different from each other according to the communication intents in terms of the six acoustic parameters.
A Study of Korean TTS Listening Speed for the Blind Using a Screen Reader
Lee, Heeyeon ; Hong, Ki-Hyung ;
Phonetics and Speech Sciences, volume 5, issue 3, 2013, Pages 63~69
DOI : 10.13064/KSSS.2013.5.3.063
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the maximum and optimal listening speed of Korean TTS for the blind. Five blind participants took part in this study. The instruments used in this study were 17 sentence sets (2 sets for an excercise, 10 sets for a repeated test, and 5 sets for a random test), with short meaningful sentences (the same sentences for the repeated test, different sentences for the random test) with 15 differentiated speeds (Range=0.8-3.6, SD=0.2). Each participant's maximum and quickest listening speeds were calculated by objective recall accuracy (determined by the number of correctly recalled syllables/the total number of syllables in a sentence X 100) and subjective recall accuracy (recall accuracy judged by each participant's subjective evaluation). The results showed that the participants' recall accuracy had a tendency to increase as the TTS speed decreased. Participants' subjective recall accuracy was higher than objective recall accuracy in the repeated tests and vice versa in the random tests. The results also revealed that the participants' sentence familiarity had an influence on their Korean TTS listening speed.
Coda Sounds Acquisition at Word Medial Position in Three and Four Year Old Children's Spontaneous Speech
Woo, Hyekyeong ; Kim, Soojin ;
Phonetics and Speech Sciences, volume 5, issue 3, 2013, Pages 73~81
DOI : 10.13064/KSSS.2013.5.3.073
Coda in the word-medial position plays an important role in acquisition of our speech. Accuracy of the coda in the word-medial position is important as a diagnostic indicator since it has a close relationship with degrees of disorder. Coda in the word-medial position only appears in condition of connecting two vowels and the sequence causes diverse phonological processes to happen. The coda in the word-medial position differs in production difficulty by the initial sound in the sequence. Accordingly, this study aims to examine the tendency of producing a coda in the word-medial position with consideration of an optional phonological process in spontaneous speech of three and four year old children. Data was collected from 24 children (four groups by age) without speech and language delay. The results of the study are as follows: 1) Sonorant coda in the word-medial position showed a high production frequency in manner of articulation, and alveolar in place of articulation. When the coda in the word-medial position is connected to an initial sound in the same place of articulation, it revealed a high frequency of production. 2) The coda in word-medial position followed by an initial alveolar stop revealed a high error rate. Error patterns showed regressive assimilation predominantly. 3) The order of difficulty that Children had producing codas in the word-medial position was
, /m/, /n/, /ŋ/ and /l/. Those results suggest that in targeting coda in the word-medial position for evaluation, we should consider optional phonological process as well as the following initial sound. Further studies would be necessary which codas in the word-medial position will be used for therapeutic purpose.
A Survey on Participants' Satisfaction of Vocal Hygiene Education: A Preliminary Study
Yoon, Ji Hye ; Kim, Sun Woo ;
Phonetics and Speech Sciences, volume 5, issue 3, 2013, Pages 83~93
DOI : 10.13064/KSSS.2013.5.3.083
Vocal hygiene education is an indirect training approach to improve vocal function by educating all facets of optimal vocal health. Satisfaction levels of participants might be an important component of this indirect therapy for voice disorders. The authors aimed to investigate the satisfaction levels of vocal hygiene education in 51 patients with voice problems. We classified voice disorders of the participants according to three etiological categories (subgroups): organic, neurogenic, and functional. The survey consisted of three parts: 1) a condition of vocal hygiene education, 2) a degree of satisfaction of the present education, and 3) a request for future education. Participants responded to each item of the survey using a five-point Likert scale of 1 to 5 (1 being not at all and 5 being extremely). They also wrote down personal comments of improvement. Participants scored the vocal hygiene education offered by the speech-language pathologists between '3' and '4'. Specifically, the participants were highly satisfied with the specific and comprehensible explanation/instruction given by their speech-language pathologists. However, they were less satisfied with the tuition fee for the therapy sessions. Vocal hygiene education is offered individually to people in a clinical setting. Our results support the notion that vocal hygiene education can be an integral aspect of the treatment of voice problems in most cases.
Rate and Regularity of Articulatory Diadochokinetic Performance in Healthy Korean Elderly via Acoustic Analysis
Cho, Yoonhee ; Kim, Hyanghee ;
Phonetics and Speech Sciences, volume 5, issue 3, 2013, Pages 95~101
DOI : 10.13064/KSSS.2013.5.3.095
Aging is related to anatomical and physiological changes in respiratory and phonation organs. These changes influence articulation which leads to inaccurate speech and slow articulatory diadochokinesis(DDK). DDK indicates the range, rate, regularity, accuracy, and agility of articulation that reflect motor speech function. The purpose of this study is to investigate the rates and regularities of DDK in healthy Korean elderly through passive acoustic analysis (Praat). Thirty subjects between the ages of 65 and 94 participated in this study. Rate was observed for 5 seconds, while regularity was calculated based on the standard deviation on the following: 1) syllable duration of each task; 2) gap duration between syllables. Then, simple regression analysis was conducted in order to examine the effect of age on performance. The result showed that the slow rate was not a significant factor in terms of advancing age. Furthermore, regularity indicated a significant difference in the following: 1) /pʌ/, /kʌ/ and /pʌtʌkʌ/ in syllable duration; 2) /kʌ/ duration in the gap between syllables. In conclusion, articulatory coordination is reduced with the onset of aging. In particular, /kʌ/ would be a sensitive task for articulatory coordination.
A Comparative Study of Spoken and Written Sentence Production in Adults with Fluent Aphasia
Ha, Ji-Wan ; Pyun, Sung-Bom ; Hwang, Yu Mi ; Yi, Hoyoung ; Sim, Hyun Sub ;
Phonetics and Speech Sciences, volume 5, issue 3, 2013, Pages 103~111
DOI : 10.13064/KSSS.2013.5.3.103
Traditionally it has been assumed that written abilities are completely dependent on phonology. Therefore spoken and written language skills in aphasic patients have been known to exhibit similar types of impairment. However, a number of latest studies have reported the findings that support the orthographic autonomy hypothesis. The purpose of this study was to examine whether fluent aphasic patients have discrepancy between speaking and writing skills, thereby identifying whether the two skills are realized through independent processes. To this end, this study compared the K-FAST speaking and writing tasks of 30 aphasia patients. In addition, 16 aphasia patients, who were capable of producing sentences not only in speaking but also in writing, were compared in their performances at each phase of the sentence production process. As a result, the subjects exhibited different performances between speaking and writing, along with statistically significant differences between the two language skills at positional and phonological encoding phases of the sentence production process. Therefore, the study's results suggest that written language is more likely to be produced via independent routes without the mediation of the process of spoken language production, beginning from a certain phase of the sentence production process.