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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean journal of applied entomology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Applied Entomology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Oct 1971
Volume 10, Issue 1 - May 1971
Selecting the target year
Effects of Fungicidal Drenches on Damping-off Organisms in Ginseng Seed Bed and Yield of the Seedling Root
Choi Hah Ja ; Chung Hoo Sup ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 10, issue 1, 1971, Pages 7~12
1. The number of Rhizoctonia solani, Pythium debaryanum, Fusarium and Trichoderma was detected by the modification of Boosails special plating method when ginseng seed bed was drenched with Captan, Difolatan, Zineb, Maneb and PCNB at weekly intervals. Pythium debaryanum Hesse was described for the first time on Panax ginseng in Korea. 2. The number of Rhizoctonia solani and Pythium debaryanum was decreased gradually as the geason Progressed, whereas that of Fusarium and rrichcderma was increased. 3, The number of Rhixoctonia solani was greatly reduced by PCNB, and soils treated with other fungicides generally showed less Rhizoctonie solani than in the control. The number of Pythium debaryanum was significantly reduced by Zineb, Maneb, followed by Captan and Difolatan. None of the fungicids reduced the number of Fusarium colonies in the fourth week. Effects of the chemicals on Trichoderma were not statistically significant. 4. More fresh weight of the seedling roots was obtained using Difolatan, Maneb and PCNB. Phytotoxicity was noted with Maneb, Zineb and Captan after the third treatment.
Studies on the Cholinesterase Inhibition and Toxicity of Various Organophosphorus Insecticides to the Hibernating Rice Stem Borer Larvae, Chilo suppressalis WALKER
Chang Chang Hyo ; Saito Tetso ; Iyatomi Kisabu ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 10, issue 1, 1971, Pages 13~22
This experiment was conducted to investigate the differences of the in vitro inhibitory effect of various organephobphorua insecticides on the chlinesterase from rice stem borer and those of the toxicity of them against the insect, with special references to the relationship between the cholinesterase inhibition and the toxicity. The results obtained were summarized as follows: Phosphate compounds shelved stronger inhibitory effect on the cholinesterase than thhiophosphate compounds, but was not stronger in toxicity than the latter. Diethoxy compounds were not always stronger than dimethoxy in cholinesterase inhibition and the toxicity of organophosphorus insecticides. The organophosphorus insecticides that inhibited strongly the cholinesterase were not always stronger in the toxicity.
Studies on Eriophyes kuko KISHIDA and its Galls -On the Activity of Enzymes and the Chemical Constituents in Growing Galls-
Kim Chang Hyo ; Ki Woo Kyung ; Sung Nack Kie ; Park Woo Churl ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 10, issue 1, 1971, Pages 23~30
This work was carried out to study the chemical properties, the activity of several enzymes, chemical components and the respiratory intensity of mite galls on the leaves of Lycium chinense MILL. caused by Eriophyes kuke KISHIDA. The activities of catalase and peroxidase were higher in the gall tissue, when compared to the healthy tissue, and were increased as tile gall developed. The activity of phosphorylase of the healthy tissue seemed to be higher than that of the large gall l tissue, considering the competitive inhibition of phosphomonoeoterase and
, The activities of invertase and
were about two times higher in the large sail tissue than those of the healthy tissue. The content of the crude protein was
higher in the small gall tissue than that of the healthy leave tissue, and decreased as the gall matured. On the other hand, the reducing sugar level was less in the small gall tissue than that of the healthy leaves, but as the gall grew, the content of reducing sugar of the gall tissue was increased. The contents of phosphorus and tannin were increased gradually as the gall matured, and their content showed about two times higher than those of the healthy. The matured gall tissue showed higher
than the healthy tissue. On the other hand, the matured gall tissue presented lower
than the healthy tissue, and the RQ of the healthy tissue was higher than that of the gall tissue.
Studies on Weed Control with Herbicides in Soybean Field
Ryang Whan Seung ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 10, issue 1, 1971, Pages 31~38
Tolerance test in plastic vat, pot and fold tests were carried out to investigate the selective herbicides for soybean culture in sandy loam. The soybean plants showed great tolerance against herbicides such as Tri-allate (Avadex-BW), Alachlor (Lasso), Butachlor (Machete), Propachlor (Ramrod), Nitrofen (TOK), MO, HE-314, Nitrofen/Dinoseb(TOK/DNBP), and Chlo.oxu.on (Tenoran), and the growth was normal even when each was treated with the herbicides up to 2ft3 times of the recommended concentrations. Soybean plants showed a slight tolerance against Prometryne (Gesagard), Propazine (Gegamil), Diuron (Karmex), Metabromuron (Patoran), Linuron (Lorox) and Swep when each was treated with herbicides up to 1-2 times of the recommended concentrations. Great injury or withering was noticed due to the high sensitivity of soybean to Simazine (CAT) and to Floumetron (Cotoran). In pot and field experiments with herbicides such as Butachlor (Machete), Alachlor (Lasso), Nitrofen (TOK), Kerb, Nitrofen/Dinoseb (TOK/DNBP), Swep, Linuron (Lorox), Simazine (CAT) and PCP, the following results were obtained: Great injuries were noticed with Simazine (CAT). Also, Linuron (Lorox) and Kerb showed a slight injury at early growth stage of soybean, Nitrofen (TOK) , Nitrofen/Dinoseb (TOK/DNEP), Alachlo. (Lasso), Butachlo. (Machete) and Swep had high selectivities for soybean and no injury was noticed. With respect to herbicidal effects there was a greatly significant difference between treated plots and non-treated plots with the exception of Simaaine (CAT) plot in field test. E. crusgalli and C. sanguinalis were tolerant against Simazine(CAT) and Linuron(Lorox). Cyperus and E. annuus were tolerant against Kerb. Great herbicidal effects on grasses were observed in Alachlor (Lasso) and Butachlor (Machete) plots. Among broad-leaf weeds, P. hydropiper and C. album were tolerant against Butachlor (Machete) and Alachlor (Lasso). When soybean was treated with the herbicides such as Alachlor (Lasso) (ai. 150g/10a), Butachlor (Machete) (ai. 300g/10a), Nitrofen (TOK) (ai. 250g/10a), Linuron (Lorox) (ai. 75g/10a) once after seeding, no additional wording was required till harvest.
A study on the Overwintering of Glomerella cingulata on Apple and its Ascigerous Stage in Korea
Kim Moon Ho ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 10, issue 1, 1971, Pages 39~41
Apple bitter rot caused by Glomerella cingulata has been known to occur annually on the fruits of previously infected twigs and the trunks. This study was carried out to ensure whether the pathogen overwinters in the form of perithecium or not. Since the acervuli of the pathogen were formed in inoculated apple trees, it would be possible that the pathogen could overwinter on the twigs, Ascigerous stage was found both under the cuticle of the infected trunk and in outer layers of rotted fruits. Therefore, it could be concluded that the pathogen overwintered in the form of perithecium is a primary inoculum in next year. Ascigerous stage of the appfe bitter rot organism was observed for the first time in Korea.
Field Studies on the Attractiveness of Pine Caterpillar Moths (Dendrolimus spectabilis Butler) to Blacklight-Traps
Chung K. H. ; Ryu J. ; Kwon S. H. ; Im M. S. ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 10, issue 1, 1971, Pages 43~48
This experiment was conducted to determine the most effective type of Bight·trap for pine catepillar moths (Dendrolimus spectabilis B.) and to investigate the environmental factors affecting the attractiveness of the moths.. The various types of light traps made used of: black light, white light, fluorescent light, yellow light, and red light and the environmental factors considered were rainfall, wind velocity and collecting time. All the traps were operated from 8 in the evening to midnight. The results obtained are summarized as follows; The most effective attraction of moths (
of total number attracted) was observed with blacklight-lamp and the most abundant attraction of the moths was found from 8 to 10 in the evening. Attractiveness in terms of sex ratio attracted from 8 to 10 in the evening was found to the .approximately 7 female to 1 male, Environmental factors considered were found to have no influences in attractiveness of the moths in this experiment.
Spiders from Kwangju, Cholla Namdo
Namkung Joon ; Paik Woon Hah ; Yoon Ju Kyeung ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 10, issue 1, 1971, Pages 49~53
The only record of spider's from Cholla Namdo was made by T. Kambe in 1953. They were collected from Mokpo area which is located south-west coast of Cholla Namdo and included 24 species belonging to 8 families. In this paper are given for the first time a iist of spiders from Kwangju City, inland of Cholla Namdo. wis located at the center of Cholla Namdo. More than 5,000 individual spiders were collected by one of the junior author, J.K. Yoon during autumn in 1570. In spite ef rather large number of spiders were collected, collecting season and the locality are restricted, number of species was reiatit·ely small and many young spiders were undeterminable, A total of 50 species belong to 15 families, including 5 unrecorded species from Korea, were identified. Unrecorded species were as follows: Uloborus yesoensis
Stemmops sp. Trochosa ruricola
Effects of Soil Fixing on the Separation of Nematodes in the Centrifugal Method
Choi Young Euion ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 10, issue 1, 1971, Pages 55~57
Separation ratio was higher on the fxing soil than none fxing soil in the number of Nematodes.
Effect of pH of Casing Soil and Calcium on Mycelial Growth and Yield of Agaricus bisporus (Lge.) Sing
Park Won Mok ; Kim Dong Soo ; Park Yong Hwan ; Kwack Beyoung Hwa ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 10, issue 1, 1971, Pages 59~62
The highest fresh weight of Agaricus bisporus was obtained at pH 7.5 of casing soil. Above or below this pH level, the yields were significantly reduced. Stimulatory effect of calcium on the mycelial growth depended upon pH of casing soil, In neutral or slightly alkaline soil, the stimulatory effect was increased. The effects of supplementing calcium carbonate or hydrated lime to casing soil were assumed not only the influence of pH of casing soil, but also stimulatory effect of calcium ion on mycelial growth of A. bisporus.