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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean journal of applied entomology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Applied Entomology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Oct 1971
Volume 10, Issue 1 - May 1971
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Studies on the Thrips (Thysanoptera)Unrecorded in Korea. (I)
Woo Kun Suk ; Paik Woon Hah ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 10, issue 2, 1971, Pages 69~73
The study was conducted to describe unrecorded six species of thrips; Thrips hawaiiensis f. imitator (Priesner),? Helionothrips antennatus Kurosawa, Franklimiella intonsa (Trybom), Microcephalothrips abdominalis (Crowford), Megalurothrips distalis (Karny) and Haplothrips chinensis Priesener. Specimens of thrips were collected in the area of Suwon, Kwang-Neung and Seoul, Korea, during the period of August to December in 1970.
A New Species of Aphid from Mt. Hanla
Paik Woon Hah ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 10, issue 2, 1971, Pages 75~76
Studies on the Characteristics of Mineral Diluents Affecting the Decomposition of Sumithion in the Dust formulations
Wuh K. D. ; Han S. S. ; Keum S. S. ; Ahn S. H. ; Lee C. N. ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 10, issue 2, 1971, Pages 77~83
In order to find out the decomposing factors of Sumithion in mineral diluents, the physical and chemical properties of the diluents such as talcs, bentonites, diatomaceous earth and other clay minerals was studied in relation to the decomposition rate of Sumithion in dust formulations. The total base, moisture adsorption capacity, pH, specific surface, water contents, active
, ignition loss and cation exchange capacity were analysed as the properties of mineral diluents, and these properties were correlated with the stability of Sumithion in dust formulations. And in hope of finding out the main factors among those properties of diluents, the decomposed products of Sumithion in dust formulations prepared with standard Sumithion were separated by the methods of column chromatography and investigated by thin layer chromatography. The following results were otbained; 1. The total base, moisture adsorption capacity, specific surface, water contents, active
and cation exchange capacity of mineral diluents were found to be highly effective on the rate of decomposition of Sumithion in dust formulations. 2. Decomposed products of Sumithion in dust formulations were found to be dimethylphosphorothionate, 3-methyl-4-nitro phenol and its derivatives. And one fraction was not dissolved in n-hexane and ethylether, but was soluble in methylalcohol and ethylalcohol. 3. The moat highly correlated properties of diluents with the decomposition rate of Sumithion in dust were found to be the total base and water contents. 4. In regard to the kind of diluents, it was found that the rate of decomposition of Sumithion in dust formulations was higher in order of bentonite, diatomaceous earth, kaolin and talc.
Studies on the Host Range of Rice Stripe Virus
Chung Bong Cho ; Lee Soon Hyung ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 10, issue 2, 1971, Pages 85~89
An investigation was carried out to know the host range of the rice stripe virus as a basis of the disease control. 1. In order to investigate the host range of the rice stripe virus 30 species including gramineaceae and forage crop and weeds were inoculated with viruliferous Laodelphax sriatellus Fallen. As a result, 21 out of 30 species showed typical symptoms. 2. Cyperus amuricus Maximowicz var. laxus., Pycreus sanguinolentus Nees. and Eriocaulon robustius Makino, not belonging to gramineaceae were known to be new host plants of rice stripe virus. The highest infection occurred on Pycreus sanguinolentus grown widly in the wet paddy fold. 3. The number of vectors inoculated on the plants was decreased after 48 hours than that of 24 hours.
Factors Affecting Growth of Trichoderma spp. with Special Reference to Control of Green Mildew in Agaricus bisporus
Park Won Mok ; Kim Dong Soo ; Park Yong Hwan ; Chung Hoo Sup ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 10, issue 2, 1971, Pages 91~95
Four species of Trichoderma causing green mildew of Agaricus bisporus were isolated from 38spots of mushroom growing areas in Korea. These are T. koningi, T. lignorum, T. glaucum and an unidentified species, and their frequencies of occurrence are
respectively. All of these species grew well in potato dextrose, Waksman's and Richard's solution, and preferred acid (pH. 4) to neutral. The temperature in mushroom trouse should be kept at
during cropping period, not only for the high yield of mushroom but also for the prevention of green mildew of mushroom caused by Trichoderma spp . T. lignorum was killed in soil on an exposure of 60 minutes at
and when exposed for 30minutes at
. Peak heat procedure of compost eliminated T. lignorum and T koningi.
Studies on the Physiological Characteristics of Bacterial Leaf Blight Pathogen of rice, Xanthomonas oryzae Dowson
Choi Yong Chul ; Lee Kyung Whee ; Cho Eui Kyoo ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 10, issue 2, 1971, Pages 97~101
1. The experiment was conducted to investigate the physiological characteristics on ten isolates of bacterial leaf blight pathogen of rice, Xanthomenas eryzae Dowson. Seven out of tin isolates were isolated from infected leaves of various rice varieties including IR strains in Korea. Isolates S-20 and S-103 were originated from IRRI in Philippines, and isolate H-5809 was allocated by National Institute of Agricultural Science in Japan. 2. All isolates Produced hydrogen sulfide and ammonia 9as from peptone sol. media, and reduced methylen blue, Gelatin liquefaction occurred by all isolates tested, although each isolate showed different degree of liquefaction No coagulation of the casein in milk by the isolates was observed, though some amount of acid production occurred in litmus milk by ail isolates tested. 3. All isolates utilized glucose and galactose, and slight utilization of esculin, mannitol, raffinose, salicin and saccharose was observed. Lactose, starch and dextrin, however, were not utilized at all by all isolates tested in the study.
Studies on Eriophyes kuko Kishida and its Galls III. Quantitative Changes of Nucleic Acid in Growing Galls
Kim Chang Hyo ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 10, issue 2, 1971, Pages 103~107
In this report, an experiment has been conducted to test the quantitative changes of nucleic acids in the nuclei of the epidermal cell of the galls, caused by Eriophyes kuko Kishida on the leaf of Lycium chinense Mill by means o( microspectrophotometric techniques, the two-wave-length methods. And the sizes of the epidermal cells and nuclei have been measured. The experimental results were summarized as follows: 1) It has been found that as the gall grows, the diameter of the epidermal cells and their nuclei increased and they were larger than those of tile healthy ones. 2) Microspectrophotometric measurement of nuclei by the 'Two-wave-length method' after staining with Feulgen reagent showed no changes in DNA content in the early stage of the gall. As the gall matured, however, DNA content of the gall increased more than that of the healthy leaf. 3) RNA-measurement of nuclei stained with Azur-B in DNase treated epidermal cells of the gall revealed that temporary increase in RNA content occurred in early to middle stages after the gall formation. As the gall matured, however, RNA content of the gall decreased more as against that of the healthy leaf.
Studies on Chemical Resistance of Mites. II. Orchard Mite Control and their Resistance to Metasystox, Folidol and C-8514 in Korea
Lee S. C. ; Yoo J. K. ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 10, issue 2, 1971, Pages 109~116
The study involved determination of resistance levels of spider mites to Metasystox, Folidol and C-8514 using slide dip technique: a feid trial of alternative acaricides using an O/P resistant strain. 1. Resistant strains of two-spotted spider mite( Tetranychus urticae Koch) were collected from Taegu, Kyungsan, Chunchun, Yesan, Suwon, Osan and Chungju, and kept in the glasshouse through the experiments. Resistant strains of European red mite (Panonychus ulmi Koch) were collected from Chungju, Taegu, Yesan, Chunchun, Suwon and Whasung, and Wonju susceptible was collected. Immediately after collection, tests were applied. All strains except susceptible populations had regularly been sprayed with Organo-phosphates including Parathion (or Folidol), Metasystox, Phenkapton and Trithion for more than the ten Bast years; and Organo-chlorines such as Kelthane and C-8514 more than five years. Comparisons of the resistant strains and susceptible strains at the
values are as follows: a. With Metasystox, resistance levels of the Chungju, Taegu, Yesan, Chunchun and Suwon resistant strains of P. ulmi were respectively, 96,52,4,3 and 2, times as resistant as the Wonju susceptible strain. b. With Folidol, resistance levels of the Chungju, Chunchun, Yesan, Whasung and Suwon strains of P. ulmi showed respectively, 126, 48, 33, 30 and 6-fold resistance levels over the susceptible strain. c. With C-8514, resistance levels of the Taegu, Suwon, Whasung and Chungju strains of P. ulmi were 42, 31, 30 and 20 times greater than the susceptible strain, respectively. d. With Metasystox, resistance levels of the Taegu, Chunchun, Yesan and Suwon, strains of T urticae were respectively, 32,29,25 and 17 times as resistant as the susceptible strain. e. With C-8514, resistance levels of the Taegu, Chungju and Kyungsan strains of T. urticae showed respectively, 59, 29 and 19-fold resistance levels over the Osan strain. 2. Field trials were carried out to assess the toxicities of eleven alternative materials which would be used for control of O/P resistant strain of Panonychus ulmi. The acaricide groups represented were 2 Organo-chlorines (Kelthane MF and Prethylen), 1 carbamate (Furadan), 1 nitrophenyl (Morocide), 1 carbonate (Morestan), 1 tin(Plictran), 1 fluorine (Nissol), 2 mixtures (Fundal and Banmite) and Organo-phosphate (Phenkapton). Of all acaricides tested Kelthane, Plictran, Fundal and Morestan were the most effective; fol]owed by Banmite, Furadan, Prethylen and Nissol. Sumite and Morocide were intermediate, but Phenkapton(Organo-phosphate) was very poor. In other words, a first application of the above outstanding materials gave very high degrees of control of O/P resistant population of European red mite for about 7 to 12 days. However, the results indicate that secondary application would sometimes be necessary. There was no foliage damage to apple trees by any of the acaricides tested of the concentrations used.
Studies on the Rice Stem Borer Control Using Sterile-Male Technique 1. On the Radiosensitivity of Rice Stem Bore. (Chilo suppressalis Walker)
Chung K. H. ; Ryu J. ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 10, issue 2, 1971, Pages 117~120
This experiment was carried out to obtain basic informations on the development in sterile-male technique of rice stem borer. The species considered is Chile suppressalis Walker. Different developmental stages of the insect namely; larval, pupae and adult were irradiated with
gamma ray. The results obtained were as follows: 1) A 1:1 sex ratio in the pupal stage was observed. 2) In the pupal stage sub-lethal dosages
were 26 KR and 26.7 KR for female and male, respectively. 3) The total number of egg masses per female increased with the increasing gamma ray dosages and average number of eggs produced per female decreased in the cross between normal female and irradiated male. 4) The sterile dosage
of the gamma ray irradiation showed 23 KR in the male. 5) The pupal stage is most convenient developmental stage for irradiation.
Studies on the Resistance of the Cross Lines and Some Varieties of Rice to Three Hoppers at IRRI in Philippines
Choi Seung Yoon ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 10, issue 2, 1971, Pages 121~125