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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean journal of applied entomology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Applied Entomology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Dec 1974
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Oct 1974
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Aug 1974
Volume 13, Issue 1 - May 1974
Selecting the target year
A study on the effects of the storage molds on the biology of the rice weevil, Sitophilus oryzae L.
Hyun Jai Sun ; Yu Moon Il ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 13, issue 2, 1974, Pages 71~75
A study was conducted to investigate the relationships between the rice weevil and associated storage molds. The results are as follows; 1. All of the developmental stages of the rice weevils are carrying some storage molds in their bodies, and the order of magnitute in the number was the adult, larva and pupa. 2. The molds persist in the body of the rice weevil for 10 days who.1 they were fed on the mold free wheat, and the most persistant mold species was A. candidus. 3. When the mold free weevils were reared on the pure culture of the molds on the wheat, the number of eggs laid by the Lveevil were the greatest for A. candidus. following A. ruber, and the . least number Lvere obtained with A. niger 4. The rice weevil could complete in the pure mold culture on the wheat except for A. niger where the larvae had developed by 2nd or 3rd instars. 3. The shortest developmental periods was obtained with A. candidus and the first adult emerged in 4th week. 6. The unfavorable effects of A. niger on the development of the rice weevil might be associated with the fast growth of the mold together with some unknown effects. 7. There seems to be a protocooperative interaction between these two oraganisms having been developed through the long evolutionary course in common habitat.
ECOLOGY AND CONTROL OF RODENTS
Howard Walter E. ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 13, issue 2, 1974, Pages 76~76
Resistance of 'Tong-il' variety to the smaller brown planthopper, Laodelphax striatellus Fallen
Choi S. Y. ; Song Y. H. ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 13, issue 2, 1974, Pages 77~82
The variety Tong-il from the IR667 lines have been reported as a variety resistant to the smaller brown planthopper, Laodelphax striatellus Fallen, in Korea. The resistance of Tong-il to the insect, however, have been mainly evaluated from a viewpoint of plant reaction of rice at the seedling stage. In this study, the nature of resistance of Tong-il to the insect was furthermore evaluated from the standpoints of feeding preference, antibiosis and plant tolerance in comparison with the resistant varieties Karsamba Red ASD-7 and Vellailangalayan. and the susceptible variety Jinheung which have been reported to the insect. The smaller brown planthopper much more prefered Tong-il for feeding than the resistant varieties ASD-7 and Vellailangalayan. The degree of antibiosis of Tong-il to the smaller brown planthopper was significantly lower than ASD-7 and Vellailangalayan. The results showed significantly lower nymphal mortality and higher adult emergence in Tong-il and Jinheung than other two resistant varieties. The degree o( tolerance of Tong-il to the insect was also lower than ASD-T and Vellailangalayan. Only. Tong-il seemed to be relatively more tolerable than Jinheung. The reason of showing resistant reaction of Tong-il in the mass screening test might be related with relatively lower feeding preference and more tolerance than Jinheung and other susceptible varieties.
Studies on Varietal Resistance of Rice to Striped Rice Borer, Chilo suppressalis Walker
Lee Jeang-Oon ; Park Joong-Soo ; Kim Hong-Sun ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 13, issue 2, 1974, Pages 83~88
Several selected rice varieties Tong-il (Suweon #213-1), Jinheung, IR747, Suweon #229 and so forth were evaluated for their resistance to the striped rice borer, Cltilo suppressalis Walker. The resistance appears to be non-preference and antibiosis in nature. Under laboratory and greenhouse conditions, resistance to striped rice borer was manifested by the low larval weight, percentage of pupation and number of eggs recorded. In the cage test, varieties Suweon #240 and Shenshuraku appeared to be non-preferred by the borer moths for oviposition. Under field condition, variety Tetep received the lowest percentage of infested tillers.
Studies on X-Ray Sterilization of House Fly (I)
Chung K. H. ; Ryu J. ; Kwon S. H. ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 13, issue 2, 1974, Pages 89~92
This experiment was carried out to investigate the X-ray sterilization of house fly, Musca domestica when 3-5 days old pupae were irradiated. The results obtained were summerized as follows; 1) Sub-lethal dosage (LD50) for tile pupal mortality were 12.2-13.1 kRad. 2) Sterile dosage (SD90) showed 3. 1kRad in male and such low dosage appears adequate as a sterile dosage. 3) The mortality of male flies was significantly higher than in female at the doses of 4 and 5 kRad.
Studies on Phosphorus-32 Labeling of the House Fly ( I )
Ryu J. ; Chung K. H. ; Kwon S. H. ; Kim H. W. ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 13, issue 2, 1974, Pages 93~97
This paper describes experiments made to develop a technique for marking insects and get the informations for ecological studies as a means of tagging flies with radioactive phosphorus, and also to learn the effect on the subsequent generation of flies. Tests were conducted with house flies, Musca domestica L. emerged front the larvae that had reared in a media containing various concentrations of P-32. Radioactivity of the flies was measured with end-window type
Geiger-Muller counter and proportional counter made by Aloka. In following the daily increases in counting rates by 6-day-old larvae it was apparent the larvae in the starting media containing the higher concentrations of P-32 were showing high counting rates. It was found that about 13.2 per cent of the radioactive material remained in the empty puparia after the flies emerged. Radioactivity of the emerged flies decreased gradually and the biological halflife of phosphorus-32 was approximately 6.14 days with considerable variation. A significant amount of P-32 were detected in the abdominal and thoracic sections as compared with other parts of adult. The activity of phosphorus·32 in eggs and larvae produced by adults reared in medium containing 0.2 microcurie or more of P-32 per gram were readily detected with Geiger-Mi·lier counter. On the other hand, the radioactivity of eggs and larvae produced by the treated males crossed with untreated normal females could be only detected in the medium containing more of 2.0 microcurie with G.M. counter. There was no apparent damage to the flies at dosages as high as 0.5 microcurie per gram of medium. For field studies a concentration of 0.5 microcurie of P-32 per gram of artificial medium appears to give adequate labeling for positive identification of flies and their egg masses.