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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean journal of applied entomology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Applied Entomology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Dec 1975
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Oct 1975
Volume 14, Issue 2 - May 1975
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Mar 1975
Selecting the target year
Studios on the Host Range of Cucumber Mosaic Virus in Korea
Chung B. J. ; Park H. C. ; Lee S. H. ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 14, issue 4, 1975, Pages 185~192
Various plant species, as many as 145 species in 43 families, were tested for susceptibility to the ordinary strain of the cucumber nosaic virus for two years from 1973 to 1974. Inoculations were made by mechanical method using carborundum. Plants in 71 species belonging to 27 families were infected. Of these species, systemic mosaic developed on the new leaves of plants in 57 species belonging to 24 families. Twenty-four species of plants, previously not reported as hosts of the CMV, were found to be infected in this experiment. These are Stellaria aquatica, Achyrauthes japonica, Agerratum houstonianum, Centipeda minima, Gillardia pulchella, Henisteptalyrate, Ixeris dentata, Saussurea uchiyamana, Brassica campestris, Lepidiumapetalum, Lobelia chinensis, Chenopodium bryoniaefolium, Carex neofilipes, Acalypha austalis, Amphicarpaea edgeworthii, Lotus corniculatus var japonicus, Phaseolus angularis, Sedum aizoom var heterodontum, Mosla punctulata, Perilla frutescens var japonica, Teucrium japonicum,. Linum usitatissimum, Mazus japonicus, Verbena hybrida. Twenty-three species reported to be susceptible by previous workers, but negative results were obtained in our experiment with Allium cepa, Celosia cristat, Daucus carota var. sativa, Artemisia asiatica, Callistenphus chinensis, Erigeron canadensis, Helianthusannuus, Tagetes eracta, Impatiens balsamina, Raphanus sativus, Ipomea batatas, Glycine max, Phaseolus vulgaris, Lilium longifolium, Papaver gomniferum, Sorghum vulgare, Triticum aestivum, Zea mays, Rumex coreanus, Potulaca grandiflora.
Serological Study on Rice Stripe Virus
Kim Kee Chung ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 14, issue 4, 1975, Pages 193~198
This experiment was performed to clarify the concentration of rice stripe virus in the rice Plant leaves by serological test, and was attempted to inspect the virus carrier among small brown planthopper by antibody-sensitized hemagglutination test. The antiserum was prepared by injecting intervenously into the external marginal vein of the ear of a rabbit. The precipitin titer of it was 1 : 16. The rough virus fluid prepared from diseased leaves was centrifuged at 10.000 rpm, and then the supernatant solution was treated at
for 5 minutes and the solution clarified by removing the agglutinate was used as the antigen solution. Antibody-sensitized erythrocyte solution was prepared from sheep erythrocytes sensitized by rice stripe virus with tannic acid, and its agglutination titer was 1 : 512. The virus concentrations in flag leaves or first leaves just below them showing different symptoms was high with progressing the severity of symptoms. And the concentrations of the virus in leaves of varieties of the rice plant showing same degree symptom were lower in suscetible varieties, Sadominori, Palgoeng, Mangyong and Nihonbare, than in the resistant one, Tongil, but in Yooshin which was known as the resistant, lower rather than in Tongil. The reacton of antibody-sensitized hemagglutination test to inspect the virus carrier, was so highly sensitive that this reaction was recognized as a method which is able to Identify the carrier accurately in short time.
Identification and Annual Change of Races of Pyricularia oryzae in Korea
Lee Eun Jong ; Joo Won Joon ; Chung Bong Jo ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 14, issue 4, 1975, Pages 199~204
One thousand forty-four isolates of Pyricularia oryzae obtained during the period 1962-1974 front blast-infected rice samples from all rice-growing areas of Korea were tested on the Japanese differential set of twelve rice varieties. Twenty-seven races of the fungus were differentiated. The number of races falling in groups T,C and N were 4, 15 and 8, respetively. Since only Japonica type varieties had been cultivated widely before 1966, N-race groups were found to be most Prevalent with a frequency of about
of the total isolates. After 1966, T-and C-race groups gradually increased to
respectively, as a result of the widespread cultivation of Tongil bred from a cross between IR8 x(Yukara x T(N)1. Before 1966, a few T, and C-race groups occurred only in the Suweon region; since 1966, most of the races differentiated have been uniformly distributed throughout the country regardless of region. The most prevalent races in Korea were N-2 and C-8. The variety Tetep was resistant to all races previously identified in Korea, but a new race (T-d) to which Tetep is susceptible has been found each year since 1973. It appears likely that races capable of attacking Indica types of rice will become increasingly prevalent and a programme of continuous screening is needed to detect new races as soon as they appear.
Effect of Light and Temperature on the Sporulation and Mycelial Growth of Mycosphaerella fragariae
Cho Chong Taik ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 14, issue 4, 1975, Pages 205~208
Effect of light and temperature on the sporulation and mycelial growth by 4 strains of Mycosphaerella fragariae was examined. The light source was day light fluorescent lamps with an intensity of 2000 Lux at the colony surface. The treatment were constant light, alternating light(10hr) and darness (14h.) and constant darkness af
1. Of the 4 strains tested, alternating light and darkness at
gave the greatest sroducedtion, constant light in intermediate, constant darkness in minimum, but darkness at
produced abundant conidia over that obtained in the other two treatment. Differences in number of sporulation due to light, strains and the interaction of these two were all statistically significant. 2. There were not on significant differences in amount of mycelial growth due to light, but amount of mycelial growth of
strain were the nest abundant among the 4 strains.
Studies on the Plant Pathogenic Corynebacteria(III) -The amino acid composition of some plant pathogenic bacteria-
Kim Jong-wan ; Mukoo Hideo ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 14, issue 4, 1975, Pages 209~213
This paper is a report of studies to determine the amino acid composition of Plant Pathogenic Corynebacteria and to assess whether these characteristics can be correlated with the taxonomic position of these organisms. The results indicated that plant pathogenic Corynebacteria contained on average less cystein, trypthophane, histidine, phenylalanine, isoleucin and total protein than did the other genera of bacteria. However, in general, the quantities of both cell protein and amino acids contained in bacterial cells were characteristics of the species or an individual strain of the organism and were not related to its classification.
The Nature of the Variety Tongil (Suweon 213-1) in Resistance to the Striped Rice Border, Chilo suppressalis W.
Choi Seung Yoon ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 14, issue 4, 1975, Pages 214~214
This study was conducted to evaluated the nature of the variety Tongil(Suweon 213-1) in resistance to the striped rice borer, Chilo suppressalis Walker, comparing with those of Rexoro(susceptible check) and TKM-6(resistant check) selected at IRRI. 1. The striped rice borer moths much more preferred the variety Tongil for oviposition than the varieties Rexoro and TKM-6. The variety Tongil and more egg masses and number of eggs than the varieties Rexoro and TKM-6, while TKM-6 having more egg masses and more number of eggs than Rexoro. This reaction was consistent throughout the test regardless of the number of tillers per hill. 2. In laboratory, preference of larvae for feeding was studied with 5cm of stem pieces of the varieties. The results showed, in contrast to the case of ovipositional preference, that the striped rice borer larvae least preferred the stems of Tongil among the test varieties, while larvae much more preferred the stems of Rexoro than those of TKM-6. 3. The larval weights at 20 days later infested on the 40 day-old plants were the lowest on Tongil among the test varieties. On the variety Rexoro the larvae had heavier body weights(43.0mg), higher pupation(64.9%) and higher adult emergence(83.3%) than those on Tongil(larval weights 30.3mg, pupation 60%, adult emergence 60.7%) and TKM-6(larval weights 35.7mg, pupation 56.3%, adult emergence 51.9%). The pupal weights, however, were not consistent among the test varieties and/or sexes in comparison with the larval weights, pupation and adult emergence above mentioned. 4. Field experiments indicated that the incidence of dead hearts at 70 days after transplanting was relatively higher on the variety Tongil(11.1%) than those on Rexoro(8.9%) and TKM-6(8.4%), and the incidence of white heads at harvest was, in contrast to the dead hearts, lower on Tongil(9.8%) than those on Rexoro(27.4%) and TKM-6(13.9%). At harvest lower larval survival observed on Tongil (49 larvae/40 hills) than those on the susceptible variety Rexoro(104 larvae/40 hills) and on the resistant variety TKM-6(70 larvae/40 hills). The average larval weights collected from three test varieties at harvest were 80.5mg from Tongil, 83.7mg from TKM-6 and 99.6mg from Rexoro. 5. Increased nitrogen fertilizer application to the variety Tongil, the striped rice borer damage was increased. Also, preference of larvae for feeding significantly increased with the increase of nitrogen fertilizer application. 6. Any specific association between the plant characters and striped rice borer resistance could not be found. The variety Tongil even having large number of tillers, short plant height, large stem, broad leaf, etc, had still high preference of moths for oviposition, low preference of larvae for feeding, low damage, and relatively high antibiosis. 7. Resistance of the variety Tongil to the striped rice borers seemed to be associated with the low feeding preference and the relatively high antibiosis, not associated directly with the ovipositional preference.
Relationship Between Size of Head Capsule and Number of Instars in the Larvae of Pear Stem Sawfly, Janus piri Okamoto
Yoon Ju Kyung ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 14, issue 4, 1975, Pages 215~219
The number of instars of pear sawfly larvae (Janus piri Okamoto) collected front field pear trees, were determined by measuring the width of head capsule, and the growth ratio in each instar was also studied. 1. The larval head width had six distinct peaks, which suggests that the larva of this insect passes six instars. 2. The head width tended to increase as the instars avdance, except in tile first and second instars. The coeffieient of variation decressed as the instars advanced. The growth ratio, which was similarly great in the first and second instars, decreased as the instars advanced. 3. Gains' and Campbell's formulae seemed to be more suitable than Dyer's for the determination of larval instars of this insect by the measurement of headwidth. 4. The larval instars could be inferred from the extent of damage to pear tree by this insect; that is the larvae in the second to fourth instars usually gave slight and invissible damage, while those in the fifth to sixth instars gave rapid and severe damage.
Taxonomic Study of the Corn Stem Borer in Borer with Allied Species of the Genus Ostrinia (Lep. ; Pyralidae)
Park Kyu-Tek ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 14, issue 4, 1975, Pages 221~225
The European corn borer, Ostrinia nubilalis (Hubner) has been known as only one species of genus Ostrinia in Korea. After Mutuura and Munroe(1970) revised the genus Ostrinia, the name of the corn stem borer in Korea has been very confused. The critical examination of the external morphology and the genitalia revealed that species of the genus Ostrinia occurring in Korea are O. fyrbacakus (Guenee, O. scapulalis (Walker), O. zaguliaevi Mut. & Mun. and O. zealis (Guenee)
Notes on the Nomenclature of some Microlepidoptera in Korea (I)
Park Kyu-Tek ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 14, issue 4, 1975, Pages 227~231
The writer adopted the new correct scientific names of 46 Microlepidoptera previously incorrectly recorded in 'A List of Plant Diseases, Insect Pests and Weeds in Korea,' published by the Korean Society of Plant Protection in 1972 and 'Nomina Animaium Koreanorum Insects,' by the Zoological Society of Korea in 1968.