Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean journal of applied entomology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Applied Entomology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Dec 1976
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Sep 1976
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Jun 1976
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Mar 1976
Selecting the target year
Control of Witches'-broom Disease of Jujube with Oxytetracycline Injection
La Yong-Joon ; Brown William M. ; Moon Dong-Sik ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 15, issue 3, 1976, Pages 107~110
A Witches'-broom disease of jujube (Zizyphus jujuba) with which mycoplasma-like bodies are associated is wide spread in South Korea. Jujube trees with witches'-broom symptoms were selected from 15-20 year old planting and treated with solution of oxytetracycline hydrochloride (Terramycin). Treatments were 1) one injection on April; 2) one postharvest injection on October; 3) two injections (April and July); 4) three injections (April, June and August) and 5) an untreated control. Each injection consisted of 500ml of 1,000 p.p.m. solution of oxytetracycline HCl transfused into affected trees from plastic reservoir through plastic tubes connected to 3 small holes drilled in the basal part of the tree trunks. Complete remission of witches'-broom symptoms was accomplished within one growing season by one spring (April) injection. One postharvest (Oct.) injection also prevented the symptoms in the following growing season. Two and three injection treatments prevented the symptoms for at least two growing seasons and restored previously severely diseased trees to normal or near normal conditions. Remission of symptoms was found only above the injection site while current season witches'-brooms developed from areas below the injection site and from untreated main scaffolds. The results of this experiment demonstrates that transfusion treatment with oxytetracyclin HCl is feasible for the practical control of witches'-broom of jujube.
Some Aspects of Population Dynamics of Rice Leafhoppers in Korea
Hokyo Nobuhiko ; Lee Moon Hong ; Park Joong Soo ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 15, issue 3, 1976, Pages 111~126
Regional differences in economic importance of the four species of rice leafhoppers, viz., Laodelphax striatellus, Nephotettix cincticeps, Nilaparvata Iugens and Sogatella furcifera, were analyzed and discussed based on population surveys conducted in Suweon and in southern and south-western coastal areas. The economic importance of L. striatellus and N. cincticeps, which are found throughout the year in Korea, seems to be less in middle regions. This is believed due to effective natural control through severe winter climate, cultural practices in rice and barley growing, and natural enemies such as spiders. However, the economic importance of these two species is significantly greater in southern regions with a less severe winter climate, and where cultural practices in rice and barley favour synchronization between the life cycles of insects and the seasonal succession of host plants. with regard to N. lugens and S. furcifera, which cannot overwinter in Korea, initial populations are the result of long distance migration across the East China Sea. Weather elements related to their migration result in more abundant immigrants of these two species in southern than in middle regions. Thus, different policies are needed for the integrated control of rice leafhoppers in middle and southern Korea.
Studies on Algae Control in Wetted Nursery of Rice
Kim Kyu Chin ; Ham Young Soo ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 15, issue 3, 1976, Pages 127~132
This experiment was conducted to several agricultural chemicals such as cuperic sulfate, lime sulfur, swep 80 wp, dithane A-40 and dichlone 50 wp for use as algaecide in wetted nursery of rice, and chemicals were applied at 5 day before and after sowing. The results are summarized as follows. 1. It was found that the effective chemicals as algaecide in wetted nursery were dichlone 50 wp and swop 80 wp, but chemical damage appeared to plant when dithane A-40 and swep 80 wp was applied. 2. Cuperic sulfate was identified to control algae, but it seems to be injurious to seed germination when applied in wetbed nursery. 3. Results were revealed that except dichlone, 50 cuperic sulfate, lime sulfate, swep 80 wp and dithance A-40 decreased the number of roots, rate of dry matter production and plant height compared when no chemical was applied. 4. Dichlone 50 wp was recognized as the most suitable algaecide in view of the plant growth and algae control in wetbed nursery.
Survey on the Kinds and Distribution of Tobacco Parasitic Nematodes in Korea
Park Soo June ; Choi Young Eoun ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 15, issue 3, 1976, Pages 133~136
In order to survey the kinds and distribution of tobacco parasitic nematodes, 51 soil samples were. collected from 14 associations under the office of Monopoly of Kyungbuk and Kyungnam province. 1, The plant parasitic nematodes were found
in the whole sampled. 2. The propotion of infested field of each nematode genera, Tylenchus shown as dominant by
and next Aphelenchus
, Pratylenchus, Hirschmanniella
in order. 3. The density of genera per localities were as follows Pratylenchus is most abundant in Youngdeog as 43 population, Tylenchorhynchus shown in Jinbo, Tylenhus in Yeongil, Meloidogyne in Kimcheon, Xiphinema in Euisung. 4. Eighteen species belonging to 16 different genera of 11 families were identified, 12 of them are new for Korea as tobacco parasitic nematodes; Aglenchus costatus, Aphelenchus avenae, Criconemoides informis, Ditylenchus dipsaci, Helicotylenchus dihystera Hirschmanniella imamuri, Meloidogyne incognita, Psilenchus hilarulus, Rotylenchus pini, Tylenchorhynchus claytoni, Tylenchorhynchus nudus and Xiphinema americanum.
Studies on Virus Diseases of Orchids in Korea
Lee Hyun Sook ; La Yong Joon ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 15, issue 3, 1976, Pages 137~145
Orchids have been propagated vegetatively for a long time without adequate control measures against virus diseases in Korea. As a result, it is presumed that most of the orchid varieties in Korea may have been degenerated. Nevertheless there has been little work on the virus diseases of orchids in Korea. Therefore studies were initiated to isolate an4 characterize the orchid viruses occurring in Korea. The results obtained are summerized as follows. 1. Symptoms of virus diseases on orchid varieties can be grouped 1) mosaic, 2) necrotic streak with mosaic, 3) ring necrosis, 4) chlorotkc ring and 5) necrotic spot. 2. A total of 102 orchid plants representing 4 genera were investigated on the occurrence of Cymbidium mosaic virus and tobacco mosaic virus by serological agar-gel double diffusion test. The test revealed that approximately
of the orchids were infected with Cymbidium mosaic virus. None of the plants were found to be infected with tobacco mosaic virus. 3. Local lesions appeared on the inoculated leaves of Chenopodium amaranticolor Cassia occidentalis and Datura stramonium 7-12 days after mechanical inoculation with Cymbidium mosaic virus. 4. Physical properties of the Cymbidium mosaic virus determined by inoculation on Chenopodium amaranticolor were as follows: Thermal inactivation Point;
, dilution end Point;
aging in vitro; 8 days. 5. Three different buffers at pH 7.0 and pH 9.0 were compared for the efficiency of agar-gel double diffusion test with Cymbidium mosaic virus. Phosphate, imidazol and tris buffer at pH 7.0 gave equally satisfactory results. 6. Electron microscopic examination of the Cymbidium mosaic virus revealed rod shaped particles measuring 460-580mu.
Resistance of the New Varieties Milyang
to Plant-and Leaf-hoppers
Choi S. Y. ; Lee J. O. ; Lee H. R. ; Park J. S. ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 15, issue 3, 1976, Pages 147~151
Laboratory experiments were conducted to evaluate the resistance of the new rice varieties Milyang
23 at the seedling stage to the brown planthopper(Nilaparvata lugens), small brown planthopper(Laodelphax striatellus), white-back planthopper(Sogatella furcifera), green rorice leafhopper(Nephotettix cincticeps) and zigzag-striped leafhopper (Recilia dorsalis) The varieties Yushin and T(N)-1 were used as susceptible check and the resistant check varieties were Mudgo to brown planthopper, ASD-7 :o small brown planthopper, Colombo to white-back planthopper, IR2061 (46763) to green rice leafhopper and Vellailanalgayan to zigzag-striped leafhopper. The varieties Milyang
23 were moderate in plant reaction only to the green rice leafhopper and
23 was moderately resistant in plant rection only to the small brown planthopper. The nymphs of plant-and leaf-hoppers were more prefered Milyang
23 and susceptible check-varieties were more preferred for feeding than the resistant check-varieties. The green rice leafhopper and aigzag·striped leafhopper much more prefered Milyang
23 for oviposition, while brown planthopper and small brown planthopper more prefered the resistant cheeks than test varieties and susceptible checks. However, there was no any steady relationship in ovipositional preference between resistant and susceptible to the hoppers. Shorter nymphal-periods and higher rate of adult emergence were observed in the test varieties and the susceptible checks compared with the resistant checks. In conclusion, the varieties Milyang
23 seemed to be lack of true resistance to the plant-and leaf-hoppers from the viewpoints of antibiosis and feeding preference.
Effect of Light on the Sclerotial Formation of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum(Lib.) de Bary
Kim Ki Chung ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 15, issue 3, 1976, Pages 153~159
Present paper was attempted to investigate the effects of the light on the sclerotium formation of some isolates of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum(Lib.) do Bary from lettuce, cucumber and rape. The investigations were performed in the both aspects inducing sclerotial primordia from the mycelial colony and developing such primordia. The cultures were grown on potato-dextrose agar and were treated with day-light fluorescent lamps. In the continuous light illumination for 21 days, numbers of sclerotial primordia and matured sclerotia were increased with increasing the light intensity up to about 500 Lux, but on the contrary the dry-weight of matured sclerotia was decreased. In the 800 Lux illumination, induction of the primordia was extremely depressed, and then matured sclerotia were almost not produced. Short-time illumination for 48 hours, although the light intensity was as high as 5000 Lux, increased the numbers of sclerotial primordia and matured sclerotia. Dry-weight of matured sclerotia, however, was slightly increased only at low intensity of 160 Lux. On the other hand, the light shock which u·as alternatively on-of light every one minute for 48 hours increased the number and dry-weight of sclerotia produced, but the former was more effective at 500 Lux shock and the later more effective at 160 Lux shock.
Notes on a pest of rice: Lithacodia distinguenda St.
Park Kyu-Tek ; Choi Kui Moon ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 15, issue 3, 1976, Pages 161~162