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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean journal of applied entomology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Applied Entomology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Dec 1977
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Sep 1977
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Jun 1977
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Mar 1977
Selecting the target year
Studies on Economic Damage of Korean Rice Pests
Catling H. D. ; Lee S. C. ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 16, issue 2, 1977, Pages 79~86
Four experiments were carried out under farmer's field conditions to determine economic threshold levels of major rice pests aad attempt a reduction in the number of insecticide applications. In the experiments were included check treatments, insecticide schedules representing the official recommendations to farmers, and several corrective treatments. A careful record was kept of insect pest densities and disease incidence. i) In the north at Suweon and Icheon where Chilo suppresalis. (Walk.), the striped rice borer, was active in the first generation, no significant yield differences were obtained between plots receiving several insecticide applications and those left totally unprotected. The mean yields were high (5.2-7.6t/ha). ii) First generation borer activity rising to
injured tillers was below the economic threshold since no yield reduction was recorded in either japonica varieties or the high-yielding Tongil variety. iii) Evidence was obtained thst berer damage was made good by replacement of infested tillers (compensatory growth), C. suppressalis populations were always low in the second generation. iv) The experimental results obtained at Suweon and Icheon do not justify the present official recommendations of 6-7 pesticide applications. v) further south at Iri a substantial yield reduction occurred due to an early outbreak of stripe disease transmitted by Laodelphax striatellus (Fallen), the small brown planthopper; a mean of 1-2 individuals/hill was recorded immediately after transplanting. C. suppressalis probably contributed to this yield reduction. vi) Several applications against the vector failed to prevent the rapid spread of stripe to the susceptible variety in the Iri experiment: in surrounding fields the resistant Tonsil varivety was ralatively unaffected. vii) Pests of lesser importance were Nephotettix cinctieps (Uhler), Nilaparvata lugens (Stil), Sogatella furcifera (Horv..), and leaf miners.
Occurrence of Northern Cereal Mosaic Virus in Korea
Lee Soon Hyung ; Shikata Eishiro ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 16, issue 2, 1977, Pages 87~92
A barley virus disease has been severe in central Korea since 1963. To investigate the causal virus, examination of host ranges, transmission by insect vectors and · electron microscopy were conducted. In electron microscopy, particles identical with northern cereal mosaic virus were observed. The size of baciliform particles ranged from 300nm to 370nm in length and 57-60nm in diameter. The virus was transmitted by the small brown planthopper Laodelphax striatellus (Fallen). The latent period in the vector was seven to nineteen days, with 10 days the most prevalent. Barley, corn, wheat, rye, and oats were susceptible to the virus when inoculated by the insect vectors. It was concluded that the disease agent of the barley disease in Korea is northern cereal mosaic virus. This is the first known report of this disease in Korea.
Studies on the Aphid Transmission of Some Cruciferous Viruses
Lee Jai Youl ; Paik Woon Hah ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 16, issue 2, 1977, Pages 93~100
This is the fist report on detailed aphid transnsmission studies of cruciferous virus in Korea, and experiments aimed to get basic informations for control of vectors. Aphid transmission of turnip mosaic virus prevalent on radish in the field was studied. Results obtained were as follows: 1. Myzus persicae, Lipaphis erysimi, Aphis gossypii and Aphis craccivora were found to transmit turnip mosaic virus. 2. The proper time for turnip mosaic virus transmission by Myzus persicae was 1 hour of fasting, 3 minutes for acquisition, and 1 minute for inoculation: Lipaphis erysimi was 2 hours for fasting, 5 minutes for acquisition, and 3 miuutes for inoculation: while Aphis gossypii needed 1hour for fasting, and 3 minutes for each of the acquisition and inoculation periods. 3. There was Po great difference in probing patterns between nonfasted and fasted aphids for 2 hours. All the fasted aphids began feeding after 4 minutes, 4. When Myzus persicae were transferred artificially at 1-2 minute intervals, the number of probes with aphids fasted for 2 hours was much greater than that of nonfasted aphids. Aphids fasted for 2 hours mainly transmitted the virus before 4 minutes, with an acquisition feeing period of less than 3 minutes
Studies on Purification and Serology of Potato Virus X
Lee Soon Hyung ; Lee Key Woon ; Chung Bong Jo ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 16, issue 2, 1977, Pages 101~104
Potato virus X was purified especially for the preparation of antisera for diagnosis and identification. Potato virus X was isolated Iron infected plants by means of indicator plants and identified in electron microscopy. Isolated PVX was multiplied in tomato plants and purified by a modified procedures. The purity of PVX was 0.59mg/m1. Purified PVX was injected into rabbits once a week for 5 weeks. Antiserum was collected 10 days after the last injection. Produced antiserum was determined 1/1024 titers by means of microprecipitin tests and showed sharp reactions in agar gel-diffusion tests.
On the Polymorphism in a Polydomous Red Wood Ants, Formica rufa truncicola var. yessoensis Forel in Korea
Kim Chang Hyo ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 16, issue 2, 1977, Pages 105~113
In this paper have been examained the relation of tssk performance to body size. the variation of venation of males, sex ratio, breeding by forms of worker's pupae and structure by forms of workers's colony to nest size in polymorphism of polydomous red wood ant, Formica rufa truncicola var. yessoensis Forel in Korea. 1. The workers are classified into three forms, in which small form mainly performs itself the task of nursing in the nest and the visit to aphid from the outside of the nest, medium and large form mainly do not only the stinct of prey carrying from the outside of the nest and nest structure, but the task of protecting colony of outside. But the small forms visiting to aphid is not always fixed but seems to be changed with season. 2. The variation forms of venation of males are fourteen, generally, they have various variations of the discoidal. 3. Generally, sex ratio of Formica rufa truncicola var. yessoensis Forel is the same proportion, but it seems that there are some difference according to its characteristic of colony in each nest and polydomous colony structure in its habitat. 4. In summer season the medium form makes a colony in high proportion without any relations with the size of nest but. during hibernation, small form coasists in small nest, medium in medium nest and large in large nest. And so the structure of worker's colony by forms according to their nest size seems to be changed with season.
Soil-borne Diseases of Barley in Barley in Korea Caused by Fusarium spp.
Sung Jae Mo ; Snyder William C. ; Chung Bong Koo ; Chung Bong Jo ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 16, issue 2, 1977, Pages 115~119
Fusarium spp. were isolated from field grown rice, wheat and barley in 1976. The pathogens isolated included Fusarium (Calonectria) nivale, F. (Gibberella) moniliforme and F. (Gibberella) roseum 'Graminearum' and 'Avenaceum'. Among the saprophytes F. (Nectria) episphaeria was isolated. In each of these isolated both the Fusarium and perfect stages were found. F. nivale, and F. episphaeria with there Calonectria, and Nectria stages do not seem to have been recorded previously in Korea. Of the Fusaria isolated,
from rice were F. moniliforme, and
from wheat and barley were F. roseum 'Graminearum'. Perithecia also were produced under laboratory conditions. F. moniiforme was recovered wheat heads and also from barley seed.
Studies on the Occurrence of Rice Black-Streaked Dwarf Virus in Korea
Lee Jai Youl ; Lee Soon Hyung ; Chung Bong Jo ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 16, issue 2, 1977, Pages 121~125
This is the first report on. rice black-streaked dwarf virus in Korea. The occurrence of this virus in Korea was confirmed by symptoms On rice Plants, Vector transmission and microscopic Observation in 1975. The smaller brown planthopper, Laodelphax striatellus FALLEN, transmits this virus which is spherical with a diameter of about 60 nm. Higher infection was observed in earlier transplanted rice with higher levels of fertilizer than in normal and standard cultivation fields.
Control of the Fruit-Piercing moths
Yoon Ju-Kyung ; Kim Kwang-Soo ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 16, issue 2, 1977, Pages 127~131
This experiment was conducted to evaluate the insect-proof netting, chemical sprays, application of attractants, fruit bagging and light trapping as the control methods of the fruit piercing moths in the orchards on reclaimed land in Sugyeri, Goksung, Chonnam Province, during June to October in 1976. The results are summarized as follows; 1. Insect-proof. netting effectively decreased fruit damage, compared as to the control, down to
in peaches and
in grapes. 2. The control effects of chemicals varied significantly among the 7 insecticides tested: Deoclean, Naphthalene, and Thiometon were more effective to the fruit damages as low as
respectively. while the fruit damage was rather high,
, for Takju +lead arsenate and
for Padan. ,3. In the test with 7 attractants, the largest number of moths attracted and killed was 416.by Takju+brown sugar and the next was 307 by Takju+venegor while this number was 141 by mixed solution (see text) which is rather lower than expectation The fruit damage was lowest in Takju+honey and
, the next was
for Takju+venegor and the highest was
, Takju alone. 4. Fruit bagging with polyethylene film effectively decreased the fruit damage from the inserts but brought about severe fruit rot and delay ripening. Meanwhile, paper bagging was less effective in preventing insects, resulting in
fruit damage, however, gave no adverse effect other than slight Belay in ripening. 5. Light trapping was hardly expected to be a method of controlling these fruit piercing moths. However, the number of collected moths swarmed by electric light was 10.8 for can-descence, 0.95 for blue, and 0.22 for yellow light.
Aphelenchoides ritzemabosi from Diseased Lily Leaves
Choi Young Eoun ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 16, issue 2, 1977, Pages 133~137
Easter lily (Lilium longiflorum Thunb) was newly found infested with Aphelenchoides ritzemabosi at vinyl house of agricultural college, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea in 1976. The symptoms of the infested plants are yellow to bronze leaves which become brown but not drop and the stem become stunted, fail to produce flowerw. The plants occured dieback symptoms and died eventually. Morphological characteristics are described.