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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean journal of applied entomology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Applied Entomology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Dec 1977
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Sep 1977
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Jun 1977
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Mar 1977
Selecting the target year
Studies on the life history of green peach aphid, Myzus persicae Sulzer (Homoptera)
Shim J. Y. ; Park J. S. ; Paik W. H. ; Lee Y. B. ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 16, issue 3, 1977, Pages 139~144
The green peach aphid Myzus persicae(Sulzer), is known as the most important vector of potato leaf-roll virus and PVY. Yield of potato plants infested with these viruses are remarkably lower than non-infested plants. A study was conducted to investigate the life history of the green peach aphid at Suweon, Korea (Lat.
'E). The following were obtained: 1. Overwintering eggs hatched from late March to early April, with a hatching rate averaging ninety-five percent. 2. The fundatrigeniae leave the primary host(Punus persica) in early to mid May and migrate to the secondary hosts. 3. From mid to late Oct., the gymnoparae migrate from the secondary hosts to the primary hosts. 4. From early to mid Nov., gymnoparae lay fertilized eggs around buds, in bark crevices, or between bifurcated twigs of the primary hosts. 5. The early-born progeny have 23 generations and the late-born progeny have 9 generations on peach trees, potatoes and raddish from Apr. to Oct. 6. The average length of life was about 28.5 days, with a developmental period of approximate 10.8 days and a reproductive period of 15.8 days. 7. The average number of nymphs produced by a female was fifty, with a maximum number of 118. 8. The average number of nymphs produced by a female per day was about 3.2, with a maximum number of 13.
Purification and Serology of Potato Virus S
Lee Soon Hyung ; Lee Key Woon ; Chung Bong Jo ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 16, issue 3, 1977, Pages 145~148
he study was conducted to produce an antiserum of potato virus S for identification and screening of seed-potatoes. Potato virus S was isolated from infected plants and identified by means of indicator plants and electro microscopy. Isolated potato virus S was multiplied in Nicotiana deebneyii and the virus was purified by a modified method that was developed through this study. The purity of potato virus S was 1.18mg/ml. Purified potato virus S was injected into rabbit intravenously once a week for 5 weeks. Antiserum was collected 10 days after the last injection. The produced antiserum was determined to have a titer of, 1/2048 by means of microprecipitin tests.
The Influence of Some Soil-treated Herbicides on the Mineralization of Nitrogen Fertilizers II. In an upland soil
Kim Moo Key ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 16, issue 3, 1977, Pages 149~154
Effect of Simazine(2-chloro-4,6-bis (ethylamino)-s-triazine), Nitrofen (2, 4-dichloro-4' -nitrodiphenylether), Propanil (:3, 4-dichloropropionanilide), and Butachlor (2-chloro-2, 6-diethyl N-(buthoxymenthyl) acetanilide on urea hydrolysis and subsequent nitrification was investigated in an upland soil incubated at
. 1. All the herbicides tested had no effect on the hydrolysis of urea to ammonia at the recommended rates. Butachlor, at ten and fifty times the recommended rate, and Nitrofen, at fifty times the recommeded rate, depressed urea hydrolysis, resulting in reduction of ammonia. But the depressive effects were temporary, disappearing soon. Simazine and Propanil had no detrimental effect on urea decomposition at all the treated rates. 2. Also, all the chemicals tested had no effect on the nitrification process at the recommended rates. At higher concentrations of ten and fifty times the recommended rate Butachlor and Nitrofen inhibited the oxidation of nitrite, and propanil long inhibited the oxidation of ammonium to nitrite, but was inactive against nitrite oxidizer. These inhibitive effects of the chemicals, however, disappeared in the later period of incubation. Simazine had no effect on the nitrification process at all the treated rates. 3. The trend of change in soil pH of both the treated and untreated plots well reflected the change of soil nitrogen forms during incubation. No direct effect of the chemicals on soil pH was obserbed.
Placement of Insecticides in the Root Zone of the Plants for Rice Insect Control
Choi S. Y. ; Lee H. R. ; Ryu J. K. ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 16, issue 3, 1977, Pages 155~161
During 1976 the effects of insecticide placement in the root zone of the rice plants were evaluated for control of rice insect pests in the screenhouse and in the paddy field at Suweon. The methods of insecticide placement included the use of encapsuled formulation and injection of liquid formulation. In screen house experiments, the root' zone placement of carbofuran was highly effective up to 30 days after treatment against the striped rice borers (Chilo sujppressalis) and up to 17 days after treatment against the small brown planthopper(Laodelphax xtriatellus) and the brown planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens), while the root-zone placement of omethoate and disyston were ineffective. In field experiments, the injection in every other row by the liquid applicator designed at IRRI was less effective for control of the striped "'rice borers and the small brown planthoppers than the caupsule placement. The single root·zone placement of liquid carbofuran, however, seemed to be equal in 'effectiveness to two broadcast applications of carbofuran and diazinon. In the plots treated at 5 days after transplanting, incidence of the dead hearts by the striped rice borers was much lower than in the plots treated at the 18 days after transplanting.
Seed Potato Certification in Korea
La Yong-Joon ; Franckowiak J. D. ; Brown W. M. ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 16, issue 3, 1977, Pages 163~170
Potato diseases, especially mosaics and leaf roll, appear to reduce potato yield in Korea more than any other factor. A seed potato certification program was established at the Alpine Experiment Station (AES) in 1961 to produce high quality seed potatoes for distribution to Korean farmers. The present program for production of certified seed of Namjak (Irish Cobbler), the only variety recommended for spring plantings, is outlined. In 1976, approximately 10,000 MT of certified grade Namjak seed was produced by members of two Seed Producers Cooperatives in the Daekwanryeong area for distribution by the Office of Seed Production and Distribution (OSPD). The seed was inspected and certified by officers of the National Agricultural Products Inspection Office (NAPIO). Although the quality of the certified seed is far superior to that used by many farmers, the supply planted less than 1/5 of the 1977 potato crop. Certified seed of Shimabara, the variety recommended for autumn plantings, is not produced in Korea. The yield response of virus infected seed to improved cultural practices is poor. Therefore, an increase in potato acreage and yields appears to be possible only if more good quality seed is used by Korean farmers. A two or three fold increase in seed supply would be desirable. The volume of seed could be increased by expanding the production area and by improving yield in seed fields. More land is available in the alpine area and good seed potatoes could be grown in other parts of Korea. Planting better quality seeds and using better cultural pracitces would improve seed yields. Several techniques could be used to improve the quality of elite seed produced at AES. Changes in seed potato certification program should be made so that healthy seed stocks of new varieties can be released rapidly.
Study on the Long-term Forecasting of Brown Planthopper Outbreaks
Paik Woon Hah ; Paik Hyun Joon ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 16, issue 3, 1977, Pages 171~179
Since the outbreak of the brown planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens) in 1915 caused tremendous losses in rice production, one of the more effective method of prevention of such a disaster could be the establishment of longterm forecasting system, In 1916 the author indicated there was a correlation between sunspot activities and brown planthopper and the white back planthopper outbreaks. However, the examples seem to be too small size to state a definite correlation. The purpose of the present study IS to revi~w the history of the brown planthopper outbreaks, and to establish a more effective forcasting system. The present forcasting methods are based on light trap catches of adults which already migrate into this country from mainland China. The regular cycle of 11.2 years of sunspot activity began in 1710, and was continued to present. To gather more records of brown planthopper, the author checked 'Joseon Wangjo Silrok' and analized the so-called 'Hwang' 'Hwang-chung' and 'Chung' which have multiple meanings, together with 'Samguk Sagi' 'Goryo Sa' and 'Munheon Bigo.' The results obtained by the about from review of these old literature citations revealed that ten species of insect and unknown species were involved: i. e., pine moth (Dendrolimus spectabilis), army worm (Mythimna separata), brown planthopper (Nilarvata lugens), white-back planthopper (Sogatella furcifera), migratory locust (Locutsa migratoria), rice stem borer (Chilo suppressalis,), mole cricket (Gryllotalpa africana), rice-plant weevil (Echinocnemus squameus), cut worm (Euxoa segetum), and mulberry pyralid Margaronia pyloalis) The suspected incidence of planthopper in old records expressed by 'Hwang' or 'Chung' revealed a total or 25 out of 37 in 'Samguk sagi,' 21 out of 49 in 'Goryo sa,' 9 of 73 in 'Wanjo-silrog,' and none of 8 in 'Munheon bigo' were planthoppers. Therefore, a total of 36 out of 167 records of insect incidence in the old literature can be possibly attributed to planthoppers. The brown planthopper and white-back planthopper migrate together to Korea every year from mainland China, However, the number of each species are differ by year. In 1975 outbreak the brown planthopper was dominant; and the white-back planthopper prevailed in 1946 and 1977 outbreaks, During the course of this study, the author was able to add a new record of outbreak of planthop per. In 1916 the white-back planthopper outbreak caused serious losses in Chungcheong-namdo and Jeonla-namdo, with losses estimated as high as 160 and 190 thousand seok (23.2 and 27.5 thousand M/T), in Naju and Secheon county, respectively. Since 1912, major outbreaks of brown planthopper or white-back planthopper have been recored 5 times. These occurrences coincide and well matched the period of minimum number of sunspots, With these authenticated records of planthoppers, the author believes there is a close correlation between brown planthopper and white-back planthopper outbreaks in Korea and sunspot activities. Therefore, in years of low number of sunspots, we should watch for and expect outbreaks of these. insects. At this time, it will be necessary to provide all possible prevention measures.