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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean journal of applied entomology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Applied Entomology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Dec 1978
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Sep 1978
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Jun 1978
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Mar 1978
Selecting the target year
Lepidopterous Insect Pests on Soy bean
Park K. T. ; Hwang C. Y. ; Choi K. M. ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 17, issue 1, 1978, Pages 1~5
The list of lepidopterous pests on soybean represented in this paper is a result which has been carried out for the survey of insect pests of main crops under the Strengthening Plant Protection Research and Training Project, FAO/UNDP. Forty eight lepidopterous pests which collected on soybean during this period are identified and the general biology of major pests is summarized. Most of materials were collected in the stage of larva, which was injurious stage, on the injurious parts of soybean and reared in the laboratory.
Studies on the Integrated Control of Citrus Pests I. Bionomics of Citrus Red Mite and Natural Enemies
Kim H. S. ; Moon D. Y. ; Llippold P. C. ; Chang Y. D. ; Park J. S. ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 17, issue 1, 1978, Pages 7~13
Experiments were conducted to study the integrated control of one of the major pests of citrus, the citrus red mite, Panonychus citri (McGregor). Studies were conducted in Seogwipo, Cheju Island, 1973-1976. Results obtained were: 1. The major peak of citrus red mite occurrence was mid-July to mid-August. 2. Standard field populations of citrus red mite were also high in September, October, and November. 3. A total of 10 species of natural enemies of citrus red mite were found. These included; Oligota yasumatusi Kistner, Anystis baccarum L., Hemerobiid sp., Semidalis albate E., Orius sp., Agistemus terminalis Q., 3 species of lady beetles (Coccinellidae), and one unidentified species of predacious mite. 4. Annual occurrence of citrus med mite tended to decrease in unsprayed fields, but increased in fields receiving standard treatments. 5. With fungicides, there was an increase in mite populations associated with use of Bordeaux mixture and copperpowder sprays. Streptomycin, however, did not effect on increase in mite numbers.
Studies on the Mechanism of 'Kresek' Induction of Rice Plant Caused by Xanthomonas oryzae (Uyeda & Ishiyama) Dowson
Yu Y. H. ; Cho Y. S. ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 17, issue 1, 1978, Pages 15~22
The study has been carried out to investigate the mechanism of 'Kresek' induction caused by Xanthomonas oryzae (Uyeda & Ishiyama) Dowson. The results are summarized as follows: 1. K-isolate could always induce 'Kresek' symptom on susceptible varieties when the pathogenic bacteria were introduced either way through the leaves or roots, while N-isolate could not induce. 2. Milyang 23 which showed 'Kresek' symptom had significantly smaller diameter of vessel elements than those of other two varieties examined. 3. The bacterial number of It-isolates in the extract of Milyang 23 was higher than N-isolates but there was no difference in bacterial number between K-and N-isolates when they were grown in the extract of Tongil. 4. N and K-isolates reached to death phase after 3 days and 9 days, respectibly, when they were grown in the extract of Milyang 23. Both isolates, however, reached to death phase at the same time after 3 days of incubation in the extract of Tonsil. 5. Heavy precipitation was observed in the extract of Milyang 23 at PH 3.0-4.0 range, while only traceable precipitation could be observed in the extract of Tongil at the same pH range under room temperature.
II. Effect of Pathotype of Pathogens and the Use of Infected Straw on the Development of Kresek
Choi Y. C. ; Cho Y. S. ; Chung B. J. ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 17, issue 1, 1978, Pages 23~28
The study has been carried to confirm the pathotypes of Kresek inducing isolates of X. oryzae, and its reaction to the test plants when they were inoculated by the use of various methods. Induction of Kresek symptom by 23 isolates which randomly samplified from 123 Kresek areas through the country also were examined. The specificity of Pathotypes I, II, V in causing Kresek and the potenciality of infected rice straw is a first inoculum for Kresek epidemics in nature were tested. Fifteen out of 23 isolates from kresek area belonged to pathotype group I, while the rest of 8 isolates 5 howed group II reaction, and the most of isolates were originated from infected rice plant of Milyang #23. All of five pathotype groups were abled to produce 'Kresek' symptom although they showed some differences in each group of pathotype. The varieties Milyang #21, 22 and 23 were attacked by all isolates of group I, II and V while the Gogyoku group varieties including Yushin produced kresek symptom only by pathotype group II. Infected and dried straw maintained the pathogens during the winter period, and these straw acted as a first inoculum of Kresek disease when the straw were cutted and used as a manure just before transplanting of rice seedling.
Purification and Serology of Cucumber Mosaic Virus
Lee S. H. ; Lee K. W. ; Chung B. J. ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 17, issue 1, 1978, Pages 29~31
Purely isolated cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) was multiplied in Nicotiana tabacum, Ky-57 and the virus was purified by the modified method that was developed through this study. The concentration of purified CMV was 24.25 mg/ml. The purified virus, mixed with acomplet adjuvant (1: 1) was injected into rabbits intramuscularly. Two injections at 10 day interval was enough to produce a good quality antiserum. The titer of the antiserum was 1/1280 when determined by agar gell-diffusion test. The produced antisera will be used to faciliate the detection of CMV infected vegetables and other crops.
Investigations on the Virus Diseases in Spinach. (Spinacia orleraea L.) I. Identification of Turnip Mosaic Virus Occuring Spinach
Lee S. H. ; Lee K. W. ; Chung B. J. ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 17, issue 1, 1978, Pages 33~35
The infected spin aches showing yellow mosaic symptom were collected and confirmed that the causal agent was turnip mosaic virus. The results of host reaction indicated that this virus induced local lesion on the inoculated leaves of Nicotiana tabacum (B.Y) and Chenopodium amaranticolor, mosaic symptoms on chrysanthemum coronarum, spinacea oleracea and Rephanus acanthiormis. The infected leaves extracts with this virus showed positive reaction with authentic turnip mosaic virus-antiserum. The virus particles were filaments type with size of 750nm by means of dipping method in electron microscope.
Studies on the Resistance of Conventional Korean Varieties of Rice to Bacterial Leaf Blight
Choi Y. C. ; Sato T. ; Watanabe B. ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 17, issue 1, 1978, Pages 37~40
The resistance to bacterial leaf blight of Conventional varieties (chodongi, Yongcheon etc.) cultivated from 1920 to 1956 in Korea were tested by means of 5 pathotypes of causal organism Xanthomonas oryzase (Uyeda et lshiyama) DOWSON. The results of this test are: 1. Among 74 varieties, 69 varieties including 'Chodongji, Yongcheon, Aedhal, Yongsang, Daegu, Mitdhari, pungok, etc' belong to the Kinmaze group that is highly susceptible to this disease. 2. 3 varieties: Heukbal, Doipnam, Whangphan belong to the Kogyoku group. 3. 2 varieties: Namgok, Gangbukdo, show unknown reaciton to differential varieties. 4. In 69 varieties belonging to the Kinmaze group
of the plants were infected by bacterial group I.
in bacterial group II.
in group III,
in group IV, and
in group V. 5. In 3 varieties belong to Kyogyoku group,
of the plants were infected in bacterial group I.
in group II,
in group III, IV and
in group V.
Studios on the Synthetic Pheromones of Striped Rice Borer and Tortricid Insect Pests
Song Y. H. ; Song H. Y. ; Kim H. K. ; Chang Y. D. ; Lippold P. C. ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 17, issue 1, 1978, Pages 41~47
Pheromones of several insect species were evaluated in a screening program in terms of their usefulness in pest forecasting and control in Korea. Species included striped rite borer (Chilo suppressalis) and tortricid moths, which attack deciduous fruit, and colding moth. The pheromone of striped rice borer was supplied through the courtesy of the Tropical Products Institute, London. Pheromones of other species were obtained from Cornell University and the Zoecon Corporation of Palo Alto, California. 'rho results of this experiment were as follows: 1. Live traps containing virgin striped rice borer female moths were more effective in attracting male moths than were the pheromone traps. 2. Since the effectiveness of the striped rice borer pheromone decreased dramatically with time, it was difficult to estimate the peak tine of the borer emergence. 3. The primary species trapped in deciduous fruit orchards was the oriental fruit moth, Grapholitha molesta. The traps were baited with the phermones, OFM and LAW. 4. Several moth species were trapped with OBLR. RBLR. SPAR and ArcM phermones but few were trapped with the remaining eight tortricid pheromones. 5. The following tortricid pheromones might be useful for forecasting the species given: OFM, LAW : Grapholitha molesta OBLR : Archips breviprecanus OBLH, RBLR, ArcM : Archippus coreensis Archips fuscocupreanus Hoshinoa longicellana SPAR, TBM ; Phyroderces sp.
The Occurrence of Ophiobolus graminis Sacc. of Wheat and Barley in Korea
Chung B. J. ; Sung J. M. ; Kim K. S. ; Sung K. S. ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 17, issue 1, 1978, Pages 49~51
The 'take-all' disease of wheat was first reported in Korea in 1947. Ophiobolnis graunis was isolated again from wheat and barley in 1976 and 1977. In 1977, perithecia of Ophiobolus were found on stems of rice, wheat and corn. Perithecia were formed on recommend varieties of wheat in the greenhouse as a result of artificial inoculation of mycelia into the soil. During 1977, Take-all of wheat and barley was quite severe. The result of survey made during this showed about 5 percent that the disease was present in Suweon, Daejeon, Yesan and Yongin. The Take-all infection causes remarkable decrease in the average weight of the grain, followed by a reduction in the number of tillers per plant and amount of gram per ear.
Studies on the Resistance of Leading Rice Varieties to Leaf-and Planthoppers
Kim Kyu Chin ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 17, issue 1, 1978, Pages 53~63
The object of this study is to clarify the varietal resistance to green leaf-and planthoppers and to evaluate the nature of the resistance to the insects in connection with the antibiosis. This study investigated the reaction of the 46 rice varieties to insects including recommended varieties of Korea. At seedling stage they were infested with second or third instar nymphs. The results were as follows. 1. The body weight of brown planthopper was increased more than 3 times on susceptible rice variety Mankyung at 15 days after infestation but only 2 times on resistant mudgo. 2. The mortaliy of the brown planthopper was significantly different between resistant and susceptible rice plant, showing 74 percents in resistant Mudgo while 31.2 percents in susceptible Mankyung at 15 days after caging. 3. Most of the rice varieties tested showed highly susceptible reaction to brown planthopper except Mudgo, KR 108-243-1 and HR 529-41-3-2 as resistant varieties, and Akamochi, Satominori, IR 24 and IR 8 as moderately susceptible ones. 4. In the test of varietal resistance to white-backed planthhopper, Mudgo, KR 108-243-1, KR 109-154-2 and HR 529-45-2 and HR 529-45-3-2 were resistant, and Suweon #82, Tongil, IR 8, Palkeum, Iri #309, Hokwang and Chukoku #31 were moderatly susceptible. 5. Most of the varieties tested were observed as highly resistant to green rice leafhopper, but Tongil, Suweon 82, IR 24, Milsung and Chukoku #31 were moderatly susceptible. 6. The new bred lines HR 108-243-1 are multi-resistant to brown planthopper, green rice leafhopper and White-backed planthopper, and some others showed moderate susceptibility.
Preliminary Study on the Hymenopterous Parasites of Rice Stem Borers with Description of Two Previously Unrecorded Species form Korea
Chang Young Duck ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 17, issue 1, 1978, Pages 65~69
An intensive survey of rice insect pests and their natural enemies with special references on parasites of rice stem-borers was made during the last 5 years(1973-77). The results were obtained as follows: 1. 15 species of hymenopterous parasites from the rice stem-borers were identified; Trichogrammatidae-2 spp, Scelionidae-1 sp, Braconidae-5 spp, Ichneumonidae-7spp. 2. The two Trichogrammatids species, Apanteles chilonis and Microgaster russata are first records from Korea. 3. Museum presence specimens of the 3 species: Trichogramma chilonis, Eriborus terebrans and Gombrus ruficoxatus, we previously identified in Korea, could not be located in this periods of study.
Control of Overwintering Striped Rice Borer, Chilo suppressalis W. in Straw Handicrafts with Phostoxin Fumigation
Chang Y. D. ; Kim H. S. ; Yoo J. K. ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 17, issue 1, 1978, Pages 71~73
Overwintering striped rice borer, Chilo suppressalis W. larvae, pupae and adults in rice straw handicrafts were exposed to different doses and periods of phostoxin in gas chambers(ave.temp. 27C). The following results were obtained; 1. For 100 percent mortality, larvae required 48 hours, pupae 24 hours and adults only 8 hours of exposure. 2. The insecticidal effect of tile fumigant was more dependent upon the length of exposure than the dosage of fumigant.