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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean journal of applied entomology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Applied Entomology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Dec 1979
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Sep 1979
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Jun 1979
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Mar 1979
Selecting the target year
Studies on the development of seed disinfectant in non-mercurious compounds
Lee Du-Hyung ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 18, issue 2, 1979, Pages 63~71
Tests were made to find new non-mercurious seed disinfectants that were best for rice seeds. For these experiments four seed samples carr)?ing natural infection of Pyricularia oryzae, Helminthosporium oryzae, and Fusarium moniliforme were used and the following fungicides were used; Zinc Omadine, Sodium Omadine, Panoctine, Tecto-F, Benlate-T, Homai, Sisthane,
, Busan 30, Tecto-Wp and Terracoat Zn. Blotter method and water agar plate method used in the laboratory and growing-on test used in greenhouse. Results have shown that Sisthane,
and Sodium Omadine have equal or superior effect to organic mercury compound against P. oryzae, H. oryzae, and F. moniliforme. Benlate T and Homai are effective against blast and Bakanae disease, but are inferior to organic mercury compound against brown spot disease. Busan 30 and Panoctine are effective against blast and brown spot disease, but have moderately inferior effects against F. monilifome. It is considered that the recommendable testing methods of seed treatment were blotter method for P. oryzae and water agar plate method for H, oryzae and F. moniliforme according to the experimental results obtained. No phytotoxicity against seed germination and seedling growth were observed when treated with disinfectants before germination of seeds.
Effect of Serial Transfer on the Virulence of Xanthomonas oryzae
Lee Soon-Gu ; Lee Tae-Ho ; Choi Yong-Chull ; Cho Yong-Sup ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 18, issue 2, 1979, Pages 73~76
Two different isolates of Xanthomonas oryzae, KB 7785 of pathotype I and JN 7721 of pathotype III, that had been the most virulent isolates in the previous inoculation test, were reisolated from cultivar 'Milyang 23' and serially transferred to 10 times. They were inoculated to the 3 cultivars; 'Milyang 23' in Kinmaze group, 'Yushin' in Kogyoku group and 'Tongil' in Rantai-emas group cultivars. It was observed that the virulence of the isolate JN 7721 was more attenuated by the serial transfer on the Wakimoto's agar than the isolate KB 7785. The attenuation of virulence of the isolate JN 7721 was more significant at the cultivar 'Milyang23' than at the other cultivars. This suggests that the host-pathogen interactions and differences of the pathogenicity-maintenance ability among the pathogenic strains may be involved.
Interactions among Isolates of Xanthomonas oryzae, Rice Varieties and Growth Stages of Hosts
Cho Yong-Sup ; Lee Soon-Gu ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 18, issue 2, 1979, Pages 77~84
Ten isolates of Xanthomonas oryzae were inoculated to three rice varieties; 'Milyang 23' in Kinmaze group, 'Yushin' in Kogyoku group and 'Tongil' in Rantai-emas group, at the seedling stage, early-tillering stage, Maximum-tillering stage and flag-leaf stage. Much fluctuation was existed in virulence pattern of isolates at each growth stage. Especially, the isolates of pathotype II showed much more variation in virulence. This suggests that there would be more sub-divided pathotypes involved in pathotype II. Isolate G 7716 of pathotype II showed its virulence to 'Yushin' variety only after booting stage. On the result of the analysis of variance for the reaction of three rice varieties to three isolates at each growth stage; the isolates, varieties, growth stages were the main factors of variations of virulence, and the interaction of isolates with varieties was significant but other interactions were not.
Studies on the life history of cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover (Homoptera)
Shim J.Y ; Park J.S. ; Paik W.H. ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 18, issue 2, 1979, Pages 85~88
The cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover, is known as the most important vectant vector of citrus tristeza virus, cucumber mosaic virus, potato virus Y and potato leafroll virus. This study conducted to investigate the life history of cotton aphid at Suweon, Korea
. The aphids were reared in small cages placed over twig of hibiscus and on the leaves of cucumber. The results obtained were summarized as follows: 1. Overwintering eggs hatched from mid to late April, with a hatching rate averaging seventy-nine percent. 2. The early-born progeny have 22 generations and the late-born progeny have 6 generations on hibiscus and cucumber from April to October. 3. The fundatrigeniae leave tile the primary host in late May to early June and migrate to the secondary hosts. 4. From early to mid Oct., the gynoparae migrate from the secondary hosts to the primary host. 5. The average length of life was about 29 days and they produced an average of 70 nymphs each. 6. The maximum number of aphids produced per female was 117 in the spring. 7. The developmental period ranged from 6 to 16 days (average 8 days), the reproductive period from 12.2 to 24.6 days (average 19 days). 8. The average number of nymphs produced by a female per dys was about 3.7, with a maximum number of 17.
Catalogue of the Pyralidae of Korea (Lepidoptera) I. Evergestiinae and Pyraustinae
Park K.T. ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 18, issue 2, 1979, Pages 89~100
Studies on the Soybean Pod Borer Damage
Chung K.H. ; Lee Y.I. ; Kwon S.H. ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 18, issue 2, 1979, Pages 101~106
Present studies were carried out to get a basic information for biological control of soybean rod borer, Grapholitha glycinivorella Matsumura, causing main injury in soybean cultivation in Korea. 1474 native strains were cultivated in field to evaluate the pod borer damage. Pubescence density and color, maturity group, seed coat color, aphid and general leaf damage and seed damage by pod borer were investigated, and determined among their relationships. As another basic study for ecological control of insect, 6 leading varieties were planted on different planting date with 3 levels of plant spacing, on which pod borer damage and some related agronomic characters were studied. The results obtained one summarized as follows: Average injury of soybean pod borer was
in 1474 strains planted on 20 May. Non-significant correlations were found between pod borer damage and pubescence density and color, while pod borer damage closely related with maturity groupand aphid damage at
level ofttests. Most severe damage was found in green seed coast color and maturity group V. Late and sparse plantings tend to have more damages to the pod borer than those of early and dense plantings. Pod setting date and period of pod maturing seemed related with pod borer damage. Bongeui and Chungbuk-baik cultivars were resistance to soybean pod borer, while Clark and Kumkang-daerip were susceptible in field tests.
Studies on Integrated Control of Citrus Pests (2) Control of ruby states (Ceroplastes rubens) on citrus by introduction of a parasitic natural enemy, Anicetus beneficus (Hymenoptera, Encyrtidae)
Kim H.S. ; Moon D.Y. ; Lee S.C. ; Kim H.S. ; Lippold P. C. ; Kim H.S. ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 18, issue 2, 1979, Pages 107~110
An parasite, Anicetus beneficus was introduced from Japan to Jeju-do, Korea in 1975, and evaluated as a biological agent for control of the ruby scale, Ceroplastes rubens MASKELL. The results were as follows: 1. A major pest of citrus, ruby scale had one generation a year and hatched from late June to early August with the peak hatching in the middle of July. 2. A. beneficus was widely distributed in 16 citrus growing areas since released in 1975. 3. The pnupulation of ruby scales was considerably decreased by increasing of the parasites. Mean percent parasitism of A. beneficus was 1.7 in 1975, 14.1 in 1976, 31.0 in 1977 and 37.0 in 1978.
Chemical Control of the Pine Gall Midges (Thecodiplosis japonensis Uchida et Inouye) ( I ) -Low-volume Foliar Spray of the Insecticides-
Choi S.Y. ; Song Y.H. ; Lee H.R. ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 18, issue 2, 1979, Pages 111~116
The experiments were carried out to evaluate the effectiveness of some insecticides in the control of the pine gall midges (Thecodiplosis japonensis Uchida et Inouye) when the low-volume of the insecticides were applied by the mist foliar sprayer. The insecticides, Salithion
were tested with 100, 200 and 400 times of water solution on the basis of single application at the six different intervals. Salithion was the most effective for the pressure of the gall formation by the pine gall midges and Omethoate, Monocrotophos and Metalkamate were relativey effective and others no effective. The most reliable concentration of the insecticides was 100 times of water solution, and the feasible timing of insecticide application on the basis of single application would be from May 9 to July 1 with Salithion, June 6 with Metalkamate and June 20 with Omethoate and Monocrotophos. The number of pine needles with the larval injured signs (no larvae in the needles) excluded the gall-formed needles were relatively higher in the treatments of Omethoate, Salithion and Monocrotophos than other insecticides. The treatments of Omethoate, Salithion and Monocrotophos caused the lower larval population in the gall than other insecticides.