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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean journal of applied entomology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Applied Entomology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Dec 1981
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Sep 1981
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Jun 1981
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Mar 1981
Selecting the target year
Significance of Semame Seedborne Fungi, with special Reference to Corynespora cassiicola
Yu Seung-Heon ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 20, issue 4, 1981, Pages 183~190
Alternaria sesami, A. sesamicola, A. tenuis, A. longissima, Cercospora sesami, Cephalosporium sp., Corynespora cassiicola, Fusarium equiseti, F. moniliforme, F. oxysporum, F. semitectum, Macrophomina phaseolina and Myrothecium roridum were detected from 40 seed samples of sesame. A sesami, A. sesamicola, A. tenuis and C. cassiicola were the predominant fungi. Except C. cassiicola, all fungi were almost completly reduced and wiped out the infection by pretreatment with chlorine. Plating components also indicate that C. cassiicola was well-established infections. Seedborne infection of C. cussiicola caused heavy seed rot and seedling mortality. Detailed description has been given on the habit character of C. cassiicola under stereoscopic microscope and the variation in colony character and spore morphology have been taken into account. In inoculation experiments, C. cassiicola produced severe leaf and stem spots and blights on sesame plants resulted in ultimate death of the plants. A. sesami, A. sesamicola A. longissima and C. sesami also produced mild to severe leaf spotting and leaf blight when suspension of their conidia were sprayed on to plants. In soil inoculation experiments, F. oxysporum and M. phaseolina were the most pathogenic causing seed rot and seedling blight.
Incidence of Watermelon Mosaic Virus in Cucurbits
Lee Soon Hyung ; Lee Key Woon ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 20, issue 4, 1981, Pages 191~195
Cucurbits including pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo), gourd (Lagenariaa siceraria), cucumber (Cucumis sativus), melon(Cucumis melo) and watermelon(Cucurbita anguria) were diseased with mosaic symptoms. The causal virus was identified as watermelon mosaic virus(WMV). The WMV was transmitted by Myzus persicae Sulzer, and no seed borne virus was found. The virus caused large local lesions on the inoculated leaves of the Chenopodium amaranticolor and mosaic symptom on the upper leaves of Cucumis melo, Cucumis sativus, Lagenaria siceraria, Cucurbita anguria and Cucurbita pepo. There were no symptoms on the inoculated leaves of the Nicotiana tabacum var. Bright yellow, Nicotiana glutinosa, Vigna unguiculata. Petunia hybrida and Datura stramonium. Thermal inactivation point was
, dilution end point was
and longevity in vitro of the virus was
days. The virus showed positive reaction against watermelon mosaic virus antiserum in microprecipitin tests. The virus particles were flexuous rods in size of 750 nm.
Classification of the Scolytidae and Platypodidae Intercepted From Imported Timbers I.
Choo H.Y. ; Woo K.S. ; Kim B.H. ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 20, issue 4, 1981, Pages 196~206
We examined the imported Scolytidae and Platypodidae (Coleoptera) specimens preserved at Incheon Plant Quarantine Station. Indentified species are the following 2 subfamilies, 6 genera, 14 species in Scolytidae and 2 subfamilies, 2 genera, 11 species in Platypodidae; Scolytidae Platypodidae Ipinae Platypodinae Arixyleborus granulifer Platypus agnatus A. rugosipes P. biuncus Xyleborus posticepilosus P. curtus X. similis P. geminatus X. subcostatus P. jansoni Ips pini P. maritimus I. plastographus P. pseudocupulatus pseudocupulatus I. tridens P. shoreanus bifurcus Trypodendron lineatum P. solidus Hylesininae Diaporinae Dendroctonus adjunctus Diapus pendleburyi D. brevicois D. pusillimus D. frontalis D. ponderosae Hylurgops porosus.
Feasibility in Differentiation of Resistance of Rice Varieties to Brown Planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens Stal) using Radisoisotope (P-32) Tracer-Technique
Chung K.H. ; Kwon S.H. ; Choi S.Y. ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 20, issue 4, 1981, Pages 207~211
It has been documented that the resistance to planthoppers is attributed to the feeding preference of the insects. This might be related to difference in the amount of feeding plant sap between resistant and susceptible hosts. In this aspect, this study was conducted to verify it and to develop an effective screening method for resistance to planthoppers by tracer technique. An effective P-32 labelling of rice seedlings at
leaf stage was dipping the roots in concentration of
solution for 48 hours. Radioactivity was significantly higher in planthopers fed on susceptible variety for 48 hours as compared to those fed on resistant variety. Radioactivity of adults was higher than that of nymphs and also higher in female than male. The results were highly correlated to that indicated by the feeding preference of the insects and therefore, considered to be valid for a screening technique.
Studies on the Penetration, Diffusion Ability and Effect of Insects Control Using the Methyl Bromide in the Vertical Silo
Hah J.K. ; Kim J.T. ; CHO N.K. ; Kim B.H. ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 20, issue 4, 1981, Pages 212~216
This experiment was carried out to investigate the penetration velocity and diffusion ability of methyl bromide fumigants under the condition of natural gravity, and the effect of in control of yellow corn in the vortical silo. The results were as fallows 1. The methyl bromide remainded concentration on the surface of the vertical silo was rapidly reduced from over 100mg/l to under 20mg/l, within 2 hours after supplying methyl bromide fumigant 2. Even 3m depth place from the surface of the vertical silo filled with yellolw corn was well penetrated within 30 minutes, but its remained methyl bromide gas was reduced gradually from over 100mg/l to 30mg/l after 12 hours duration. 5. In case of 13m place tile penetration ability of methyl bromide was over 100mg/l within one hour and kept the same concentration of it for 12 hours, its remainded methyl bromide preserved over 40mg/l until 48 duration time. 4. Less methyl bromide gas was detected at the bottom place than 3m and 13m depth of the vertical silo. It showed bellow 20mg/l of methyl bromide gas only through the whole duration time. 5. Comparing to the vertical penetration velocity of mehtyl bromide gas, the horizontal diffusion ability was not so good. Therefore, remained methyl bromide gas of 3m depth at the wall side of silo was about half than that of center circle where the nearer place from the methyl bromide supplying point, and the methyl bromide gas of 13m depth placed center circle was detected about 15 to 20 times than that of wall side. 6. For the purpose of examining the mortality of methyl bromide, the testing insects (Lesser Rice weevil and confused flour beetle) placed on the surface and bottom side of the silo were killed completely after 24 hrs fumigation, and the same results showed also at the 3m, 7m and 13m depth after 48 hrs fumigation.
Sampling Methods for the 'dark grey cutworm' (Agrotis tokionis B.) Larval Population and Effect of its Larval Density on Tobacco Yield
Kim S.S. ; Boo K.S. ; Kang Y.K. ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 20, issue 4, 1981, Pages 217~222
As a primary study on the economic injury level of A. tokionis larval populations in tobacco fields, we carried out some experiments for the evaluation of sampling efficiency of 3 sampling methods (pit-fall traps of apple pomace and rice bran, and clover patches) for the larval population and the regressions between loss and infested larval density The
clover patch showed a better sampling efficiency
than the others. The sampling efficiency of clover patch becomes higher when the plots did not have any green plants. The linear regression equation (Y=4.2+1.383x) between loss (Y:kg/10a) and infested larval density (X: no. of larvae/plot) which was obtained by substitution of damage ratio and corrected damage ratio fitted the observed data better than the one (Y=2.68X) obtained without substitioning.
Effects of some Insecticides on Growth of 2 year old Ginseng Panax ginseeng, C.A. Meyer, and Control of Root-knot nematode
Ahn Y.J. ; Choi S.Y. ; Han S.C. ; Kim Y.T. ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 20, issue 4, 1981, Pages 223~227
These experiments were conducted to investigate the nematicidal effects of the insecticides, Mocap(O-Ethyl-S, S-dipropyl phosphorodithioate), Carbofuran(2,3-Dihydro-2,2-dimethyl benzofuranyl ethyl carbamate), Terbufos (S-tert-buthylthio methyl O,O-diethyl phosphordithioate) and their mixtures (Mocap+carbofuran, Mocap+Terbufos, Carbofuran+Terbufos) on growth of 2year-old ginseng, Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer, and the control of root-knot nematodes. There was no evidence of plant injury from insecticide treatment of ginseng, although the rate of emergence of the treated ginseng was slightly inhibited. The insecticide treatments showed no of-flavor of ginseng plant. Terbufos and Mocap provided heifer confrol of the root-knot nematodes than carbofuran alone and their mixtures. Mixtures of the insecticides showed antagonisitic effect to the root-knot nematodes.
Influences of Sulfur Dioxide on the Growth of Ornamental Trees
Kim Tae Wook ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 20, issue 4, 1981, Pages 229~233
This study was to investigate ornamental trees injuries at the Tobong ornamental tree farm, which is located in Uichongpu City, Kyonggido. The injury was caused by
gas from the smoke of the vicinal factories. The results obtained are as follows: 1 The total concentration of sulfur in leaves was increased with incerased degree of injury The most severe injuries were found at the distance between 70-120m from the western boundary of the Tobong ornamental 4ree farm with a highest concentration of total sulfur at
. This means the injuries caused by the acute injury and the temperature changes. 2. Significant differences were found between normal and injured portion of the same trees in Juniperus chinensis. 3. Anatomical study of the leaf tissues, showed the plasmolysis occured both in spongy and epidermal cells, leading to shrinkage and destruction. An intercellular space and stomatal periphery became wider.