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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean journal of applied entomology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Applied Entomology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Dec 1984
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Sep 1984
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Jun 1984
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Mar 1984
Selecting the target year
Epidemiology of Soybean Mosaic Virus Diseases
Cho Eui-Kyoo ; Choi S.H. ; Hwang C.Y. ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 23, issue 4, 1984, Pages 197~202
Two soybean cultivars Hanan and Kwanggyo were used to monitor SMV spread in the field. The Haman producing mosaic symptoms by infection with SMV strain G7 was planted in
at the coater of
field and Kwanggyo producing necrosis by infection with SMV-G7 was planted around the Haman one day after inoculation of Heman with SMV-G7. The most severe incidence of the necrotic disease in soybean cultivar Kwanggyo occurred on 43 days after planting(July 13) whereas aphid population reached peak around 22 days after planting(June 22). Total incidence of the necrotic disease was
, in the whole field and
, in eight $mall plots around the spreader of SMV. The spread of S MV outward from the spreader source was greater downwind than it was upwind. Spread also showed a signigicant gradieut pattern leeward from the infection focus.
Classification of Potato Virus Y Strains based on Reactions of Differential Plants
Park E. K. ; Choi J. K. ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 23, issue 4, 1984, Pages 203~208
Four varieties of tobacco, Nicotiana tabacum var. NC 2326. NC 95, NC 744 and Havana. and two plant species, Physalis floridana Rydb., N. repanda Wild. were used for classification of ten isolates of potato virus Y(PVY) obtained Iron potato or tabacco plants showing various symptoms. Each of the 10 isolates could be distinguished by the host reactions showing necrosis, vein banding and/or mottling, or no symptom on these hosts. Five isolates of PVY, PVY-VN, PVY-N, PVY-NSNR, PVY-Chile, and PVY-Argentina, showed necrotic symptom on NC 2326, but others showed vein handing and/or mottling symptom. On NC95, each of the isolates tested showed similar symptons as on NC2326, except necrotic symptom by the isolate PVY-MSNR. Havana showed mottling reaction to the PVY-NSNR, PVY-MSNR, PVY-MSMR, PVY-VB, and necrosis to PVY-Chile, PVY-Argentina, but showed no symptom to the others. NC744 showed mottling symptom to the PVY-MSNR and PVY-MSMR, necrosis to the PVY-Chile and PVY-Argentina, and no symptom to the others. On N. repanda, necrotic reaction to PVY-Argentina. no symptom to PVY-VN and PVY-C, and nettling to others were observed.
Two New PVY Strains Isolated from Tobacco Plant in Korea
Park E. K. ; Kim J. J. ; Boo K. S. ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 23, issue 4, 1984, Pages 209~214
Since 1980, burley tobacco plants grown mainly in the western hat of the Korea. have shown two new types of disease symptom. Both symptoms were found to be caused by two different PVY strains : the vein banding type by a PVY strain designated as PVY-VB and necrosis on leaf veins by a PVY strain designated as PVY-VN, Identification of the PVY strains was based on host range test. aphid( Myzus Persicae) transmission test, physical properties, serology, and observation of virus particle morphology. The virus particles were measured to be about 730 nm without any difference in shape or dimensions between the two strains. Both strains also gave a positive reaction to the PVY antiserum in SDS-agar gel double diffusion test. These strains, however, gave a negative reaction to the tobacco etch virus and tobacco vein mottling virus antisera.
Use of Dienes' Stain in Diagnosis of Plant Mycoplasmal Diseases and Modification of Diagnostic Procedure
Shin Hyeon Dong ; La Yong J eon ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 23, issue 4, 1984, Pages 215~220
Mulberry dwarf, paulownia witches' broom, jujube witches' broom, and sumach witches' broom are known to be associated with mycoplamalike organisms(MLO) in Korea. Simple microscopic detection of MLO infection in these plants was attempted. Periwinkle plant was also tested. Application of
solution of Dienes' stain gave diagnoatic value for MLO-induced diseases of periwinkle and mulberry. Among the various plant parts examined, young herbaceous stem just below the apical part gave the best result. Density of staining reaction was proportional to disease severity. Longitudial sections were superior to transverse sections in confirming MLO infection by staining. Light source without blue filter was useful for increasing the color contrast between sieve tube and xylem vessel and for eliminating misinterpretation. Paulownia, jujube, and sumach samples gave no clear difference in staining reaction between healthy and diseased sections even when various modifications of Dienes' staining procedure were tried.
Studies on the control of brown planthoppers with Padan 4G and several factors governing the insect mortality
Chang Y. D. ; Choi S.Y. ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 23, issue 4, 1984, Pages 221~232
A series of experiments were carried out in the laboratory and fields to reevaluate the effects of Padan (cartap) to the brown planthopper (BPH). Nilapanata lugens. The
values for the female and male BPH were determined by the topical application and seedling- dipping/root -soaking methods. The values were differed with the sex and test methods, and the BPH mortality was greatly increased with a rise in temperatures
. In a viewpoint of honeydew excretion and offsprings produced, there was no any possibility in BPH resurgence at the sublethal exposures of Padan. The BPH mortality to Padan 4 G was greatly low in the pot tests compared with those to diazinon and carbofuran, but in the paddy fields the efficacy of Padan 4G was nearly reversed. A single application of Padan 4G at the rate of 4kg/10a dramatically suppressed the BPH populations in the paddy fields, and the control effect was much more accelerated in the drained paddy field than in the submerged paddy field.
Effect of Density Variation on the Natural Enemies and Rice Pests by Application Method and Time of Carbofuran Granules
Kim Jeong-bu ; Cho Dong-jin ; Hah Jae-kyu ; Chang Sun-deok ; Bark Young-do ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 23, issue 4, 1984, Pages 233~236
Studies were conducted to investigate the effect of Carbofuran 3G on the density variation of rice pests and their natural enemies in case the insecticide was treated two times as compared with usual trials in paddy field. Even the two times application of Carbofuran 3G in the nursery boxes of machine transplanting and paddy water trials obtain same results to pests, small brown planthopper (Laodelphax striatllus), green rice leafhopper (Nephotettix cincticeps), brown planthorper (Nilaparvata lugens), white back planthopper (Sogotella furcifera), rice stem bore (Chilo suppressalis), rice stem maggot (Chlorops oryzae), rice thrips (cloethrips oryzae) as compared with usual trials. The density of natural enemies, spiders and egg parasite, Anagrus sp. of planthoppers in the two times application part of Carbofuran 3G increased 2.4 fold as compared with usual trials.
Studies an the Egg Parasite, Paracentrobia andoi Ishii (Hymenoptera : Trichogrammatidae) of Green Rice Leafhopper, Nephotettix cinticeps Uhler (1)
Kim Jeong-bu ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 23, issue 4, 1984, Pages 237~241
The trichogrammatidae ego parasite of the green rice leafhopper (GRLH), paracentrobia andoi, were investigated to know their parasitic activities after overwintering in the paddy banks and fallow fields, their seasonal variation and per cent parasitism in the paddy fields of Gyeongnam provincial O.R.D. at Jinju from 1982 to 1984. The parasitic activities of Paracentrobia andoi after overwintering in the Paddy banks in early Masch were high and tended to decrease remarkably since early April by moving to the fallow fields. The parasitic rate of paracentrobia andoi on GRLH was
between late April and early May. the peak of egg laying period of GRLH. The per cent parasitism of the wasps in fallow fields was an average of
in Gyeochang and Namji and
in Namhae, Kimhae and Jinju. The parasitic activites of Paracentrobia andoi had three peakrs in paddy field, however, the highest peak was ovserved between mid- August and early October. The per cent egg parasitism of Paracentrobia andoi was an average of
on second generation of Nepotettix cinctireps and
on third generation of the leafhopper.
Influence of Water Potential in Potato Tuber on Decay Development by Bacterial Soft Rot Caused by Erwinia carotovora var. atroseptica
Hahm Young Il ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 23, issue 4, 1984, Pages 242~246
Results obtained from the experiment conducted to find out e relationships between tuber decay, and water potential and bruising in or on the tubers, are summerized as follows ; 1) When potato tubers were bruised or injected with bacterial inoculum, the tubers with high water potential rotted more easily than the tubers with low potential. A big difference in the development of decay between high and low water potential tubers was found. 2) In tubers injected with different levels of inoculum. high water potential tubers were more susceptible to soft rot than low water potential tubers. 3)
of inoculum concentration was 8.5(log) at high water potential tubers and 9.8(log) at low water potential. A small difference between low and high water potential was detected. The results of this experiment show that potatoes should be handled carefully and must be dried after harvest to reduce decay development in shipment and storage.