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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean journal of applied entomology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Applied Entomology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Dec 1986
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Nov 1986
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Jul 1986
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Apr 1986
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Jan 1986
Selecting the target year
Pathogen Physiology, Epidemiology and Varietal Resistance in White Rot of Apple
Cho, Won-Dae ; Kim, Choong-Hoe ; Kim, Seung-Chul ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 25, issue 2, 1986, Pages 63~70
Severity of incidence of white rot on apple fruit ranged from 5 to 16% and averaged 9% over major apple growing area in 1981. An isolate of Botryosphaeria ribis obtained from rotted apples developed lesions on leaves, branches and fruits of apple, pear, peach and grape in a series of wound inoculation test. B. ribis grew well on both potato sucrose agar and oatmeal agar. The best condition for vegetative growth on these two media was at
pH 4 and
sucrose content under light illumination. Rot development on fruit was first observed in the orchard at early August when sugar content in fruit reached 9.0%. Thereafter, number of rotted apples increased as sugar content increased. There was no correlation between the pH of juice of fruit and rot incidence. Infection on fruit began to occur as early as mid-June when young fruits were formed and infections were continued until harvest. When apple fruits were collected at 10-day intervals from the orchard beginning from early June and were wound-inoculated with B. ribis, rot lesion developed regardless of the stage of fruit growth. Incidence of white rot in the orchard was severe on Golden-delicious and Yukou, intermediate on Aoli, Fugi and Indo, and least on Jonathan and Red-delicious.
Cultural Conditions for Endotoxin Production by Bacillus thuringiensis serovar. thuringiensis
Lee, Hyung-Hoan ; Lee, Hee-Moo ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 25, issue 2, 1986, Pages 71~76
Bacillus thuringiensis var. thuringiensis H1 (BTT) strain was cultured in the 4 different fermentation media and then measured their growths and the productions of endotoxin crystals from the culture media. Out of the 4 media, the productions of the endotoxin crystals and spores were maximal in the pH9-M-3 medium. The wet weight of BTT cells grown in the 150ml culture was approximately 3.218g and the number of the viable spores was
, and the ratio of the endotoxin weight over total cell weight was 20.05%. The generation time of the BTT bacteria in the M-1 was about 47.6 minutes in the M-2, 132.9 minutes in the M-3 and 110.2 minutes in the M-4. The proper pH for the production of the endotoxin by BTT appeared to be pH 6.5.
Moths Collected in the Northen Part of Civilian Control Line Neighbouring D.M.Z.
Park, Kyu-Tek ; Kim, Jae-Min ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 25, issue 2, 1986, Pages 77~83
From the result Of survey (4th Aug.
20th Aug.1986) for the moths in the area of the Civilian Control Line neighboring D.M.Z., in total 89 species belonging 21 families were identified. Among them 4 species; Nemophora askoldetla (M.), Dichrerampha atbistriana K., Grapholita dimorpha K. and Epiblema sugii K. are reported for the first rime from Korea.
Studies on the Host Plant, Bionomics, and Damage of Bamboo Leaf Rollers in Chonnam Province Area
Kim, Kyu-Chin ; Lee, Tae-Sik ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 25, issue 2, 1986, Pages 85~92
This study was conducted to investigate host plant, bionomics, and damage on Bamboo Leaf Rollers in Chonnam area. Species of the leaf rollers attacking the bamboo trees in Chonnam area were Microstega jessica (Butler) and Sinibotys evenoralis (Walker). Among these species, M. jessica (B.) and S. evenoralis (W.) were observed in Damyang but S. evenoralis (W.) alone was found in Naju and Hwasoon. Among the 4 host plant species observed, Phyllostachys nigra var. henonis S., and P. nigra M. were first recorded as host plants of M. jessica (B.), and P. nigra var. henonis (S.) as host plant of S. evenoralis (W.). The occurrence of the M. jessica (B). was once a year with the peak about late May, whereas the occurrence of S. evenoralis (W.) was 2 times a year and the peaks were early June and mid-July, respectively. The average periods of each stage of M. jessica (B.) were 8 days for egg, 293 days for larva, 16 days for pupa, and the longevity of the adult was 12 days for females and 9 days for males. The average periods of each stage of S. evenoralis (W.) were in 1st generation, 11 days for egg, 28 days for larva, 12 days for pupa, and the longevity of the adults was 18 days for females and 15 days for males; and 2nd generation was 7 days for egg, 261 days for larva, 20 days for pupa, and the longevity of the adults was 11 days for females and 10 days for males. The time of most adult emergence of M. jessica (B.) was from 6 p.m. to 4 a.m. and the peak was 8 p.m. to 10 p.m. M. jessica (B,) overwintered as 6th instals in Bamboo shoot sheath but S. evenoralis (W.) overwintered as
instals on the tree leaves of Bamboo. The percentage of damaged leaves with different heights of Bamboo trees were 67.1% at upper portion, 19.0% at middle portion, 14.0% at lower portion. The percentage of damaged loaves with different Bamboo species was 57.0% on P. nigra var. henonis S., 36.5% on P. bambusoides S. et Z., 14.5% on P. pubescens M.. It was showed highly significant negative correlation between percentage of damaged bamboo leaves an tree growth stages.(
Different Occurrences of Plant-Leafhoppers in Two Rice Varieties, 'Milyang 23' and 'Chucheongbfeo' in Chinju
Choi, Kui-Moon ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 25, issue 2, 1986, Pages 93~98
The densities of plant-and leaf hoppers were examined by direct counting the rice plant of two varieties; Milyang 23 and Chucheongbyeo, in Chinju. The densities of the small brown planthopper(SBPH), Laodelphax striatellus, and Green rice leafhopper(GLH), Nephotettix cincticeps were higher on Chuchungbyeo than on Milyang 23 throughout the season, whereas those of white backed planthopper(WBPH), Sogatella furcifera, and Brown planthopper(BPH), Nilaparvata lugens were high on Milyang 23. Seasonal densities of planthoppers were varied with rice plant growth; on Chucheong field, GLH was the predominant species from June to August and BPH was in September, but in Milyang 23 field, WBPH was more abundent from July to August and BPH was increased from late August and was the highest on September.
Studies of Insecticide Resistance in Green Peach Aphids, Myzus persicae(Sulz) III. Acephate Resistance, Cross-Resistance, and Esterase Isozymes
Choi, Seung-Yoon ; Kim, Gil-Hah ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 25, issue 2, 1986, Pages 99~105
The green peach aphids(Myzus persicae) collected in a field had been successively selected by acephate(O, S-dimethyl N-acetyl phosphoroamidothioate) in the laboratory. The selected aphid strain in the 20th generation demonstrated relatively high resistance to acephate as well as relatively high cross-resistance to cypermethrin and oxydemeton-methyl, except pirimicarb. The different esterase isozymes with the strains were detected by the agarose gel electrophoresis and among the isozymes the band of
was only specific for the acephate resistant strains.
Insects and Pathogens Associated with Rice Grain Discoloration and Their Relationship in the Philippines
Alvenda, M.E. ; Bonman, J.M. ; Heinrichs, E.A. ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 25, issue 2, 1986, Pages 107~112
Species of pathogens and insects associated with grain discoloration in the Philippines were indentified. Leptocorisa oratorios was the most dominant insect species causing discoloration. Pathogenicity tests of fungal organisms isolated from discolored grains showed that Drechslera oryzae, Curvularia lunata, Trichoconiella padwickii, Sarocladium oryzae, Alternaria tenuis, and Fusarium solani were the common pathogens responsible for 'dirty panicle' disease of rice. Discoloration incidence was higher on treatment when both pests were present than when they occurred singly. The discoloration severity was attributed to the pathogens whereas rice bug caused a high decrease in grain weight and unfilled grains. Rice bug feeding on grains enhances the infection caused by the pathogen. Due to this, the quantity and quality of grains produced were affected, resulting in yield reduction.
Epidemics of Soybean Mosaic Virus and Varietal Resistance in Soybean
Kim, Sang-Gyu ; Lee, Key-Woon ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 25, issue 2, 1986, Pages 113~120
Soybeans collected from different locations in Korea were planted for tests of seed transmission of soybean mosaic virus (SMV). The percentage of seed transmission ranged from 20.5 to 29.5% in 14 seedlots including soybean cultivar Namhe and 12 to 19% in other 44 seedlots. However, no seed transmission of SMV was observed in soybean cultivar Younkiyongho. SMV was detected from embryo and cotyledon of soybean seeds. The infection of SMV was highly detected from premature seeds than from fully mature seeds, and higher from seeds harvested from plants infected before June 20 than plants infected around July 20 and August 20. No significant relationship was observed between seed transmission of SMV and mottling of seeds. The incidence of soybean mosaic disease followed by one month after peak of aphid population. The number of aphids was less on leaves of soybeans with short and dense trichomes whereas it was higher on leaves of soybean with long and sparse trichomes. Generally, the number of aphids was decreased on leaves with long and dense trichomes as the growth progressed. Soybean cultivar Columbus and 14 cultivars were susceptible, Chief and 14 cultivars were moderate, but Jangbaek and 17 other cultivars were resistant to SMV when inoculated with one isolate of SMV.
Seven Species of Gracillariidae and Lyonetiidae (Lepidoptera) New to Korea and a List of the Known Host Plants for the Families
Park, K.T. ; Han, S.S. ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 25, issue 2, 1986, Pages 121~128
Six species of Gracillariidae ; Gracillaria ussuriella (E.), Liocrobyla kumatai K., Phyllonorycter leucocorona (K.), P. orientalis (K.), P. pygmaea (K.), Leutospilatrix omissella (S.) and one species of Lyonetiidae: Proleucoptera celastrella K. are reported for the first time from Korea. Also a list of host plants of the total known species of the both families with newly surveyed hosts during the study and some known hosts in home or abroad, is prepared.