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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean journal of applied entomology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Applied Entomology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Dec 1988
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Dec 1988
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Sep 1988
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Jun 1988
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Studies on the Distribution of the Brown Planthopper(Nilaparvata lugens St
l)Biotypes Migrated in the Southern Regions of Korea
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 27, issue 2, 1988, Pages 63~67
Biotypes of the brown planthopper(BPH), Nilaparvata lugens St l, population migrated from maninand China in to southern coastal regions of Korea were investigated in 1985-1987 by honeydew excretion test using Korean cultvars,, 'Milyang 23'(no resistant gene), 'Cheongcheo-ngboy'(bph 1 gene), 'Milyang 63'(bph 2 gene) and 'Gayabyeo'(bph 1 and bph 2 gene). There was a correlation between the amount of honeydew excreted and the ability of each biotype to infest resistant cultivars: 'Milyang 23' with no resistant gene was highiy susceptible to bioty-pe-1, 2 and 3 ; 'cheongcheongbyeo' with resistant bph 1 was susceptible to biotype-2: and 'Milyang 63' with resistant bph 2 gene was highiy resistant to biotype-1, 2 and 3. Percent biotype dis-tribution of the female BPH collected in the southern coastal regions of Korea showed that in 1985, 1986 and 1987, the BPH biotype-1 was predominant accounting for 64.7%, 61.2% and 57.9%, respectivley, whereas bitype-2 was 22.0%, 21.9% and 29.7%, and biotype-3 was 13.3%, 17.0% and 12.6%, repestively.
Korean Species of the Genus Olethreutes( Lepidotera; Tortricidae)
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 27, issue 2, 1988, Pages 68~80
A series of taxonomic works was conducted to revise genus Olethreutes in Korea. All availa - ble synonyms, collected localities and dates, flight period and known distribution ranges for the total 16 identified species including 3 newly recorded species; Olethreutes subtilana(Falko-vitsh), Olethreutes aurofasciana(Haworth), Olethreutes moderata Falkovitsh, were repersented, and genital of males or females for all known species were illustrated. Some known host plant in home or abroad were also cited.
Habitat Perference of the Single of Mixed Populations of Brown Planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens and Whitebacked Planthopper, Sogatella furcifera
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 27, issue 2, 1988, Pages 81~86
Experiments were conducted to investigate the locational and ovipositional preferences of the single and mixed populations of the brown planthopper(BPH), Nilaparvata lugens (Stal), and the whitebacked planthopper(WBPH),Sogatella furcifera (Hovath), with the different popula-tion densities at seeding, max-tillering, booting and heading stages of rice variety seonam by대. The WBPH showed a locational preference for the upper portion while the BPH was observed to stay generally on the lower portion regardless of rice growth stages, population density-levels and the single or the mixed populations of two species. At seeding, max-tillerinf, boo-tring and heading stage, the preference for the lower portion of the rice plants was found to be slighty reduced with the lapse of time, respectively, from the single or the mixed popula-tions of both the species. Ovipositional lication of both the species was found not to be affected by the different population densities at rice growth stage. Although the BPH prefered a ovi-positional location for the lower portion at seeding, booting and heading stages, its preference-was somewhat reduced with the developmental stages of rice plants, whereas the WBPH showed a ovipositional preference for lower portion at seeding stages, but prefered the same tendency of ovipositional preference for the upper and the lower portion, The location and ovipositional preferences were likely to be affected by the competition between species with the mixed populations rather than single.
Preference, Development and Fecundity of the Brown Planthopper(Nilaparvata lugens St
l) Biotypes Fed on Different Cultivars of Rice with Various Resistance Gence
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 27, issue 2, 1988, Pages 87~93
Some attempts were made to investigate the biological characteristics of the brown planthopper(BPH), Nilaparvata lugens St
l, biotypes in terms of perference in feeding oviposition on rice field, egg and nymphal periods, egg hatchability, emergemce ratio, growth index, adult lingevity and gecundity fed on 60-day-old rece cultivaes with different resistance genes. Feeding and oviposition perference of the three BPH biotypes on Dongjinbyeo with no resistance gene were shown very higher than on rice cultivars with resistance genes. Those of biotype-2 on Cheongcheongbyeo with bph 1 gene and bitype-3 on Milyang 63 with bph 2 gene were relatively high, however, they were still remarkably lower than those of Dongjibyeo. The egg and nymphal periods of the three BPH biotyes on Milyang 23 were shorter than on the other rice cultivars. The periods of biotype-2 on Cheongcheongbyeo and biotype-3 on Milyang 63 were as short as those of the three BPH biotypes on Milyang 23. The egg hachability, emergence ratio, and growth index of the three BPH bioyoes on Milyang 23 were higher than on the other rice cultivars and those of biotype-2 on Cheongcheongbyeo and biotyoe-3 on Milyang 63 were as high as on Milyang 23. The female adult longevity of the BPH biotype-1 on Milyang 23 was longer than on the other cultivaes, and that of biotype-2 on Cheongcheongbyeo and bioty-3 an Milyang 63 were as ling as on Milyang 23. The number of egg laid by a female of the three BPH biotypes were greatly increased on Milyang 23. Those of biotype-2 on Cheongcheongbyeo and biotype-3 an Milyang 63 were also greatly increased.
Structure of sensilla on the Antenna and Mouthparts of the Oriental Tobacco Budworm(Heliothis assulta Guenee) Larvae
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 27, issue 2, 1988, Pages 94~102
Studies were carried out to describe the structure and distribution of various sensilla on the antenna and mouthparts of the Oriental tobacco bud worm (H. assulta) larvae by light and scanning electron microscopy. The larval antenna has 3 segments. The second segment has 2 hairs and 3 pegs, while the third segment shows 3 regular pegs and a segmented peg (styloconicum type). Each mandible bears 2 aporous hairs on the lateral surface. The labrum bears 12 aporous hairs on its external surface. and 6 aporous hairs, 4 coeloconica-like sensilla and 2 campaniformia-like sensilla on its epipharynx. The stipes has 3 hairs, and the galea has 3 pegs. 2 papillae and 2 domes. The maxillary palpus has only a digitiform sensillum on its 1st segment but 11 sensilla of 4 different types on its 2nd segment. Maxillary sensilla represent almost 70% of total number of larval sensilla on the mouthparts. Labial pal pus has a single segment bearing a large segmented uniporous peg and a small peg. Finally their possible fun¬ctions were suggested.
Behavior and Circadian Rhythm of Emergence, Copulation and Oviposition in the Oriental Tobacco Budworm, Heliothis assulta Guenee
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 27, issue 2, 1988, Pages 103~110
The behavior and circadian rhythm of emergence, copulation and oviposition in the Oriental tobacco budworm (Heliothis assulta Guenee) were studied to obtain the following results. More than three quarters of adults emerged within 3 hours after the light-off. It took about 33 min for an adult to expand and tan its wings after emergence. Adult male showed a sequential pattern of mating behavior, such as antennal movement, wing elevation and vibration, exten¬sion of hairpencils, and tapping of female ovipositor leading to a copulation. However, adult female revealed a rather simple behavior, such as protraction and retraction of her terminal abdomen and vibration of wings. All of the mating took place during the early part of the scotophase, with the peak from 1 hr to 2 hrs after the light-off. But the mating peak in virgin females tended to advance with age. Adult females showed the highest rate of mating among 24 hr-olds and the rate declined with age. The rate of first matings in males gave a very similar pattern to that of females. The duration of copulation was
14min. Oviposition occurred throughout the entire scotophase, with the peak during the first 2 hrs. The most nu¬mber of eggs deposited daily was seen on the 3rd day after the mating. Mating rate, number of eggs laid and longevity we~e compared under different sex ratio. Unmated adults lived longer than mated adults.
Fruit Piercing Moths Collected at an Orcgard Surrounded by forest in Gyeongnam Province
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 27, issue 2, 1988, Pages 111~116
Fruit piercing moths were collected at every other at orchaed(16.5ha) planted with plum, peach and pear, and surrounded by forest in Gyeongnam province from jun to September in 1987. Four black light (BL) traps were lightened to attract the moths from sunset to sunrise and sweep net was also used to catch the moths on fruit and around fruit trees from 22 to 23 o'clock, 20 minutes per fruit tree species. Forty-one species, including 15 primary piercing species(PPS) and 22 secondary piercing species (SPS), from 3 families were collected and identified as fruit piercing moths. Among them, 16 species are newly recorded as fruit piercing moths in Korea. O. emarginata, L. juno, P. stuposa, C. lata and O. excavata were diminant species of PPS, comprising 86.7% of the whole PPS. Dominant species of SPS were A. ipsilon, M. turca, S. retorata, A. livida and T. oldenlandiae, comprising 80.5% of the whole SPS. The ratios of PPS to the whole fruit piercing moths collected by BL traps and net were sweep 15.2% and 79.7%, repectively. By sweep net L. juno, P. stuposa, and O. emarginata was also captured in a large numbers on peach, C. lata was on plum, and S. retorata was on pear.
An Investigation of Insect Pest and Maximum Occurrence Period of Key Pest Insect on Stored Rice Grains
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 27, issue 2, 1988, Pages 117~124
An Investigation of insect pests in rice stored was carried out in Jeonnam region of Korea. The total of 2 class, 7 orders 16 families and 25 species were recorded in Lepidoptera; 8, Coleoptera; 11, Orthoptera; 1, Thysanura 1, blattaria; 2, Hymenoptera; 1 and mites; 2 spe-cies. The important species among them were Sitotroga cerealella, Ephestia cautella, Paral-ipsa gularis, Poldia, in Lepidoptera, and Sitophilus orzae, Oryzaephilus surianmensis, Cryptolestes ferrugineus, Tribolium castaneum, Tenebroides mauritanicus, Attagenus japonicus, in Coleoptera and Blatella germanica, in Blattaria and Acarus siro Petrobia latens, in mites. The duration of maximum occurrence were the late June to mid July for Sitotroga cerealella, the mod July to early August for Oryzaephilus surianmensis the mid July to August for Tribolium castaneum, the early July to late July for Sitophilus orzae, the mid June to early July for Attagenus japonicus the mid June to late Spetember for Blatella germanica and the late April to late May for Acarus siro and Petrobia latens, respectively in investigation, Blatella germanica(Blattaria) which was no problem in stored rice insect till now was mainly distributed a coastal plain and period of occurrence was long amount of occurrence was great. Rice weevil has 4 generations under natural conditions and the peak of 1st perood time was ranged from middle of jun. to last decade of Jun., 2nd period was from the lats decade of Jul. to first decade of Aug., 3rd period was from middle of Sep. to late Sep., 4th period was middle of Oct. to early Nov.