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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean journal of applied entomology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Applied Entomology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Dec 1990
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Sep 1990
Volume 29, Issue 2 - Jun 1990
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Mar 1990
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Effect of Temperature on the Development of Anagrus incarnatus Haliday (Hymenoptera : Mymaridae)
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 29, issue 4, 1990, Pages 217~221
Some biological phenomena of Anagrus incarnatus Haliday, an egg parasitoid of planthopper, were studied under three different constant temperatures. Duration from egg to adult emergence of the parasitoid from the BPH eggs were 21.5, 13.6 and 10.6 days under
, respectively. Rate of the development was highly correlated with temperature. The critical temperature was estimated as
and the effective degree days was 210.3 day-degree. Durations for the development of A. incarnatus under 25
(16L : 8D) were 12.4, 12.5 and 12.1 days from eggs of N. lugens, S. furcifera and L. striatellus, respectively. Duration of the development of A. incarnatus from 1, 3, 5, 7 days old BPH eggs were 12.5, 12.1, 12.9 days, respectively. The average longevity of adult was 5.3 days under 25
. Number of the ovarian and practically oviposited eggs were 34.8
28 and 28.3
0., respectively. Female A. incarnatus laid most of the eggs within few days after the emergence ; over 60% within 24 hours, nearly 90% upto the 2nd day, and nearly 100% upto the 3rd day.
Flight Activities of Larger Black Chafer (Holotrichia morosa Waterhouse) and Korean Black Chafer (H. diomphalia Bates)
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 29, issue 4, 1990, Pages 222~229
The flight activities of Holotrichia morosa Watershouse and H. diomphaia Bates adults were monitored by blacklight traps for six years from 1984 to 1989. The flight activity of H. morosa adults was most prominent from late June to early August with a peak flight in mid July, and that of H. diomphalia adults mainly occurred from early May to late June of odd years with the peak flight dates varying year by year. The flight activities of the two species during the fight period became vigorous after moderate to heavy rainfalls. The overwintered adults of H. diomphalia seemed to begin flying when the daily mean temperature rose above
. The ratios of the females to the total adults collected by the blacklight traps were 53.3% for H. morosa and 0% for H. diomphalia, although the female sex ratio of the latter species was 57.4% in the field.
Seasonal Occurrence and Summer Diapause of the Onion Maggot, Delia antiqua (Meigen) (Diptera : Anthomyiidae)
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 29, issue 4, 1990, Pages 230~237
Studies were carried out to examine seasonal occurrence and emergence pattern of the onion fly, Delia antiqua (Meigen), in the field of Chinju city in Gyeongnam province from 1984 to 1987. Trap catch revealed that the onion fly had three generations in a year, the second flight being partial; the peaks of adult occurrence were at mid April for the overwintered generation (1st flight), at early June for the first generation (2nd flight), and at the period from late September to early October for the autumn generation (3rd flight). It was shown that parts of the pupae in the first and almost all of the pupae in the second (or autumn) generation underwent summer diapause. The pupal periods were less than 22.4 days for the non-diapaused pupae, while those of the diapause. The pupal periods were less than 22.4 days for the non-diapaused pupae, while those of the diapaused pupae were form 8.5 to 145 days in the first generation in he filed, being shorter for the pupae pupated later. This resutled in synchronization on the emergence of these diapaused pupae at late September, with the adults from the second generation pupae. The ratio of diapausing pupae increased among the later pupated ones in the first generation ; the pupae which had been pupated in early May included 43.8% of diapausing pupae, while more than 86.7% of the pupae were under diapausing state for the pupae pupated in late May and thereafter. More than 93.3% of the pupae went into diapause, regardless of pupation time for the second generation.
Effects of Temperatures on Development and Distribution of Mulberry scale, Pseudaulacaspis pentagona, within Tree
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 29, issue 4, 1990, Pages 238~243
These studies were conduced to investigate the effects of temperatures on development of each stage and distribution within tree and overwintering of mulberry scale, Pseudaulacaspis pentagona Tar. & Tozz. Growth ratio of each stage with different temperatures was not significant within range of optimum temperatures of growth. Developmental threshold and effective temperatures of each stage were
and 46.9 degree day in eggs,
, and 183.8 degree day in first nymph,
and 188.2 degree day in second nymph,
and 383.0 degree day in gross nymphal stage, respectively. Longevity of female adults were 39.6 days in
, 28.4 days in
, 18.1 days in
, and 15.7 days in
. Average number of eggs in ovary and laid by individual female were 83.3 and 75.7, respectively. Optimum temperatures of growth were
but all the eggs were not hatched at
. Distribution of each stage within tree in summer was great at lower part of branch and overwintering adults was dominantly located in NE-SE followed by SE-SW, SW-NW and NW-NE. Percent mortality due to cold weather was 36.2.
Microbial Control of the Tobacco Cutworm, Spodopera litura (Fab.), Using S. litura Nuclea Polyhedrosis Virus. II. Formulation of S. litura Nuclear Polyhdrosis Virus as Viral Insecticides
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 29, issue 4, 1990, Pages 244~251
Three viral insecticides were differently formulated with a nuclear polyhedrosis virus isolated from Spdodoptera litura by addition of feeding attractant, anti-precipitate of polyhedra, spreading agent, and UV-protectants. Sucrose was effective for attraction of larval feeding to increase the mortality and for protection of polyhedra from inactivation by sunlight when added 1% to 5% of sucrose solution to the formulations. Contents of additives to the formulations were 0.5% in polyvinyl alcohol to prohibit the precipitation of polyhedra and 0.1% in Triton X-100 to spread and wet the formulations to the plant. Inactivation of the virus under sunlight was decreased when added 800g of white carbon to 100 L of water in the white carbon formulation and 30% of molasses to the molasses's. In the formulation of white carbon and molasses mixtures, activation of the virus was increased when mixtured 500g of the former with 10% of the latter. Three formulations were persisted their pathogenicity more than 95% of mortality at 3 days p.i. Encapsulation of the polyhedral surface was more distinctively coated with the carbon and showed more effective in the residual effects of the white carbon than others, but the molasses more attractive for larval feeding.
Microbial Control of the Tobacco Cutworm, Spodoptera litura (Fab.), Using S. litura Nuclear Polyhedrosis Virus. III. Field Evaluation of the Viral Insecticides
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 29, issue 4, 1990, Pages 252~256
Viral insecticides were formulated with Spodoptera litura nuclear polyhedrosis virus and different U.V. protectants based on white carbon, molasses, and white carbon and molasses mixture to use as microbial control agents. Effect of rainfall on the attachment of formulated viruses to leaves was no different between the treated and the non-treated experiment. Persistence of the formulations was lated 5 days on the surface-sprayed leaves and 12 days on the under-sprayed leaves which was showing 60% mortality. Total mortality of the viral insecticides was more than 97% with no differences among them. Field evaluation of three viral insecticides in soybean field was very successful then carried out in Chinju, a southern part of Korea. Mortality by the formulation in the field during 14 days was more than 93%, but the formulations contained molasses showed phytotoxicity on soybean leaves. Spray effect of the viral insecticides was begun to appear from 7 days later than that of chemical insecticide.
Studies on the Regional Characteristics in Occurrence of the Rice Stem Borer, Chilo suppressalis Walker in Korea
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 29, issue 4, 1990, Pages 257~268
The regional characteristics in the occurrence of the rice stem borer, Chilo suppressalis (Walker), in Korea, were examined by analyzing the light trap data obtained from 39 locations during the years of 1965-1988, and some ecological significance of the overwintering larval populations collected from the four locations where some of the typical ecological-race have been known, the results obtained are as follows; The total number of the moths have decreased greatly throughout the nation since 1970. The decrease in the total number of moths related with those in the spring moth but not in the summer moths, and suggested that the changes in the rice production systems have effected significantly on the second generation of the insect. The variations between the regions had been gret in 1960's, decreasing phase in 1970's and increasing phase in loast decade. The overall average of 50% emergence dates have shifted earlier in both moths, and the changes were different considerably with the regions as wheel as in generations. When the overwintered larvae were incubated at
and RH of 90%, the average mortalities were 21.07% for Suweon, 43.06% for Iri, 63.51% for Jinju, 27.04% for Gwangju. When the overwintered larvae were incubated at
and RH of 90%, the average mortalities were different with the body weight; 45.44% for the larvae of less than 39 mg, 37.61% for 40-49 mg, 37.28% for 50-59 mg, 30.17% for greater than 60 mg. When the overwintered larvae wee incubated at
, post-diapause larval development periods of body weight classes were 18.6
1.2 days for the larvae of less than 39 mg, 20.4
3.3 days for 40-49 mg, 21.4
3.2 days for 50-59 mg, 21.8
3.2 days for grater than 60 mg, and only the larvae of less than 39 mg, body weight class less than 39 mg was found statistically different in post-diapause larval development periods. From these results, the changes in the cultural practice of the rice have effected on the ecological pattern of the rice stem borer, and the effects seemed to be different with the generations, and with the regions where the different ecological races are distributing.
Host Range, Occurrence and Developmental Characteristics of Ceroplastes pseudoceriferus (Homoptera : Coccidae) on Persimmon Trees
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 29, issue 4, 1990, Pages 269~276
This study investigated host range, seasonal occurrence and developmental characteristics of Ceroplastes pseudoceriferus Green on persimmon trees. The host plants covered 34 families and 66 species, including newly recorded species of Chenopodum album var. centrorubrum, Glycine max, Begonia semperflorens, Pharbitis nil, Perilla frutescens var. japonica and Erigeron canadensis. There was one generation of C. pseudoceriferus a year with larval stage expanding from mid-June to mid-October. Average number of eggs laid per female was 1,073
177.3. Hatching rate was 97.3% and was not affected by temperatures and photoperiods. Stadium varied as 23.4 days in eggs, 128.3 days in larvae and 213.3 days in female adults including overwintering periods at natural condition.
Initiation and Termination of Pupal Diapause in the Oriental Tobacco budworm (Heliothis assulta)
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 29, issue 4, 1990, Pages 277~285
Laboratory and field studies were conducted to investigate the initiation and termination factors for pupal diapause in the Oriental tabacco budworm, Heliothis assulta Guenee. Diapause induction was dependent of photoperiod and temperature experienced by 4th and 5th instar larve. One hundred percent of pupal diapause was obtained when larvae were grown at 10L/14D or shorter and
. But at
the maximum rate of diapause was only about 85% at 8L/16D, the shortest photoperiod tested in this experiment. Adults, eggs or pupae did not respond to diapause-inducing environmental conditions. The critical photoperiod was 12-12.5 hr at
and 14-14.5 hr at
. In the field-collected sample 100% of diapuse rate was observed on Sept. 20 and thereafter in Suwon and middle part of Korea. Cold temperature treatment was not necessary in the termination of pupal diapause, but accelerated adult development.
Change in Protein and Carbohydrate Contents in Diapausing and Non-diapausing Pupae of the Oriental Tobacco Budworm, Heliothis assulta Guenee
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 29, issue 4, 1990, Pages 286~293
Studies were carried out to investigate the change in protiens and carbohydrates from diapausing pupae of the Oriental tobacco budworm, Heliothis assulta Guenee. The oxygen consumption rate of non-diapausing pupae through the whole pupal period showed an U-shaped curve, while that of diapausing pupae decreased to a mean level of 20
1/g/hr. But the rate of oxygen consumption increased in diapausing pupae before their emergence. The body weight of diapausing pupae showed almost no change during 12 days after pupation. The total contents of major carbohydrates and soluble proteins were higher in diapausing pupae than those in non-diapausing pupae and the change in carbohydrate and protein contents was more dynamic in non-diapausing pupae than that of diapausing pupae. the electrophoretic band patterns of proteins were similar in both of diapausing and non-diapausing pupae. Diapausing pupae increased their haemolmph osmolarity further when they were exposed to low temperatures.