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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean journal of applied entomology
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Applied Entomology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 3 - Dec 1964
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Mosaic disease of black locust(Robinia pseudoacacia L.) I. Symptom and transmission by grafting
Kim Chong Jin ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 3, 1964, Pages 1~5
Symptom of the mosaic disease of black locust which is presently widespread in Korea was observed and transmission of the disease was investigated by means of grafting Since its symptom was typically mosaic and its transmission was easily accomplished, the disease was considered to be caused by a virus. In investigation of transmission by grafting, it was found out that the discase was easily transmitted in both of the following cases, i. e., healthy seedlings grafted with diseased scions and diseased roots with healthy scions. In the healthy seedlings plus diseased scions grafting, some grafted seedlings were purposedly deprived of the diseased scions after, a certain length of time(10∼30 days), while some were left grafted. The former case showed much higher transmission rate than the latter case, but no fluctuation in rate of transmission by the length of contact period(10-30 days) was recognized. And even when the union between stock and diseased scion by callusing was not successful, the transmission was withnesed. On the basis of the symptom, transmission by grafting, and possibility of transmission by sap inoculation(not published yet), it is supposed that the mosaic virus belongs to the group of the black locust mosaic virus that has been reported in southeastern Europe by Atanasoff(1935) and Milinko et al(1961). It is very likely that the witches' broom of black locust recorded by Myung-O Kim et al(1961) in Korea is the mosaic disease.
A Study on Fungicidal Control of the Crape leaf spot
Kim Myung O ; Kim Sung Bok ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 3, 1964, Pages 7~9
This study was intended to know the most effective method of controlling the leaf spot by using of Ferbam, Bordeaux mixture and Organic mercury.
Study on the control of downy mildew of onion with several new fungicides
Jung Bong Jo ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 3, 1964, Pages 11~14
This experiment was compared Bordeaux mixture, which used to as good fungicide up to date, with new 6 fungicides for control of powdery mildew on onion from 1963 to 1864 in Pusan. In resulting treated blocks was better effect than untreated block, and specially Difolatan and Dithane M 45 was best. Dithane M 22, Dithane Z 78 and Orthocide was moderate but Sankinon and Bordeaux mixture was lower effect than formers.
Observations on the heating of grain caused by insects
Chyun Soon Pyo ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 3, 1964, Pages 15~19
1. The heat output by the insects, Oryzaephilus surinamensis, Tribolium confusum, Sitophilus zeamais and Sitophilus granarius, was investigated by reading the temperature of the inside of the grain in which the insects were developing in 2 Ib or 7 Ib jars incubated at
R.H. 2. All the insects tested increase the temperature of grain, but the amount of heat produced by insects varies with the species of and the developmental stages of the insects. 3. It was found that all the temperature peaks correspond with the peak in number of the fourth instar larvae and the period in which the insects start to cause the heating corresponds to its 1 st and 2nd instar larvae. 4. Sitophilus spp. whose larvae live in the endosperm of the wheat produced more heat than Tribolium confusum and Oryzaephilus surinamensis whose larvae live on the grain. 5. Among the four species of insects, Sitophilus zeamais Produces the highest heat, followed by Sitophilus granarius, Tribolium confusum and Oryzaephilus surinamensis. 6. It is considered from the above results that the heat produced by insects seems to depend upon the species, the number and the age structure of population, and its its surroundings. 7. It is suggested therefore that when comparing the rate of development of insects kept at different densities. the effects caused by heating at the higher densities must be considered.
Studies on Pathogenicity of Wheat Scab Fungus(Gibberella zeae) to Various Crop Seedlings
Chung H. W. ; Chung H. S. ; Chung B. J. ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 3, 1964, Pages 21~25
1. Purpose of this experiment is to investigate the influence of wheat scab fungus(Gibberella zeae) remaining in soil or residues of infected plants to the growth of the seedlings of 14 different crops. 2. Susceptibility of these crops to the infection by G. zeae was investigated by planting these crops both to the artificially inoculated soils and naturally infected soils where both serious and light wheat scab epidemic have occurred previously. 3. In artifical inoculation tests, bailey, wheat, rye, soybean, rice, buckwheat, corn, cotton and greenbean has shown susceptible reaction, while indianbean, sesame, sorghum, chinese cabbage and radish has shown resistant reaction. 4. In artificial inoculation tests, there was significant difference in the germination ratio of the susceptible crops between the plants planted in inoculated soils and uninoculated soils with the exception of rice, com and cotton. Preemergence seedling blight was confined only to barley and corn, whereas postemergence seedling blight was confined to rye, wheat, rice buckwheat, barley and corn. la most of the susceptible crops secondary roots were almost rotted and the primary roots were either partially rotted or discolorated in inoculated soil. There was significant difference in the stem length of the plants grown in inoculated soils and uninoculated soils in susceptible crops. 5. No infection by G. zeae was observed when wheat, barley and rye plants were sown to the soils where both serious and light wheat scab epidemic occurred naturally.
Some effects of the rice weevil(Sitophilus oryzae L.) on the stored grains
Hyun Jai Sun ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 3, 1964, Pages 27~30
The effects of the rice weevils(Sitophilus oryzae L.) on naked barley and wheat were studied in connection with the moisture contents and the molds in the grain under the controlled conditions; R.H.
1. The moisture contents of control grain were decreased
for naked barley and
in wheat in four weeks. 2. The moisture contents of naked barley which had been infested with 100 weevils were decreased
and were increased
in the berley infested with 200 weevils at t beginning. In wheat, the moisture contents were decreased by
in respective experimental lots. 3. The moisture contents of grains have close relation with the population densities of the weevils in the grain. 4. The pattern of the change in the moisture content of grain have close relation with the population densities of the weevils in the grain. 5. The number of the mold colonies in the grain increased exponentially with the increase in the population densities of weevils in the grain. 6. The species of the mold found were A. restrictus and A. versicolor, which were the most abundant, and A. candidus was also found, but Ins common.
The Studies on the Bionomics of the Florida Wax Scale, Ceroplastes floridensis Comstock(Coccidae) on Persimmon Tree
Han Kyo Pil ; Lee Eui Soon ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 3, 1964, Pages 31~39
The authors studied on the bionomics of the Florida wax scale, Ceroplastes floridensis Comstock and bionomics of two kind of parasites which attack on this Florida wax scale in 1963 to 1964. 1. Ceroplastes floridensis Comstock was heavily infested on the persimmon tree planted in the southern part of Korea, specially at the center of Taegu city. Parasitic ratio of important parasite of Ceroplastes floridensis Comstock, Microterys clauseni was
and appeared low parasited ratio at the center of the city. 2. The developed eggs of the Ceroplastes floridensis Comstock was appear며 from mid-May to early July. The peak of it was late-May to early June. Average stored eggs inside of a body is 2030.
. 3. The hatching period of the Ceroplastes floridensis Comstock begins from early June to early July. Mid-June was the peak period of it. Pupation period of the male was August 14 to September 7 and adult was emerged on August 20 to September 8. Mean longevity for adult male was 3 days in August but 4 days in September. 4. On the differences of the body- length parasited on the three host plants, persimmon, platanus, and trifoliate orange, the body length parasited on the persimmon was the largest, medium on platanus and the smallest on the trifoliate orange. 5. Microterys clauseni H. Compere parasite on tile Ceroplastes floridensis Comstock with 5 generations in a year. Hibernate in the body of the host as tan·at stage. The first adult appears in middle April. Fifteen days was required for one generation in
. The authors observed on the form ovary, female with 6 ovarioles, and mean number of eggs per female was
. 6. On the parasited individuals of the Microterys clauseni H. Compere a larva was the most numerous and was found 2 individuals or 4 individuals parasite on the one Ceroplastes floridensis Comstock. 7. Coccophagus app. parasited on the only male body of the Ceroplastes floridensis Comstock. The parasitic ratio was
on persimmon tree in Taegu city.
Effectiveness of Several New Insecticides Applied on the Water-surface for the Control of the Rice Stem Borer, Chilo suppressalis Walker, in the 2nd Generation
Paik Woon Hah ; Choi Seung Yoon ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 3, 1964, Pages 41~44
1. This experiment was planned to compare the effectiveness of Diazinon granular and gammadol dust with the low toxic organophosphorus insecticides applied on the water-surface for the control of the rice stem borer, Chilo suppressalis Walker, in the 2 nd generation and to determine the proper timing of those insecticidal applications at Suwon, Korea, in 1964. 2. The hatching larvae from the eggs were inoculated on the rice plants in pots and insecticides were applied on the water-surface of pots at a given day intervals. The dose of insecticides used per pot was calculated from the 120g. as a actual ingredient per 10 a. The number of living larvae was observed at the 20 days later from the inoculation (as shown in Table 1.). 3. As shown in Table 2 and 3, there was highly significance between the chemicals and L.S.D. was 24.22. The best effectiveness was Diazinon granular and 2nd was gamma-dol dust. The organophosphorus emulsion concentrations used in this experiment were less effective than two other insecticides. Although there were some suspicious results according to the day intervals inoculated, the order of effectiveness was Diazinon>gamma-dol>Sumithion>EM>EPN> Cidial as the total moan. 4, As shown in Table 2 and 3, there was no significance between the timing of insecticidal applications, but, m the whole, Diazinon granular was most effective at a given day intervals in this experiment and gamma-dol also was effective at the day Plot inoculated. The proper timing of EPN, EM, and Cidial seemed to be at e day plot inoculated and that of Sumithion at the day plot before inoculation.