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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean journal of applied entomology
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Applied Entomology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 33, Issue 4 - Dec 1994
Volume 33, Issue 3 - Sep 1994
Volume 33, Issue 2 - Jun 1994
Volume 33, Issue 1 - Mar 1994
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Comparative Studies on Polymorphism and Fithess between Two ADH Alleles in Drosophila melanogaster
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 33, issue 3, 1994, Pages 141~147
Tne present studies were camied out to ~nvestigate the allele frequency variations of alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) in natural populat~ons of Drosophiio melonogoster and the correlations of iwo ADH alleles between fitness and ethanol. ADH alleles were found to be polymorphic in natural populations of D. rnelanogaster. The frequencies of FF, FS and SS genotypes were 47.66, 42 18, and 10.16%. respectively, therefore the F gene frequency (68.75) was shown to be hlgher than the S gene (31.25 %). The FF genotype was slightly superior to the SS genotype in both fecundiiy and eclaslon. The frequency of AdhF allele in the small alt>fic~apl opulaliow originated from natural populations was increased for 20 generations on normal media at 25
C In resistance to ethanol, the FF genotype was supenor to the SS genotype, too. It meant that ethanol as environmental factor might be the selective factor on ADH locus in natural populat~ons of D meionogoster.
Investigation of Insect Pests and Injury Characteristics of Stathmopoda auriferella (Walker) on Kiwi Fruit Tree
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 33, issue 3, 1994, Pages 148~152
This study was carried out to investigate insect specles of Kiwi fruit, and ecological characteristicsof Stathmopoda m Chonnam province from 1991 to 1993 Twelve families and thirteen specieswere identified during the study. Sfothmopoda aurijerello and mulberp scale were key insect pestsamong them. The body sizes of each stage of S. a~irijereilo was measured and found to be 0.12 mmfor egg, 9.8 mm for mature lawa. 5.9 mm for pupae and 123mm for adult with opened wings.S, ouriferelia appers to have two generations a yea Adults occut~ed from late May to midJulyand mid-August to early September Mth two peaks m early to midJune and late August. Changein age structure (% lawe: % pupae) over time was 100: 0 in earlyJul, 96. 1 . 3 9 in midduly. 64.9:35 1 in late July. 19.8 . 80 2 in early August, and 0 : 100 in mld-August Damaged fruit was 4 6%in early July, increase above 40% 1" midJuly, and then the damage surpassed the damage threshold.The rate of fruit damaged was 45.9%, and there wbi no significant dtfferences among countiesDamaged parts of fruits were manly fruit apex Mth 70% and followed by fruit stalk w~th 11.1%.The rate of fruit damaged by varieties were Hayward with 25.7%. Monty with 17 5%. Hyangrokwith 13.9%, Abott with 9.3% and Bruno with 6.0%. with 9.3% and Bruno with 6.0%.
Influence of Vegetation and Soil Types on the mound Density and Distribution of the Wheatbelt Termite in Westerm Australia: Using a Geographic Information System (G.I.S)
;;Jonathan D. Majer;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 33, issue 3, 1994, Pages 153~158
Vegetation rather than soil types, is the predominant factor in determining density and distribution of Dreponotermes tarnminensis (Hill) mounds within the Durokoppin Nature Reserve m Westem Austral~an wheatbelt D tomminensis mounds reach the hlghest densities m Woodland (dominated by Eucalyptus cap~llosa) and Casuarina (dominated by Allocasuarino campestris) vegetation assoc~ations. There appears to be no influence of soil type on mound dishibut~on. although higher mound densities tend to be found on the Booraan soil type.
Annual Phenology of Root-knot Nematode in the Medicinal Herb (Paeonia lactiflora) Field
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 33, issue 3, 1994, Pages 159~162
An ecological skdy of the root-knot nematode, Meioidogyne hapio on medicinal herbs in Eui-sung area was pelformed seasonal occurrence of M hapla on Paeonia iactffiora showed four peaks In a year at the field: early Apnl. mid June, late July, late August. Soil characteristics affected nematode d~shibution and poplation Juvenlle population of the nematode was the highest in sandy and sandy loam sail. The number of the nematode lawae was 10G4-1486 per 300mi of sod wllhin 15cm from the sulfate at P. ioctitiora held. The ncrnatode was distributed even under 50cm.
Korean Species of the Genera Gibberelifera, Griselda and Piniphila (Lepidoptera : Tortricidas)
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 33, issue 3, 1994, Pages 163~165
in the present paper, the genera Gibberifera, Griselda and P~niphiia are repotted lor the first tlmehorn Korea including three newiy recorded species Gibberifera simplona (Fischer "on Rosleritam).Gnseldo relict0 Kucnekov and Piniphila bifascrana (Haworth).Haworth).
Resistance Development and Cross-Resistance of Chlorpyrifod, dichorovs and Permethrin-Selected House Fly (Musca domestica L.)
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 33, issue 3, 1994, Pages 166~172
This study was conducted to investigate the resistance development and cross-res~stance of house fly (Musco dornestica L.) selected with chlorpyrifos, dichlorvos and permethrin for 11 generations to various p u p s of insectiodes. The resistance ratio (RR) of the chlorpyrifos-selected (Q), the d~chlorvos- selected (&) a d the permethrin-selected (R,) stmlns were 42 0. 38 and 187 tlrnes in female. and 42.0, 4 1 and 16.4 time; in male from the susceptible strain, respectively. The Rc strain showed highest cross-resistance to permethlin among the insectic~des tested: RR=7.5 and 9.6 tunes in female and male, respectively, whereas negatively correlated cross-resistance to propoxur was observed. High cross-res~atance to chlorpyrifos were produced for female (RR= 13.3) and male (RR=15.9) of Rd strain, and female (RR=8.7) and male (RR= 9 7) of R, strain. respectively
Occurrence of Small Brown Plantopper (Laodelphax striatellus Fallen) and Incidened of Rice Viwus Disease by Different Seting Date in Dry Seeded Rice
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 33, issue 3, 1994, Pages 173~177
his study was conducted to Investigate the occurrence of small brown planthopper (SBPH), LaodeIpahx striatellus Fallen, and the ind~cence 01 rice virus diseases by d~fferent seeding dates in dryseeded rice. The occurrerlce of SBPH was the highest an nce seeded in May 11, followed byMay 1, May 21 and May 31. However. SBPH dld not occur on the rice seeded in June 10 duelo the rice was emerged after peak occurrence of first generailon adult of SBPH. The occurrenceof the first generation adult of SBPH was May 11 and it was 3-day earlier than that of infantnce transplanting. The ~nd~cencofe rice vlrus diseases, rice stripe vilus (RSV) and rice black-streakeddwarf virus (RBSDV), was the most severe at seeding date May 11. and then followed by May1, May 21 and May 31 Thus the incidence of "ce virus diseases was closely related with thedensity of the first generat~on adult of SBPH Rice yield was decreased by later seeding dates, although rice yield from May 1 to May 21 was relatively stable and hqii compared with laterseeding dates. Accordingly, there was slgniilcant relatlonsh~p between rice yield and seeding datesice yield and seeding dates
Degradation of the Parasporal Crystal Proteins of Bacillus thuringiensis and Induction of Stress Protein Synthesis in Bt
-endotoxin Ingested Larvae of Fall Webworm, Hyphantria cunea
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 33, issue 3, 1994, Pages 178~183
The prolein components of each crystal toxin of Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki and alzawai were separated by SDS-PAGE. The major clqistal proteins from both shins were composed of paiypeptides having molecular weights of 130 kd and 64 kd. Digestive mixture of both. toxins with t~ypsin and gut juices shared 62 kd polypeptide which may be major actwe toxh. However, aizawal produced much less amount of 62 kd polypeptide than kurstaki did. On ingestion with Bt &-endotoxin, larvae of Hyphantria cunea developed 45 kd stress protein in the several tissues including fat body, which was induced by heat and cold shock.
Systematic Study of Criconematoidea from Kora I. Description of Ogma Koesanense sp. n and Four New Species for Korea
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 33, issue 3, 1994, Pages 184~193
Ogma koesanense sp.n. has two head annuli. The first head annule is much larger than the second; blunt scales mare or less in 17-19 longitudinal l~nes and acute tail. Criconemello onnuiata. Criconema cardamoml, Ogma decalineaturn, 0. dtyum are newly recorded from Korea. Morphological characteristics of previously reported speaes, Ciiconema demani is discussed. KEY WORDS Mo~pholo~ta,x onomy, Criconemotlnae, host plants, Korea
A Preliminary List of Srathmopodiae, Batrachedridae, Blastodacnidae and Cosmopterigidae (Lepioptera: Gelechiidae) of Korean Peninsula
sinev, S. Yu ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 33, issue 3, 1994, Pages 194~200
An annotated list of 33 species belonging to the famil~es Stathmopodidae (7 including 2 unrecorded species), Bamchedridae (a new species: Batrnchedra koreano sp n.), Blastodacnidae (3 including an unrecorded species), and Cosmopterigidae (22 species) from the Korean peninsula is given. For Cosmopterigidae. continuing from the previous artlcle (Park, 1994), 2 species (Cosmopterix bichrorne- 110 sp, n. and Labdio antenello sp. n.) are described as new and 2 species are newly added to the fauna, and all available informations on host plant of lama with a list of all known species in Korea are provided.
Studies on Selection of Less Toxic Insecticides for the Aerial Control of Pine Needle Gall Midge (Thecodiplosis) japonensis Uchida et Inouye)
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 33, issue 3, 1994, Pages 201~206
Trunk implantation method of phosphamidon 50% Lq.is commonly applied to control the pine needle gall midge (Thecodiplosis laponensts Uchida et Inouye) Since trunk implantaion is normally practiced during the late Spring, it is often difficult to accommodate necessay labor in mral area. As an alternative, aerial spraylng of less toxic ~nsecticide was designed. Usage of less toxic insecticide in the aenal control of pine needle gall midge can reduce the damage to forest ecosystem. The buproferin, one of the insect growth regulator, was selected at d~fferent rate of dilutions and the treatments effects ruere evaluated at different date and time When 50 t~mes diluted solution of buprofezin 40% SC was treated on different period, there was no significant difference in dficacies. the control efficacies of buproferin 40% SC was measured by occurrences (%) of gall formation of the pine needle gall midge using a ultra low volume (ULV) sprayer and the dilutions of 10X 30X and 50X of buprofez~n 40% SC gave efficacies. 72.4. 57.6 and 8.4, respectively.