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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean journal of applied entomology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Applied Entomology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 34, Issue 4 - Dec 1995
Volume 34, Issue 3 - Sep 1995
Volume 34, Issue 2 - Jun 1995
Volume 34, Issue 1 - Mar 1995
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Studies on the Soybean Cyst Nematode (Heterodera glycines) in China
Liu, Wei-Zhi ; Liu, Ye ; Duan, Yu-Xi ; Hong, Quan-Chun ; Wang, Ke-Ning ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 34, issue 2, 1995, Pages 83~88
Soybean has been cultivated in China for 5,000 years. The soybean cyst neamtode (SCN), Heterodra glycines, was recongnized in Northeastern China in 1899. Currently, it is known to occur in 12 provinces. The biology of SCN was investigated in several provinces. Six races of SCN were identified (race 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 7). About f10,000 soybean germplasm lines were evaluated for their resistance to race 1, 3, 4 and 5 of SCN. At least two black-seeded cultivars are resistant to all four races. Several tolerant soybean cultivars with yellow seed coat were released and are in production. Additional resistant cultivars are being developed. Nematicides were not applied in production Potential biocontrol agents and related aspects are being investigated.
Insecticide Resistance Mechanism in the Spiraea Aphid, Aphis citricola (van der Goot)
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 34, issue 2, 1995, Pages 89~94
Resistance mechanism of organophosphorus insecticides (OPs) in the spiraea aphid, whose populations were originated from several apple orchards where various OPs were frequently sprayed, was investigated. For Wonju population to which insecticides were not sprayed, resistance ratios (BRs) for pirimicarb, phosphamidon, and demeton S-methyl re 49, 31, and 5, respectively. However, for Yesan population to which OPs were sprayed 5 times, RRs for pirimicarb, phosphamidn, and dementon were 830, 536, and 204, respectively. The esterase activities of Wonju and Yesean populations increased by 44.5 and 92.0% compare to that of Kwagju population. R/S a values (S clone Kwangju population; R clone: Iechon opulation) for acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibition (
) by pirimicarb and phosphamidon were 299.2 and 186.0, respectively. Our results indicate that increase of esterase activity and reduction of AChE sensitivity seemed to contribute insecticide resistance of the spiraea aphid.
Persistence of the Enzymatic Activity of Dietary Acid Phosphatases from the Lumen of the Midgut of the Lady Beetle, Harmonia axyridis
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 34, issue 2, 1995, Pages 95~99
Acid phosphatase(AP) of he aphid, Megoura crassicauda and the major component of the lady beetle's artificial diet, fresh chicken liver, was adapted as a model protein to study the digestion of diet proteins in the midgut of Harmonia axyridis. The lady beetle did not secrete its own AP into the lumen of the midgut. The aphid and the live chicken liver had AP which was still alive in enzymatic activity from the extract of the lumen of the midgut of the lady beetle. The digestive ability of the lady beetle on proteins turned out to be different depending on food sources. In the lumen of the midgut of the lady beetle, though most of AP of live chicken liver lost its activity withtin 12 hours, that of M. cassicauda kept strong enzymatic activity up to 24 hours.
Detection of the Specific DNA-binding Proteins for the Aphid rRNA
O-Yu Kwon ; Dong-Hee Lee ; Tae-Young Kwon ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 34, issue 2, 1995, Pages 100~105
A whole body extract (WBE), a crude nuclear fraction, of aphids was prepared and used to identify the proteins which bound specifically to 5'-upstream regions of the transcription initiation site of the aphid ribosomal RNA gene (rDNA). While DNA fragment (-263/-195) was bound by only one specific 53 kDa protein, two DNA fragments, A(-194/23) and B(-393/-264), were commonly bound by three proteins (52 kDa, 50 kDa and 40 kDa). It was also revealed that the formation of he DNA-protein complex requires a cation.
Seasonal Occurrence of Spodoptera exigua in Chonnam Province and a Possibility of Their Control in Vinyl House with Pheromone Traps
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 34, issue 2, 1995, Pages 106~111
This study was carried out to investigate the effect of mass trapping with synthetic sex pheromone on seasonal occurrence of, the Beet amyworm (BAW) Spodoptera exigua, and on suppress of their density in Chonnam province from 1992 to 1994. Adult males of BAW were colllected by the trap from early through early November. The numbers began to increase abruptly from early July, and forming three peaks on mid July, early August and early September. Yearly occurrence and the area damaged by the BAW varied in relation to weather condition. Especially, low temperature and heavy rainfall in August 1993 seems to have affected to reduce the BAW population. The pheromone trap attracted higher numbers (1.5~2.3 times) of BAW adult than ordinary light rap. And the BAW population in vinyl hose was noticeably reduced when more than 10 pheromone traps were operated per 330
of vinyl house.
Anatomical and biochemical Changes of Corn Roots Infected with Pratylenchus vulnus
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 34, issue 2, 1995, Pages 112~119
Anatomical and biochemical changes of the corn root injured by the root lesion nematode, Pratylenchus vulnus, were examined to understand the interactions between the nematode and the crop which can be applied to a breeding program for nematode-resistant crop. The nematode and the crop which can be applied to be a breeding program for nematode-resistant crop. The nematode entered the cortex of corn root through its epidemis. They moved to other cortical cells by breaking their cell walls. They, finally, gathered around the endodermis of the roots and the bases of the root hairs. Parasitism of the nematode formed cavities within the root tissues where the females laid eggs. Major root damage by the nematode occurred in the cortical cells where must cell walls were broken and crushed to form empty spaces. These empty spaces in the base of the root resulted in this breakdown. Damage-induced biochemical changes of the corn roots were analysed by their total protein patterns and esterase activities in both control and nematode-infected roots. Denaturing gel did not show any significant difference in the banding patterns between them. Esterase patterns and activities, also, were not significantly different between the infected and the control roots.
Soil Micro-arthropods Fauna in Plantations of the Korean White Pine (Pinus koraiensis). 4. Community Analysis of Oribatid mites (Cryptostigmata)
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 34, issue 2, 1995, Pages 120~126
This study investigated the soil oribatid mite community at planatations of the Korean white pine, planted in different years. The soil samples
were taken monthly from Jun 1988 to July 1989, and soil microarthropods in th sample were extracted using the Tullgren funnel for 72 hors. The diversity indices decreased at the older plantation sites with the maximum point in January and the minimum in September. The richness indices showed the maximum point in June and the minimum in may. The dominance indices increased at the older plantation and showed the maximum point in April, May, the minimum in January. The indices of aggregation of Oribatid mites species showed concentrated distribution in the average 1.9. The older plantation, the more indices increase. The seasonal variation of th indices tended to be greatest in April, August and at lowest in January. The richness indices was positively correlated with shannon-wiener, evenness indices. The dominance, aggregation indices was negatively correlated with shannon, evenness, richness indices.
Study on the Tarsonemid Mites (Acari: Tarsonemidae) from Korea. II. Four unrecorded species of Tarsonemus
Myoung Rae Cho ; Yong Ho Kwak ; Won Koo Lee ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 34, issue 2, 1995, Pages 127~131
In a survey of Tarsonemid mites associated with omamental trees, four Tarsonemus species unrecorded in Korea were identified in 1993. They ae Tarsonemus bilobatus Suski, 1965, T. evodiae Ito, 1964, T. smithi Ewing, 1939, and T. takaoensis Ito, 1964. Morphological characteristics of these 4 species are reported herein.
Oribatid Mites (Acari: Oribatida) Collected from Rice(Oryza sativa L) 1.
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 34, issue 2, 1995, Pages 132~139
The present work was dealt with the twelve species of orbatid mites from leaves, stems and stubbles of rice( Oryza sativa L). Among them six species, that is, Protoribates agricola, Scheloribates decarinatus, Scheloribates oryzae, Sacculozets filosus, Punctoribates manzanoensis, and Paralamellobates ceylanica are new ones in Korea. The other species are Epilohmannia palida pacifica, Podorbates cuspidatus, Tricogaulumna nipponica, Peloribate sp., Scheloribates sp., Galumna sp.
Protein Contents During Oocyte Development and Some Characteristics of Egg-Specific Protein in Lucilia illustris
Lee, Jong-Jin ; Man-Young Choi ; Hee-Kwon Lee ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 34, issue 2, 1995, Pages 140~146
Changes in protein content during oocyte development was measured and egg-specific protein was characterized from the eggs in Lucilia illustris. During normal development ovarian protein was rapidly increased at 72hr and reached maximum at 96hr after a protein meal, when the eggs were fully matured. Purified protein from the ovaries by gel filtration of DEAE-cellulose an Sephacryl S-200 was loaded on 7.5% native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and identified at
0.4 as egg-specific protein, which has a mol. wt of 110,000. A total of 13 amino acids in th egg-specific protein was identified and expecially asparagine, glutamic acid, and tyrosine were highly concentrated. Five fatty acids were also identified. It is suggested that there is a specific protein in the eggs of L. illustris except yolk protein synthesized and secreted by fat body.
Seasonal Occurrence of Campoletis chlorideae Uchida and Its Control Efficacy on the Oriental Tobacco Budworm, Helicoverpa assulta (Guenee), in Tobacco Fields in Suwon
B.S. Nandihalli ; Joon-Ho Lee ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 34, issue 2, 1995, Pages 147~153
The occurrence of Oriental Tobacco Budworm (OTB), Helicoverpa assulta (Guenee), larvae in early and late planted tobacco fields showed tow or three distinct peaks. The parasitoid, Campoletis chlorideae Uchida, occurred for a short period with one peak following th second peak of OTB in early planted fields. However, in late planted fields, the parasitoid occurred as long as the OTB larvae were abundant. The OTB larval density was higher in late planted fields than in early planted fields. Among four varieties of tobacco, the OBT larval occurrence was relatively high on NC-744 throughout the season. However, more parasitoid cocoons were found in Burleyf-21 and NC-82. The seasonal occurrence of the larval parasitoid, C. chlorideae, assessed by an OTB larval release and recovery method, continued from late June to early September and relatively higher abundance was noticed from early July to late August. In a field cage evaluation of C. chlorideae as a biological control agent of OTB larvae, higher rate of C. chlorideae release (4 females/2
) resulted in higher larval parasitism (86.1%) and less leaf damage (8.7%) in tobacco. The leaf damage by OTB larvae was significantly high in the untreatment plot (23.2%) and the lowest damage (1.6%) was recorded in the chemical treatment plot.