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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean journal of applied entomology
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Applied Entomology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 34, Issue 4 - Dec 1995
Volume 34, Issue 3 - Sep 1995
Volume 34, Issue 2 - Jun 1995
Volume 34, Issue 1 - Mar 1995
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Effects of 20-hydroxyecdysoneon Adult Development of Diapausing Fall webworm (Hyphantria cunea Drury) Pupae
Seung Lyeol Gha ; Kyung Saeng Boo ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 34, issue 4, 1995, Pages 287~294
Studies were carried out to elucidate the efficacy of exogeneous 20-hydroxyecdysone treatment on terminating pupal diapause in the fall webworm. Hyphantria cunea Drury. And the difference was also investigated between normal adult development and post-diapause development after 20-hydroxyecdysone treatment. In the diapause termination rate of pupae treated with 20-hydroxyecdysone after storage for various periods at 16L:8D and
, at the highest rate was observed from the group stored for the longest period and the lowest rate from those stored for 1.5 months. The time needed for adult emergence was inversely proportional to the chilling (at
) period, and the longer its exposure period at low temperature, the higher its sensitivity to 20-hydroxyecdysone treatment. Pupal diapause duration was almost the same, regardless of storage period in the total darkness or at the photoperiod of 16L:8D, and also they successfully emerged to adult even without any experience at low temperature. The oxygen consumption rate in normally developing pupae showed nearly a typical U-form. But, that of diapausing pupae treated with 20-hydroxyecdysone slowly increased and jumped 14 days after the treatment. Pupal diapause began before formation of adult tissues, an a timing of adult tissue formation coincided with ascending timing of the metabolic rate in both normally developing pupae and diapausing pupae treated with 20-hydroxyecdysone. The diapausing pupae treated with 20-hydroxyecdysone was similar to normally developing pupae in band patterns of proteins from haemolymph or fat body.
Seasonal Occurrence and Chemial Control Effects of Eriococcus largerstroemiae Kuwana on Persimmon Trees
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 34, issue 4, 1995, Pages 295~299
This study was conducted to find the control methods, status of overwintering and seasonal occurrence of Erioccoccus largerstroemiae on persimmon trees in Ch'ondo area, Kyongbuk province in Korea. Usually, overwintering eggs were sheltered in bark, among them the rate of alive eggs was 28.7%. The activiation of garpe-myrtle scale showed from late April, and they have three generations per year. The first occurrence of larval stage of Erioccoccus largerstroemiae starts from late June to early July, the second occurrence begins from middle August to late August, and from late June to early July, the second occurrence begins from middle August to late August, and from middle September to late September is the third, thus, three peaks of occurrence revealed in early July middle August, and late September respectively. Average number of eggs conceived in female adult was 229.3. Spray effect of chemical control showed as follows; lime sulfur with tow applications of pesticides (late June, late August) at 97.8%, machine oil with tow applications of pesticides (late June, late August) at 96.8%. And during the growing period, the spray results using three applications of pesticide only (late June, late August, amid September) showed 77.2% in field condition.
Studies on the Life History of Cephonodes hylas (Linne) (Sphingidae: Lepidoptera)
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 34, issue 4, 1995, Pages 300~307
This study was carried out to investigate the life cycle of Cephonodes hylas (Linne), that is damaging to Gardenia jasminoides Ellis in the seedbed at Namhae during 1984 and 1985. Results are summarized as follows. The eggs were laid in mass on the leaf surface of the host plants. The oviposition period lasts for 26 days after late-May. The average number of eggs and average hatching rate were 20.36 and 97.61% , respectively. It takes 14-16 days until hatching. The egg shape was oval which its size was 1.01 mm in diameter and 1.48 mm in length. The body length of each larval instar from the 1st to the 5th were
5.62 mm, respectively. The average weight of each larval instar were
107.70 and 2,
760.70 mm, respectively. The larval period was observed from July to October, and total duration of larval stage was 116 days in which duration of each larval instar from the 1st to the 5th were 12, 36, 32, 16 and 20 days, respectively. During larval stage, a larvae feed on 17~18 seedlings. The 5th instar larvae built its place in soil for overwinter and became pupa. The body length of pupa was 33.6 mm and average weight was 2,032 mg Adult was emerged from overwintened pupa from mid through late-May in the followings year. The sex ratio of female was 42.82% and the color ratio of brown was 89.93%.
Phenogenetical Relationships of Sex Comb and Genital Arch in Drosophila melanogaster Complex and Their Hybrids
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 34, issue 4, 1995, Pages 308~313
Drosophila melanogaster, D. simulans, and D. sechellia are closely related species which belong to the D. melanogaster complex; the first two cosmopolita and the last one restricted to th Seychelles archipelago. The phenogenetical relationship between this complex and their hybrids were investigated by the comparison of sex-comb tooth number an genital arch of male. In interspecific hybrids of all crosses between three species four hybrid males were produced and completely sterile. Males of D. simulans (
) have significantly less sex-comb teeth (mean 8.35) than either D. melanogaster (OR, mean 10.73) and D. sechellia (Ja, mean 10.60). From the analysis by the number of sex-comb tooth in interspecific hybrids we could not represent the direction of heredity nature. each species of D. melanogaster complex were characteristic in the shape of the genital arch, which readily allows these species to be distinguished. The common structure of the genital arch in the interspecific hybrids were mosaic-like structure between parental species.
Pathogenicity of Korean Entomopathogenic Nematodes (Steinermematidae and Heterorhabditidae) against Local Agricultural and Forest Insect Pests
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 34, issue 4, 1995, Pages 314~320
Pathogenicity of Korean entomopathogenic nematodes against local insect pests was different depending on strains or target-insect pests. Mortalities of diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella larvae were 51.8%, 77.8%, 96.3% or 100% in Hanrim Steinernema sp. and 50.0%, 74.1%, 96.3% or 98.1% in Hamyang Heterorhabditis sp. on filter paper when larvae were exposed to 3, 6, 12, or 24 nematodes per larva. Mortalities of them on kale leaves at the same concentration were 44.4%, 63.0%, 76.1%, or 94.5% in Hanrim Steinernema sp. and 79.7%, 81.6%, 94.4%, or 100% in Hamyang Heterorhabditis sp., respectively. In field test, control value of Hanrim Steinernema sp. was 72.0% and that of Hamyang Heterorhabditis sp. was 84.1% in 14 days when 300,000 nematodes were sprayed to each plot (
). Although mortalities of rice stem borer, Chilo suppressalis larvae showed no difference at high concentration, Hamyang Heterorhabditis sp. (47.3~100%) was more effective than Hanrim Steinernema sp. (34.3~83.3%) at low concentration, 50~200 nematodes/ml. When chestnut curculio, Curculio sikkimensis larvae were treated with Sancheong Steinernema sp. and Hamyang Heterorhabditis sp., respectively. When pellucid zygaenid, Pryeria sinica larvae were exposed to nematodes, Pocheon Steinernema sp. was effective ranging from 96.7% to 100% but mortalities of them were 63.3~76.7% in Dongrae Steinernema sp..
Study on the Bonomics of Overwintering Small Brown Planthopper, Laodelphax striatellus Falen, in Milyang
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 34, issue 4, 1995, Pages 321~327
This study was conducted to determine the winter ecology of the small brown planthopper (SBPH), laodelphax striatellus Fallen, in Milyang, east Kyungsangnamdo province. The age distribution in the overwintering SBPH population varied according to collection dates. In early December, the population distribution was 60% 4th instar, 30% 3rd instar, 6% 5th instar, 3.4% 2nd instar with very few adults and 1st instar. In early March 5th instars had the highest propotion (47-50%) with 4th instar 44-46%. In early April the adult population was 75-81% of the population. The averaged nymphal instar converted the age distribution of he overwintering SBPH in to the into the numerical values tended to increase continuously. However, there were some differences in the averaged nymphal instar of overwintering SBPH annually and these differences resulted from different age distribution of the overwintering SBPH due to different annual temperature fluctuations during overwitering periods. The weight of the overwintering SBPH increased continuously during overwintering periods. The collection density of the overwintering SBPH population was significantly higher on the levee than in the barley field. Percent nymphal parasitism by haplogonatopus atratus in the overwintering SBPH population averaged about 21% regardless of overwintering years.
Acaricide susceptibilities of Field-Collected Populations of Two-spotted Spider Mite, Tetranychus urticae (Acari:Tetranychidae) from Apple Orchards
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 34, issue 4, 1995, Pages 328~333
Susceptibilies of tow-spotted spider mite (Tetranychus urticae Koch) collected at 6 locations were assessed to 15 acaricides. The response to acaricides were almost similar in female adults and eggs. There were considerable difference in susceptibility depending on the acaricide treated and the region from which the population was collected. The population showing resistance ratio of more than 20 with respect to certain acaricide was regarded as a resistant population to the acaricide. The resistant populations in terms of female adult were as follows: Suwon population to azocyclotin, cyhexatin, and fenbutatin-oxide; Taejon population to dicofol and fenbutatin-oxide; Chongju population to dicofoll Chinju populatin to cyhexatin, dicofol, and fenbutatin-oxide. The resistant populations in terms of egg were as follows; Suwon population to bifenthrin, clofentezine, hexythiazox, and tetradifon; Kunwi, Chongju, and Kwangju populations to bifenthrin; Taejon population to amitraz and bifenthrin; Taejon populatin to amitraz and bifenthrin; Chinju population to amitraz, bifenthrin, clofentezine, dicofol, and tetradifon. However, the female adults and eggs of all field populations were susceptible to abamectin, chlorfenson, and fenpyroximate. This tendency was also reported previously in the susceptible strain from laboratory.
The Effects of Light and Dark Adaptation upon the Compound Eye of Nilaparvata lugens
Young Nam Youn ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 34, issue 4, 1995, Pages 334~343
The eyes of Nilaparvata lugens were examined for ultrastructural changes in the light and dark adapted states. Inspection of light microscope sections taken at similar levels of compound eyes from insects kept in light or darkness for periods up to 72 hors revealed some differences between light and dark adapted eyes. Using the electronmicroscope, in light adapted eyes the palisade layer was narrower than that in dark adapted eyes. The pigment granules still formed a ring around the palisade layer in the dark adapted eye but, they did not form a tight circle around the rhabdom. No constant difference was found between the diameters of the microvilli in light and dark adapted eyes. The pigment movements at the junction of the cone and the rhabdom took the effect on varying the pigment aperture at the tip of the cone in front of the rhabdom tip.
Distribution and Characterization of Bacillus thuringiensis isolated fro soils in Korea
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 34, issue 4, 1995, Pages 344~349
To isolate naturally occurring novel Bacillus thuringiensis strains for useful pest con시 agents, A total of 64 isolates of B. thuringiensis producing spore and crystal were obtained from 583 soil samples in Korea. Toxicity of isolates was assayed against Lepidoptera (Bombyx ori), Diptera (Culex pipens) and Coleoptera (Sitophilus oryzae), respectively. The results showed that B. thuringiensis isolates toxic Lepidoptera are 42.2% , both Lepidoptera and Diptera are 31.3% and Diptera are 20.3%, demonstrating that spectrum of insecticidal activity of B. thuringiensis isolates is various. But no B. thuringiensis isolates have toxicity against Coleoptera.
Systematic study of Criconematoidea from Korea. 3 Two new and one known species of Criconematoidea from Korea (NEmatoda : Tylenchida)
Young Eoun Choi ; Etienne Geraert ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 34, issue 4, 1995, Pages 350~359
Among recent materials identified from Korea two species of Criconematoidea are different from described forms: Criconemella hawangiensis is larger and has a longer stylet than C. paragoodey, head an tail annuli also differ. Hemicycliophora parajuglandis has an outbulging lip area that sits like a hemicircle on the head and pushed the lateral head side inwards; morphology and measurements correspond to H. juglandis and also to H. koreana. Hemicycliophora epichoroides is newly recorded from Korea.
Relative Toxicity of Abamectin to the redatoryMite Amblyseius womersleyi Schicha (Acari: Phytoseiidae) and Twospotted Spider MIte Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae)
Park, C. G. ; M. H. Lee ; J. K. Yoo ; J. O. Lee ; B. R. Choi ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 34, issue 4, 1995, Pages 360~367
The relative toxicity of abamectin was assessed to the predatory mite Amblyseius womersleyi Schicha and to dicofol-resistant and -susceptible twospotted spider mite (TSM) Tetranychus urticae Koch in the laboratory. Abamectin was much les toxic to the predator than to the spider mite. At 0.12 and 0.6 ppm, all TSM adult females of the tow strains were killed within 48 h after dipping n the solutions. The lower concentrations (0.06 and 0.012 ppm) killed more than 77% of TSM female adults of the two strains at 120 h after treatment. However, abmectin did not significantly affect the survival and mobility of A. womersleyi female adults at a concentration of 0.12 ppm but the mortality was slightly increased up to 20~23% at 0.6 and 6 ppm. Abamectin did not significantly affect hatchability of one-day old TSM eggs at 0.06~0.6 ppm. The Four-day old eggs were much more susceptible to abamectin than one-day old eggs were. Within 0.006-6 ppm, abamectin did not affect the hatchability of A. womersleyi eggs and the development of resulting immature predators. When the predator female adults were dipped in 0.6 and 0.12 ppm solution, their reproduction was not affected, but at 6 ppm it was decreased by 35%. However, the reproduction of TSM reduced significantly at concentrations between 0.006 and 0.6 ppm. The differential toxicity of abamectin between TSM and the predator could be of practical importance in managing spider mite populations in the field. Abamectin at selective sublethal concentrations (i.e., 0.012~0.06 ppm) could be of value in adjusting predator/prey ratios in integrated management of spider mites.
Isolation of Entomopathogenic Fungi for Infection to the Pine Gall Midges, Thecodiplosis japonensis from the Forest Soil in Korea
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 34, issue 4, 1995, Pages 368~372
To develop a microbial pesticide for the control of pine gall midges. Thecodiplosis japonensis, entomopathogenc fungi were isolated from 233 soil samples in the damaged region of Thecodiplosis japonenesis, and identified with Beauveria spp. 29 strains and Paecilomyces spp. 2 strains. The morphology of entomopathogenic fungi was observed by scanning electron miroscope. In addition, the toxicity of entomopathogenic fungi was observed by scanning electron microscope. In addition, the toxicity of entomopathogenic fungi isolated from soil samples was determined by bioassay against Thecodiplosis japonensis larvae. The result showed that toxicity of relatively pathogenic strains, Beauveria spp. SFB-168-2 was 82.9%, suggesting that Beauveria spp. SFB-168-2 is effective entomopathogenic fungi for the control of pine gall midges.
Isolation of Novel Non-Toxic Bacillus thuringiensis from Soil Samples in Korea
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 34, issue 4, 1995, Pages 373~377
Four Bacillus thuringiensis isolates obtained from soil samples in Korea produce parasporal inclusions non-toxic to 10 insect species of three orders, Lepidopera, Diptera and Coleoptera. These four isolates are named NTB-1, NTB-2, NTB-3 and NTB-4, respectively. The morphology of parasporal inclusions of four isolates observed by phase contrast- and scanning electron microscope was all ovoid. Characterization of four non-toxic B. thuringiensis isolates was determined by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and restriction endonuclease analysis. The results showed that parasporal inclusion proteins and total plasmid DNA profiles of four isolates are different from other known non-toxic B. thuringiensis strains', suggesting that four isolates are novel.
A Review of the Games Phalonidia (Lepidoptera, Tortricidae) in Korea
B. K. Byun ; K. T. Park ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 34, issue 4, 1995, Pages 378~390
Among 15 recognized species of the genus Phalonidia from Korea, following 9 species are reported for the first time from Korea: Phalonidia aliena Kuznetsov, P. lydiae Filipijev, P. scabra Liu et Ge, P. zygota Razowski, P. alismana (ragonot), P. luridana (Gregson), P. permixtana ([Denis et Schiffemuller]), P. rubricana (Peyerimhoff), and P. silvestris Kuznetsov.
Studies on Relative Densities of Cockroach Populations in 7 Different Habitats by Using Sticky-Traps in Suwon
Myung-Soon Kim ; Hyo-Sok Yu ; Hung-Chul Kim ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 34, issue 4, 1995, Pages 391~405
Cockroach survey on the relative density from 7 different habitats including hotel-ins, tea-rooms restaurants, hospitals, apartments, and resident hoses were conducted in 3 District(Ku) areas in Suwon city during the period of February through October, 1994. of a total of 3.039 trap sets, Cockroaches were collected from 1,435 traps, comprised of a 47.22% positive trap-rate. Chinese restaurants were shown to be the highest positive trap-rate of 72.67% of the total while the other habitats such as Korean restaurants, apartments, resident hoses, tea-rooms, hotel-inns, and hospitals were 60.67%, 58.61%, 52.22%, 38.67%, 24.88%, and 17.54%, respectively. Blattella germanica was shown to be the highest population density of 55.01 individuals/trap/week comprised of 97.36% of the total during survey period whereas the other 3 species, Periplaneta japonica, P. americana, and P. fuliginosa constituted in lesser extent of 2.35%, 0.14%, respectively. Of a total of 7 different cockroach breeding habitats, higher population density per trap/week was from restaurants with averages of 20.56 and 8.31 cockroaches from Chinese and Koran restaurants, respectively. An intermediate extent of density was observed from apartments, tea rooms and resident houses with 5.33, 3.79 and 3.53 individuals, respectively. Lower relative densities of cockroaches were observed from hospitals and hotel-inns with averages of 0.18 and 1.00 individuals per trap/week, respectively.