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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean journal of applied entomology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Applied Entomology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 35, Issue 4 - Dec 1996
Volume 35, Issue 3 - Sep 1996
Volume 35, Issue 2 - Jun 1996
Volume 35, Issue 1 - Mar 1996
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Korean Species of Genus Zeiraphera (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae)
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 35, issue 3, 1996, Pages 193~198
Five species of the genus Zeiraphera from Korea were recognized. Among them species, Z. demutana (Walsingham) and Z. rufumitrana(Herrich-Schaffer), are reported for the first time Korea.
Seven Newaly Recorded Species of the Tribe Olethreutini (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) from Korea
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 35, issue 3, 1996, Pages 199~204
Seven species of the tribe Olethreutini belonging to the family Tortricidae are reported for the first time from Korea with their brief redescriptions and illusrations: Apotomis inundana ([Denis et Schiffermuller]), Eudemopsis tokui brief redescriptions tokui Kawabe, Hedya tsushimanensis Kawabe, Hedya vixinana (Regonot), Hystrichosolus spathanum Walsingham, Olethreutes lacunana ([Denis et Schiffermuller]), and Pristerognatha penthiana (Guenee).
Effects of Photoperiod and Temperature on Formation and Fecundity of Two Seasonal Forms of Psylla (Homoptera: Psyllidae)
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 35, issue 3, 1996, Pages 205~208
Psylla pyricola population from Suwon(
16' N) begins to enter diapause by exposure to a photoperiod of 14hr light. Over 93% of adults were induced to enter diapause when exposed to 13hr loght period, and at 18 and
, the critical photoperiod was not influenced. When the photoperiod was switched during the nymphal stage from 16L to 10L, no morph change was occurred in the 4th and 5th instars. Average number of eggs laid per female was 486.2 in winter form adult and 387.2 in summer form adults, and average oviposition periods were 34 and 24 days, respectively.
Absence of DNA Polymorphisms in Myzus persicae (Homoptera: Aphididae) in Relation to their Host Plants
H. J. Kim ; K. S. Boo ; K. H. Cho ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 35, issue 3, 1996, Pages 209~215
DNA polymorphisms were analyzed for 8 clones of the green peach aphid, Myzus persicae Sulzer, by random amplified polymorphic DNA-polymerase chain reaction (RAPD-PCR). The insect has different host preferences and was even classified into two different species, M. persicae Sulzer and Myzus nicotinae Blackman by their morphological characters, but this point is still in arguement. To identify the differences between two types of the green peach aphid by RAPD-PCR, the template DNA was extracted from 4 clones each of tobacco-feeding and non-tobacco-feeding forms and one hundred primers of 10-nucleotideslong were tested in PCR. The amplified DNAs were analyzed by agarose gel electrophoresis. Eighty-three primers gave amplified DNA fragments with 1 to 22 in number and 500 to 20,000 base pairs in length, but no amplification was observed in the other 17 primers. The average number of fragment per each amplification was about 13. In the case of 82 out of 83 random primers, band patterns of amplified DNA were identical among 8 clones, even though some differences were noticed in the intensity of specific bands. Polymorphism was detected by only one primer within the tobacco-feeding forms, but not between the two host types. The results did not detect any relationship between RAPD polymorphism and their host preference.
Effects of the X Chromosome on the Formation of Sex Comb and Genital Aech in the Hybrids between Drosophila simulans and D. Mauritiana
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 35, issue 3, 1996, Pages 216~220
Drosophila simulans and D. mauritiana are sibling species, the former cosmopolitan and the latter restricted to the oceanic island of Mauritius. Sex comb-tooth number of male flies of D. simulans were about 9.83, while those of D. mauritiana were 12.90. Genital arch of D. simulans is large semicircular shaped expasion, while that of D. mauritiana is a narrow fingerlike expansion. We used classical genetic analysis to measure effects of genes on the X chromosome responsible for numeral and morphological differences in sex comb-tooth and genital arch between these species, respectively. For these purposes, mutant strain of D. simulans and wild type strain of D. mauritiana were hybridized and males of the FI and the backcrossed progenies were compared with two characters above mentioned. The sex comb-tooth number of F, males were about 11.79, and the genitalia of F, male were intermediate in shape between those of D. simulans and D. mauritiana. Genetic analysis of sex comb-tooth number and genital arches differing between D. simulans and D. mauritiana showed that very little diffemce was due to effect of the X chromosome.
Effects of the Entomopathogenic Fungus Beauveria bassiana on the Larva of the Black Tipped Sawfly, Acantholyda posticalis posticalis Matsumura
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 35, issue 3, 1996, Pages 221~227
Four strains of Beauveria bassiana F101, F587, F9 and FJ8, were received from Forestry Research Institute,Seoul. The strain, B. bassiana F101, was the most active in the enzymatic activity and spore production. Whenspores of B. bassiana FlOl were sprayed on the female larva of the black tipped sawfly with various concentrationsof 6 xl 0'~-10s~p ores/ml, insects started to die from 5-7 days, and were covered with mycelia andspores in 24-28 days at 25"C, while the insect did not show visible symptoms even after 50 days at 4'C. Theinsect injected with 5 pl of spore solution (3X l0'~-10s~p oreslml) died within 30-98 and 38-218 hours at25
C and 4"C, respectively. About 3 days (60 hours) after the injection with a concentration of 3 x lo9 spores1ml, at the point of the insect's death, lots of proteins started to disappear '||'&'||' the hemolymph, fat body and carcaseat 25'C. Esterase activity in the tissues was gone suddenly after that time. Six days after the spray, manyprotein and esterase bands were lost in the hemolymph, but not those in the fat body and carcase. When thefungi growing in the host were exposed in the air, they put energy for spore production, while numerous longand thin mycelia branched out from the host body in the soil.e host body in the soil.
Pathogenicity and Production of Spodopetra exigua Nuclear Polyhedrosis Virus
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 35, issue 3, 1996, Pages 228~231
To produce Spodoptera exigua nuclear polyhedrosis virus (SeNPV) using S. exigua larvae, the efficiency of the in vivo production was analysed by larval instar, inoculum and mortality. The results revealed that the mortality of 4th instar larvae inoculated with 1.OX 10' EIBs per ml was 86.7% and the yields of SeNPV was maximal, demonstrating that 4th instar larvae inoculated with 1 . 0l~o6 PIBs per ml were effective to mass production of SeNPV
Toxicity of Some Pesticides to Twospotted Spider Mite (Acari: Tetranychidae) and its Predator Amblyseius womersleyi (Acari; Phytoseiidae)
C. G. Park ; J. K. Yoo ; J. O. Lee ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 35, issue 3, 1996, Pages 232~237
Toxicity of 5 acaricides, 4 insecticides. and 6 fungicides to the twospotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae Koch, and its predator Amblyseius womersleyi Schicha was assessed in a laboratory using a leaf disk bioassay. Dicofol was equally very toxic to aduly females of T. urticae and A. womersleyi, and caused 46% and 40% mortality of eggs of those two species, respectively. Adult females of A. womersleyi dipped in Abamectin solution showed low mortality(16.6%), while all T. urticae females died within 24 hours after dipping. Three ovicidal acaricides (Tetradifon, Clofentezine, and Hexythiazox) showed no mortality of predator eggs, but more than 90% mortality of T. urticae eggs. Four insecticides (Teflubenzuron, Triflumuron, Diflubenzuron, and Imidacloprid) and three fungicides (Propineb, Fenarimol, and Polyoxin-B captan) were non toxic to the A. womersleyi adult females. The other fungicides (Chlorothalonil, Nuarimol.Mancozeb, and Folpet) were a little toxic to adult females of the predator, showing
23.3% mortality, It may be suggested from these results that 4 insecticides, 4 acaricides, and 6 fungicides described could be incorporated into the integrated pest management system with A. womersleyi in apple orchard.
Synergism of Several Synergists of Antii-Juvenile Hormone Analog, 7-Ethoxy Precocene II to Milkweed Bug Oncopeltus fasciatus Dallas
;William S. BOWERS;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 35, issue 3, 1996, Pages 238~242
The second instar milkweed bugs, Oncopeltus fasciatus were exposed to the residue of 6-methoxy-7-ethoxy-2, 2- dimethylchromene(or 7-ethoxy precocene 11, 7-EP-11) with one, two, or four different kinds of synergist(s) deposited as a residue on 9 cm diameter petri dishes. The anti juvenile hormone analog, 7-EP-I1 yielded a 50% effectiveness concentration at 1.18 wg/cmZ. The concentration of 7-EP-I1 and R020-9747 combined gave 0.084 ~*g/cm', as much 14 times more potent than with 7-EP-I1 alone. Most of the other synergists, including geraniol, 4-chalcone oxide, isosafrole, and piperonyl butoxide however, showed comparatively low level synergism with 1.0-4.3 times, depending upon the combinations of the synergist(s). The obtained results were considered that R020-9747, an analog of benzopyran with similar structure to that of 7-EP-I1 inhibited selectively the insect monooxygenase oxidative defense mechanism, in the body except for corpora allata because general antioxidants of piperonyl butoxide, isosafrole, and 4-phenyl chalcone oxide showed relatively mild synergism.
Selection of the Acaricides Selective to Harmonia axyridis and Effect of their Application on Phytophagous Mites and Natural Enemies
Cho, Jum-Rae ; Hong, Ki-Jeong ; Lee, Gwen-Seok ; Park, Byung-Ryul ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 35, issue 3, 1996, Pages 243~248
This study was conducted to select the acaricides selective to H. axyridis and examine the effects on phytophagous mites and natural enemies after application of selected acaricides in the apple orchard. All the acaricides tested were more toxic to T. urticae and P. ulmi than to H. axyridis, and also were more toxic to egg than to the larva and adult of H. myridis. Azocyclotin and fenpropathrin were the highest and lowest selective acaricides to H. axyridk, respectively. The density of phytophagous mites was high affected by frequency of acaricide application. Significant difference in the changes of the density of natural enemies was not be observed according to frequency of acaricide application and kinds of acaricide. Acaricide treatment showed high effect on the population densities of A. womersleyi and Oriur spp., while less effect on Chrysopa spp.
Age-related Susceptibility of Spodoptera litura Larvae to Some Insecticides
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 35, issue 3, 1996, Pages 249~253
In the laboratory study, the toxicities of chlorpyrifos-methyl, chlorpyrifos, etofenprox, etofenprox+PAF' and deltamethrin for different larval instars of S. litura decreased significantly as larvae aged. LCso values for chlorpyrifos- methyl and chlorpyrifos increased significantly from 3rd instar larvae, while those for etofenprox+PAP and deltamethrin-increased from 2nd instar larvae. In pot study, no significant differences in control efficacy were observed among each treated plots and over 90% control efficacy at 5 d after treatment was obtained in all of the treated plots, except treatment with deltamethrin. Therefore four insecticides excluding deltamethrin will be effective for controlling S. litura. However, it will be probably important to select appropriate insecticides and decide a proper time of treatment because the developmental stage is a significant factor in deciding insecticide efficacy because various developmental stages of the tobacco cutworm inhibit in fields.
Mechanisms of Parathion Resistance in a Ethyl Fenitrothion-Selected Yumenoshima III Strain of House Flies
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 35, issue 3, 1996, Pages 254~259
The biochemical factors responsible for parathion resistance in a ethyl fenitrothion-selected Yumenoshima I11 (EF-30) strain of the housefly were examined. Great difference (167-fold) in the Iso was observed between the resistant EF-30 (R) and susceptible SRS (S) strains in vitro, suggesting that altered acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in the housefly strain was an important factor in the resistance. The in vitro degradative activity of parathion and paraoxon in both strains was associated with the microsomal and soluble fractions and required NADPH and reduced glutahione (GSH), respectively. The R strain possessed higher activity for GSH S-transferase than the S strain, and this enzyme appears to be important in the resistance mechanism. The R strain was highly resistant to parathion (101,487-fold), but substitution of the methoxy group for ethoxy group decreased the resistance level (25,914-fold) and parathion could be a substrate of GSH S-transferase. It is concluded that the combination of some factors (altered AChE, and enhanced activity of cytochrome P450 dependent monooxygenase and GSH S-transferase) could be sufficient to account for the extremely high level of resistance to parathion and parathion-methyl, although a possible involvement of other factor(s) can not be excluded.
Inheritance of Tetradifon Resistance in Two-spotted Spider Mite (Acari: Tetranychidae) and Its Cross Resistance
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 35, issue 3, 1996, Pages 260~265
A field colony of the two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae Koch, was selected with tetradifon for 4 mousing whole-plant residual method. This strain showed 371-fold resistance to tetradifon. The log dosehatchability lines of
eggs(RS cross; Td5female
Smale, and SR cross; Sfemale
Td5male) were closer to the line of the resistant colony than to that of the susceptible. These differences could be due to cytoplasmic inheritance or maternal effect. The estimate of dominance index (D) for the
eggs of RS cross was 0.998 and that for
eggs of SR cross was 0.262. This indicates that tetradifon resistance is completely dominant in RS cross and incompletely dominant in SR cross. Td5 strain exhibited high levels of resistance to clofentezine, benzoximate, and chlorfencon, and no cross resistance to fenazaquin, pyridaben, flufenoxuron, tebufenpyrad, and fenothiocarb.
Relative Toxicity of Fenpyroximate to the Predatory Mite, Amblyseius womersleyi (Acarina: Phytoseiidae) and the Twospotted Spider Mite, Tetranychus urticae (Acarina: Tetranychidae)
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 35, issue 3, 1996, Pages 266~272
The selective tox\ulcornercity of fenpyroximate to the predatory mite Amblyseius womersleyi and the twospotted spider mite Tetranychus urticae was evaluated. Adult females and eggs of both species were placed on bean leaf dis~sd ipped in several concentrations of fenpyroximate. Fenpyroximate was much less toxic to A. womersleyi than to T. urticae. Although the survival of adult females of A. womersleyi tended to decrease with increasing fenpyroximate concentration, 58-74% of predators remained alive at concentrations of 6.25-50 ppm. However, reproduction of predators was not significantly reduced at any of the concentrations tested. At 6.25-50 ppm, 32-40% of twospotted spider mite adult females survived but all survivors were immobilized. Moreover, reproduction of twospotted spider mites was reduced with increasing fenpyroximate concentration. Fenpyroximate did not affect the hatch of A. womersleyi eggs or the development of immature predators. Although survival of immature predators decreased with increasing fenpyroximate concentration, 16-48% of immature predators reached adulthood at 6.25-50 ppm. However, all immature spider mites failed to develop to adulthood at 6.25-50 ppm. Adult female predators survived on a diet of twospotted spider mites intoxicated with fenpyroximate, and their fecundity and sex-ratio of the progeny were not substantially affected. Fenpyroximate at selective sublethal concentrations (6.25-12.5 ppm), therefore, could be of value in adjusting predatorlprey ratio in integrated management of twospotted spider mites.