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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean journal of applied entomology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Applied Entomology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 39, Issue 4 - Dec 2000
Volume 39, Issue 3 - Oct 2000
Volume 39, Issue 2 - Aug 2000
Volume 39, Issue 1 - Apr 2000
Selecting the target year
The Asian Ladybird, Harmonia axyridis, as Biological Control Agents: I. Predacious Behavior and Feeding Ability
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 39, issue 2, 2000, Pages 59~71
The Asian ladybird, Harmonia axyridis, might be distinguished in biological control agents for the several aphid species in the greenhouses as well as in the fields. Therefore, feeding behavior and predacious capability characteristics were observed. When ladybirds are searching for aphids as their preys, they use the maxillary palpus as contact reception. Otherwise, most of aphids escape from walking or chewing ladybird to other place (mainly move to near-by leaf, or fall down to the under-leaf or ground) instead of plant sucking. Consumed time of ladybirds for searching and feeding prey were significantly different and dependent on their development stage. The ladybird adults ate about 120 green peach aphids and 257 cotton aphids per day. The 3rd instar of ladybirds ate 2,420 and 2,750 eggs of greenhouse whitefly on the cucumber and tomato leaf, respectively, as well. However, ladybird instars taken greenhouse whitefly eggs could not continuously develope to adult, on the other hand, ladybirds taken aphids were normal condition.
Population Trends and temperature-Dependent Development of Pear Psylla, Cacopsylla pyricola(Foerster) (Homoptera: Psyllidae)
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 39, issue 2, 2000, Pages 73~82
Two Psyllidae species of Cacopsylla pyricola (Foerster) and C. pyrisuga (Foerster)damaging pear trees have been reported in Korea. However, their ecological characteristics and damagepatterns have not been evaluated yet. To establish basic control measures of C. pyricola, field phenology,overwintering ecology, seasonal fluctuation and temperature-dependent development of C. pyricola wereexamined. C. pyricola overwintered under the bark scale of pear trees as winter form adults and theymoved to fruiting twigs from mid-February. Honeydew produced by C. pyricola nymphs and adults asthey feed caused serious black sooty mold on leaves and fruits. The seasonal occurrence of C. pyricolawas different every year. In 1993, characterized by cold temperature and heavy precipitation, C. pyricolapopulation was maintained highly during growing season. However, the population was decreased rapidlyfrom early July in 1994, year of hot and dry weather condition. In 1995, year of average temperature, thedensity of C. pyricola population was decreased during hot months of July and August, and rebuilt up inSeptember and October. The development periods of C. pyricola eggs were 13.33 days at 15"C, 9.32 daysat 20
C, 7.82 days at 25"C, 6.60 days at 30
C, and 7.75 days at 35
C. The development periods ofnymphs were 33.75 days at 15OC, 23.77 days at 20
C, 15.21 days at 25"C, and 17.40 days at 30
C. Theirdevelopment periods and mortalities were increased in higher temperatures. The parameters of nonlineardevelopment model, Weibull and linear development models of Cacopsylla pyricola were estimated.models of Cacopsylla pyricola were estimated.
Ecological Characteristics of Paralebeda plagifera femorata (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae) in Korea
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 39, issue 2, 2000, Pages 83~87
This study was carried out to investigate the life history of Paralebeda plagifera femorata in 1998 and 1999. Ginkgo biloba was newly known to be a host plant for the species in this study. The moth has one generation a year. It overwinted as 6th instar larva on branches of the host plant. The 9th instar larva made a rough cocoon by webbing two or three leaves, and pupated on the branch on late June. The moths emerged from early July through early August with a peak around late July. A female oviposited 205 eggs on an average on the branch, twig, or leaf margin.
Occurrence and Damage of Bradysia agrestis Sasakawa (Diptera: Sciaridae) in Propagation House
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 39, issue 2, 2000, Pages 89~97
Insect pests of eggplant, pepper, Chinese cabbage, watermelon, cucumber, melon, and tomato seedlings were surveyed in eleven propagation houses from 1998 to 1999. Ten species of insect pests of nine genera in eight families, two species of mites of one genus in one family, and three species of slugsor snails in three genera belonging to two families were found from the observed seedlings but Bradysia agrestis was the most serious pest out of them. Thus, occurrence and damage of B. agrestis were investigated in two propagation houses all the year round. In the observation of seedling mortalities of seven crops in May, July, October and the following February, only watermelon seedlings were withered and dead by the larva of B. agrestis with different mortality depending on time representing 81.9%, 41.3%, 54.9%, and 79.1%, respectively. All the developmental stages of B. agrestis were found every month throughout the year. Larval density and adult density were different according to season with the highest numbers in May showing 34.9 and 407.4, respectively. Mortality of watermelon seedlings was higher in April and May than the other months showing 83.3% in April and 82.4% in May. The number of adults attracted to sticky trap was also different depending on card colour. The number of adults was much higher on yellow sticky card (326.2) than blue sticky card (20.2). In the investigation of the number of adults on yellow sticky card at 25 cm and 120 cm above the bench and 10 cm under the bench, more numbers of adults were caught at 25 cm above the bench (273.7) and 10 cm under the bench (320.1) than 120 cm above the bench (27.9). Mortalities of cucumber, pepper, and watermelon seedlings after transplanting in greenhouses were not significantly different depending on culture method.
Development of Artificial Diets for Green Lacewing, Chrysopa pallens (Rambur), by Addition of Natural Products
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 39, issue 2, 2000, Pages 99~103
The green lacewing, Chrysopa pallens (Rambur), was reared on artificial diets supplementedwith natural products such as lyophilized beef liver, silk worm pupae powder and drone honey beepowder. The performance of the green lacewing was improved siginificantly on only the diet to whichadded 1 % of silk worm pupae powder (wt/v). Larval developement was completed in 15.6 f 0.99 days,cocoon weight was 16.4f2.94 mg, and suvival to adult was 89.3% at 27
C. And another diet made bymixing 4 part of lyophilized beef liver powder, 4 part of lyophilized beef powder, 3 part of lyophilizedchicken egg, 4 part of sucrose, and 50 mg each of vitamin C and Vanderzant's vitamin B mixture waspromising. Larval development of the green lacewing on this diet was completed in 12.7 f 1.45 days at27"C, pupal weight was 18.1 f 2.24mg, suvival to adult was loo%, and 633f70.4 eggs were laid in 20days after beginning of oviposition.ginning of oviposition.
Sex Pheromone Composition for Field-trapping of Dichocrocis punctiferalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) Males
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 39, issue 2, 2000, Pages 105~110
Sex pheromone composition was analyzed for Dichocrocis punctiferalis, which attacksapple, peach, chestnut fruits, etc., and its behavioral and field trapping studies were conducted to developa monitoring system with its sex pheromone. Virgin females showed maximum mating behavior andhairpencil extrusion behavior between 4-5 hrs after lights-off under 16L18D photoperiod and 26rf 1 "C.During this period, two sex pheromone components, ElO-hexadecenal and ZlO-hexadecenal, weredetected by GC analysis in the hexane extract of abdominal tips of virgin females. The best attraction ofmales to various synthetic sex pheromone blends was obtained at the 70 : 30 ratio of ElO-hexadecenal andZ10-hexadecenal for hair pencil extrusion and at the 80 : 20 ratio for flying upwind response. The highestattractiveness in fields was obtained between 70 : 30 and 80 : 20 from several tests in apple, peach andchestnut orchards.and chestnut orchards.
Comparison of Predacity of Nematode Predatory Fungi against Meloidogyne incognita
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 39, issue 2, 2000, Pages 111~115
Fifty-two nematode predatory fungi were isolated from 37 soil samples collected from eight provinces in Korea. Isolated fungi were tested their predacity against Rhabditis sp. and Meloidogyne incognita in petri dish, and against M. incognita in greenhouse pot experiments. Fifty isolates had trapping organ of adhesive networks and two isolates had adhesive column or adhesive knob. In petri dish experiments, 5 1 isolates against Rhubditis sp. and 26 isolates against M. incognita showed over 91 % of predacity; in greenhouse experiments, however, only three isolates showed over 81% of predacity. These results imply that the results from the laboratory experiments are not consistent with those from the greenhouse experiments. Therefore, to select a promising biocontrol predatory fungi for plant-parasitic nematodes, the screening experiment should be conducted in conditions close to nature.
Effect on Egg Hatch Inhibition of Benzoylphenylureas Treated to Different Aged House Fly, Musca Domestica L.
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 39, issue 2, 2000, Pages 117~122
The chemosterilizing effects of 4 benzoylphenylureas (BPUs), were tested on the adult house fly at different developmental stages. The male and female flies before insemination (I-day-old) or with fully developed ovaries (5-day-old) were exposed to the flask surface coated with BPUs solution (300 ppm) for 24 hrs. None of the eggs layed by the 5-day-old flies on the next day of exposure to either flufenoxuron or teflubenzuron hatched to larvae. The eggs layed by the 5-day-old flies exposed to either triflumuron or diflubenzuron also showed a significantly reduced hatchability of 23%. The first egg batches layed by 1-day-old flies exposed to flufenoxuron showed hatchability of only 1%. These results indicate that the BPUs applied were effective in egg sterilization irrespective of developmental stage of house fly. The effect of flufenoxuron was the most pronounced and lasted for 5 days after exposure.
Distribution of Plant-parasitic Nematodes in Fruit Vegetable Production Areas in Korea and Identification of Root-knot Nematodes by Enzyme Phenotypes
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 39, issue 2, 2000, Pages 123~129
This study was conducted to analyse the distribution of root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.) in fruit vegetable production areas in Korea. Soil samples were collected from greenhouses in Sungju (Kyungpook), Yeoju (Kyungki), Haman (Kyungnam), and Chungwon (Choongpook) provinces in 1997-1999. Plant parasitic nematodes were separated for density counting and some of the root-knot nematodes were identified using enzyme phenotypes of malate dehydrogenase (MDH) and esterase (EST). Among the 185 farms in Sungju province, Meloiciogyne spp. were detected from 99 farms (53.5%). Other plant parasitic nematodes detected were; Helic~otylmchuss pp. from 7 farms, Aphelenchus spp. from 43 farms, and Criconematids from 26 farms. Using the female enzyme phenotypes of MDH and EST. the four major root-knot nematodes in Korea, M. incognitc~(M I), M. uretznri~(M~ A), M. huplu (MH), and M. juvunica, could be identified. In the enzyme phenotype identification of 13 populations collected from Sunnam in Sungju province, 6 populations were identified as MA, 5 populations were identified as MI, and 2 populations were mixed with MI and MA. Among the 6 populations from Chojun in Sungju province. 4 populations were MA, one population was MI, and one population showed enzyme phenotypes of unknown species. Among the 14 populations of Yeoju province, l I populations were MH and 3 populations were MA.