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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean journal of applied entomology
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Applied Entomology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 43, Issue 4 - Dec 2004
Volume 43, Issue 3 - Sep 2004
Volume 43, Issue 2 - Jun 2004
Volume 43, Issue 1 - Mar 2004
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Check List of the Tribe Tortricini (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in Northeast China, with Two Newly Recorded Species from China
Byun, Bong-Kyu ; Shanchun Yan ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 43, issue 2, 2004, Pages 91~101
Thirty-six species of the tribe Tortricini (Tortricidae) in Northeast China are listed with available information. Among them, two species, Acleris hastina (Linnaeus) and A. laiordairana (Duponchel), are reported for the first time from China. Croesia crataegi (Kuznetsov) is newly recorded from Northeast China. Available information, including host plant, distributional range, and biological record, are enumerated.
Seasonal Occurrence of Japanese Gall-forming Thrips, Ponticulothrips diospyrosi Haga et Okajima, and Its Damage Pattern
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 43, issue 2, 2004, Pages 103~109
Seasonal occurrence of Japanese gall-forming thrips, Ponticulothrips diospyrosi Haga et Okajima, and its damage pattern on leaves and fruits were studied at sweet persimmon orchards in Gimhae (orchard A, B) and Changwon, Gyeongnam. Korea in 2002 and 2003. Monitoring adults by yellow sticky traps and inspecting each developmental stage in damaged rolled-leaves revealed that the overwintered adults moved to sweet persimmon orchard from late April to late May, and oviposited inside the rolled leaves. Adults developed from the eggs showed peak occurrence of the first generation adults in early to mid June. Inspection of rolled leaves indicated that the peak occurrences of eggs, nymphs, and pupae of the first generation took place in early to mid May, late May to early June, and early June, respectively. Each developmental stage showed the second small peaks in the late season. Results suggest that most thrips live a single generation per year, but a small portion may develop to the second generation in persimmon orchards. The percent of damaged leaves was highest in Changwon orchard at 9.7％ in early June. Percentage of damaged fruits increased from 0.84％ in early June to 30.2％ in early September in Gimhae B orchard. It was found that the closer the persimmon trees were to the edge of the orchard, the worse damaged the leaves were. Appropriate timing for incorporation of control measures were discussed in relation to the seasonal occurrence of adults.
Temperature-dependent Development and Its Model of the Melon Aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover (Homoptera： Aphididae)
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 43, issue 2, 2004, Pages 111~116
The development of Aphis gossypii was studied at various constant temperatures ranging from 15 to 35
, with 60-70％ RH, and photoperiod of 16：8 (L：D h). Mortality of A. gossypii was high in the early developmental stages, and at high temperatures. The total immature developmental period ranged from 4.6 to 11.5 days. The lower developmental threshold temperature and effective cumulated temperature for all immature stages were 5.0
and 106.8 degree-day, respective. The nonlinear shape of temperature-dependent development was well described by the modified Sharpe and DeMichele model. The normalized cumulative frequency distributions of developmental period for each life stage were fitted to the three-parameter Weibull function.
Comparison of the Colony Development in the Bumblebees, Bombus ignitus and B. terrestris
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 43, issue 2, 2004, Pages 117~121
Chilling temperature and colony development in Korean native bumblebee, Bombus ignitus and introduced B. terrestris were firstly investigated. Among four chilling temperatures of -2.5, 0, 2.5 and 5
showed the best result at the survival rate after artificial hibernation in both species. The survival rate after chilling was somewhat higher in B. ignitus until three months of cold treatment, but it was higher in B. terrestris at four months of cold treatment. In colony development of queens broken diapause by CO
treatment, oviposition rate and preoviposition period of B. ignitus were 72.5％ and 17.4 days, respectively. These values were 6.1％ higher and 7.4 days shorter than those of B. terrestris. The period up to colony foundation, the first male and queen emergence of B. ignitus were 62.8,66.4 and 63.0 days, respectively, and these values were 2.1-29.5 days shorter than those of B. terrestris. But, the duration up to first worker emergence of B. ignitus and B. terrexrris did not differ as 28.6 and 28.4 days, respectively. On the other hand, the rate of colony foundation and progeny-queen production of B. terrestris, which are the important indication in evaluating the quality of colony, were 14.2 and 13.5％, respectively and these values are 3.8 to 5.7 fold higher than those of B. ignitus. Besides, the numbers of progenies of B. terrestris reached 104.2 workers, 317.9 males and 21.1 queens, which corresponded to 1.1-1.8 fold those at B. ignitus. Therefore, above results showed that colony development of B. terrestris is superior to that of B. ignitus.
Effects of Food Combinations of Leguminous Seeds on Nymphal Development, Adult Longevity and Oviposition of Bean Bug, Riptortus clavatus Thunberg
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 43, issue 2, 2004, Pages 123~127
This study was conducted to determine the effect of food combinations of leguminous seeds on the nymphal development and adult fecundity of Riptortus clavatus Thunberg. Nymphal duration ranged from 20 to 28 days depending on food combinations with the shortest on the seed of soybean (Glycine max Linnaeus), soybean + kidney bean (Phaseolus vulgaris Linnaeus) and soybean ＋ peanut (Archis hypogaea Linnaeus) and the longest on the seed of kidney bean. Instar duration was longer with increasing instar from 2.4 to 2.5 days in the 1st instar to 5.3 to 7.3 days in the 5th instar Accordingly, instar duration was significantly different on food combinations exception of 1 st instar Percent emergence varied from 3.5％ on peanut to 65.0％ on the seed of soybean ＋ peanut. Nymphal mortality was the highest in the 1 st instar regardless of food combinations. Adult longevity was in range of 5.5 days to 11.2 days which was the shortest on the seed of kidney bean+peanut and the longest on soybean ＋ peanut and was about 8.0 days on the other food combinations. Total number of eggs laid by female was most on soybean+peanut and was least on kidney bean ＋ peanut. Accordingly, it can be recommended that food combination of the seed of soybean ＋ peanut was the best and then was soybean only while other food communications of leguminous seeds was hard to use for mass rearing of R. clavatus.
Development of Simple Monitoring Techniques of Fungus Gnats, Bradysia agrestis (Diptera： Sciaridae) Larva and Adult in Sweet Pepper Greenhouse
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 43, issue 2, 2004, Pages 129~134
A simple and easy method was developed to monitor fungus gnats, Bradysia agrestis on sweet pepper in greenhouses. The larvae of B. agrestis were more attracted to potato discs than other sweetpotato, carrot, garlic, radish, and onion discs. The average numbers of B. agrestis found in each disc were 9.7 (potato), 6.0 (sweetpotato), 4.3 (carrot), 0.7 (garlic), 3.8 (radish), and 1.0 (onion). The number of larvae also increased by the size of disc surface and resulted in 2.1 larvae in 10
10 mm, 3.4 larvae in 20
10mm, and 3.9 larvae in 30
10 mm. The adults were more attracted to a yellow sticky trap (50.0 numbers) than a blue (18.0 numbers) or a white (3.7 numbers) traps. The optimal height for installing sticky trap in the greenhouse was determined as less than 50 cm from the rockwool bed based on the adults caught in the traps; 50.0 in less than 50 cm, 4.3 in 50-100 cm, and 2.0 in more than 100 cm height
Ecological Characteristics of Dorcus hopei(E Saunders) for the Development of Mass-rearing Technique in Korea
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 43, issue 2, 2004, Pages 135~141
This study was carried out to review the distributional data of Dorcus hopei in Korea and to investigate ecological characteristics to develop a mass rearing technique of the species. The coupling period of the male and female was needed at least 2 weeks in condition of 6 months after emergence, and the optimal sex ratio for oviposition was 2♀：1♂. Eggs were laid singly, up to 27.3 per female. The pre-ovipostion period was average 147.3 days, egg-period was 15.6 days on the average, and oviposition period was at least 120 days. The optimum size of oviposition room was 55
35 cm with 3-4 oviposition-trees cut in size of 15
15 cm. Quercus acutissima was highly preferred for the oviposition. Developing period of each instar in the insectary (25
, 75％ R.H.. 16L：8D) was 24.1 days for the 1st instar,29.8 days for the 2nd, and 131.2 days for the 3rd instar, and 28.9 days for the pupa. The longevity of adults was longer than 35 months. The period of induced dormancy was needed at least 3-4 months.
A Possible Mechanism Related with Non-spinning Syndrome of Bombyx mori that Intimidates the Sericultural Industry in Northern Kyungbuk
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 43, issue 2, 2004, Pages 143~153
Non-spinning syndrome of Bombyx mori has been serious issue in sericulture industry near Kyungbuk area. This study was focused on the analysis of the mechanism and on screening candidate chemicals inducing the anti-metamorphosis of the silkworms. Rearing temperatures or initial body weight of the final instar larvae did not affect a normal larval to pupal metamorphosis of B. mori. However, pyriproxyfen (a juvenile hormone (JH) agonist) induced follicle patency significantly even at its 10
-8/ M concentration and inhibited metamorphosis of B. mori in both developmental time and dose dependent manners. Pyriproxyfen induced JH esterase (JHE) activity and downregulated expression of JH binding protein of 5. mori. These results suggests that pyriproxyfen induced JHE activity as a JH agonist and that the elevated JHE activity degraded endogenous JH and resulted in JHBP gene expression. Based on the fact that the JH agonist induced follicle patency and inhibited metamorphosis of B. mori, follicle patency bioassay suggested that three commercial pesticides including simazine, molinate or alachlor were proved to give potent JH agonistic effect on B. mori. Further direct exposure experiments to these candidates are required to determine the chemicals responsible for the non-spinning syndrome of 8. mori.
Comparative Expression of the Aedes aegypti 5-Hydroxytryptamine7 Receptor in Drosophila Schneider2 and Chinese Hamster Ovary-K1 Cells
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 43, issue 2, 2004, Pages 155~162
Serotonin receptor binds to serotonin (5-HT) and activates effector proteins such as adenylyl cyclase, phospholipase C, cyclic GMP phosphodiesterase or ion channel through G protein on the cell membrane, resulting in various physiological responses like diuresis, memory and development. To examine the comparative expression of the 5-HT
7/ receptor of Aedes aegypti, the Aedes 5-HT
7/ receptor gene was transfected into Drosophila Schneider2 (S2) cells and mammalian Chinese hamster ovary (CHO)-Kl cells. The expression of the Aedes 5-HT
7/ receptor gene in selected cell lines, Tr-CHO and Tr-S2, was confirmed with reverse transcription-PCR, Western blot and immunocytochemistry. Compared with the induced intracellular cAMP level of Tr-S2 cell line to 5-HT, the induced cAMP in the Tr-CHO cell line was over 9 times higher and was dose-dependent. These results suggest that the functionality of Aedes 5-HT
7/ receptor is much more effective in mammalian CHO-K 1 cells and that the Tr-CHO cell line expressing Aedes 5-HT
7/ receptor can be used for synthetic agonist or antagonist candidate screening.
Laboratory Studies on the Reproductive Behavior of Red-Striped Golden Stink-Bug, Poecilocoris lewisi Distant (Hemiptera : Scutelleridae)
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 43, issue 2, 2004, Pages 163~168
Reproductive behavior of the red-striped golden stink-bug, Poecilocoris lewisi Distant, was investigated in a room at 25
5％ R.H. and the 16L：8D photo regimen. Mating of adults started on the 9th day after emergence, peaked 84.5％ on the 21st day. Mating behavior of this insect was observed as follows : approach, antennal contact, mount, abdominal approach and copulation (end-to-end position). Males were quite active and produced by rubbing their body with the cages while searching for the females. However, the females responded passively during mating. Studios were further carried to see the response of virgin pairs under controlled conditions. It was observed that 69％ of pairs succeeded in mating within one hour after the lights were switched on. Females remained unreceptive for 7 days of first mating, however, males were very much positive subject to the availability of virgin females. Although the remating frequency of female was positively correlated with fertility, but a male showed lower fertility as its frequency increased.
Control Effects of Some Insecticides on Different Stages of the Stone Leek Leafminer, Liriomyza chinensis Kato (Diptera： Agromyzidae)
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 43, issue 2, 2004, Pages 169~173
Control effects of some insecticides were evaluated against the stone leek leafminer, Liriomyra chinensis Kato (Diptera： Agromyzidae) with the some different treatment methods. Insecticidal activities effects were estimated on the different development stages of the insects on welsh onion. The insecticides that controlled L. chinensis eggs with over 83％ efficacy were spinosad, dimethoate, emamectin, and cartap. The insecticides that showed over 87％ of larvicidal activity were dimethoate and cartap. Dimethoate showed 93.3％ insecticide residual activity for 3 days a(ter treatment as a foliar spray. For control of pupae, the insecticides that showed over 88％ of contact insecticidal activity were terbufos GR and cartap GR. Both dimethoate and cartap had high adulticidal activity with over 95％ control efficacy.
Effects of Sublethal Concentration of Insecticides On the Pupal Duration, Emergence, Adult Longevity and Oviposition of Tobacco Cutworm, Spodoptera litura (Fab.) (Lepidoptera : Noctuidae)
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 43, issue 2, 2004, Pages 175~180
This study was conducted to determine the effect of sublethal concentrations (
) of insecticides on pupal duration, emergence, adult longevity and oviposition of tobacco cutworm, Spodoptera litura Fabricius, when 3rd instar larva of tobacco cutworm was treated with insecticides of chlorpyrifos, ethofenprox, chlorfenapyr-bifenthrin and hexaflumuron-chlorpyrifos . Pupal duration of female and male were 6.9 days and 8.0 days at untreatment, and were 7.2 to 7.6 days and 8.3 to 8.6 days at insecticide treatment, respectively. Thus pupal duration at the insecticide treatment was slightly longer than that at the untreatment, and that of the males was slightly longer than that of the females even though significant difference between sublethal concentrations and among insecticides was not observed. Percent mergence was 88％ at untreatment and ranged from 79％ to 95％, in particular which showed above 91％ treated with chlorfenapyr-bifenthrin and ethofenprox, at insecticide treatment. Adult longevity was 7.7 days and 7.9 days for female and male at untreatment respectively, and 7.1 to 8.4 days for female and 7.7 days to 9.0 days for male at treatment. There was a significant difference between insecticides and sublethal concentrations of insecticides except showed the longest adult longevity at hexaflumuron-chlolfyrifos treatment. Total number of eggs laid were less at treatment (778-948) than that (1,010) at untreatment regardless of sublethal concentrations of insecticides. Accordingly the pupal duration and oviposition of tobacco cutworm were affected at the insecticide treatment of sublethal concentration.