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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean journal of applied entomology
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Applied Entomology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 50, Issue 4 - Dec 2011
Volume 50, Issue 3 - Sep 2011
Volume 50, Issue 2 - Jun 2011
Volume 50, Issue 1 - Mar 2011
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Developmental Characteristics and Feeding Behavior of Green Peach Aphid (Myzus persicae) on Sweet Pepper (Capsicum annuum) Cultivars
Yoon, Kyu-Sik ; Seo, Mi-Ja ; Kang, Min-Ah ; Kwon, Hye-Ri ; Park, Min-Woo ; Jo, Shin-Hyuk ; Yu, Yong-Man ; Youn, Young-Nam ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 50, issue 4, 2011, Pages 257~265
DOI : 10.5656/KSAE.2011.11.0.31
To investigate host preferencse of Myzus persicae on 15 sweet pepper cultivars grown in Jeonnam Province, EPG (electrical penetration graph) and life table experiments were carried out in the laboratory. Phloem phase times were significantly longer on Ferrari, Jinju, Debla, and Rapido than Orobell and Thialf. Non-penetration times were conversely observed. Life span, reproduction period, total fecundity, and intrinsic rate of increase (
) of M. persicae, were higher on Ferrari, Debla, Orange glory, and Jinju than on Purple, GreenAce, Orobell, and Thialf. On the bases of these results, we conclude that M. persicae preferred Ferrari, Jinju, Orange glory, and Debla among the 15 tested sweet pepper varieties. However, we could not show the preference of the aphid for Purple, Orobell, and Thialf.
Influences of Recovery Method and Fire Intensity on Coleopteran Communities in Burned Forests
Kwon, Tae-Sung ; Park, Young-Kyu ; Lee, Cheol-Min ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 50, issue 4, 2011, Pages 267~278
DOI : 10.5656/KSAE.2011.10.0.38
This study was conducted to estimate the effects of fire intensity and recovery methods on coleopteran communities in three burned forests, Goseong, Gangneung, and Samcheok in Gangwon province, Korea. Four sampling sites were selected in each study area according to disturbance degree (DD) caused by fire intensity and recovery methods. DD in the study sites were categorized as 0 (no fire), 1 (weak fire), 2 (strong fire), and 3 (strong fire followed by human disturbance). Beetles collected by pitfall traps were classified into 3 functional guilds: detritivore, herbivore, and carnivore. Diversity and abundance were slightly higher in the burned sites (DD = 1-3) than in the unburned sites (DD = 0), although there was no statistical significance. Coleopteran communities differed according to fire intensity and recovery method. This suggests that recovery of burned forests using both natural recovery and reforestation may increase the diversity of coleopteran communities.
First Record of the Fungivorous Tenebrionid, Bolitotrogus kurosonis Miyatake (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae), from Korea with a New Host Fungus
Jung, Boo-Hee ; Lee, Jong-Wook ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 50, issue 4, 2011, Pages 279~282
DOI : 10.5656/KSAE.2011.10.0.41
A taxonomic review of Bolitotrogus kurosonis Miyatake 1964 is presented. B. kurosonis is a fungivorous tenebrionid beetle and is a rare inhabitant of fungi on deciduous trees (Quercus, Carpinus laxiflora, etc.) in Korea. Sporophores of Inonotus mikadoi (Lloyd) Imaz. was the obligate feeding and breeding sites for this species in Jeju-do. A description, an additional key to the Korean Bolitophagini, fungal host, photographs of adult, and illustrations of diagnostic characteristics are provided.
Occurrence of Scrobipalpa salinella (Zeller) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) on Glasswort
Paik, Chae-Hoon ; Park, Jin-Young ; Lee, Geon-Hwi ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 50, issue 4, 2011, Pages 283~288
DOI : 10.5656/KSAE.2011.09.0.43
Occurrence of Scrobipalpa salinella (Zeller) was investigated on glasswort in Shinan, Jeonnam and Kimjae, Jeonbuk from 2010 to 2011. The occurrence of S. salinella observed four times in a year. Adult stages of S. salinella in two areas occurred from mid-April to late September. The peak times of 1st, 2nd and 3rd generation adults of S. salinella was observed on early May, mid-June, late July (in Kimjae) to early August (in Shinan) and early September, respectively. And larval stages of S. salinella occurred from late May to late August. The peak times of development of 1st, 2nd and 3rd generation larvae of S. salinella was observed on mid-June, mid-July and mid-August, respectively. However, the 4th generation larvae began to occur in mid-September but didn't damage in glasswort. Among the distances from the bank of glasswort field (3, 6, 9 m) and periods of damage (Jun. 16, Jul. 7, Aug. 12), larval density in 3 m distance from the bank in 1st damage season (Jun. 16) was high which resulted to severe damage. Damage of 2nd and 3rd generation larvae was progressed both density of larvae and levels of damage.
Economic Injury Level of Thrips tabaci (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) on Welsh onions (Allium fistulosum L. var) in the Early Transplanting Stage
Kang, Taek-Jun ; Cho, Myoung-Rae ; Kim, Hyeong-Hwan ; Jeon, Heung-Yong ; Kim, Dong-Soon ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 50, issue 4, 2011, Pages 289~293
DOI : 10.5656/KSAE.2011.09.0.48
This study was conducted to develop economic injury level (EIL) of onion thrips, Thrips tabaci, on welsh onion (Allium fistulosum L. var) in the early transplanting stage. The changes of welsh onion biomass, yield loss, and T. tabaci density were investigated according to the inoculation periods of T. tabaci. In the early transplanting stage of welsh onion, the yield loss (%) increased with increasing inoculation periods: 17.0, 53.3, 38.4, and 80.8% yield loss in 5, 10, 15, and 20 d inoculation periods, respectively. The relationship between Cumulative Insect Days (CID) of T. tabaci and yield loss (%) of welsh onion was well described by a nonlinear logistic equation. Using the estimated equation, EIL of T. tabaci on welsh onion was estimated to 30 CID per plant based on the yield loss 12% (an empirical gain threshold 5% + marketable rate 93% of welsh onion). ET was calculated to 24 CID, which corresponds to 80% of EIL. Until a more defined EIL-model is developed, the present results should be useful for T. tabaci management in early growth stage of welsh onion. The effect of T. tabaci attack on the yield of welsh onion in late growing season (120 days after transplanting) was also examined. The yield of welsh onion increased at a low population density of T. tabaci and decreased at higher densities, showing a typical over-compensatory response.
Taxonomic Review of the Subfamily Typhlodrominae (Acari: Phytoseiidae) with Generic Recombinations and One Newly Recorded Species in Korea
Ryu, Myon-Ok ; Seo, Hong-Yul ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 50, issue 4, 2011, Pages 295~299
DOI : 10.5656/KSAE.2011.10.0.53
This study presents the list and key to the 8 species of the Subfamily Typhlodrominae from Korea including a newly recorded species, Typhlodromus coryli Wu and Lan, 1991. This subfamily comprises four genera: Kuzinellus Wainstein, Paraseiulus Muma, Galendromus Muma, and Typhlodromus Scheuten.
Two Species of the genus Hypena Schrank, 1802 (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) New to China
Zhang, Bin ; Hu, Chun-Xiang ; Han, Hui-Lin ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 50, issue 4, 2011, Pages 301~306
DOI : 10.5656/KSAE.2011.10.0.54
Two species of the genus Hypena Schrank, 1802, H. nigrobasalis (Herz, 1904) and H. conspersalis Staudinger, 1888, are reported for the first time from China. Adults and genitalic characteristics of the two species are briefly redescribed, with illustrations and their distribution.
Optimization for Mycelial Growth and Inhibitory Effect on Nitric Oxide Production of Cordyceps nutans Pat.
Lee, Ki-Man ; Lee, Geum-Seon ; Nam, Sung-Hee ; Lim, Sung-Cil ; Kang, Tae-Jin ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 50, issue 4, 2011, Pages 307~314
DOI : 10.5656/KSAE.2011.09.0.56
Cordyceps (vegetable wasp and plant worm), an entomopathogenic fungi, has been used as a herbal medicine in Asian countries since ancient times. Cordyceps nutans is common but there is little research on this species. This study investigated the optimal culture conditions of C. nutans and the inhibitory effect on nitric oxide (NO) production in RAW 264.7 cell treated culture broth. The optimal conditions for the mycelial growth were
and pH 7.0-8.0. Mycelial growth was highest on mushroom complete medium (MCM), V8 juice agar (V8A), and yeast malt dextrose (YMD) medium. Mycelial growth on mushroom minimal medium (MMM) did not occur, so nutrient source was essential. Dextrose and sucrose as carbon sources, and ammonium citrate as a nitrogen source were satisfactory for mycelial growth. Cytotoxicity of C. nutans culture broth was not found in RAW 264.7 cells. C. nutans culture broth suppressed NO production of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW 264.7 cell in a dose-dependent manner. Thus, our results provided the optimal conditions for cultivation of C. nutans and showed that C. nutans may have excellent physiological activities.
Nematicidal Efficacy of Herbal Extracts against Meloidogyne hapla
Lee, Jung-Su ; Choo, Ho-Yul ; Lee, Dong-Woon ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 50, issue 4, 2011, Pages 315~324
DOI : 10.5656/KSAE.2011.10.0.57
The nematicidal and egg haching inhibitory effects of extracts from 30 herbal plants (total 32 samples) against Meloidogyne hapla J2 juveniles and eggs was tested using the dipping method. At 1,000 ppm, extracts of Daphne genkwa flower buds, Eugenia caryophyllata flowers, Quisqualis indica fruits, and Zingiber officinale rhizomes produced > 80% mortality in J2 juveniles. At 125 ppm, extracts of D. genkwa and Q. indica produced 91 and 99% mortality, respectively. The toxicity of 5 selected plant extracts to M. hapla differed depending on the solvent used (i.e. hexane, methanol, hot water, or cold water). Hot water extracts of Z. officinale and Q. indica produced nematicidal efficacies of 99 and 99%, compared to 36 and 98%, respectively, with cold water extraction. Q. indica extract was highly active against M. hapla regardless of extraction method. The inhibitory effects of Areca catechu, D. genkwa, Desmodium caudatum, Pharbitis nil, Q. indica, and Z. officinale extracts on egg hatching of M. hapla was evaluated. At 1,000 ppm, D. genkwa, P. nil, and Q. indica extracts significantly reduced hatching at 7, 14 and 21 days after treatment. Numbers of juveniles in soil treated with the methanol extract D. genkwa (1,000 ppm) were significantly lower than in untreated soil in trials in pots and in a ginseng (Phanax ginseng) field. These results indicate that Q. indica extracts could be used as an environmental friendly control agent of M. hapla.
Development of Variation Marker of Myzus persicae by Altitude
Kim, Ju-Il ; Kwon, Min ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 50, issue 4, 2011, Pages 325~333
DOI : 10.5656/KSAE.2011.11.0.59
This study focused on the green peach aphid, Myzus persicae, as an indicator pest in Chinese cabbage cultivation to develop a genetic marker. We hypothesized that M. persicae gene flow is related to climate change. Genetic variation was analyzed using five local populations collected at different altitudes (157 m, 296 m, 560 m, 756 m and 932 m above sea level) in Hoengseong, Pyeongchang, and Gangneung areas, plus a laboratory strain used as an outgroup. There were no differences in ecological characteristics among strains. Esterase isozyme pattern and inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) PCR results showed significantly different bands between laboratory and wild, local populations. However, there was no difference among local populations. Partial fragments of ribosomal RNA (rRNA) and mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I (mtCO I) were amplified and their nucleotide sequence was analyzed. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were detected in internal transcribed spacer-2 (ITS-2) and mtCO I regions among the five local populations. These SNPs can be use to discriminate different populations of M. persicae to monitor gene flow.
Effects of Gamma Irradiation on the Survival and Development of the Multicolored Asian Ladybird Beetle, Harmonia axyridis (Coccinellidae; Coleoptera)
Seo, Mi-Ja ; Lee, Hee-Jin ; Kang, Eun-Jin ; Kang, Si-Yong ; Yu, Yong-Man ; Youn, Young-Nam ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 50, issue 4, 2011, Pages 335~342
DOI : 10.5656/KSAE.2011.10.0.60
The effects of gamma irradiation on the survival, development, fecundity, and sex ratio of the multicolored Asian ladybird beetle (Harmonia axyridis) were investigated. A dose of more than 50 Gy dose of irradiation on eggs completely inhibited hatch, and 1st and 3rd instar larva irradiated with over 40 Gy almost died. Adverse effects of gamma irradiation over 70 Gy were also observed in the survival and development of pupae and adults. Although irradiated individuals usually survived, they had longer periods of larval and pupal development than untreated individuals. Slight female-biased sex ratios were observed in some treatments. However, sex ratio differences soon equilibrated. Generally, inherited harmful effects of gamma irradiation were observed in F1 and F2 generations. Comet tail indicating DNA damage was showed in survival individuals exposed to gamma irradiation.
Temperature-dependent Development Model and Forecasting of Adult Emergence of Overwintered Small Brown Planthopper, Laodelphax striatellus Fallen, Population
Park, Chang-Gyu ; Park, Hong-Hyun ; Kim, Kwang-Ho ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 50, issue 4, 2011, Pages 343~352
DOI : 10.5656/KSAE.2011.10.0.62
The developmental period of Laodelphax striatellus Fallen, a vector of rice stripe virus (RSV), was investigated at ten constant temperatures from 12.5 to
at 30 to 40% RH, and a photoperiod of 14:10 (L:D) h. Eggs developed successfully at each temperature tested and their developmental time decreased as temperature increased. Egg development was fasted at
(5.8 days), and slowest at
(44.5 days). Nymphs could not develop to the adult stage at 32.5 or
. The mean total developmental time of nymphal stages at 12.5, 15, 17.5, 20, 22.5, 25, 27.5 and
were 132.7, 55.9, 37.7, 26.9, 20.2, 15.8, 14.9 and 17.4 days, respectively. One linear model and four nonlinear models (Briere 1, Lactin 2, Logan 6 and Poikilotherm rate) were used to determine the response of developmental rate to temperature. The lower threshold temperatures of egg and total nymphal stage of L. striatellus were
, respectively. The thermal constants (degree-days) for eggs and nymphs were 122.0 and 238.1DD, respectively. Among the four nonlinear models, the Poikilotherm rate model had the best fit for all developmental stages (
=0.98~0.99). The distribution of completion of each development stage was well described by the two-parameter Weibull function (
=0.84~0.94). The emergence rate of L. striatellus adults using DYMEX
was predicted under the assumption that the physiological age of over-wintered nymphs was 0.2 and that the Poikilotherm rate model was applied to describe temperature-dependent development. The result presented higher predictability than other conditions.
Diversity and Abundance of Bark Beetles (Coleoptera, Curculionidae: Scolytinae and Platypodinae) in Deadwoods of Quercus serrata and Carpinus laxiflora
Kwon, Tae-Sung ; Lee, Bong-Woo ; Park, Shin-Young ; Byun, Bong-Kyu ; Park, Sang-Wook ; Lee, Cheol-Min ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 50, issue 4, 2011, Pages 353~362
DOI : 10.5656/KSAE.2011.11.0.66
This study was conducted to elucidate the patterns of occurrence of bark beetles on deadwoods of Quercus serrata Fisher and Carpinus laxiflora Blume which are expected to increase due to climate change. The survey was carried out at the LTER site in Gwangneung forest in Gyeonggi Province in 2007-2008. Bark beetles were collected using emergence traps and attraction traps (funnel trap and window trap). A total of 408 beetles belonging to 12 species in two subfamilies were collected. Platypus koryoensis (Murayama) was the most abundant species. P. koryoensis and Xylosandrus germanus (Blandford) occurred mainly in deadwoods of Q. serrata. All other species, except two rare species, occurred commonly in deadwood of both tree species. Species richness and abundance of bark beetles were higher in the attraction traps than in the emergence traps, and higher in Q. serrata than in C. laxiflora. These indexes were higher in classes I-II or I-III than in classes III-IV or IV of deadwood. Bark beetle communities differed according to years and showed a little difference between tree species.
A Newly Recorded Species of the Genus Milisipepsis (Lepidoptera, Sesiidae) from Korea
Lee, Cheol-Min ; Arita, Yutaka ; Bae, Yang-Seop ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 50, issue 4, 2011, Pages 363~365
DOI : 10.5656/KSAE.2011.11.0.72
The genus Milisipepsis is reported for the first time in Korea with M. takizawai (Arita and
patenka, 1989). Description, image of the adult, female genitalia, and Korean common name of the species are provided in this paper.
Oviposition Characteristics of Ricania sp.(Homoptera: Ricaniidae), a New Fruit Pest
Choi, Yong-Seok ; Hwang, In-Soo ; Kang, Tae-Ju ; Lim, Ju-Rak ; Choe, Kwang-Ryul ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 50, issue 4, 2011, Pages 367~372
DOI : 10.5656/KSAE.2011.09.0.49
An unknown planthopper was discovered in 2010 in an apple orchard in Sinpoong-myun, Gongju-si and in a blueberry orchard in Deogsan-myun, Yesan-gun. This pest have arrived 4 or 5 years ago and the population density then rapidly increased. It was identified as Ricania sp. by Dr. Murray J. Fletcher. Adult Ricania sp. was found on 26 plants including blueberry, grape, peach, sumac, japanese angelica, jujube, kiwi, Rubus coreanus, apple, apricot, plum and chestnut. Females lay eggs on 1-year-old branches. The mean number of eggs laid on apple and plum were 18.7 and 15.3, respectively. The mean length of egg masses on apple and plum were 12.35 and 11.45 mm, respectively. The distance between eggs laid on apple and plum branchs were 1.3 and 1.5 mm, respectively. The mean number of eggs in the same length of egg mass on apple and plum branchs were 17.1 and 13.3, respectively.
Temperature-dependent Development Model of the Striped Fruit Fly, Bactrocera scutellata (Hendel)(Diptera: Tephritidae)
Jeon, Sung-Wook ; Cho, Myoung-Rae ; Kim, Yang-Pyo ; Lee, Sang-Guei ; Kim, So-Hyung ; Yu, Jin ; Lee, Jong-Jin ; Hwang, Chang-Yeon ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 50, issue 4, 2011, Pages 373~378
DOI : 10.5656/KSAE.2011.11.0.61
The striped fruit fly, Bactrocera scutellata, damages pumpkin and other cucurbitaceous plants. The developmental period of each stage was measured at seven constant temperatures (15, 18, 21, 24, 27, 30, and
). The developmental time of eggs ranged from 4.2 days at
to 0.9 days at
. The developmental period of larvae was 4.2 days at
, and slowed in temperatures above
. The developmental period of pupa was 21.5 days at
and 7.6 days at
. The mortality of eggs was 17.1% at
and 22.9% at
, Larval mortalities (1st, 2nd, 3rd) were 24.1, 27.3 and 18.2%, respectively, at
, Pupal mortalities were 18.2% at
and 23.1% at
. The relationship between developmental rate and temperature fit both a linear model and a nonlinear model. The lower threshold temperatures of eggs, larvae, and pupae were 12.5, 10.7, and
, respectively, and threshold temperature of the total immature period was
. The thermal constants required to complete the egg, larval, and pupal stages were 33.2, 118.3, and 181.2 DD, respectively. The distribution of each development stages was described by a 3-parameter Weibull function.
The Changes of Damage Rate by Peach Pyralid Moth, Dichocrocis punctiferalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in Chestnut Orchards from 1995 to 2010 Year
Lee, Chong-Kyu ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 50, issue 4, 2011, Pages 379~382
DOI : 10.5656/KSAE.2011.12.0.67
The damage rates of peach pyralid moth(Dichocrocis punctiferalis), which damages the chestnut fruits, were investigated annually from 1995 to 2010 according to year, region, and maturity. The damage rate by D. punctiferalis was the highest (34.5%) in 1998 and was the lowest (17.9%) in 2000. The pattern of the damage rate showed a repeating three-year cycle. There was a negative correlation (
) between rainfall and damage rate. There was a positive correlation (
) between temperature and damage rate. The average damage rate of all surveyed regions was 22.2%. Of the surveyed areas, Hapcheon had the highest at 27% and Hamyang had the lowest at 15.0%. The damage rate of chestnut fruit depending on the maturity was 26.1% in an early maturing cultivar (Dantaek), and 19.3% and 21.1% in a late maturing cultivar (Eungi) and a medium maturing cultivar (Chukpa), respectively.
Insect Communication: Concepts, Channels and Contexts
Jang, Yi-Kweon ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 50, issue 4, 2011, Pages 383~393
DOI : 10.5656/KSAE.2011.09.0.52
Because communication facilitates behaviors that are critical for survival and reproduction, it is central to the study of behavior and evolution. One of the most important and difficult issues with respect to communication has been the definition of communication itself. Broadly, it can be defined as an exchange of information from a signaler to a receiver. However, evolution of a signal is likely possible only under conditions in which both the signaler and receiver increase fitness from the exchange of information, often referred to as "true communication." The three primary sensory channels of communication used by animals are chemical, visual, and acoustic. Chemical signals are the oldest and most widespread method of communication. Visual and acoustic signals convey a great deal of information due to ease of modulation, flexibility of signal production, and fast transmission. The most widespread contexts in which animals communicate are sexual interaction and conflict resolution. Signals used for sexual interaction typically contain information about species identity and sexual attractiveness, whereas signals used for conflict resolution may contain information about resource holding potential. Other contexts under which animals communicate include territorial defense, parent-offspring interactions, social integration, sharing of environmental information, and auto-communication.