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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean journal of applied entomology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Applied Entomology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Oct 1970
Volume 9, Issue 1 - May 1970
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Studies on the Synthesis and Fungicidal Activity of Cadmium Pentachlorophenolxanthate
Do Un Hoi ; Lee Sung Hwan ; Kang In Mok ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 9, issue 1, 1970, Pages 1~6
Cadmium pentachlorophenolxanthate has been synthesized with pentachlorophenol, carbondisulfide sodium hydroxide and cadmium chloride and its fungicidal activity was tested to Pyricularia oryzae and Cochliobolus miyabeanus. The results are summarized as followes; 1) The sample V synthesized by acidifying the crude PCP-xanthate solution at pH 8, then treated with
showed the highest purity, and the yield was
. 2) The same sample of
wettable dust formulation inhibited conidial germination of P. oryzae and C. miyabeanus completely at 10 and 20 ppm, respectively. (Fig. 1) 3) The sample of
dust formulation inhibited mycelial growth of P. oryzae and C. miyabeanus with 96 and
, respectively. The results were similar to those obtained by Ceresan calcium (Fig. 2) 4) Both dust and wettable powder formulations had no phytotoxcity on rice seedlings.
Effects of N,P,K fertilizer levels and growth condition on the development of Bacterial leaf blight in rice plants
Kim Chung Hwa ; Cho Young Sup ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 9, issue 1, 1970, Pages 7~13
1. Kum Nam Poong which is highly susceptible to bacterial leaf blight was used as the host plant throughout this experiment. Xanthomonas oryzae 6526 was inoculated on the top of upper leaves by single needle inoculation method. After 14 days, the enlarged spots were examined in the experimental pots. Each of 3 levels of nitrogen, phosphate and potassium pots were arranged at random with three replications. 2. The amounts of nitrogen fertilizer applied and the lesion development of bacterial leaf blight were positively correlated regardless of application of phosphate and potassium fertilizers. 3. The effect of phosphate fertilizer on the lesion development was not significantly different from standard level. The lesion development was stimulated when the amount of phosphate fertilizer was increased as twice as standard level. 4. The inhibitory effect of potassium fertilizer on leaf blight was maximum by applying standard level. The stimulative effect of potassium fertilizer on the lesion development, however, was noticed. when potassium fertilizer applied was increased as twice as the standard level. 5. The heading date and spike number of rice plant were significantly correlated with the lesion development, and such phenomena were depended on the amount of nitrogen fertilizer applied regardless of the other fertilizers applied in this experiment.
Relationship between some chemical components in the rice plants and varietal reaction to blast disease
Baek Soo Bong ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 9, issue 1, 1970, Pages 15~20
An investigation was carried out to know the relationship between resistance of rice varieties to blast disease and the chemical components, especially total nitrogen and total sugars, in the rice plants. The results sic summarized as follow: 1) The nitrogen contents in the resistant variety were less than those of susceptible one, and sugar contents were reversed. Accordingly, the C/N ratio in the resistant variety was higher than that obtained by susceptible one. 2) The free amino acids contents, especially, Glutamine, Valine, Leusine and Iso-leusine, in the resistant varieties were more than those of the susceptible varieties. 3) The starch synthetic activity of rice leaves in the resistant varieties was higher than that of susceptible one in fructose and glucose solutions, but it was reversed in sucrose solution. 4) When more nitrogen was dressed, the total nitrogen content of rice leaves was increased than the ordinary dressing. The rate of increase in nitrogen content in resistant variety was lower than those of the susceptible. The total sugar content of rice plants dressed more nitrogen was decreased at early tillering stage, but increased at maximum tillering stage. It seemed that the rate of increase of total sugar in the resistant variety was higher than those of the susceptible.
Effects of Seed Disinfectants for Controlling the Soybean Anthracnose
Ahn Jung Kwang ; Chung Bong Koo ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 9, issue 1, 1970, Pages 21~24
Effect of seed disinfectants for controlling the soybean anthracnose was investigated with percent of seedling infection to seed or soil and with inhibition zone on potato dextrose agar. The chemicals tested were as follows: Arasan, Orthocide, Phygon-XL, P.T.A.B. and Mercuron. In seed inoculation, all the chemicals used resulted in significantly less seedling infection than that obtained in control. In the case of soil infection, the result was similar to the above but percentages of the infection were lower than the seed inoculation. Percentages of seedling infection were not necessarily correlated to the inhibition zones on potato dextrose agar by the same chemicals.
Simultaneous Control of Several Rice Insect Pests by Broadcasting Application of Granulated Insecticides (Terracur P, Lebaycid, and Gamma-BHC)
Choi Seung Yoon ; Bae Sang Hee ; Song Yoo Han ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 9, issue 1, 1970, Pages 25~32
This experiment was conducted to find out the simultaneous control effect of granulated insecticides on the several major rice insect pests in Korea. The granulated insecticides used were Terracur P
(one of the phosphoric insecticides), Lebaycid
, and Sang-gamma (gamma-BHC)
. Those insecticides were broadcasted by hand on the paddy field at the ratio of 3kg. in June and 4kg. in August per 10 a, and the date of insecticidal application was based on the maximum moth occurrence of the rice stem borer in 1969. The rice insect pests tested in this study were rice stem borer (Chilo suppressalis W.), green rice leafhopper (Nephotettix bipunctatus cincticeps U.), smiller brown planthopper (Laodelphax striatellus F.), and white back planthopper (Sogotella furcifera H.). For the study of residual effectiveness of the insecticides, the rice stem borer larvae just hatched from the eggs were installed on the sheath of rice plants collected from the paddy field after insecticidal treatment, and the mortality was made at 48 hours after installation. High mortality was observed in Terracur P and Sang-gamma treatments and low mortality in Lebaycid treatment. The duration of residual effects giving about 50% mortality was about 14 days in Sang-gamma and about 6 days in Terracur P treatments. The study on the effectiveness of the insecticides to the rice stem borer in the paddy field was made by the number of dead blades and white heads of the rice plants injured by the larvae, and the number of survival larvae in the straws after crop harvest. The order of insecticidal effectiveness to the rice stem borer was Terracur P=Sang-gamm>Lebaycid. The study on the effectiveness of the insecticides to the leafhoppers and planthoppers in the paddy field was made by the population density by sweeping (5 times) at the given day intervals after treatments. Terracur P was highly effective for the control of the green rice leafhoppers and Lebaycid was moderately effective, but Sang-gamma seemed not to be effective. The effectiveness of the insecticides tested to the planthoppers was not clear, and it seemed to related with the low insect population density. Study on the determination of proper timing of insecticidal application was not also made clear, and it seemed to be short in the range of day intervals in the insecticidal application. For the study on the control effects of the rice insect pests, rice yield per 100 hills per plot was observed. There was no statistically significant difference among the treatments in rice yields, but the order of yield (Terracur P>Sang-gamma>Lebaycid>Control) was paralleled with the tends of control effects above mentioned. In a view point of simultaneous control of the rice stem borers and green rice leafhoppers by the application of granulated insecticides, Terracur P and Lebaycid were more effective than Sang-gamma which have been used.
Studies on the Mites (III) -Mites of Persimmon and Citrus Trees-
Han Kyo Pil ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 9, issue 1, 1970, Pages 33~35
The author collected 2 species of spider mites from persimmon and citrus trees in Taegu and Chun Chon during the summer of 1961 and 1969. Tenuipalpus japonicus collected from persimmon trees and Panonychus citri collected from citrus trees in and from trifoliate orange trees. In 1958 and 1961 Dr. E. S. Lee recorded four phytophagous species, i.e. Panonychus ulmi, Tetranychus pacificus, Tetranychus urticae and Bryobia praetiosa.
Survey on the Kinds of the Fruit Sucking Moths and their Damages in Korea(1)
Lee Seung Chan ; Yoo Jae Ki ; Yoo Chang Young ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 9, issue 1, 1970, Pages 37~41
The great damage to the mature fruits in the orchard caused by the fruit sucking moths including unidentified species, is a troublesome problem in recent years in Korea. The present survey is, there-fort, carried out to clarify the ecological characters, especially kinds of these harmful moths and their damage at Suwon and Jinju fruit growing areas, in order to establish the foundation of the control. Some results obtained through the survey are as follows: It is investigated that the most noticeable group of these noxious moths, identified 10 species, belongs to subfamily Catocalinae of the family Noctuidae. Although there was already recorded as the harmful moths on the fruits such 4 species as Oraesia excavata B. Adris tyrannus amurensis S., Calpe thalictri B. and Dermaleipa juno Delman, it is additionally identified to be 6 species in 1968 including Oraesia emarginata F.,O. lata B., Agrotis ipsilon H., Chrysorithrum amatum Bremer et Grey, Dinumma deponens W. and Trachea atriplicis L. of the fruit sucking moths in Korea. Of all these noxious moths damaged, O. excavata is the most harmful, following by O. emarginata and Adris tyrannus. The fruit sucking moths attack on all kinds of mature fruits from early summer to late fall and behave entirely nocturnal. The damage ratio in percentage of these moths is
on grape in Suwon, and
on pears in Jinju.
A Survey of the Aphids in Sulchon Area (I)
Yoon Soon Ki ; Choi Seong Sik ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 9, issue 1, 1970, Pages 43~48
To investigate provincial seed Potato Production farms, a Preliminary survey on the local population of the aphids was made in Sulchon alphine area, Mooju-Goon, Chollapuk-Bo where the climatic conditions were almost same as those of Taegwanryong Kangwon-Do, where Alpine Experimental station is located. This area stands from 650 to 900 metres above the sea level and divided three location of A. B, C, by altitude. A stands at 900 metres above the sea level. B at 750 metres and C at 650 metres. A and B divided three points: Al, A2, A3, and Bl, B2, B3- and divided four points-Cl, C2, C3, C4- at the distance of 300 metres apart each other. The traps were operated from July 21 to October 31, 1969. Otherwise, the traps established at Suwon (inland) and Taegwanryong where Alpine Experimental Station. A total of some 70 species including five virus vector species were identified. The Numbers of species at 10 locations, Suwon and Taegwanryong are as follows; Al-34, A2-38, A3-29, B1-25, B2-26, B3-29, C1-27, C2-14, C3-32, C4-37, species (Table 1), Suwon-49 species (including 5 virus vectors species), Taegwanryong-22 species (including 4 virus vector species). The aphids are shown in Table 1 and the Vectors are as follows: 1. Aphis gossypii Glover 2. Aulacorthum solani (Kaltenbach) 3. Lipaphis erysimi (Kaltenbach) 4. Myzus persicae(Sulzer) 5. Phorodon humuli (Schrank) Numbers of vectors versus total aphid at each locations, including inland (Suwon) and alpine area (Taegwanryong) where Alpine Experimental Station are as Fig. 1. Of a total 8,902 aphids, 6,400
were Tetraneura sp. The number of aphids devoid of the number of Tetraneura sp. are as follows; (Numbers means mean of each locations) A; 215. B; 115, C; 176 and Suwon; 2,952, Taegwanryong; 247. Densities of aphids at the locations is lower :han those at Suwon and Taegwanryong. And density of vectors at the locations, at ranged from 11 to 37, is love. than those at inland (Suwon; 197) and alpine area (Taegwanryong; 90). Thus, this area is suitable for seed potato production as Multiplication field.
Claviceps Species Collected in Korea(1)
Lee Eung Kwon ; Chung Bong Cho ; Lee Suk Chong ;
Korean journal of applied entomology, volume 9, issue 1, 1970, Pages 49~51
1. Claviceps species or Graminaceae were investigated from Kyonggi-Do Korea including Kwang-neung, Anseung, Pyongtack, Chingpyong Yichun and Suwon from June to November, 1969. 2. Sclerotia of Claviceps species were collected from 16 species of Graminaceae consisted of 11 genera. 3. New hosts of Claviceps species including 15 species in 10 genera were reported in Korea, 4. Claviceps pucilla Ces. on Themeda riandra FORSK. var. japonica M. was recorded in addition to Claviceps purpurea (Fr.) Tul. 5. Claviceps Purpurea (FR.) Tul. on Miscanthus Sinensis ANDERS occured at 449m above sea level near Suwon.