Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Fisheries Technology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Jun 1978
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Mar 1978
Selecting the target year
Response of Anchovy to Artificial Sounds
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 14, issue 2, 1978, Pages 57~62
When fisherman use the boat seine net to catch anchovy, a large noise (drum can, small drum and small gong) is used to scare the anchovy school along the wing nets, and into the bag net were they are caught. We want to know how much of an effect these s:mnds have on forceing the anchovy school towards the bag net. The underwater sounds of ancho\'y, drum can, small drum and small gong were analyzed in the labroatory. The behavioral responeses to the playback sounds of anchovy feeding and sounds of artificial instruments were also investigated. The feeding and artificial sounds of the samples were recorded by a tape recorder through a hydrophone in an anechoic aquarium. The sound intensity level was measured by means of a sound level meter in an anechoic chamber. The frequency and intensity of various sounds were analyzed with an analyzing system consisting of a ~-octave filter set, a high speed level recorder, an amplifier and an oscilloscope. The most successful recording was edited into a 9 to 10 second sound track and was repeated in a sequence of 9 to 10 second intervals. The sequence was then reproduced into an anechoic aquarium through the underwater speaker. The results of investigation are as follows; 1. The frequency of the feeding sound was 63~80Hz, and the pressure level produced was less than 32db. 2. The frequencies of the artificial sounds were 315~ 1,OOOHz, and the pressure levels were 88~95 db in the air. 3. When a hydrophone was placed 70cm below the surface with artificial sounds (drum can, small drum and small gong) produced 1 meter above the surface, the pressure level decreased about 30db. 4. The feeding sound was ineffective in attracting the anchovy, because of interference from ambient noise. 5. The artificial sounds had such a small effect on the anchovy's that they could not be used in ocean fisheries.
Study on the Anchovy Boat Seine - II - On The Hydrodynamic Resistance and Performance of Patti-net
Lee, Byoung-Gee ; Su, Young-Tae ; Han, Hi-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 14, issue 2, 1978, Pages 63~68
A boat seine has been used as a major fishing gear for catching anchovy (Engraulis japonica) in the southern coastal waters of Korea since the 1920s. Since the 1950s some improvement from the original seine has been made; powered boats equipped with net hauler has been used instead of rowing boats with hand-driven capstan, and the seining method has been changed into the trawling method. But even now, there are many problems to be solved in the view point of decreasing man power without decreasing catching efficiency. For the purpose, patti-net has been introduced from Japan and experimented on the commercial base since 1972, and it was known that the patti-net could be operated with man power as half as needed in the coventional net, but catching efficiency was not so desirable. Therefore, the study on the characteristics of it were required. The authors carried out a model experiment with a Qne-twentieth scale model net towed by a powered boat on the sea. The obtained results run as follows: 1. Hydrodynamic resistance of the model net can be explained as
denote the resistance of the whole gear and the cod end in kg respectively, and v the towing speed in mlsec. 2. Performance of wing and cod end showed no deformation such as observed at the conventional net. 3. The ratio of opening at the entrance of bag net to that of cod end showed about 2: 1. Therefore, when we intend to enlarge the net to be able to operate in the deep fishing ground, the cod end should be enlarged in the same proportion and increased towing power is needed .. Then, it will be better to increase the ratio for increasing fishing efficiency without increasing towing power.
A Study on the Wear Characteristics of Aluminizing Steel ( 1 ) - Wear in Run-in Period on Rolling-Sliding Contact -
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 14, issue 2, 1978, Pages 69~78
It is well known that the aluminizing steel is excellent in corrosion resistance and heat resistance. Therefore it has been used as boiler parts, heat exchanger parts and guide rails which are used under comparatively simple conditions. Recently, it has been noticed that aluminizing steel has high resistance to various atmosphere, high temperature oxidation and seawater resistance. So its usage has been extended widely to the production of parts such as intake and exhaust valve of internal combustion engine, turbine blade and pipelines On ships which required such properties. It is considered that aluminium coated steel is excellent in wear resistance because of high hardness on main ingredient FezAIs of Fe-AI alloy layer existed in diffusion coating layer. And it will beused as a new material taking wear resitance with seawater resistance in marine field. However it is difficult to findout any report concering the wear behaviors or properties of alum in izing steel. In this study the experiment was carried out under the condition of rolling-sliding contact using an Amsler-type wear testing machine at 0.80, 0.91, 1. 10, 1. 25% of slip ratio and 55.43, 78.38, 110.85 kg/mm^2 of Hertz's contact stress in run-in period for the purpose of service-ability test of aluminizing steel as a wear resisting material and obtaining the available design data. The followings are the obtained results from the experimen tal study; 1) The 2nd diffusion material has most excellent wear resistance. This material has brought out about 18% decrease of wear weight in a lower friction load level and 40~G decrease in a higher level comparing to the raw material. 2) Satisfactory effect of wear resistivity cannot be much expected in 2nd diffusion specimens. This is considered due to the formation of fine void in the alloy layer near the boundary to the aluminium layer. 3) Fracture on friction surface of aluminizing steel by the rolling-sliding contact is spalling, and spalling crack occurres initially beneath the specimen surface near the boundary in diffusion coating layer.
An Experimental Study on Friction Welding and Heat Treatment of Engine Exhaust Valve Steels ( SCr4-21-4 N , SUH3-21-4-N
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 14, issue 2, 1978, Pages 79~87
This is an experimental study on friction welding and heat treatment of engine exhaust valve materials whose welding combination is SCr4 as stem to 21-4N as head and SUH3 to 21-4N. In this study, not only the experiments of friction welding under the selected optimum welding condition and the examination of the mechanical properties were carried out, but also the heat treatment of friction welded specimens under the two selected conditions was taken to obtain the better welding character, eliminating the latent stress and the hardness peak which appeared at the welded zones of heat resisting steel(21-4N, SUH3) and low alloyed steel (
) friction weldments. The results obtained by the experiments and consideration in this study are as follows: I) It was experimentally proved quite reasonable that 'speed=3,OOO rpm, heating pressure Pl=8 kg/ mm2, upsetting pressure p, = 20 kg/mm', heating time
= 3 see, upsetting time TEX>$t_2$ = 2.5 sec' was selected as the optimum welding condition for friction-welding the engine exhaust valve materials
to 21-4 Nand SUH 3 to 21-4 N. 2) The results of the previous study and this one on friction welding of such dissimilar materials as SUH 3-SUH 31, SCr 4-SUH 31, SCr 4-SUH 3, SUH 3-CRK 22, SCr4-21-4 Nand SUH3-21-4 N agreed with each other substantially in the friction welding characteristics at welded interface zones. 3) It was also certified quite satisfactory that '600\ulcornerCX30 min. Xroom air cooling' as an optimum heat treatment condition of the friction welded materials SCr 4-21-4 Nand SUH 3-21-4 N was experimentally determined to eliminate the latent stress and the hardness peak at welded zones. 4) About 20% of the tensile strength before heat treatment of friction welded specimens was decreased after heat treatment 600\ulcornerCX30 min. Xair cooling, but the location of fracture was moved from heat affected zone to parent
& SUH3. 5) Microscopic examination of the weld joints friction-welded and heat-treated under the above mentioned conditions revealed that the weld zone is very narrow and has a fine grained intermixed structure without any welding defects. 6) The above mentioned conditions can be also utilized as friction welding parameters of the other dissimiar materials for engine valve production.
A Study on DC Circuit Breaker using SCR Chung Hoo Park
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 14, issue 2, 1978, Pages 89~95
A SCR static breaker was studied on the Resistive and inductive load, then on the overload break circuit using operational Amplifier. In this paper, the principal circuit required for forced commutation was voltage commutation by the introduction of a parallel Capacitor. The results obtained are follows; 1. In thecondition that the tima constant of R-C circuit is larger than the turn off time of SCR, the breaker has low transient phenomena and no recovery vol age. 2. By using OP Amplifier on the load circuit, overcurrent trip point will be able to adjust to the wide range of over current. 3. In the over current qrcuit, the power loss was reduced remarkably.
A Study on the Ship`s Collision Avoiding Action Analyzed from a Viewpoint of Ship Kinematics
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 14, issue 2, 1978, Pages 97~112
The rule 15, 16 and 17 of International Regulations for Preventing collisions at Sea direct actions to avoid collision when two power-driven vessels are crossing. But these rules do not present the safety minimum approaching distances outside which a give- way vessel deeps out of the way of a stand-on vessel. In this paper, the author analyzed the ship's collision avoiding actions from a viewpoint of ship kinematics as the method to calculate this distance. The author worked out mathematic formulas for calculating the safety minimum approaching distances outside which the give-way vessel takes the actions to avoid collisions in accordance with the cross angles of the crossing vessels' courses. Figuring out actually the values of maneuvering indices of the M. S. Koan Ack San (GT: 224tons), the training ship of the National Fisheries University of Busan and the M. S. Golden Clover (GT: 101, 235tons) of the Eastern Shipping Co., Ltd. through their Z test, the author applied these values to the calculating formulas and calculated the safety minimum approaching distances. The results of calculations are as follows; 1. The greatest distance is to be kept by the give-way vessel to avoid collision when the cross angle of courses is 90
or near it. In such case the safety minimum approaching distance of a small vessel must be more than 5 times of her own length and that of a large vessel more than 11 times of her own length. 2. Collision danger is greater when crossing angle is obtuse than in an acute angle, therefore greater distance is to be kept by the give-way vessel to avoid collision in the case of the obtuse angle. 3. The actions to be taken to avoid collisions by the give-way vessel in Rule 16 and by the stand-on vessel in Rule 17(a)(ii) of International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea, must be done outside the above safety minimum approaching distance. When inevitably such actions are to be taken within the safety minimum approaching distance, they should be accompanied with engine motions.
Utilization of Energy in the Sea Water of the Southeastern Yellow Sea
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 14, issue 2, 1978, Pages 113~116
To ascertain the feasibility of the energy utilization in the sea adjacent to Korea, the distribution of the vertical temperature difference and the seasonal variation in the southeastern Yellow Sea are studied in relation to the sea water circulation. In summer, a region of high vertical temperature difference of approximately 16
was found at a distance of approximately 40 miles from the western coast of Korea. It is located at the west of 125
30`E and at the north of 34
N. The vertical temperature structure is sustained by the inflow of Yellow Sea Warm Current water, the warming of the surface water of the Yellow Sea and the periodical renewal of the Yellow Sea Cold Water. It may be stated that power can be obtained from the sea water by making the use of the temperature difference. The vertical temperature difference was around 14
in the western and southern waters of Jejudo Island. The vertical temperature difference decreases in autumn, and disappears due chiefly to the vigorous convective vertical mixing in winter when the northwest monsoon prevails. The power can be obtained from sea throughout the year, if power generation by the temperature difference is combined with that by wind and wave, and systemized in such a way that the former is employed in the hot season of summer, while the latter in winter and spring.