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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Fisheries Technology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Jun 1980
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Mar 1980
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The Underwater Noise of Fishing Gears in Operation
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 16, issue 1, 1980, Pages 1~15
An underwater recording system was designed to measure the sound spectra of the underwater noises produced by fishing gears in operation. Recorded were noi~es from three types of fishing gears: an anchovy set net, three anchovy boat seine net and a stern trawlnet. Acoustic analysis were made using a heterodyne analyzer, a digital frequency analyzer and a level recorder. The no;'e produced by the anchovy set net was found in the high frequency region of the onset of ambient noise spectrum with a slope of - 6 dB/octave. Here the ambient noise spectrum is higher, though similar in shape, than Knudsen spectrum, and is attributed to the breaking action of the coastal wave. Measured noise spectra during the fishing operations of the anchovy boat seine nets are attributed to the background noise of the sea in the presence of the fishing vessels. The frequency distribution of the noise was 20~5, 000 Hz in the case of two steel anchovy boat seiners, and 20-3,000 Hz in the case of the wooden anchovy boat seiner. The predominant frequency range was 250~350 Hz and maximum sound pressure level was 122 dB (re
) in the case of the steel boat and ] 17 dB in the case of the wooden boat. The noises produced by the trawl fishing gears are remarkably higher than the background noi~e in the presence of the fishing vessel. The frequency distribution of the noi~e was 20-6,300 Hz. The predominant frequency range was 100~200 Hz and maximum sound pressure level was 137 dB ( re
) . The noise spectra were not so much different from that caused by vibrations of the towing cable and the structure of the ground rope of the trawl net towed in an experimental tank.
Study on the Anchovy Boat seine- V The Physical Properties of the Improved Netting Twines to be used in the Wing Net
Lee, Byoung-Gee ; Su, Young-Tae ; Lee, Ju-Mok ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 16, issue 1, 1980, Pages 17~22
Two plied twine, of which yarn is cored by abacca fibers and wrapped by polyethylen fibers, has been used for the material to web the wing net in the anchovy boat seine. This conventional twine revealed the disadvantage of which tensile strength goes from bad to worse. To improve the disadvantage, authors developed the new twine which is plied with three yarns, each yarn is cored by polyvinyliden chloride fibers and wrapped by polyethylen fibers. To compare the physical properties of the two kinds of twine, some factors are valued and the following results are found. 1. The conventional twine shrinks 4 to 7 percent when it was soaked in fresh water for 24 hours, whereas the improved one shrinks little. 2. The specific gravity of the conventional twine is valued 1. 04 to 1. 025 after soaking the twine in fresh water for 24 hours, in spite of including abacca to make the gravity heavier than that of sea water, whereas the improved ones are valued 1. 06 to 1. 09 without soaking. 3. The stiffness of the two kinds of twine differs little. 4. The breaking strength and the elastic recovery of the improved twine are greater than the conventional one. 5. Mesh size of the actual fishing net, webbed by the improved twine and employed in commercial fishing for 6 months, varied little.
Study on the Anchovy Boat seine- VI The Physical Properties of the Improved Head Rope and Ground rope
Lee, Byoung-gee ; Sohn, Tae-jun ; Roh, Gap-chul ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 16, issue 1, 1980, Pages 23~26
The pure polypropylen rope has been used for the head rope, and the lead cored polypropylen rope for the ground rope in the anchovy boat seine. These ropes revealed the disadvantage that deforms the net shape due to their elongation. Te improve the disadvantage, authors developed the rope of new construction which is cored by wires and wrapped by polypropylene fibers, 20mm in diameter for the head rope and 40tnm for the ground rope. To compare the physical properties of the improved rope with the conventional ones, some factors are valued and the following results are found. 1. The improved ropes rev~al some disadvantages, such as the head rope is heavier, the ground rope lighter, and both of them are stiffer than the conventional ones, contrary to the required condition of ropes) However no special difficulties are found in practical use. 2. The improved ropes display much advantages, such as elongation is 30 percent less, breaking strength is 35 precent greater, and elastic recovery is 10 percent greater than the conventional ones. Thus, it is considered that the improved ropes are more suitable for the head rope and the ground rope of the anchouy boat seine net than the conventional ones.
Phototaxis of Fish (2) - Response of Rook bream and Grass puffer to the white lights -
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 16, issue 1, 1980, Pages 27~35
The purpose of the present study is to find the light intensity which induces maximum gathering rate and to observe the variation of the gathering rate both in' daytime and at night by using two species of commercial fishes: rock bream, Oplegnathus fasciatus(Temminet et Schlegel) and glass-puffer,\ulcorner Fugu.niphobles (Jordan \ulcorneret. Snyder). An experimental tank(
) was set up in a dark room. An illumination system was attached to one end of the tank to control horizontal light intensity. Six artificial light sources were prepared by combination of two light bulbs (5W, 150W) and seven filters. During the. experiment water depth was maintained 50 em level in the tank. The tank was marked into six longitudinal sections each, being 60 cm long to observe the distribution of fish. The fish were acclimatized in dark condition for 40 minutes prior to the main experiment. Upon turning on the light, the number of fish in each section was counted40 times every 30 seconds, and the gathering rates were obtain from th~ average number of. fish' in each section. The light intensity inducing maximum gathering rate is as follows: rock bream: 162.0 lux (104,3--238, 1 lux) (day), 162.0 lux (104.3--238.1 lux) (night). grass puffer: 16.6 lux (10.6--24.5 lux) (day), 1. 9 lux (1. 2-2. 9 lUX) (night). Trend .of the gathering rate in illumination time revealed different results in two fish species. Gathering rate of rock bream showed the increasing trend fluctuately with the lapse of ' illumination time. However, that of grass puffer showed the increasing trend gradually at the early period of the illumination time and the uniform trend at the latter period with little distictive fluctuation.
Phototaxis of Fish (3) - Response of Rock bream and Grass Puffer to the Colored lights -
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 16, issue 1, 1980, Pages 37~42
The purpose of the present study is to find the color induced maximum gathering rate and to observed'the trend of the - gathering rate by using two species of commercial fishes: rock bream, Oplegnathus fasciatus (Temminet et Schlegel) and 'grass puffer, Fugu niphobles (Jordan et Snyder). An experimental tank(
) was set up in a dark room. An illumination system was attached to the two end of tank to fix horizontal light intensity by co~bination c' one light bulb(20W) and four filters (red, blue, yellow, white) and the five regulating filters in order to fix light intensity. During the experiment water depth was maintained 50 cm lever in the tank. The tank was marked into six longitudinal sections each being 60 em long to observe the distribution of fish. The fish were acclimatized in dark condition for 40 minutes prior to the main experiment. Upon turning on the light, the number of fish in each section was counted 40 times every 30 seconds, and the gathering rates ,were obtain from the average number of fish in each secion. The color induced maximum gathering rate of rock bream appeared to be red, blue yellow and white color orderly.However, that of grass puffer appeared to be blue, white, yellow and red color orderly. Trend of the gathering rate in illumination time showed the remarkable fluctuation in the rock bream and little difference at the two color light sources. However, trend of the gathering rate in illumination time showed the little fluctuation in grass puffer and much difference at the two color light sources.
Study on the High Sensitive Three Phase Power Factor Meter and Relay
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 16, issue 1, 1980, Pages 43~47
The author designed and tested the high sensitive three-phase power factor meter and relay circuit, and dealt with the circuit to detect the phase of the current and the voltage. An operational amplifier comparator circuit and two single-phase transformers are used to control and detect the phase angle between the current and the voltage. The results obtained are as follows: 1. Converting the sine wave input current into the constant amplitude rectangular wave form by using a transistor chopper circuit, the power factor can be measured precisely over the load current of 0.08 A. 2. Using the moving coil type current meter, the power factor meter can be read in uniform . scale all over the range. 3. Using the three-phase power factor meter, the power factor relay which works at any power factor can be made.