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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Fisheries Technology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Dec 1987
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Sep 1987
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Jun 1987
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Mar 1987
Selecting the target year
Phototaxis of Fish 7. Response of Sea-Bass to the Colored Lights
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 23, issue 4, 1987, Pages 151~156
The author carried out an experiment to find out the response of sea-bass, Epinephelus septemfasciatus (Thunberg) to the color lights. The experimental tank (360L
55H cm) was set up in a dark room. Six longitudinal sections with 60 cm intervals are marked in the tank to observe the location of the fish. Water depth in the tank was kept 50 cm level. Light bulbs of 20 W at the both ends of the tank projected the light horizontally into the tank. Two different colored filters were selected from four colors of red, blue, yellow, and white, and they were placed in front of the light bulbs to make different colors of light. Light intensity were controlled by use of auxiliary filters intercepted between the bulb and the filter. The fishes were acclimatized in the dark for 50 minutes before they were employed in the experiment. Upon turning on the light, the number of fish in each section was counted 40 times in 30 second intervals, and the mean of the number of fish in each section was given as the gathering rate of the fish. The colors favourited by the fish was found in the order of blue, red, white and yellow in day time, and red, blue, yellow and white at night time. The gathering rate of fish on illumination period was not constant and fluctuated with irregularity. The difference of the gathering rate on two different colors of light was small and the difference was larger in night time then in day time.
Elasticity of the Funnel Ribs and Hydrodynamic Characteristics on the Sea Eel Pots
Kim, Yong-Hae ; Ha, Jeong-Sik ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 23, issue 4, 1987, Pages 157~162
The basic experiments on the plastic sea eel pots used in fishing were carried out in order to investigate the elasticity of the funnel ribs, hydrodynamic resistance, sinking time and diffusion of the bait from June to October, 1987. The elasticity of the bamboo funnel ribs was higher than that of the polypropylene ribs up to the load 150g. The hydrodynamic resistance R (kg) of the pots towing to the head direction horizontally in relation to towing velocity V (m/sec) was expressed as following formula; R=0.36V super(2.01) and coefficient of drag C sub(D) was 0.52. The sinking times of the covered pots by tape fully or partially were late 1-2 second than the typical pots within the water depth 7.5m. The diffusion tendency through the covered pots using dye and sardine extracts solution was concentrated to the entrance more than the typical pots. However, fishing efficiency as number and weight of fish per pots for nine times fishing operation was revealed no difference between the covered pots and the typical pots.
Effect of the Vessel Vibration Noise to the Underwater Ambient Noise
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 23, issue 4, 1987, Pages 163~168
The underwater observation of the ambient noise and the noise generated by the engine revolution in a ship was carried out in July to August, 1984, 1985 and 1987, near around some ports and in the Eastern Sea of Korea. Vertical distribution of the sound pressure of both noises were observed and the spectrum characteristics were analysed and compared. The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1. Sound pressure level of the ambient noise at 5m deep layer in calm sea condition (wind speed 0-2m/s) near around the ports were observed as 108dB at the eastern part of Pusan port, 106dB at the southern part of Pusan port and 101dB at Kuryongpo port. It shows that the level near around the large port which contains much noisy resources is higher than the small port. The level at 5m deep layer in the open sea, in the mid-region between Korean Peninsula and Ulnung Island was observed as 100dB. It mean that the level in the open sea is lower than that around the ports. The level at 20m and 70m deep layer were 1-2dB lower than that at 5m deep layer, and that at deeper layer than 100m was almost constantly 100dB around. 2. Sound pressure level of the ambient noise at 5m deep layer in windy open sea condition (wind speed 10-15m/s) was 108dB, and was gradually decreased in accordance with the increase of depth with representing 100dB at 70m deep layer and that at deeper layer was almost constantly 100dB. The level of the noise generated by engine revolution was 146, 125, 112, 110, 104dB at 5, 50, 100, 150 and 200m deep layer respectively. It means that the level decrease with the depth. 3. Spectrum level of the ambient noise at 5m deep layer with the frequency band of 10 Hz, 100 Hz, 1 KHz, 10 KHz, in the windy sea condition were 86, 75, 61, 32dB respectively and the level of the noise generated by engine revolution was 105, 95, 86, 55dB respectively. It means that the latter are about 20dB higher than the former. The level of the former at 200m deep layer was 80, 68, 47, 26dB and the latter 82, 70, 59, 31dB. It means that the latter are about 4dB higher than the former.
Response of File Fish to the Attraction Lamp
An, Yeong-Il ; Yang, Yong-Rim ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 23, issue 4, 1987, Pages 169~176
The response of file Navodon modestus (GUNTHER) to attraction lamps in line and an adaptation lamp was carried out in the experimental water tank (550L
73H cm). The rate of attraction was investigated in accordance with the intervals of time lighted on and off (1, 5, 10 minute), the intensities of adaptation lamp (1, 10, 20 W) and the two conditions of light stimulus which were the movement of lighted zone (NORMAL) and decrement of lighted zone (NEGA). The results are as follows: 1. Under Normal condition, the variation coefficients which show variation of attraction rate according to the time intervals and the intensities of adaptation lamps were 16.78% (1 min.), 9.71% (5 min.), 8.96% (10 min.), 9.71% (1 W), 15.00% (10W) and 21.08% (20 W) respectively, and attraction rates of the last section was 80.0% (1 min.), 86.0% (5 min.), 85.0% (10 mim.), 86.0% (1 W), 78.7% (10W) and 72.7% (20 W) respectively. 2. Under Nega condition, the file fish was almost distributed all in the illuminated sections, and the majority of the distribution section was adjacent to the extinguished section regardless of the time intervals and the adaptation lamps. 3. Under Nega condition, the variations of attraction rate in the last section became L type, and the attraction rates, when the rest except for the last attraction lamp was extinguished, were 96.7% (1 min.), 100% (5 min.), 96.0% (10 mim.), 100% (1 W), 100% (10W) and 88.0% (20 W) respectively.
Fluctuation of the Catch by the Set Net Fishery
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 23, issue 4, 1987, Pages 177~183
The catch by the set net fishery from 1971 to 1985 were analyzed in order to reveal its fluctuation characteristics. Generally, the catch increased from 16,787M/T in 1971 to 84,103M/T in 1985 and showed maximum in 1979 with 99,475M/T of catch. This trend was mainly related to the higher production of file fish which accounts for 64% of the total catch in 1979, and the change of catch statistical classification according to the revising of fishery law in 1976. It was also closely related to the variation of the sea water temperature in coastal area. The main fishing period of the set net fishery appeared from October to November. Catch of the set net fishery was led by that in the southern coast before 1976 and by that in the eastern coast from 1977 to 1980, the tendency changed irregular from 1981. Three groups of fishes could be distinguished by principal component analysis of the annual catch. A group showing steady decreasing tendency was composed of the fishes such as whiting, sand fish, hair tail and anchovy. The another group composed of small alaska pollack, round herring, goby, gizzard shad, sand lance and file fish revaled an increasing tendency. The other fishes did not show any annual tendency.
Relationship Between the Body Dimension of Sea Eel , Astroconger Myriaster and the Mesh Size of Fishing Gears
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 23, issue 4, 1987, Pages 184~188
The author studied to analyse the relationship between the body dimension of sea eel, Astroconger myriaster and the mesh size of fishing gears. The samples were caught by traps and pots during September, 1987 in the Southern Sea of Korea. The results obtained can be summarized as follows: 1. The relationship between total length L, body weight W and diameter D may be expressed as: W=3.58
10 super(-4) L super(3.38) (r=0.99). D=0.07 L-0.59 (r=0.99). W=10.38 D super(2.76) (r=1.00). W=1/2
D super(2).L. 2. The mesh size of traps and the hole diameter of post must be more than 29.2 mm and 18.6 mm, respectively
Application of Parametric Acoustic Source to Fish Finding
Lee, Un-Hui ; Jang, Ji-Won ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 23, issue 4, 1987, Pages 189~197
As the basic research for the application of a parametric acoustic source to fish finding, the characteristics of beam patterns and parametric gains of the acoustic source were investigated and target strengths of fish, grey mullet, with the acoustic source were measured. The mean primary frequency of the acoustic source was 200KHz and the produced sounds by difference-frequencies were 5KHz, 10KHz, 16KHz and 20KHz. For measurement of target strength in yaw (coronal) plane of fish the to be target was 34cm in length, the pulse duration of the source was 0.3m/sec and the difference frequency was 10KHz in consideration of the length of fish and of parametric gain of the acoustic source. The results obtained are as follow: 1. Beam widths(down 3 dB) of the parametric acoustic source excited at frequencies of 5KHz, 10KHz, 16KHz, and 20KHz were 4.3
respectively. 2. Parametric gains of the parametric acoustic source excited at frequencies of 5KHz, 10KHz, 16KHz and 20KHz were -41 dB, -45 dB, -60 dB and -68 dB respectively. 3. Target strengths of a fish in head and tail aspect using the parametric acoustic source were 5 dB lower than those using 200KHz single frequency sound, but those in side aspect were similar. 4. Target strengths of two or three fish with the parametric acoustic source were 1-3 dB lower than those in head and tail aspect using 200KHz single frequency sound.
An Analysis of Engine Failures Using Multivariate Data Analysis Method
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 23, issue 4, 1987, Pages 198~203
The basis of all approaches to improve reliability of marine engines exists in analyzing the field data of troubles and failures on marine engines. This paper analyses the data of troubles and failures on marine engines by Principal Component Analysis Method, one of Multivariate Data Analysis Method. The total number of data investigated is 211 and the observation period is 9 years. The analyzed factors are categorized among five groups respectively; electric.automatic control equipments, auxiliary machinery, pipings, refrigerators.air conditioners, and main engine. The failures in main engine are discovered by a definite fact of disorder, on the contrary, the failures in auxiliary machinery, refrigerators and air conditioners are discovered by sensible judgement of the operators.
The Current Activities on the Development of Instruments for the Detection of Fish
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 23, issue 4, 1987, Pages 204~209