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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Fisheries Technology
Editor in Chief :
Yong Hae Kim
Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Dec 1990
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Sep 1990
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Jun 1990
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Mar 1990
Selecting the target year
Mechanization of Fishing Operation on the Sea Eel Pots - 2 . Automatic Separating of the Pots from the Main Line -
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 26, issue 2, 1990, Pages 111~117
The hydraulic line haulers are now widely used to haul the main line, but the other hauling operations are still done manually in most pot fisheries. The oval type hooks which are connected between the loops and the post are tested for basic capability by the universal tension meter in order to develop the automatic separating system. The pots attached to the oval type hooks are separated automatically from the loops while the oval type hooks are running through the trumpet separator with the side roller and the results are as follows: 1. The tension of the large oval hooks (ø3.1mm) for missing pots and the compressive load at the end of hooks by hand are about 60kg and 6kg, and range of tension for passing through the trumpet is 11~15kg. 2. Automatic separating ratio of the pots with the large oval hooks is about 99% when the trumpet separator is attached to front or rear of the side roller in the laboratory. 3. The separating ratio of the pot with the large oval hooks while hauling operation in the sea is about 97% when the trumpet separator is oriented on the port bulwark departed 2m from the side roller.
Mechanization of Fishing Operation on the Sea Eel Pots - 3 . Automatic Loop Catcher and Recoiling System of the Main Line -
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 26, issue 2, 1990, Pages 118~124
The rope winder in addition to the line hauler was used for recoiling of the main line to the rope pond at the stern, however, catching the loops, evenly revoiling and arrangements of the loops were done manually by two men. The automatic loop catcher under the rope winder was consisted with the rotary lever, semicircle guide plates, transfer belt and swing rope receiver for arrangements of the loops and evenly recoiling. The obtained results are as follows: 1. The minor diameter of a loop and the diameter of the coiling pile in a lead core PP rope(ø 10mm) are about 14cm and 60cm while the rope is piled on the bottom. 2. Distribution ratio of the loops within upper or lower 10cm from the transfer belt is 93% with a lead sinker and 98% without sinker using by the smaller loop catcher. 3. The relationship between revolutions of the rotary lever N sub(1) (rpm) and the hauling pulley N sub(p) (rpm) by gear ratio 3:1 in the smaller loop catcher is as follows: N sub(p) =2.86 N sub(1) +23.74 and optimum ratio of horizontal speed of the loops by the rotary lever to hauling speed is about 70%. 4. The rope receiver is swung front and rear for the evenly recoiling and its period can be controlled by gear ratio or hydraulic circuit in accordance with the interval of the loops
Response of Sea Eel to the Extracts of Mackerel , Shad and Krill
Kim, Hyung-Seok ; Lee, Byoung-Gee ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 26, issue 2, 1990, Pages 125~132
The authors carried out an experiment to investigate the responsive behavior of sea eel, Astroconger myriaster(BREVOORT) to chemical stimuli. The experimental tank was made in doughnut type by using FRP plates. The channel of tank was divided into three concentric troughs by using perforated plastic plates. The inside trough was used as influent part, the outside one as effluent part, and the middle one as the testing trough in which testing fish may be swimmable. The influent part was radially portioned into 12 sections so as to be 30 degrees of central angle. But a basin of any section in testing trough was diverged in the range of 45 degrees of central angle. The the testing trough are radially divided into eight zones. Water is supplied at the rate of 6.3l per minute from the central water tank set as high as 50cm in the center of doughnut, passed across the influent part, testing trough, effluent part and finally discharged by overflow pipes. The chemical substance to stimulate the sea eel was extracted from mackerel, shad and krill which are used as bait for fishing. The chemical substance was injected into any one of 12 hoses which supplies water from central water tank to the influent part at the rate of 2ml per minute. Sea eels used for the experiment were caught by pot in the coast of Chung-mu and accustomed to the tanks for 5 days before applying them to the experiment. The result obtained are as follows: 1. The rate of time length of sea eel's staying in the stimulated zone, as the extracts of mackerel, shad and krill were given to it, was observed as 7.9%, 30.9% and 11.4% respectively. It means that the extract from shad was the most effective of three in attracting sea eel. 2. To compare the effect of freshness of bait fish, the extracts were prepared from shad just killed, form the 24 hour-lapsed one and from the 48 hour-lasped one after killed. The rate of time length of sea eel's staying in the stimulated zone was 30.9%, 17.1% and 11.3% respectively. It means that the freshness is much effective in attracting olfactory fishes like sea eel.
Investigation of Demersal Fisheries Resources of the East China Sea - 1 . Fishing Experiment by Trawl -
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 26, issue 2, 1990, Pages 133~142
For the purpose of investigation of demersal fisheries resources of the East China Sea, joint research between Hokkaido University and National Fisheries University of Pusan was carried out during the period from November 5 to November 12 in 1989. This joint research is due to continue for the next three years. In this report, the authors analyzed the catch of 24 draughts of trawl operating by the Oshorumaru of the training ship of Hokkaido University in the north area of the East China Sea, in order to hold the present condition of the demersal resources. The specimens collected were composed of 76 species of fishes, 6 of mollusca and 7 of crustacea. And the main species of the large catch were Raja kenojei, Zeus faber, Miichthys miiuy, Collichthys lucidus, Dentex tumifrons, Carangoides caeruleopinnatus, Trachurus japonicus, Parastromateus niger, Trichiurus leptulus, Scomberomorus niphonius, Pampus argenteus, Pampus echinogaster, Psenopsis anonala, Liparis tanakai, Thammaconus modestus, Tadarodes pacificus, Loligo edulis, and Portunus trituberculatus. Especially, Trichiurus leptulus, Pampus agrenteus and Thammaconus modestus had different modes of classes of body size individually, with changing of fishing ground. But, Tadarodes pacificus, Loligo edulis and Portunus trituberculatus were caught the maxed sizes of body individually in the same ground.
Investigation of Demersal Fisheries Resources of the East China Sea - 2 . Hydroacoustic - Bottom Trawl Survey , November 1989 -
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 26, issue 2, 1990, Pages 143~150
A cooperative Korea-Japan investigation for the demersal fisheries resources of the East China Sea was carried out by using the training ship Oshoro Maru belong to Hokkaido University Japan, during 5-12 November, 1989. The research vessel sampled 24 stations with demersal trawls on the East China Sea continental shelf, and 96 nautical miles of track line were surveyed hydroacoustically. The echo sounder used during the survey was of a scientific type having echo integration capabilities and the computer system was programmed to obtain echo integration data for each depth stratum between the transducer and the bottom. The target strength of fish school(TS per 1kg) was estimated from the relationship between mean volume backscattering strength and catches caught by the demersal trawls. The results obtained can be summarized as follows: 1. Approximately 96 species were identified from survey catches. 2. The mean volume backscattering strength for the layer occupied by bottom trawls at 25 and 100 KHz were-63.9 dB and -67.3 dB, respectively. Then the average catch per unit time of each trawl haul was 58.8 kg/hour. 3. The mean volume backscattering strength for the entire layer between the transducer and the bottom at 25 and 100KHz were -61.9 dB and -67.0 dB, respectively. 4. The mean fish school target strength per unit weight(TS/kg) at 25 and 100 KHz were -23.6 dB/kg and -26.6 dB/kg, respectively.
Investigation of Demersal Fisheries Resources of East China Sea - 3 . The Oceanographic Condition of the East China Sea in November , 1989 -
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 26, issue 2, 1990, Pages 151~166
Using the data observed on the Oshoro-maru from November 4 to November 12, 1989 in the East China Sea, the oceanographic conditions were investigated. The results are as follows: The oceanographic condition of surface layer was divided into two regions. One was the Tsushima Current Waters and the other was the China Coastal Waters. The oceanic front was formed between above two waters. Tsushima Current Waters had high temperature ranging 22~24
, high salinity ranging 33.5~34.5
and low D.O less than 4.5ml/l. And China Coastal Waters had low temperature ranging 18~2
, low salinity less than 23.0
and high D.O ranging 4.0~5.0ml/l. In the case of the bottom layer, Tsushima Current Waters and China Coastal Waters appeared the same as the surface layer. In addition, the Yellow Sea Bottom Cold Waters and the Southern Bottom Waters of East China Sea distributed together with two surface waters above. The was temperature ranging 15~19
, salinity 34.5
and low D.O ranging 2.0~3.5ml/l and that was temperature less than 1
, salinity less than 33.3
and high D,O greater than 4.5ml/l. The waters of intermediate characteristics between China Coastal Waters and Tsushima Current Waters seem to be resulted from the mixing occurred between the above tow waters, and it had temperature of 20.5~22.
, salinity of 32.3~33.3
Accuracy of the Loran C Fix on the Route Between Pusan and Cheju
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 26, issue 2, 1990, Pages 167~172
A number of studies for the improvement of the accuracy of the Loran C fix were carried out previously. But most studies were preformed when a ship was at anchorage, or in port. To investigate the accuracy of the Loran C fix when a ship was underway and in port, a series of observation was made on the route between Pusan and Cheju from Oct. 1988 to Oct. 1989. The obtained results are summerized as follows: 1. There is little difference in the accuracy of the Loran C fix by daytime and night, and the higher the mountain nearby ship, the greater the error of ship's position. 2. When a ship is at anchorage and underway, and the accuracy of ship's position is almost not affected by course while underway. 3. In order to promote the accuracy of the fixed position, a navigator must correct the propagation velocity and the geodetic system simultaneously, but in this paper the authors find that a most accurate position can be obtained by converting the geodetic system only.
Performance of the Magnetic Compass Made in Korea ( 2 ) - An Examination of the Damping Characteristics -
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 26, issue 2, 1990, Pages 173~179
This paper described to be measured the damping Characteristics in the artificial magnetic field in order to estimate the stabilited of the card and characteristic of movement of the directional system of the magnetic compasses made in Korea. The results obtained are summarized as follows. 1) It is compared by the elements of performance of the magnetic compasses made in Korea with the standards for magnetic compass of the IMO NAV/ANNEX II. The results are suitabled in the korean off shore, but it is unsuitabled in the high latitude sea than over the latitude 60 degree. 2) The characteristic of damping curve by the diameter of cards when the diameter of cards are 170mm and 175mm(clearance are 10.0m, 12.5mm), the fricative error is indicated the least than the other ones.
A Study on the Sources of Ambient Sea Noise in the Coastal Water of Pusan
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 26, issue 2, 1990, Pages 180~183
The variability of ambient noise with time and water depth is measured in the coastal water of Pusan. The Noise Spectrum levels are relatively high, and have standard deviations amounting to 3 to 4 dB with time and 2 to 3 dB with water depth in the B area of high ship activity. On the other hand, in the A area where shipping is sparse the standard deviations are only 1 to 2 dB with time and water depth respectively. These results show that ship traffic is one of the dominent sources at frequencies greater than 500Hz.
In Summer , the Origin of Tsushima Warm Current Water in Western Channel of the Korea Strait ( 1 ) - On the Water in Surface Layer -
Jo, Gyu-Dae ; Yun, Jong-Hwi ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 26, issue 2, 1990, Pages 184~191
Furnace Performance Analysis Fired with Oil Using Atomizers
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 26, issue 2, 1990, Pages 192~203
A Study on Fatigue Crack Propagation Behavior in Random Short-Fiber SMC Composites
Kim, Jae-Dong ; Koh, Sung-Wi ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 26, issue 2, 1990, Pages 204~212
The SMC composite, now being considered in certain structural applications, is anticipated to experience repeated loading during service. Thus, understanding of the fatigue behavior is essential in proper use of the composite material. In this paper, using the SMC composite composed of E-glass chopped strand and unsaturated polyester resin three point bending fatigue tests are carried out to investigate the fatigue crack propagating behavior under various cyclic stresses and fatigue damage of various microcrack forms. The following results are obtained from this study; 1) Most of the total fatigue life of the SMC composite is consumed at the initial extension or the growth of the macroscopic crack. 2) A Paris' type power-law relationship between the crack propagation rate and stress intensity factor range is obtained, and the value of material constant m is much higher (m=9~11)than that of other metals. 3) In case of high cyclic stress the fatigue damage show high microcrack density and short crack length, but in case of low cyclic stress does it vice versa. 4) Fatigue damage is characterized by microcrack density, crack length and distribution of crack orientation.
A Study on Flow Control Logic Valve - Static Characteristics of Proportional Poppet Type Logic Valve -
Lee, Il-Yeong ; Jeong, Yong-Gil ; O, In-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 26, issue 2, 1990, Pages 213~217
This study suggests a new type flow control logic valve which have grooves on the main poppet valve. The grooves connect oil supply port to pilot chamber and the oil passages made by the grooves are designed to vary in proportion to the displacement of the main poppet valve. From analytical formulations on the hydraulic circuit including the flow control valve, equations on the characteristics of the valve were obtained. In the experiment, the relationships between valve displacement and flow rate to the load side, and the variations of flow rate to the load side according to the variation of load pressure were investigated. From the experimental and numerical results, it was ascertained that the flow control valve designed in this study had excellent characteristics on proportional control and remote control.