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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Fisheries Technology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Dec 1991
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Sep 1991
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Jun 1991
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Mar 1991
Selecting the target year
Handling of Data Base on the Catch of Bigeye Tuna Thunnus Obesus ( LOWE )
Lee, Ju-Hee ; Lee, Chun-Woo ; Kim, Ju-Chean ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 27, issue 4, 1991, Pages 225~231
In order to suggest the useful information on the fishing ground of the bigeye tuna Thunnus obesus(LOWE), a data base system was formed with catch data of the Korean tuna long liners during from 1975 to 1987 by using a set of 16 bits personal computer. This data base was constructed of the handling program and 4 types of data file processed from the monthly and yearly catch data of the whole tunas and the bigeye tuna. And when the system was started, the map of one among various Oceans such as the Pacific, the Atlantic and the Indian Ocean. is drawn on the monitor. And then the catch rates of the whole tunas or the catch ratios of bigeye tunas are indicated by the figured symbols and the colors on the sea divisions of 5
space of longitude and latitude respectively at the same time. Also this system has the preestimating program on the catch rates of the whole tunas and the bigeye tuna in the desired month and sea divisions. In the results than this data base system was handled and tested, very useful informations were obtained for the detection of tunas, especially bigeye tuna, and the preestimation was possible in a desired level.
Catching Rate of Trap Due to the Various Baits
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 27, issue 4, 1991, Pages 232~237
The elementary experiments were conducted in order to improve the quality of trap baits in the southern coastal waters of Korea. 16 kind of natural baits or 11 chemicals amino acids or neucleotides, used for experiments.
In Relation to the Formation of Fishing Ground and the Fluctuation of Fishing Condition of Anchovy , Engranlis Japonica , Catched by Anchovy Drag Net
Park, Jong-Hwa ; Lee, Ju-Hui ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 27, issue 4, 1991, Pages 238~246
In order to make clear the mechanism forming the fishing ground of anchovy drag net in connection with water temperature, catch and oceanographic data for the years of 1970-1988 in the Southern Sea of Korea were analyzed. The annual catch of anchovy drag net was about 21,000M/T in 1970 but it was increasing largely so far 100,000M/T in recent years. The fishing season of anchovy drag net is the whole year beside the prohibition season established in aims to protect the spawning group of anchovy, and then in the best season of the period from July to December, the fishing ground is made up in the coastal area joining Yosu, Namhaedo and Bangeojin. There were some evidences that the fishing condition was controlled by the oceanographic condition, especially water temperature, that is, when there was large difference in water temperature between the south area of the Eastern Sea and the west area of the southern Sea and the thermocline is formed strongly in the larger less than 20m, the fishing condition was good. On the other hand, there was a very effective correlation between the catch(X) of anchovy spawning group in Spring by other fishing gears, mainly drift net and that(Y) of the little size of anchovy by drag net in Autumn, expressed by the relative equation, Y=62,246+1.3X, r=0.63.
Studies on the Mackerel Pures Seine Operating in the Sea Area of Cheju Island - 4 . The Characteristics of Catch and Ability in Purse Seine -
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 27, issue 4, 1991, Pages 247~254
Mackerel purse seine fishery is one of the most important fisheries in Korea and its annual mean catch from 1982 to 1988 is 350 thousand tons. Between 1982 and 1988, the characteristics of catch at 5 sectors of the sea area was analyzed according to operating sea block and the catch by fishes based on the data obtained from daily report of fishing condition that had been made out by 48 Korean fishing boats engaged in the fishery of purse seine. In these 5 sectors of the sea area, catch per net hauling in the coastal area of Cheju Island is less than that in the other sectors. Accordingly, the shape of fishing gear during operation has been measured to analyzed the deformation of net shape caused by the bottom current. (The lunar calender is used in the paper) The results obtained are as follows; The average CPUE of purse seines is 31.6 tons and it is higher from October to April than that from May to September. In the 5 purse seine fishing grounds, the ratio of net haul in the coastal sea area of cheju Island is 42.4% and it is the highest level, but the CPUE is 25.7 tons which is relatively low level. Each CPUE in the sea areas is significant differences with 1% level. Index of seasonal variation of mackerel CPUE from May to October is lower than the standard value, whereas index from November to January is higher. The diameter of circle by net shooting becomes shorter to the minimum caused by the bottom current during loose set, becomes narrower and the efficiency of fish encirclement becomes lower. The shape of leadline by bottom current becomes long oval type along with current direction in the tight set, while it becomes long oval type in the direction of a right angle to the current direction and the enclosed area is reduced hurriedly, and the deformation of net is most serious in the loose set.
Development of Hydraulic Jet Dredge ( 1 ) - Water tank Experiment for the Excavating Performance of Water-Jet Nozzle on the Sand -
Jo, Bong-Gon ; Go, Gwan-Seo ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 27, issue 4, 1991, Pages 255~265
In order to find the excavating performance of water-jet nozzle on the sand, the authors were carried out the excavating experiment with the model nozzles which were semi circular sectioned nozzles and rectangular nozzle in water tank. The results were as follows. 1) Excavating maximum depth and width on the sand by the water jet were straightly increased in proportion to the velocity of water jet and the section area of nozzle, and that, by the nozzle distance from the excavating point on the sand, the depth was decreased, while the width was increased straightly. 2) Rectangular nozzle which the thick of hole is 1mm, was a little bit better than the circular nozzle of the same sectioned area on the excavating performance. 3) Empirical equations between the velocity of water jet, the distance of nozzle, and the maximum excavating depth and width by angle of nozzle were expressed as linear, they were as follows on the 45
angle of the rectangular nozzle(1
12mm); D=0.0093V sub(0)-0.23H+5.7. W=0.0147V sub(0)+1.06H+10.2. where, D is the maximum excavating depth(cm), W is the maximum excavation width(cm), V sub(0) is the velocity of water jet(cm/s); 926
1504, H is the distance(cm) from nozzle tip to water-jetted point on the surface of sand.
Development of Hydraulic Jet Dredge ( 2 ) - Field Experiment of Hydraulic Jet Dredge for Catching Surf Clam -
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 27, issue 4, 1991, Pages 266~277
To catch the surf clam, Mactra chinensis, in sand bottom using the excavating performance of water jet, the authors had constructed the experimental hydraulic jet dredge by the result of water tank experiment of previous report, and also were carried out the field experiments in the surf clam fishing ground near Kunsan, Korea from 5th to 30th of October, 1990. The results obtained are as follows. 1) Excavating depth was more than 10~11cm at the 1500cm/s water-jet velocity in the fine sand and muddy sand. 2) Towing tention was only 105
5kg in the 6.7cm/s towing speed. 3) Average catch amount per unit towing area was 0.42kg/m super(2) and it was 1.2~1.6 times comparing on the conventional dredge. 4) Experimental hydraulic jet dredge did not nearly brake the surf clam. 5) Turbidity variation by the water jet of dredge was not serious in the fishing ground; On the surface, when the depth is more than 5.2m, turbidity variation was not found at all, and on the 3m layer above the bottom, turbidity variations was increased 9~11ppm at 1m backward from the dredge, but it was gradually decrease, and it was nearly not at 9m backward from the dredge.
Computational Fluid Analysis for the Otter Boards - 3 . Efficiency Analysis of the Single Cambered Otter Boards for the Various Slot Position -
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 27, issue 4, 1991, Pages 278~285
The authors propose to use the slot system in order to improve of the efficiency for the cambered otter boards. The experiment is divided into 2 parts, one is the efficiency model test, and the other is the visualization model test. The hydrodynamic characteristics of the model otter boards were tested by efficiency model test to measure the shearing, drag force of the models and visualization test using hydrogen bubble method to observe the streak-line and time-line of flow around the models, and milk spout method to observe the separation zone in the wake behind the models. This study tested for 5 models such ad without slot, slot position 0.2C, 0.4C, 0.6C and 0.8C. The results obtained are as follows: \circled1 The maximum C sub(L) of model otter board with slot position 0.6C in attack angle 27
was the highest of all models, it's value was 1.59. \circled2 In general, the L/D ratio of the one slot otter boards were 16~28% higher than otter board without slot. \circled3 The slot position 0.6C was better than any other slot position, and it's conformed by visiualization. \circled4 As to the model otter board with slot position 0.6C, flow speed of the back side was faster 1.3 to 1.7 times than in the front side. \circled5 The size of the separated zone in case of the model otter board with 0.6C was smaller than that of any other models.
Computational Fluid Analysis for the Otter Boards - 4 . Efficiency Analysis of the Cambered Otter Boards for the Vortex Generators -
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 27, issue 4, 1991, Pages 286~292
The authors propose to use the vortex generators in order to improve of the efficiency for the cambered otter boards. The equipments and testing method of this model test was the same as the previous report. This study was tested for 6 models such as the single cambered, the V-shaped cambered and the slotted cambered otter board without and with vortex generators. The results obtained are as follows: \circled1 C sub(L) of the single cambered model otter board with vortex generators was increased about 10% in comparison with that of model without vortex generators, C sub(D) decreased 2%, and L/D increased 5~20%. \circled2 L/D of the V-shaped cambered model otter board with vortex generators was increased 10~20% in comparison with that of model without vortex generators. \circled3 C sub(L) of the two slotted cambered model otter board with vortex generators was increased about 20% within an angle of attack 25
in comparison with that of without vortex generators, C sub(D) increased 5~20%, and L/D was higher than prototype within an angle of attack 20
. \circled4 The separation point of the model otter boards with vortex generators was removed back ward a little in comparison with that of the model without vortex generators. \circled5 Flow speed difference of the back side to the front side of model otter boards with vortex generators was increased a little in comparison with that of the models without vortex generators. \circled6 The size of separation zone in case of the model otter boards with vortex generators was decreased about 10% in comparison with that of the models without vortex generators.
The Typhoon Surge in the Southern Coast of Korea
Jang, Seon-Deok ; Lee, In-Cheol ; Park, Cheol-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 27, issue 4, 1991, Pages 293~302
The anomalous sea level deviation or storm surge caused by the typhoon Thelma in 1987 are studied analysing tidal observation data at 7 stations in the south coast of Korean peninsula. The surges are calculated by subtracting the predicted tidal height from the observed tidal record. The tidal deviation at these stations along the coast are discussed in association with meteorological data. The sea level anomalies are studied by means of the empirical orthogonal function (EOF) analysis and the fast fourier transform (FFT) method. The results of analysis suggest that the peak value of surges are higher at the tidal stations in semi-enclosed bay and in long narrow channel than at the ones facing with the open sea. From the result of EOF analysis, the temporal and spatial fluctuations of storm surge can be described by the first EOF mode, which explains 63% of the total variances during the passage of typhoon Thelma. The deviation of storm surge in the studied areas indicates bi-modal peak during the passage of typhoon Thelma. From the results of FFT spectrum analysis, the peak of energy of autospectrum for surge, atmospheric pressure, and wind stress appeared at low frequency fluctuations band of 0.008-0.076 cph over the 4 stations. Auto-correlation function of surge showed periodicity, while that of atmospheric pressure and wind stress indicates no periodicity. The result of FFT analysis shows that the typhoon surges are related chiefly with the change of atmospheric pressure in an open bay (Cheju Harbor), but with the wind stress in a semi-enclosed bay (Yeosu Harbor).
Free Vibration Analysis of a Two-Layered Structure - Formulation by the Transfer Infiuence Coefficient Method -
Mun, Deok-Hong ; Yeo, Dong-Jun ; Kim, Won-Cheol ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 27, issue 4, 1991, Pages 303~312
This paper describes the general formulation for the in-plane flexural free vibration analysis of two layered structure by the transfer influence coefficient method. The structure is regared as a distributed mass system with lumped mass and inertia moments, massless linear and rotational springs, and joints elements of releases and rolls at which the displacements are discontinuous in each layer. The results of the simple numerical examples on a personal computer demonstrate the validity of the present method, that is, the numerical high accuracy, the high speed, the flexibility for programming of the present algorithm, compared with the transfer matrix method.
Free Vibration Analysis of Rectangular Plate with Elastic Supports - Formulation by the Transfer Infiuence Coefficient Method -
Moon, Deok-Hong ; Yeo, Dong-Jun ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 27, issue 4, 1991, Pages 313~320
The paper describes the formulation for the analysis of the flexural free vibration of rectangular plate structure by the transfer influence coefficient method, which was developed on the base of the concept of the successive transmission of dynamic influence coefficients. For the analysis of rectangular plate which two opposite sides are simply-supported edge condition, the results of simple numerical examples demonstrate the validity of the present method, that is, the numerical high accuracy, the high speed and the flexibility for programming, compared with results of the transfer matrix method and exact solution or Leissa's method.
A Study on the Heat Transfer of the High Temperature Metals in Quenching - The Latent Heat of Phase Transformation and Cooling Curves -
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 27, issue 4, 1991, Pages 321~327
Experiments of quenching were made with cylindrical specimens of carbon steel S45C of diameters from 12 to 30mm were performed. The specimens were heated by electric furnace and quenched by immersion method. In order to analyze the temperature profile(cooling curves) of carbon steel including the latent heat of phase transformation, nonlinear heat conduction problem was calculated by the numerical method of inverse heat conduction problem using the apparent heat capacity method. The difference between the calculated and the experimented cooling curves was caused by the latent heat of phase transformation, and the effects of the latent heat were especially manifest at the cooling curves of center of specimens. The temperature and the quantity of the latent heat of phase transformation depend on the cooling speed at A sub(1) transformation point, and the region for cooling speed to become zero was caused by the latent heat of phase transformation.
Preparation of Radiation Detector and Radiation Dosimetry - TSEE Charactristics of LiF ( Mg , Cu , Na , Si ) Phosphor -
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 27, issue 4, 1991, Pages 328~331
한국 연근해 어업의 합리적 관리를 위한 소고
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 27, issue 4, 1991, Pages 332~345
Research System and Computer Network for Fishery Research Vessels
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 27, issue 4, 1991, Pages 346~349
A Method for the Calculation of Cylinder Cycle in Diesel Engines
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 27, issue 4, 1991, Pages 350~357