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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Fisheries Technology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Dec 1993
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Sep 1993
Volume 29, Issue 2 - Jun 1993
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Mar 1993
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Selectivity of the Trawl Net for the Demersal Fishes in the East China Sea-III
Lee, Ju-Hee ; Kim, Sam-Gon ; Kim, Min-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 29, issue 3, 1993, Pages 177~182
In order to estimate the mesh selectivity master curves and the optimum mesh size, experiments were made by the cover net method with the cod-ends of the five different the opening mesh sizes(51.2mm, 70.2mm, 77.6mm, 88.0mm and 111.3mm). After that 163 hauling were performed and there by investigated, on the training vessel Saebada in the Southern Korean Sea and East China Sea from June 1991 to August 1992. In this report, the mesh selectivity master curves were fitted by using logistic function(S=1/(1+exp super(-(aR+b))), R=(L-L sub(0))/(M-M sub(0)) and the optimum mesh sizes were estimated from each master curve. In this case, a and b are the selection parameters, M is the mesh size of each experimental cod-end. L is body length, L sub(0) and M sub(0) is the distance from the coordinate origine to intersection of linear regression between 25% and 50% selection length. The results obtained are summarized as follows; 1. Trachurus japonicus: Mesh selectivity master curve parameters: a and b were 2. 25, -4.73 respectively and optimum mesh size was estimated to be 79.3mm. 2. Trichiurus lepturus: Mesh selectivity master curve parameters: a and b were 0.81, -3.17 respectively and optimum mesh size was estimated to be 64.5mm. 3. Photololigo edulis: Mesh selectivity master curve parameters: a and b were 1.30m, -4.10 respectively and optimum mesh size was estimated to be 89.9mm. 4. Todarodes pacificus: Mesh selectivity master curve parameters: a and b were 1. 35, -3.45 respectively and optimum mesh size was estimated to be 89.4mm.
Acoustic-Trawl Surveys for Demersal Fisheries Resources in the East China Sea
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 29, issue 3, 1993, Pages 183~190
A cooperative Korea-Japan investigation for the demersal fisheries resources of the East China Sea carried out by using the training ship Oshoro Maru belong to Hok-kaido University, Japan, during 1-8 November, 1991. The research vessel sampled 15 stations with demersal trawls on the East China Sea, and 1,364 nautical miles of track line were surveyed hydroacoustically. The hydroacoustic observations were taken with a scientific echo sounder operating at two frequencies of 25 kHz and 100 kHz, and a microcomputer-based echo integrator. Fish samples were collected by demersal trawling, and temperature, salinity and dissolved oxygen were measured with a CTD system. The target strength of fish school was estimated from the relationship between mean scattering strength and catches caught by demersal trawling. The results obtained can be summarized as follows: 1. The mean backscattering strength for 15 layers occupied by demersal trawls at 25 kHz ranged from -70.4 dB to -59.1 dB. Then the catch per one hour ranged from 8.2 to 587.5 kg/hour. 2. The mean backscattering strength for the entire layer between transducer and seabed in the survey area of the East China Sea at 25 kHz and 100 kHz were -68.0 dB and -73.1 dB, respectively. 3. The mean fish-school target strength per one kilogram at 25 kHz and 100 kHz were -28.3 dB/kg, and -30.4 dB/kg, respectively.
Physical Properties Analysis of the High-Tech Fibers for Fishing Gear Materials - 2 . Creep Characteristics and Elastic Recovery of the High-tech Fibers -
Kim, Tae-Ho ; Ko, Kwan-Soh ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 29, issue 3, 1993, Pages 191~199
In order to analysis creep characteristics and elastic recovery of the high-tech fibers for fishing gear materials, creep and elasticity tests were carried out on netting twines made of nylon, kevlar 29 and techmilon respectively. After creep tests, the rupture surface of raw materials was observed by scanning electron microscope(SEM). The results obtained are as follows: 1. Netting twines were arranged in order of creep rupture time as follow: techmilon, kevlar 29, nylon. The creep progressive pace was the fastest in techmilon. 2. In order of the creep elongating, netting twines were arranged as follows: nylon, techmilon, kevlar 29. 3. The rupture time T sub(r) decreased almost linearly with the increase of applied load L on the log-log scaled graph. The empirical equations computed for kevlar 29 and techmilon are as follows: T sub(r kevlar 29)=1.9512
1037L super(-15.773). T sub(r techmilon)=2.7146
1016L super(-6.831). 4. It was observed by SEM that creep was progressed in all netting twines. The difference of rupture morphology was recognized clearly in tensile and creep tests. 5. In order of the elastic recovery, netting twines were arranged as follows: techmilon, kevlar 29, nylon.
A Model Experiment on the Basic Efficiency of Midwater Rope Trawl Net
Yae, Young-Hee ; Lee, Byong-Gee ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 29, issue 3, 1993, Pages 200~213
A model experiment on a midwater rope trawl net which is used in the North Pacific to catch alaska pollack is carried out in the circulating tank to examine the basic efficiency of the net. The prototype is the net used by M/S Hanil(1, 179GT, 2, 700PS), a Korean trawler. The model net was made according to the Tauti's Similarity Law of Fishing Gear in 1/100 scale by considering the condition of the tank. To measure the basic efficiency of the standard model net, the vertical opening and width between some points marked on the net were measured, and the hydrodynamic resistance were determined. Then the constructive conditions of the net were varied as follows and the factors were measured again to compare the efficiency of those nets with that of the standard net(A-1 type) front weight multiplied 1.5 times: A-2 type. buoyancy and depressing force multiplied 1.7 times: A-3 type. front weight multiplied 1.5 times on A-3 type: A-4 type. depressors rigged at ground rope: B type. cod-end stuffed with cashmylon wad: C type. The results obtained can be summarized as follows: 1. The vertical opening at the center of head rope was steeply decreased with the flow velocity increasing and the vertical opening H(m) can be expressed in H=1.2v super(-1.2)(v : flow velocity in m/sec). The width of the net varied a little when the flow velocity was over 0.4m/sec, and the width of net mouth showed about 37% of the distance between the fore tips of net pendant. The shape of net mouth was almost a circle at 0.2m/sec and then steeply flatted elliptically with the flow velocity increasing and the area of mouth S(m super(2)) can be expressed in S=(1.65-2.3v)
10 super(-2). The hydrodynamic resistance of the net increased almost linearly with the flow velocity increasing and the resistance R(kg) can be expressed in R=3.2
abv. where d/l denotes the mean of d(diameter of netting twine) and l(length of a leg in a mesh) from wing tip to the end of bag-net except cod-end on the side pannel, and a denotes the strectched circumference of the net at the fore end of a meshed part and b the stretched length of the whole net from wing tip to the end of cod-end. 2. In the condition-varied nets, the vertical opening of head rope showed some increase in every type net except the C type, and the increase showed the greatest in the B type by 30~54%, whereas it showed decrease in the C type by 5~10%. Variation of the area of net mouth showed almost the same tendency as the vertical opening and the increase showed the greatest in the B type by 20%, whereas it showed decrease in the C type by 12%. Hydrodynamic resistance showed some increase in every type compared with the standard net, and the rate of increase indicated 5~10% in the A-2, A-3 and A-4 type, 22% in the B type and 3% in the C type.
A Study on Dynamic Characteristics of Hydraulic Motor Brake System with Counter Balance Valve
Yun, So-Nam ; Lee, Ill-Yeong ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 29, issue 3, 1993, Pages 214~219
Counter balance valve is used as one part of hydraulic motor brake system. The function of this valve is to protect over-run or free falling of inertia load. But occasionally the brake system with counter balance valve makes some undesirable problems such as pressure surges or vibrations. These problems may hurt system safety and driver's conformability. Nevertheless, studies on dynamic characteristics of hydraulic system including counter balance valve are very rare, so further accumulation of research results are required. In this study, for the purpose of easy estimation about dynamic characteristics of hydraulic system including counter balance valve, precise formulation describing fluid dynamics and valve dynamics under various boundary conditions were made. The equations obtained in the preceding process include some parameters that must be got experimentally. Flow coefficients of valve and choke are the most significant ones among the parameters. So these parameters are obtained experimentally in this study, and experimental equations obtained from the experimental data were used for numerical calculation. The equations were analysed by numerical integration using Runge-Kutta method, because the equations contain various nonlinear terms. From the numerical analysis, it was verified that the dynamic response of counter balance valve and pressure variation at each elements can be estimated very easily. So the analysing method developed in this study enabled very easy estimating the relation between the performances of counter balance valve and various physical parameters related to the valve. Conclusively, it is said that the results obtained in this study can be used very usefully to develop a new type counter balance valve or to apply the valve to actual hydraulic system for various industrial equipments.
A Study on the Prediction of Performance and Simulation in a Radial inflow-Turbine for Exhaust Gas Turbochargers
Jeong, Hyo-Min ; Koh, Dae-Kwon ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 29, issue 3, 1993, Pages 220~228
This paper presents a description and evaluation of a detailed mathematical simulation for the steady and unsteady flow in a radial inflow-turbine which is most frequently used, at present, for exhaust gas turbochargers of internal combustion engines. As a method of computation, the two-step differential Lax-Wendroff method and the characteristic method were used. The turbine characteristics, the mass flow rate, the power output and fluid movements at the turbine scroll inlet were compared with the experiment data. The results of the simulation were in good agreement with experimental values under both steady and unsteady flow conditions.
Improvement of TV Ghost Cancelling Characteristics Using Comlex Adaptive Filter
Moon, Kwang-Seok ; Kwon, Tae-Ha ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 29, issue 3, 1993, Pages 229~235
In this paper, a method of ghost cancelling for the television signals using complex adaptive filter is studied. The sin(x)/x signal is used as the reference signal a complex adaptive filter. The ghost cancelling characteristics considering the delay time, the attenuation, and the phase difference of multipath waves are investigated using horizontal sync pulse and color burst signal in composite video waveform. The influences of phase difference in ghost cancelling are investigated and the performances between the real processing and the complex processing are compared by the computer simulation. It was found that influences in ghost by phase difference are remarkably reduced by the complex adaptive filtering.
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 29, issue 3, 1993, Pages 236~245