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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Fisheries Technology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 4 - Dec 1994
Volume 30, Issue 3 - Sep 1994
Volume 30, Issue 2 - Jun 1994
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Mar 1994
Selecting the target year
Comparative Analysis on the Fishing Efficiency of Stow nets , Traditonal and Improved
Kim, Tae-Oun ; Lee, Byoung-Gee ; Kim, Jin-Kun ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 30, issue 1, 1994, Pages 1~12
Stow-net is originally spreaded with a lifting beam and a depressing beam. The net is improved by using canvas-made spreading devices by Mr. Han and his colleagues in the beginning of 1980's. The net is improved again by changing the partial shape of netting and arrangement of net pendants so as to be fitting with the actual performance of the net by Dr. Lee and his colleagues since 1988. The author studied to compare the fishing efficiency of those two kinds of nets(The former which was improve by Mr. Han is expressed as a traditional net and the latter improved again by Dr. Lee is expressed as an improved net in the present study). Twenty-one stow-netters concerned with the present study were selected among those based on the Port of Inchon, and were classified into two groups-eleven of them are a traditional net used group and ten are an improved net used group. The data on the fishing operation from August 1992 to March 1993, including the catch, the price of sell, the fishing operated times in every cruise and the fished position noticed by every stow-netter were offered by concerned stow-netters. From the data the times of operation, catch and value in every cruise were extracted and analyzed. The results obtained can be summarized as follows: 1. The times of operation in cruise were 13.7 by the traditional net used group and 12.7 by the improved net used group. 2. The mean catch per cruise showed 10.1M/T in the traditional net used group and 12.2M/T in the improved net used group, so the latter showed 21% better. 3. The mean catch per operation showed 0.7M/T in the traditional net used group and 0.9M/T in the improved net used group, so the latter showed 28% better. 4. The rate of three important species(starks, hair tail and croakers) in the total catch showed 83%, and the catch showed greater by the improved net used group at the rate of starks 141%, hair tail 110%, croakers 107%. 5. The rate of three important species in the total price showed 82%, but the price of starks which occupied the biggest in catch showed merely 5%, then the economical efficiency appeared low. 6. The mean price per stow-netter and per operation showed about 20%, greater respectively by the improved net used group and the mean price per operation by two important species(hair tail and croakers) showed greater about 30% by the improved net used group.
A Fundamental Study on the Types of Ship and the Steerage of Purse Seiners
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 30, issue 1, 1994, Pages 13~24
Purse seiner detects a fish school navigating in full speed with the aid of fish finder, sonar, helicopter, etc., and casts a net quickly to enclose the fish school in purse seine net according to the movement of the fish school, wind, and current. At this moment, if the time of casting a net, direction, speed, and turning circle are net suitable, it is unavoidable to lose fish school founded with hard efforts and we only consume our efforts of casting and hauling the net. Therefore, in order to enclose the fish school to enhance the amount of fish for each casting, the author investigated the type of ships equipped with purse seiners and examined maneuvering tests so that we provide some basic information to figure out the ability of steerage correctly. The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1. Block coefficients of pelagic tuna purse seiners with gross tonnage between 500 and 1500 tons are recorded between 0.50 and 0.55 which are greater than those of off shore purse seiners recorded as between 0.44 and 0.54 and less than those of various cargo ships recorded as between 0.56 and 0.84. 2. L/B, L/D, B/D, B/T, and T/D of the class of gross tonnage between 75 and 130 tons are respectively 4.49, 11.00, 2.45, 2.85 and 0.86 as their average and those of the class of between 500 and 1500 tons are 4.89, 10.53, 2.15, 2.73 and 0.75 respectively, which are quite different from those of various cargo ships recorded as 6.0~7.5, 11.0~12.0, 1.6~2.0, 2.2~2.8 and 0.65~0.75 respectively. 3. Rudder area ratio of purse seiners of the class of between 75 and 130 tons is 1/24~1/31 and that of the clase of between 500 and 1500 tons is 1/36~1/42 which is greater than that of various cargo ships recorded as 1.45~1.75. 4. On speed-length ratio of purse seiners. 111 Dong-a has the biggest value 2.94 the class of 130 tons has 2.52 the class of between 75 and 100 tons has 2.30~2.35 and the class of between 500 and 1500 tons has 1.99~2.05. 5. Turning circle of stern trawlers Pusan 404 and Haelim 3 are measured as below according to rudder angles 5
respectively. Advances are 11.3~13.6, 6.0~7.1, 3.6~4.8 and 2.5~3.5 times of LPP respectively. Tactial diameters are 15.2~18.6, 6.9~8.0, 4.2~4.9 and 2.9~3.5 times of LPP. Purse seiner 111 Dong-a with rudder angle 35
has a good yaw with quick responsibility since its advance is 2.2~2.3 times of LPP and since its tactial diameter is 2.0~2.1 times of LPP. 6. In full ahead going of purse seiner 111 Dong-a, it takes about 2 minutes and 10.6 times of LPP from the reverse turning its engine into full astern to the ship speed 0. In its full astern going, it takes about 1 minute and 5.1 times of LPP from the reverse turning its engine into full ahead to the ship speed 0. In its full ahead going, it takes about 2 minutes and 50 seconds and 12.3 times of LPP from stopping its engine to the dead slow ahead speed 3.2 knots.
A Frequency Characteristics of the Underwater using moving Coil Type Driver Unit
Lee, Chang-Heon ; Seo, Du-Ok ; Kim, Byeong-Yeop ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 30, issue 1, 1994, Pages 25~32
An underwater speaker was made of a moving coil driver unite of usual speaker, acryl-boards, polyester resin, rubber and castor oil and it's frequency characteristics was measured in range of 250~600Hz in air water tank and sea. The results of measurements are follows: 1. Transmitting and receiving frequency of measurement frequency were similar in air, water tank and sea. 2. The input and output wave forms of a manufactured speaker which is not water-proof in air were similar to each other in 300~450Hz, but other frequencies showed distorted wave forms. 3. The input and output wave forms of an underwater speaker in water thank and sea were similar to each other in 250~600Hz. But output wave forms showed combination waves with very low frequency. 4. Transmitting and receiving frequency wave forms and resisting pressure of an underwater speaker at 80m in the depth of water were in good condition. Therefore it can be possible to use it as an underwater speaker.
A Study on the Heat Transfer Improvement of Integral-Fin Tubes by External Fin Effect
Han, Gyu-Il ; Jo, Dong-Hyeon ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 30, issue 1, 1994, Pages 33~44
This work studies for boiling and condensation heat transfer performance of trapezoidally shaped integral-fin tubes having fin densities from 748fpm to 1654fpm. For comparison, tests are made using a plain tube having the same inside and outside diameter as that of the root of fins of finned tubes. Hahne's theoretical model and Webb's theoretical model are used to predict the R-11 boiling heat transfer coefficient and condensing heat transfer coefficient respectively for plain tube and all integral-fin tubes. Experiments are carried out using R-11 as working fluid. This work is limited to film-wise condensation and pool boiling on the outside surface of plain tube and 4 low integral-fin tubes. In case of condensation, the refrigerant condenses at saturation state of 32
on the outside tube surface cooled by coolant and in case of boiling. the refrigerant evaporates at saturation state of 1bar on the outside tube surface. The amount of non-con-densable gases in the test loop is reduced to a negligible value by repeated purging. The actual boiling and condensing processes occur on the outside tube surfaces. Hence the nature of this surface geometry affects the heat transfer performances of condenser and evaporator in refrigerating system. The condensation heat transfer coefficient of integral-fin tube is enhanced by both extended tube surface area and surface tension. The ratio of the condensation heat transfer coefficients of finned to plain tubes is greater than that of surface area of finned to plain tubes, while ratio of the boiling heat transfer coefficient of finned to plain tubes shows reverse result. As a result, low integral-fin tube can be used in condenser more effectively than used in evaporator.
Fracture Behavior of Fiber Reinforced Composites under tensile and Bending Loadings
Nam, Gi-U ; Mun, Chang-Gwon ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 30, issue 1, 1994, Pages 45~52
The study was conducted to evaluate reliability of the longitudinal tensile properties of unidirectional carbon fiber reinforced composites. Two kinds of carbon fiber reinforced composites laminates were tested in order to examine the factors of variability and have the information concerning reliability improvement. Temperature dependence of the strength and its variability were investigated by means of testing at two kinds of temperatures. Statistical distributions of the respective mechanical properties were obtained from the tensile tests. As a result, strength of composites was directly proportional to the ultimate strain and was not proportional to the elastic modulus. The fracture behavior in bending of notched plate was studied for a composite material. The uniform bending tests of notched plates have been carried out for a wide range of notch radii. The experiment shows that the nominal stress at failure decreased with decreasing notch radius and it approaches a constant value when the notch radius is less than about 0.3mm. The critical maximum stress is governed by notch root radius alone in the case of a constant thickness of specimen.
A Study on Stucture of CAD / CAPP System in th e Heading Process Using Rigid-Plastic Finite Element Analysis
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 30, issue 1, 1994, Pages 53~63
The conventional cold-heading process for the production of a bolt-shaped product is composed of some process and two or three blows heading. The strength of a bolt-shaped product produced by multi-blow heading depends on the working conditions of the heading process such as preforming die angle, corner-radius of the necked portion of product, and the reduction in height during pre-forming. Arigid-plastic finite-element program(RDHPSC) has been coded and the program testified by comparison with the results of experimentation. A method of testing the optimum die-conditions in the double-blow heading process by use of RDHPSC analysis is discussed a fundamental structures of CAD/CAPP system for two-blow heading process is discussed.
The Kind of Trawl Gear for Selection Catch
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 30, issue 1, 1994, Pages 64~70