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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Fisheries Technology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 33, Issue 4 - Dec 1997
Volume 33, Issue 3 - Sep 1997
Volume 33, Issue 2 - Jun 1997
Volume 33, Issue 1 - Mar 1997
Selecting the target year
Application of Semi-Twin Hull Form to a Medium Size Off-Shore Long Liner
Lee, Kwi-Joo ; Han, Jae-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 33, issue 4, 1997, Pages 259~265
The new concept of hull form for G/T 19 ton class off-shore long liner was studied with the support of special research fund of Korean Ministry of Science and Technology. Newly developed hull form of semi-twin afterbody combined with part. curvilinear type forebody shows outstanding improvement in resistance performance point of view compared with hard chine form, especially at the range of high speed.
Seawater Exchange Ratio in Small Bay
Park, Byeong-Su ; Ryu, Cheong-Ro ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 33, issue 4, 1997, Pages 266~274
To understand seawater exchange are important to analyze the formation of watermass, material circulation and transfer of pollutant material etc. The purpose of this study is to review the previous studies and to propose new exchange ratio. where,
; average salinity of the water at low water
; average salinity of the water at the next low water
; average salinity of the water passing the bay mouth on the flood tide
; total water volume of the bay on the low water
; the volume of the remaining outer bay water entering during the flood tideSeawater exchange ratio of Dongho Bay calculated by new method are 26.1%, 23.8% respectevely.The average fresh water residence ratio calculated by equation (12) is 2.2 days, that is corresponding 23.5 % of exchange ratio. Thus, it appears similar result as proposed exchange ratio.
Dynamic Behavior of Model Set Net in the Flow
Jung, Gi-Cheul ; Kwon, Byeong-Guk ; Le, Ju-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 33, issue 4, 1997, Pages 275~284
This experiment was carried out to measure the sinking depth of each buoy, the change in the net shape of the net, and the tension of sand bag line according to the R (from bag net to the fish court) and L (from fish court to the bag net) current directions and their velocity by the model experiment. The model net was one-fiftieth of the real net, and its size was determined after considering the Tauti’s Similarity Law and the dimension of the experimental tank. 1. The changes of the net shape were as follows : In the current R, the end net of fish court moved 20mm down the lowerward tide and 10mm upper part. So the whole model net moved up at 0.2m/sec. The shape of the net showed an almost linear state from bag net to the fish court at 0.6m/sec. In the current L, the door net moved 242mm down the lowerward tide and 18mm upper part. So the whole model net moved up at 0.2m/sec. The net shape showed an almost linear state from the fish court to the bag net at 0.5m/sec. 2. The sinking depths of each buoy were as follows: In the current R, the head buoy started sinking at 0.2m/sec and sank 20mm, 99mm at 0.3m/sec and 0.6m/sec, respectively. The end buoy didn't sink from 0m/sec to 0.6m/sec but showed a slight quake. In the current L, the end buoy started sinking at 0.1m/sec, and sank 5mm and 108mm at 0.2m/sec and 0.6m/sec, respectively. The whole model net sank at 0.5m/sec except the head buoy. 3. The changes of the sand bag line tension were as follows: In the current R, the tension affected by the sand bag line of the head buoy showed 273.51g at 0.1m/sec increased to 1298.40g at 0.6m/sec. In the current L, the tension affected by the sand bag line of the end buoy on one side showed 137.08g at 0.1m/sec increased to 646.00g at 0.6m/sec. The changes in the sand bag line tension were concentrated on the sand bag line of the upperward tide with increasing velocity at the R and L current directions. However, no significant increase in tension was observed in the other sand bag lines.
A Thronging Response of the Shoal of Rudder Fish , Seriola Dumerili ( Risso ) to Audible Underwater Sound
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 33, issue 4, 1997, Pages 285~289
A Held experiment was carried out to confirm the effect of underwater sound on the luring of fish school of rudder fish in a set net at the coast of Cheju Island. The effects of the acoustic emission on the luring of fish school were observed at a cage around a set net fishing ground using a manufactured underwater speaker. Underwater sounds that were emitted for the luring of fish school were the pure sounds of which frequency were 300Hz and 400Hz, engine noise and swimming sound. The results of the observation are as follows : 1. The input and output wave forms of a manufactured underwater speaker in water tank were similar to those in measurement frequencies. The result of the observation indicated that it could be used for the purpose of the sound emission in measurement frequencies. 2. The effect of the emitted pure sound of 300Hz, 400Hz was remarkable for the luring of fish school in 2 minutes after the sound emission. The reaction of fish school was more sensitive to the pure sound of 400Hz than 300Hz. 3. The effect of the emitted engine noise was more remarkable than that of the pure sound for 3 minute continuously. On the feeding sound, fish formed a shoal and swimmed, but didn't gather around the underwater speaker. 4. The feeding and swimming sound spectra on rudder Hsh showed similar sound pressure distribution each other, they appeared low sound pressure in frequencies of 200-600Hz.
An Adaptive Learning Controller for Underwater Vehicle with Thruster Dynamics
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 33, issue 4, 1997, Pages 290~297
Underwater robotic vehicles(URVs) are used for various work assignments such as pipe-lining, inspection, data collection, drill support, hydrography mapping, construction, maintenance and repairing of undersea equipment, etc. As the use of such vehicles increases the development of vehicles having greater autonomy becomes highly desirable. The vehicle control system is one of the most critic vehicle subsystems to increase autonomy of the vehicle. The vehicle dynamics is nonlinear and time-varying. Hydrodynamic coefficients are often difficult to accurately estimate. It was also observed by experiments that the effect of electrically powered thruster dynamics on the vehicle become significant at low speed or stationkeeping. The conventional linear controller with fixed gains based on the simplified vehicle dynamics, such as PID, may not be able to handle these properties and result in poor performance. Therefore, it is desirable to have a control system with the capability of learning and adapting to the changes in the vehicle dynamics and operating parameters and providing desired performance. This paper presents an adaptive and learning control system which estimates a new set of parameters defined as combinations of unknown bounded constants of system parameter matrices, rather than system parameters. The control system is described with the proof of stability and the effect of unmodeled thruster dynamics on a single thruster vehicle system is also investigated.
Community patterns of demersal fishes by the baited traps and bottom gillnets in the Masan Bay , heavily polluted area
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 33, issue 4, 1997, Pages 298~310
The aim of this research was to evaluate the biotic environments based upon the community pattern of demersal fishes in the Masan bay which is heavily polluted area in the southern part of Korea. The baited traps or bottom gillnet sampled bottom fishes at four sites totally 14 tunes from March 1994 to December 1996 with 2~3 months interval. The baited trap caught 0~ 10 species which were mainly starfish, crabs, conger eel, rockfish, or blenny with 0~50 individuals per a trap. Small crab(Atergatis sp.) was significantly dominant in the S1 site, most heavily polluted area, and starfish(Asterias sp. and/or Asterina sp.) in the other three sites. There was no animals at the S1 site in the March and July in 1994 and August in 1996. The gillnets caught 0~7 species which were mainly mantis shrimp, jellyfish, flounder, starfish, crabs, or sea weeds with 0~30 individuals per a pannel of bottom gillnet. Jellyfish was significantly dominant in the S1 site and mantis shrimp in the all four sites. There was no animals in the July 1994 at S1 site and in the August and December 1996 at S4 site. But at the August in 1995 or 1996 in the S1 site, the bottom gillnets caught mackerel, anchovy, gizzard-shad or mullet which was dead all. The species diversity index of samlings by trap or gillnet showed less than 1.0 in the 80% of the totally 56 samplings. This means that the stability of demersal fishes' community is very low owing to the poor biotic environments. But most of fishes living at Masan bay appeared well fitting with the heavily polluted environments. And some fishes, like mackerel, anchovy, gizzard-shad or mullet migrated into polluted Masan bay with the seasonal or annual fluctuation.
A Study on the Leading Effect of Fish Attracting Lamps on Fish Schools into a Set-net - The Leading Effect of Incandescent Electric Light on Fish Schools -
Park, Jeong-Sik ; Kim, Seok-Jong ; Kim, Mun-Gwan ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 33, issue 4, 1997, Pages 311~320
We selected horse mackerel Trachurus japonicus, mackerel Scomber japonicus and arrow squid Todarodes pacificus, to be used in the experiment. These fishes migrate to the Cheju coast and were caught by set-net. We studied on the attracting effect and the leading effect on the fish school using incandescent lights in an outdoor water tank at the Marine Research Institute Cheju National University. The results obtained are summarized as follows; 1. The horse mackerels, mackerels and arrow squids were actively attracted to the incandescent light. The optimum illumination and the reactions of each fish school were different though. 2. We turned the first attracting lamp on and turned it off after ten minutes. Then we turned the second attracting lamp on and turned it off after another ten minutes. The reaction of each fish school was a little bit different, but it worked to lead them to their destination. 3. We turned the three attracting lamps on at the same tune. After ten minutes, We turned the first attracting lamp off. After another ten minutes we turned the second attracting lamp off. The reaction of each fish school was a bit different, but it worked to lead them to their destination. 4. One incandescent light was moving. The reaction of each fish school was a little bit different, but it worked to lead them to their destination.
A Study on the Telemetry system for the Inhabitant Environments and Distribution of Fish-I - Sea Temperature , Salinity and Distribution of Fish -
Sin, Hyeong-Il ; An, Yeong-Hwa ; Sin, Hyeon-Ok ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 33, issue 4, 1997, Pages 321~333
His paper describe on the transmitting/receiving functions and the monitoring effects for the telemetry system which is designed to monitor the environmental condition of a culturing fishery ground inside a bay. The telemetry experiments were carried out by the telemetry system which constructed with the sea water temperature/salinity measuring sensor and telesounder at culturing fishery ground located in the coast of Sangyang-Myon, Kyongsangnam-Do province from October, 1995 to May, 1996. The results of this experiment showed that the developed telemetry system could be used for monitoring the sea water temperature/salinity and the distribution of fish in culturing fishery
A Study on the Dynamic Reliability Analysis of the Shell Structure under Random Loads
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 33, issue 4, 1997, Pages 334~345
Reliability-based design approaches are needed for cylindrical shell structure whose design and operational experiences are few and which are subjected to external loads of random loads. In designing new type of structure, it is very difficult to evaluate the safety factors due to lack of previous design data and operational experience. To solve the above mentioned problem, much attention is being focussed on rational reliability based design approaches. This paper deals with weight-optional reliability-based design of cylindrical shell structure subjected to structural reliability constraints taking into account of the effect of local buckling and interactive behavior between local and global buckling. Present mentioned is compared with the exiting optional design method based only on safety factors. Numerical simulation reveals that the present method leads to lighter structure (4% reduction in weight compared to the existing optimal design) with the same reliability index. For larger structures with more number of structural members and possible failure modes, the present W0RBD procedure will be an efficient tool in designing cost-effective rationalized economic design.
Effect of Specimen Geometries on the Pin Bearing Strength of Unidirectional CFRP Composites
Jeon, Jin-Tak ; Kim, Jae-Dong ; Koh, Sung-Wi ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 33, issue 4, 1997, Pages 346~351
The pin bearing strength is one of the most important design parameters for mechanical joints composed of fiber reinforced composites. Thus the effect of the edge distance and the width of specimen on the pin-bearing strength of unidirectional CFRP composites were experimentally investigated in this paper. As results, the failure modes and the pin bearing strength of mechanical joints turned out to depend on the edge distance and also the width of specimen. The failure of specimen with low ratio of width to hole diameter was caused by the net tension from the hole boundary, on the other hand, the failure of specimen with low ratio of edge distance to hole diameter was caused by the shear-out. The bearing strength in case of the failure by shear-out was quite lower than that in case of failure by net tension.
Visual acuity of Fish -II. Relationship between light intensity line width at visual limit of filefish
An, Yeong-Il ; Yang, Yong-Rim ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 33, issue 4, 1997, Pages 352~359
The visual acuity of filefish Stephanolepis cirrhifer was studied through a series of experiments by observing their responses to target plates. The fish were trained to respond to the target plates made of white acrylic resin with a vertical black line 5cm long in the center. The width of the black line ranged from 0.2mm to 8.0 mm. The line width was diminished unto the fish could no longer distinguish the line at a distance of 100 cm from the target plate. This was repeated under light intensities of 400, 20, 5, 3 and 1 lx at the water surface. Fish were rewarded with bait in front of the target plate if the fish went to the target date (i.e., success).The results show that the training effect of 1lensh had a success rate of over 80% and that the reach times to the target plates were 4~5 seconds over 210 experimental tunes. The success rate was high using the thick line with strong apparent contrast, but was low at the 1 lx. The visible critical width of line became thick with decreasing light intensity, 0.24mm at 400 lx, followed by 0.30mm at 20 lx, 0.40mm at 5 lx, 0.46 mm at 3 lx and 2.87mm at 1 lx. The apparent contrast for visible critical width of line increased with decreasing light intensity, 0.01 at 400 and 20 lx, 0.02 at 5 lx, 0.03 at 3 lx and 0.09 at 1 lx. The line acuity of filefish was best 1.21 at the 400 lx, followed by 0.97 at 20 lx, 0.73 at 5 lx, 0.63 at 3 lx and sharply decreased to 0.10 at 1 lx. The visible ranges for 1mm and 6mm in width of line were about 4.2 m and 25.0 m at the 400 lx light intensity and decreased m 1/14 times and 1/12 times of the 400 lx at 1 lx, respectively.
Circulation Experiment of the Chinhae Bay using a Three-Dimensional Diagnostic Numercal Model
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 33, issue 4, 1997, Pages 360~369
We calculated the residual current forced by buoyancy, wind stress, and tidal stress in the Chinhae Bay using a three-dimensional diagnostic model. The calculated current was also compared with the observation. The flow directs outward from the central area of the Bay in the upper layer, and also forms eddy-shape stucture in the upper and middle layers. The flow of bottom layer shows an opposite pattern compared to those of top and middle layers. The maximum speed was 6.05 em/see (September) and 3.49 cm/sec (November) in the upper layer, and 4.39 cm/sec on both month in the middle layer. The Kinetic energy of November (8.39xlO' W) was larger than that of September (1.24xlO 'W), mainly resulting from larger buoyancy effect in September. In spite of the roughness of the grid size(1 km) and wind date, the calculated flow shows eorrelation(r=0.71) with the observation. We expect that the correlation be increased by increased by adopting the fine grid and the variable coefficients of diffusion and viscosity.