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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Fisheries Technology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 35, Issue 4 - Nov 1999
Volume 35, Issue 3 - Aug 1999
Volume 35, Issue 2 - May 1999
Volume 35, Issue 1 - Feb 1999
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Tension of a Purseline in the Process of Catch of the Purse Seine Fishing Methods-I -Model Experiment on the Tension of a Purseline by Net Shapes-
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 35, issue 1, 1999, Pages 1~10
The north-west sea area of Cheju Island is where originate two layer current in the summer season. The case of the fishing operations in this sea area is almost impossible for normal expansion of the net gear for shooting net, and is happened to be frequent occasions for rise of tension suddenly in purseline by changes of the net shapes in the operation. Therefore, the safety of the operations is often obstructed by the above mentioned. In connection with the above, model experiments on the purse seine in the circulating water tank was carried out in comparison and analysis on the changes of tension in the pruseline by deformation of purse seine in the sea area of two layer current. THe results obtained are as follows;In the case of the required time for pursing of 20 minutes in the no current set, the increasing curve for tension of purseline can be expressed as:Y=0.0004x3+0.0098x2+0.3000x(r=0.9989)where Y is tension(metric tons) of a purseline, x is required time(minutes) for pursing. And, the maximum value of tension in this time was an increase of 31.3 percent at 15 minutes, and was a decrease of 30.3 percent at 30 minutes than that of 20 minutes.When the bottom margin of net is held on the position in velocity of 0.5 knot at three-eighths of net in the bottom current to the net height, the maximum tension of the required time for pursing of 30 minutes in tight set and loose set were decrease of 29.5 percent and 28.7 percent respectively than that of 20 minutes.The work load during the required time for pursing of 20 minutes were calculated 5.79×106 kgf·m in no current set, 7.89×106 kgf·m in tight set and 5.15×106 kgf·m in loose set, therefore it was an increase of 22.3 percent in tight set, and was a decrease of 11.1 percent in loose set than that of the no current set. Where tight set and loose set is a range of the bottom current with velocity of 0.5 knot at three-eighths of net to the net height.
The Varies of Deviation on the Ship's Head up bearing of the electromagnetic Compass around Ship
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 35, issue 1, 1999, Pages 11~18
In order to secure accuracy and effectiveness of the electromagnetic compass as information sensor for ship's head up bearing with gyro compass, magnetic compass and electromagnetic compass on the sea and on the dock in land.The results obtained were as follows;1. Between the Northeast and the southsouthwest the deviation on ship's head up bearing on electromagnetic compass got easterly deviation with max.
on the East and between the Southwest and the Northnortheast westerly deviation with max.
on the Northwest, of which values were not able to be corrected due to the angle excess of deviation adjustment.2. The varies of deviation seemed to have a tendency to increase easterly deviation on the Northeast and the East, easterly deviation after westerly deviation between the South and the Northwest, small one on the North and the Southeast.3. The varies of deviation of ship were larger than the one of around the dock, were extreme on the bow of forecastle deck and were stable on the ship's center line of compass deck at the dock in land.
The auditory thresholds and fish behaviors to the underwater sounds for luring of target secies at the set-net in the coast of Cheju(II) -Critical ratios of the yellow tail(Seriola quinqueradiata)-
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 35, issue 1, 1999, Pages 19~24
This paper is second part on the auditory thresholds and fish behaviors to the underwater sounds for luring of target species at the set-net in the coast of Cheju. In order to obtain the critical ratio of yellow tails(Seriola quinqueradiata) and the emission level of underwater sound for luring of them, we make experiments to measure the auditory threshold of them using conditioning with electric shock. In state that the white noise with 10dB higher sound pressure level than ambient noise is emitted, the auditory thresholds of yellow tails are measured with 100~116.5dB and they are higher than those in state of no emission of white noise by the masking effects of it. Although sound pressure level of background noise go down, the auditory thresholds go up with frequency above than 300Hz.The critical ratio of yellow-tails in frequency of 80Hz, 100Hz, 200Hz, 500Hz, 800Hz are 46dB, 40dB, 50dB, 52dB, 60dB, 70dB respectively. The sound pressure level of which the signal sound is recognized by yellow tails under the ambient noise is above 100dB and the critical ratio of them is above 40dB.
The Quantitative Analysis on the Criterion Elements for Collision Avoidance Action in Collision Avoidance maneuver and Its Application
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 35, issue 1, 1999, Pages 25~34
The Steering and Sailing Rules of International Regulation for Preventing Collisions at Sea now in use direct actions to avoid collision when two power-driven vessels are meeting on reciprocal or nearly reciprocal courses so as to involve risk of collision. But these rules do not refer to the minimum relative distances and safety relative distances between two vessels when they should take such actions.In this paper the ship's collision avoiding actions being analyzed from a viewpoint of ship motions, the mathematical formulas to calculate such relative distances necessary for taking actions to avoid collision were worked out. The values of maneuvering indices being figured out through experiments of 20 actual ships of small, medium, large and mammoth size and applied to calculating formulas, the minimum relative distances and safety relative distances were calculated. The main results were as follows. 1. It was confirmed that the criterion elements for collision avoiding actions in head-on situation of two vessels shall be the minimum relative distances and safety relative distances between them. 2. On the assumption that two vessels same in size and condition were approaching each other in head-on situation, the minimum relative distance of small vessel(GT : 160~650tons) was found to be about 4.7 times her own length, and those of medium (GT:2,300~4,500tons),large(GT:15,000~62,000tons) and mommoth (GT:91,000~194,000tons) vessels were found to be about 5.2 times, about 5.2 times and about 6.1 times their own lengths respectively. 3. On the assumption that two vessels same in size and condition were approaching each other in head-on situation, the safe relative distance of small vessel (GT : 160~650tons) was found to be about 6.8 times her own length, and those of medium (GT : 2,300~4,500tons), large (GT: 15,000~62,000tons) and mammoth (GT : 91,000~194,000tons) vessels were found to be about 9.0 times, about 6.3 times, and about 8.0 times their own lengths respectively. 4. It is considered to be helpful for the safety of ship handling that the sufficient safe relative distances for every vessels shall be more than about 12~14 times which are 2 times minimum relative distance, their own length on above assumption.
A Study on the Leading Effect of Fish Attracting Lamps on Fish Schools into a Set-net -2. Behaviour of Fish Schools into a Set-net -2. Behaviour of Fish Schools to the Attracting Lamp-
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 35, issue 1, 1999, Pages 35~40
We selected horse mackerel Trachurus japonicus, mackerel Scomber japonicus and arrow squid Todarodes pacificus, to use in the experiment. These fishes migrate to the Cheju coast and were caught by set-net. We studied the leading effect on the fish schools using the attracting lamps in an outdoor water tank at the Marine Research Institute in Cheju National University. The results obtained are summarized as follows; 1. The attracting rate of fish schools was increasing as the time between switching on and off each lamp was getting longer when each of the attracting lamps was switched on and off in order. However, the attracting rate of mackerel school showed a tendency to be higher than that of the other two species. 2. The attracting rate of fish schools was increasing as the time of switching off the lamps was getting longer when the attracting lamps which had been switched on were switched off in order. However, the attracting rate of mackerel school showed a tendency to be higher than that of the other two species. 3. The attracting rate of fish schools was decreasing as the speed of moving the attracting lamp was getting faster when the attracting lamp was moving. However, the attracting rate of mackerel school showed a tendency be higher than that of the other two species. 4. To determine the distance between the attracting lamps, there would be two methods. One is switching on and off the attracting lamps in order, and the other is switching off the attracting lamps in order which had been switched on. The methods showed that the attracting rate of fish schools were decreasing as the distance between the attracting lamps were getting longer. However, the attracting rate of mackerel school showed a tendency to be higher than that of the other two species.
A Study on the Characteristics of the Underwater Ambient Noise and Biological Noise in Fish Farm Cages
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 35, issue 1, 1999, Pages 41~49
This paper describes to analyze the underwater ambient noise and biological noise of cultivating fishes in the fish farm cages at the seawater Tongyong-kun, KyongNam and lake of Chungju, Chech'on, ChungBuk from 10 to 19 Oct. 1997, in order to find out the characteristics of these noises. The results obtained were as follows; (1) The ambient noise around the fish farm cages at lake of Chungju was 10~200Hz frequency range, 70~105dB spectrum level. The central frequency was 50~70Hz, changing of ambient noise was getting bigger than 10~200Hz in 200Hz~2kKz frequency by wind, water current. (2) The frequency of noise source around the fish farm cage at the seawater of Tongyong-kun was 20~200Hz, spectrum level was 80~100dB while feed factory was working around the fish farm cage. When feed factory did not work, noise source was 10~600Hz frequency range, 70~90dB spectrum level. It was 10dB less than that of while feed factory was working, and then the central frequency was 70Hz. (3) The vessel noise of excursion ship had changed largely at 100dB spectrum level in 10~500Hz frequency band, and the fishing boat had 20Hz~2kHz frequency range. (4) The biological noise in the fish farm cage at lake of Chungju, which was feeding of Cyprinus carpio, 2was 10~30Hz frequency, 70~104dB spectrum level. The central frequency was 75Hz. The biological noises in the fish farm cage at the seawater of Tongyong-kun, which were feeding and swimming noise, had very different spectrum pattern by species, and the frequency band was 10~800Hz.
A study on the cross-section profile of the seal ring in the stern tube sealing system
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 35, issue 1, 1999, Pages 50~53
In this paper, the mechanical movement of lip seal-ring which plays the most important function in stern-tube sealing system and the possibility of leakage caused by pressure fluctuation are studied by theory and experiment. By the finite element method for axial symmetry object which receives the torsional bending load, the displacement and stress analysis of the seal-rings are executed for products of several representative manufacturers of seal-rings, and also the possibility of crack occurance are checked by theoretical analysis. A sample seal-ring id designed and manufactured using the program of displacement and stress analysis developed in this study and made an experimental apparatus to test the sampling seal-ring. The sampling seal-ring functioned excellently, but it had its durability and this problem may be solved by using the Viton instead of NBR.
A Study on the Finite Element Analysis of Three Dimensional Plate Structures
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 35, issue 1, 1999, Pages 54~59
High-speed electronic digital computers have enabled engineers to employ various numerical discretization techniques for solutions of complex problems. The Finite Element Method is one of the such technique. The Finite Element Method is one of the numerical analysis based on the concepts of fundamental mathematical approximation. Three dimensional plate structures used often in partition of ship, box girder and frame are analyzed by Finite Element Method. In design of structures, the static deflections, stress concentrations and dynamic deflections must be considered. However, these problem belong to geometrically nonlinear mechanical structure analysis. The analysis of each element is independent, but coupling occurs in assembly process of elements. So, to overcome such a difficulty the shell theory which includes transformation matrix and a fictitious rotational stiffness is taken into account. Also, the Mindlin's theory which is considered the effect of shear deformation is used. The Mindlin's theory is based on assumption that the normal to the midsurface before deformation is "not necessarily normal to the midsurface after deformation", and is more powerful than Kirchoff's theory in thick plate analysis. To ensure that a small number of element can represent a relatively complex form of the type which is liable to occur in real, rather than in academic problem, eight-node quadratic isoparametric elements are used. are used.
Development of sea water cooling apparatus for fish hold storage
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 35, issue 1, 1999, Pages 60~64
The objective of this study was to manufacture the sea water cooling apparatus for fish hold storage to extend the freshness of fish. Using the sea water cooling apparatus manufactured, it makes observations on the physicochemical and sensual properties of mackerel such as ATP and its related compounds, K-value, VBN, TMA, TBA, salt-concentration and skin color through storage. The results of this investigation showed that the values of physicochemical properties such as ATP and its related compounds, K-value, VBN, TMA, TBA increased gradually during storage in sea water cooling apparatus manufactured and the changes of skin color was inhibited also. From these results, it could be suggested that developed sea water cooling apparatus is effective in shelf-life extension of fishes.
Design of Unification of Power device of Stow-Net Fishing System -Unification of Power Device by Hydraulic Power-
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 35, issue 1, 1999, Pages 65~76
Our status of off-shore stow-net fishery is in face with many difficult problems; the lack of fisherman by evading the 3-D occupation, the safety accident by unskilled crew and old type fishing system. In order to solve those problems, it is necessary to save the man power and ensure the safety of fishing work by the effective utilization of power and automatization of fishing gear system. This is consists of the side drum driven by main engine, the net hauler, the bow and stern capstan, jib crane etc. Therefore, we suggest the design on unification of power device of fishing gear system as follows; (1) fishing system by uni-hydraulic power and (2) fishing system by electric motor and electro-hydraulic power.
A Study on the Combustion of Fish Oil in a Diesel Engine (Exhaust Emission, Endurance Test)
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 35, issue 1, 1999, Pages 77~82
This study was conducted on the properties of exhaust emissions of diesel oil and fish oil blended with diesel oils using a direct injection diesel engine at different loads, and on the conditions of carbon deposits of diesel oil and 40% blend oil in the combustion chamber after 20 hours operation at
load. The properties of exhaust emissions by fish oil blended with diesel oils showed no significant difference with diesel oil. However, soot emissions decreased, increasing the ratio of fish oil. Carbon deposits by fish oil blended with diesel oils were high level compared with diesel oil, which might be overcome by preheating of fuel oil and operating conditions.
A Study on the Behavior of Buffer Layer in Turbulent Boundary Layer with Variation of Surface Temperature and Roughness
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 35, issue 1, 1999, Pages 83~92
In this paper, the wind tunnel test was carried to investigate the behavior of buffer layer in turbulent boundary layer with variation of surface temperature and roughness. The results were as follows; 1. The velocity in turbulent boundary layer was increased when the roughness height within viscous sublayer thickness was increased. 2. When the surface temperature was increased, the density of air was decreased and the velocity in turbulent boundary layer was increased. Thus, the thickness of turbulent boundary layer was decreased. 3. When the roughness height and surface temperature was increased simultaneously, the thickness of turbulent boundary layer was decreased. 4. The decrement of the thickness of turbulent boundary layer was more effected by the increment of the roughness height rather than the increment of surface temperature. 5. In this study, it was found that the condition of the highest velocity n turbulent boundary layer was the temperature 333K and roughness #100.