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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Fisheries Technology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 36, Issue 4 - Nov 2000
Volume 36, Issue 3 - Aug 2000
Volume 36, Issue 2 - May 2000
Volume 36, Issue 1 - Feb 2000
Selecting the target year
Model Test on the Opening Efficiency of the Midwater Pair Trawl Net
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 36, issue 2, 2000, Pages 73~88
A series of analysis and experiment on the fishing gear and method of the existing midwater pair trawl net with 12,800mm of maximum mesh size is carried out to determine the most effective shape factor. As the first step of this study, the fishing gear and method for the existing net are analyzed to solve problems, such as being low of the net height by increasing the towing speed, twist of net pendant and twine, suspension of float between knots of mesh. etc. Standing on these results, the existing net are modified by very effective shape based on the theory and technology designing the fishing gear. Also, the model experiment is carried out to determine the most effective shape factor of the modified net in the circulation water channel. The obtained results can be summarized as follows : 1. On the length of net pendants(No.2 and No.3) connected with side line, opening efficiency of net with length 8.0cm of net pendant is the greatest and in the order of 11.5cm, 15.0cm. 2. On the number of the net pendant, opening efficiency of net with 4 lines of net pendant is the greatest and in the order of 3 lines, 2 lines. Center part of side panel is pushed out backward, and the pushed length is increasing by increasing flow speed. 3. On the sinking force, opening efficiency of the net is increasing by increasing sinking force. And opening efficiency shows almost the same when sinking force is greater about 1.5 times than that of the existing net in case of the net with 3 lines of net pendant, and about 1.6 ~ 1.7 times than that of the existing net in case of the net with 2 lines.
A study on the selectivity of the mesh size in trammel net for Cynoglossidae spp.
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 36, issue 2, 2000, Pages 89~95
Test fishing was carried out to examine the selectivity of the mesh size in trammel net for tonguefish (Cynoglossidae spp.) from May to August, 1999 and a total of 30 times of test fishing have been done in the coastal waters around Dolsando, Yosu, South Chunra province, Korea. A gill net and a trammel net which were composed of three different mesh sizes (70.5mm, 86.6mm and 101mm) were used for the experiment. The selectivity curve of mesh size was estimated by Kitahara's method for Robust tonguefish (Cynoglossus robustus). The results obtained are summarized as follows ; 1. Catching efficiency of the trammel net (70.5mm-sized-lint main net) was 39.0% and it was 2.5 times higher than 15.8% for the gill net. 2. The optimum l/m value of the trammel net was 3.51 and it was 0.13 higher than 3.38 for the gill net. 3. The selectivity of trammel net was similar to that of the gill net for low length-class. However, the selectivity of trammel net was not good compared with that of the gill net for high length-class. The 50% selectivity was 1.33 for the trammel net and 0.83 for the gill net. According to the experimental results, fishing efficiency of the trammel net was better than that of the gill net for tonguefish (Cynoglossidae spp.) and it was known that catch length for targeted species could be selected by controlling the mesh size.
A Study on Gathering Behaviour of Fish in the Artificial Sea-floor Area
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 36, issue 2, 2000, Pages 96~104
By using the offshore type submersible platform, Artificial sea floor anchored at a depth of forty meters several experimental studies have been conducted successfully during 1996. The facility consists of an artificial sea floor that floats at 7 meters below the surface, a machinery hut that projects above the surface at the center of the structure and a balance weight beneath the structure. The facility can be surfaced easily by using a water discharging pump in the water tank which is located at the center of it. To find out the behavioral character and the gathering factor of fishes around the artificial sea floor, investigations were carried out during the daytime and nighttime by direct observation and by echo-sounder. Around the testing reefs and artificial sea floor, six kinds of fishes were found by diving observation and the dominants were Scomber japonicus, Sebastes thompsoni and Oplegnathus fascitus. As Scomber japonicus was distributed around the artificial sea floor in dense small school, they were not seen elsewhere in the survey area. The artificial sea floor was concluded to act as a schooling ground far Scomber japonicus, Sebastes thompsoni and Oplegnathus fascitus. were close to the testing reefs(within 10m) in the daytime, and were thought to settle on the testing reefs at nighttime, To examine the distribution of 7shes around the artificial sea floor, an acoustic survey over a 1
1km area, 0-50m in depth during the all day. Around the artificial sea floor many thin scattering fish echo(TS-54.5~ -51.5dB) and dense fish echo(TS-41~-38dB) were mainly distributed. Many scattering fish echoes, which were thought to be a mixture of small squid, pelegic crustacea and ethers, were distributed over the whole survey area. A dense fish school stayed beneath the artificial sea floor for a short duration. These phenomena were concluded to show an attraction and detention function of the artificial sea floor.
Seasonal Variation of Watermass in the Central Coast of the Southern Sea of Korea
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 36, issue 2, 2000, Pages 105~116
In order to investigate the seasonal variation of watermass in the central coast of the southern sea of korea, oceanographic observation on the fishing grounds were carried out by the trainingship of Yosu University on May, Aug. and Nov. in 1998 and Feb. in 1999. The resultes obtained are summerized as follows : 1). The watermass in the fishing ground were divided into the coastal water(30.0~31.6
), mixing water(31.7~33.4
) and the offshore water(33.5~35.0
) according to the distribution of salinity from T-S diagram plotted all salinity data observed on May, Aug. and Nov. in 1998 and Feb. in 1999. 2) The ranges of temperature and salinity were from 14.1
and from 32.2
in spring(May), from 14.2
and from 29.0
in summer(August), from 13.4
and from 31.45
in autumn(November) and from 8.2
and from 33.9
in winter(February), respectively. 3) The distribution of watermass in the fishing ground varied largely each seasons, but a general tendency on the distribution was obtained. That is, in spring and autumm the offshore water was distributed most widely and in summer the coastal and mixing water occupied the fishing ground but in winter the offshore water prevailed. 4) Variation of temperature and salinity were appeared between the surface and 30m in the coastal region and between the surface and 50m in the open ocaen region. Therefore, in the summer the thermocline and halocline were made between surface and 30m layer with vertical gradients of 10.5
/30m and 4.0
/30m in the coastal region and in the open ocean region the thermocline and halocline were made between surface and 50m layer with vertical gradients of 13.
/50m and 3.8
The Waveform and Spectrum analysis of Tursiops truncatus (Bottlenose Dolphin) Sonar Signals on the Show at the Aquarium
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 36, issue 2, 2000, Pages 117~125
The waveform and spectrum analysis of Tursiops truncatus(bottlenose dolphin) sonar signals were carried out on the basis of data collected during the dolphin show at the aquarium of Cheju Pacificland from October 1998 to February 1999. When greeting to audience, the pulse width, peak frequency and spectrum level from the five dolphins'sonar signals were 3.0ms, 4.54kHz and 125.6dB, respectively. At the time of warm-up just before the show, their figures were 5.0㎳, 5.24kHz and 127.0dB, respectively. During the performance of dolphins, with singing, peak frequency ranged 3.28∼5.78kHz and spectrum level ranged 137.0∼142.0dB. With playing ring, pulse width, peak frequency and spectrum level were 7.0㎳, 2.54kHz and 135.9dB, and when playing the ball, the values were 9.0㎳, 2.78kHz and 135.2dB, respectively. The values determined from the five dolphins during jump-up out of water were : pulse width 2.0㎳, peak frequency 4.50kHz and spectrum level 126.8dB. When they responded to trainer's instructions, the values were 2.25㎳, 248kHz and 148.7dB, respectively, and greeting to audience, the peak frequency and spectrum level were 5.84kHz and 122.5dB. During swimming under water, peak frequency and spectrum level were determined to be 10.10kHz and 126.8dB. It was found that there exited close consistencies in pulse width, frequency distribution and spectrum level between whistle sounds and dolphin's sonar signals. Accordingly, the dolphins can be easily trained by using whistle sound based on the results obtained from the waveform and spectrum of the dolphin's sonar signals.
Development of Automatic Operating :System for the Sea Eel Pots Fisheries(I) - Coupling Device for Sea Eel Pot and Separating System -
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 36, issue 2, 2000, Pages 126~131
Capability and performance of the pliers type coupling device for connection of sea eel pots to loop of main line and automatic separating system were investigated at sea as first trial of developing automatic operating system for sea eel pot fishing boat. Obtained main results are as follows. 1. Maximum tensile load of the pliers type coupling device when connection with high twist PP dan-line as a loop of main line was 1603 N, higher than when connection with low twist PP twine 1379 N. 2. A retention ratio of sea eel pots from main line by connecting with coupling device was successful 100% with high performance without any loss in the sea. 3. A ratio of automatic disconnection between sea eel pots using coupling device and loop of main line was perfect 100% without any trouble.
Stress Corrosion Cracking Behavior under Cavitation Erosion-Corrosion in Sea Water-Part (I)
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 36, issue 2, 2000, Pages 132~138
The effect of fluid flow on corrosion and erosion-corrosion of metal is a well-recognized phenomenon in pipelines and machinery equipment, and so on. Not only are fluid hydrodynamics important, but also the corrosiveness of the process or production stream affects the corrosion system. Recent research demonstrates that it is possible to erosion-corrosion(E/C) phenomena in terms of hydrodynamics, electrochemical corrosion kinetics and film growth/removal phenomena. Stress corrosion cracking behavior under cavitation erosion-corrosion of mild steel(SS41) was investigated of base metal and weldment under loaded stress. Main result obtained are as follows : 1) The cavitation erosion sensitivity of base metal affected weight loss is more susceptive than heat affected zone, 2) The corrosion sensitivity affected weight loss of welding heat cycle is less susceptive on stress corrosion under cavitation erosion-corrosion than stress corrosion.
Stress Corrosion Cracking Behavior under Cavitation Erosion-Corrosion in Sea Water-Part (II)
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 36, issue 2, 2000, Pages 139~146
Cavitation can occur in pipes when liquid is moving at high velocity, especially at pittings where the smooth bore of the pipe is interrupted. The effect is usually to produce pitting on the downstream side of the turbulence. However, stress corrosion cracking behavior under cavitation erosion-corrosion was neatly unknown. In this study, therefore, some were investigated of stress corrosion cracking behavior, others were stress corrosion cracking behavior under cavitation erosion-corrosion of water injection. And datas obtained as the results of experiment were compared between the two. Mainresult obtained are as follows: 1) Stress corrosion cracking growth rate of heat affected zone under cavitation erosion-corrosion becomes most rapid, and stress intensity factor
becomes most high. 2) Stress corrosion cracking growth mechanism by cavitation erosion-corrosion is judgement on the strength of the film rupture model and the tunnel model. 3) The range of potential as passivation of heat affected zone is less noble than that of base metal, and that value is smaller. 4) Corrosion potential under cavitation erosion-corrosion in loaded stress is less noble than that of stress corrosion, and corrosion current density is higher.
Evaluation of the Fatigue Behavior before and after Wall Thickness Penetration in Carbon Steel Pipes with Circumferential Part Through-Wall Surface Crack
Seok-Hwan AHN ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 36, issue 2, 2000, Pages 147~154