Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Fisheries Technology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 36, Issue 4 - Nov 2000
Volume 36, Issue 3 - Aug 2000
Volume 36, Issue 2 - May 2000
Volume 36, Issue 1 - Feb 2000
Selecting the target year
Design of an Automatic Winch System for Small Fishing Vessel
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 36, issue 3, 2000, Pages 157~165
A small hydraulic winch system with an automatic tension control unit was designed to improve the work efficiency of coastal small vessels and the dynamic response characteristics of the winch system operated in the open loop condition was investigated. The inlet and the outlet pressures in hydraulic motor, the torque and the rotating speed of winch drum were measured as a function of time, and the behaviour in autotension mode for stepped load changes was analyzed. The results obtained are summarized as follows : 1. The developed winch system for coastal small vessels will result in better fishing with improved efficiency and lower manpower consumption by remote control of winch system. 2. The rotating delay times of winch drum for on/off operations of solenoid valve were 0.09 see at CW mode and 0.04 sec at CCW mode, respectively. After the solenoid valve was controlled, response characteristics were unstable slightly but showed good tracking behaviour over short time. 3. The driving torque of winch system in autotension mode was kept almost constant of 55.9 kgf·m, and 11.1 then the rotating speed of winch drum was kept almost constant of 5.1 rpm in the larger torque than 55.9 kgf·m and 11.1 rpm in the lower torque than that. 4. The 5% settling times in the transient response characteristics of autotension mode under rapid increasing and decreasing conditions of load were 0.12 sec and 0.2 sec, respectively, and then the rotating speeds were 11 rpm and 5.3 rpm, respectively. 5. The tracking behaviour of torque and rotating speed by remote control operation were stable within 0.23 sec at CW mode and 0.37 sec at CCW mode, respectively.
Development of the Automatic Fishing System for the Anchovy Scoop nets (I) - The hydraulic winder device for the boom control -
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 36, issue 3, 2000, Pages 166~174
Anchovy, EngrauEis japonica scoop nets are used in the coastal of Southern and Cheju of Korea. Especially in the Cheju, the fishing gear of scoop nets consists of upper boom, lower boom, pressing stick and bag net. They are operated by fishing boats of 6 to 10 ton class and 8 persons on board. The booms are controlled by side drum, and the net and pressing stick are hauled by only human power in operating. Therefore this fishery needs to large labor and heavy human power and has much risk. Three kinds of hydraulic winding device which controls two booms was designed and manufactured to reduce heavy labor force of scoop nets, and trial in the sea was carried out to test their performances using the commercial fishing boats of 6 ton class. The proper capacity of hydraulic pump and motor were determined by model test of boom 1/5 scale. The results obtained are as follows, 1. Tension of boom which is being drawn was the strongest and 187.5kgf when the boom's end is in the depth of 4m under the water. 2. The hydraulic motor of the fittest kind of winder has the least leakage per time than the other kinds. 3. In the best type of several winder devices, when the pressure difference was fixed
for the safe fishery, the winding velocity of boom line was 2m/sec, is faster 0.48/sec than traditional fishing method and this winder can catch the anchovy of 1.6 tonnage. 4. As a result, the crew were decreased from 8 to 6 and the problem of heavy human power and risk on fishing operation were solved by using the this winder.
The Simulation for the Organization of Fishing Vessel Control System in Fishing Ground
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 36, issue 3, 2000, Pages 175~185
This paper described on a basic study to organize fishing vessel control system in order to control efficiently fishing vessel in Korean offshore. It was digitalized ARPA image on the fishing processing of a fleet of purse seiner in conducting fishing operation at Cheju offshore in Korea as a digital camera and then simulated by used VTMS. Futhermore, it was investigated on the application of FVTMS which can control efficiently fishing vessels in fishing ground. The results obtained were as follows ; (1) It was taken 16 minutes and 35 minutes to casting and hauling net in fishing processing respectively. The length of rope pulled by scout boat was 200m, tactical diameter in casting net was 340.8m, turning speed was 6kts as well. (2) The processing of casting and hauling net was moved to SW, NE as results of simulation when the current direction and speed set into NE, 2kts and SW, 2kts respectively. Such as these results suggest that can predict to control the fishing vessel previously with information of fishing ground, fishery and ship's maneuvering, etc. (3) The control range of VTMS radar used in simulation was about 16 miles. Although converting from a radar of the control vessel to another one, it was continuously acquired for the vector and the target data. The optimum control position could be determined by measuring and analyzing to distance and direction between the control vessel and the fleet of fishing vessel. (4) The FVTMS(fishing vessel traffic management services) model was suggested that fishing vessels received fishing conditions and safety navigation information can operate safely and efficiently.
Improvement in Bottom Detection for Hydroacoustic Assessment of Demersal Fish
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 36, issue 3, 2000, Pages 186~194
bottom as a reference basis, some theoretical elements which form bottom echoes during acoustic survey of demersal fish were considered. A stable bottom detection method based on maximum voltage difference, which was not influenced by variable levels and waveform transformation. The method has been shown to be effective using in-situ bottom echo waveforms and computer simulation data. A comparison between near-bottom SV profiles acquired in Funka Bay, Hokkaido, of Japan, the East China Sea and the Yellow Sea, of Korea, with the threshold method and maximum differential voltage method, shows that the SV obtained with the maximum differential voltage method is 4-6 dB higher than those with threshold method within 2m from the bottom.
Stable Bottom Detection and Optimum Bottom Offset for Echo Integration of Demersal Fish
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 36, issue 3, 2000, Pages 195~201
This paper discusses methods for the stable bottom detection and the optimum bottom offset which enable to separate the fish echoes from the bottom echoes with echo integration of demersal fish. In preprocessing of the echo signal, the bottom detection has to be done stably against the fluctuation of echo level and the bottom offset has to be set to a minimum height such that near bottom fish echoes are included Two methods of bottom detection, namely echo level threshold method and maximum echo slope method were compared and analyzed. The echo level method works well if the ideal threshold level was given but it sometimes misses the bottom because of the fluctuation of the echo. Another method to detect the bottom which uses maximum echo slope indicates the simple and stable bottom detection. In addition, the bottom offset has to be set near to the bottom but not to include the bottom echo. Optimum bottom offset should be set a few samples before the detected bottom echo which relates the beginning of pulse shape and acoustic beam pattern to the bottom feature.
Dead Zone Correction for Abundance Estimation of Demersal Fish by Acoustic Method
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 36, issue 3, 2000, Pages 202~209
In order to estimate demersal fishes using acoustic echo sounders and echo integrators, we consider several problems that are accurate bottom detection, optimum bottom offset and dead zone. The dead zone where no fish detection are summed distance resolution by the half pulse length of transmitted pulse and beam angle above the seabed. This paper has considered the dead-zone correction method to be technically correct for survey of demersal fishes. A comparison between near-bottom SV profiles acquired in Funka Bay, Hokkaido, of Japan, the East China Sea and the Yellow Sea, of Korea, with before and after the bottom correction, shows that the SV obtained with after the bottom correction is 2∼3dB higher than before the bottom correction in Funka Bay, and 17dB higher in East China Sea, too.
A Study on the Growth and Spawning of Korean Scallop (Chlamys farreri) around Wando, Korea
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 36, issue 3, 2000, Pages 210~221
The population habitat and density of Korean scallops, Chlamys farreri, were investigated to estimate population ecological characteristics from samples randomly collected around Wando from November, 1998 to October, 1999. Age and growth of the Korean scallops were determined from their ring radii. Maturation and spawning were studied using data of ovary maturity stage, gonadosomatic index, and fecundity. Seawater temperature and specific gravity ranged from 7.6 to
and from 1.0188 to 1.0260, respectively. Also dissolved oxygen and pH ranged from 6.48 to 9.50 ppm and from 8.17 to 8.80. Rocky and gravel bottom had a maximum habitat density of
, which accounted for 82.4 % of the overall habitat area. The relationship between shell length (SL, mm) and shell height (SH, mm) of the Korean scallops was fitted : SH=1.021 SL+2.211
. The shell length-total weight (TW, g) relationship was
. Then von Bertalanffy growth parameters were estimated from a nonlinear regression method, and the values were as follows :
, The 50 % maturity at age was 0.21 year with the shell height of 18.3 mm, and spawning occurred twice a year, that is, June/July and October. The relationship between fecundity (Fc) and shell length was
, and the fecundity-gonad weight (GW, g) relationship was Fc=10,076,090 GW+15,608,781
Age Determination and Estimation of Growth Parameters Using Otoliths of Small Yellow Croaker, Pseudosciaena polyactis Bleeker in Korean Waters
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 36, issue 3, 2000, Pages 222~233
A methodology for determining age by otolith of small yellow croaker, Pseudosoiaena polyactis Bleeker, was developed. A thin section method was chosen to be suitable for age determination because the otolith had a three-dimensional shape and thus it was not possible to read the otolith rings on the surface. The clear rings were identified on the vertical-axis cross-sectioned otoliths. The total length-total weight relationship and the growth parameters were estimated with error structure to endow with accuracy. In the relationship between total length and total weight, a multiplicative error structure was assumed because variability in growth increased as a function of the length, and the estimated equation was
. The variability in growth was constant as a function of the age, revealing an additive error structure. The von Bertalanffy growth parameters were obtained from a nonlinear regression as
Population Ecological Characteristics of the Soft-shelled Clam, Mya japonica in the Intertidal Zone of South Sea in Korea
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 36, issue 3, 2000, Pages 234~243
This paper is to study population ecological characteristics, including growth parameters, survival rate, instantaneous coefficients of natural and fishing mortalities, and age at first capture of the soft-shelled clam, Mya japonioa in the intertidal zone of South Sea in Korea. For describing growth of the clam a von Bertalanffy growth model was adopted, The von Bertalanffy growth curve had an additive error structure and the growth parameters estimated from a non-linear regression were SH/sub ∞/=79.83mm, K=0.26, and t/sub 0/= -0.01. Survival rate (S) of the soft-shelled clam was 0.26 (SD=0.02). The instantaneous coefficients of natural mortality (M) was estimated to be 0.78/year and fishing mortality (F) 0.57/year for the soft-shelled clam. The age at first capture (t/sub c/) was estimated as 2.69 year. The mean densities of the soft-shelled clam by bottom type were 3.40 inds./m²(SE=0.18) in the sand, 63.4 inds./m²(SE= 0.53) in the muddy sand, and 0 inds./m2 (SE=0) in the gravelly sand. The mean densities of the soft-shelled clam by 3 different areas were 4.88 inds./m²(SE=0.09), 2.61 inds./m²(SE=0.13), 7.20 inds./m²(SE=0.18), respectively and the biomass of the clam were estimated as 131mt, 121mt, 665mt, respectively. An yield-per-recruit analysis showed that the current yield-per-recruit of about 8.30g with F=0.57/year and the age at first capture (t/sub c/) 2.69 year, was lower than the maximum possible yield-per-recruit of 9.60g. Fixing to at the current level and increased fishing intensity (F) could produce an increase in the predicted yield-per-recruit from 8.30g to about 9.40. However, estimated yield-per-recruit increased to 1.30g by decreasing to from the current age (2.69 year) to age two with F fixed at the current level. Yield-per-recruit was estimated under harvest strategies based on F/sub max/ and F/sub 0.1/.
A Study on the Hull Form of Fishing Boats around 1900 in South Coast of Korea
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 36, issue 3, 2000, Pages 244~248
It was investigated and analized on the construction and hull form for the ordinary fishing boat of south coast in Korea, and then analogized on the shipbuilding technology of fishing boat and fishing type around 1900 by B-spline form parameter method. The results obtained can be summarize as follows : (1) It was known that the boats used in this study have more narrow hull form than that of ancient fishing boats and their hull form was improved around 1900. (2) Keel was composed of bar keel with angle cross section. The stem corner have a material of bar stem and makes a sharp pointed stem. (3) Shell plate was jointed by the rabbetted clinker joint method. (4) It was investigated that anchovy drag net fishing boat has high L/B, L/D, B/D value as compared with drift gill net fishing boat. (5) Two boats have a good stability and particularly anchovy drag net fishing boat have a better stability value in comparison to the drift gill net fishing boat.
A Study on the Engine Performance and Exhaust Emission with Intake Port Methanol Injection in a DI Diesel Engine
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 36, issue 3, 2000, Pages 249~256
In order to investigate the effectiveness of methanol, which has high latent heat of evaporation and oxygen contents, for DI diesel engine performance and exhaust emission, the methanol was injected at the suction port of DI diesel engine. The injector used for test was conventional gasoline engine injector and controlled the quantity of methanol per cycle by the power supply controller which designed specially for injector. The results shown that the maximum pressure point was delayed, the value of maximum pressure was decreased, and the concentrations of both NOx and Soot were decreased, as the methanol injection quantity increased, and also the thermal efficiency of engine injected methanol under the high load condition was similar to no methanol injection but under the medium load condition was decreased within the experimental conditions.
Speed Control for BLDC Motors Using a Two-Degree-of-Freedom Optimal Control Technique
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 36, issue 3, 2000, Pages 257~265
Brushless DC(BLDC) motors are widely used as AC servo motors in factory automation fields because of their quick instantaneous mobility, good energy saving efficiency and easiness of design for control system comparing with induction motors. Recently, a Two-Degree-of-Freedom(2DOF) PI control law has been adopted to some application parts to accomplish an advanced speed control of BLDC motors. The method can treat the two conflicting performances, minimum tracking errors versus reference inputs without large overshoot and rejection of some disturbances including modeling errors, independently. However, the method can not design the optimal system which is able to minimize tracking errors and energy consumption simultaneously. In this paper, a 2DOF integral type optimal servo control method is investigated to promote the speed control performances of BLDC motors considering energy consumption. In order to applicate the method to the speed servo system of the BLDC motor, the motor is modeled in the state space using the vector control and decoupling technique. To verify the validity of the suggested method, some simulations and experiments are performed.