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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Fisheries Technology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 36, Issue 4 - Nov 2000
Volume 36, Issue 3 - Aug 2000
Volume 36, Issue 2 - May 2000
Volume 36, Issue 1 - Feb 2000
Selecting the target year
Tooth selectivity on venus clam (Gomphina melanaegis) dredge
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 36, issue 4, 2000, Pages 267~273
The tooth selectivity of the dredge for catching venus clam (Gomphina melanaegis) was described in which the teeth penetrated the bottom and lifted the shell into the bag. Some factors affecting the selection action of the teeth of the dredge were analyzed related to shell length and shell height. The retention probability of venus clam not sifting through the gaps between the teeth was calculated for various shell lengths and was fitted to two parameter logistic selection curve. The formula obtained is as follows:
, where d is distance between teeth and
is a shell length. For biological minimum size(25mm) of venus clam to be catchability 50% the distance between teeth was estimated 16.2mm from the logistic curve. Therefore it is desirable to extend that current spacing between teeth from 12mm to 16mm for the venus clam dredge. That space increasing enables fuel oil of vessel to drag a dredge to be reduced and also man power to sift through sifter smaller venus clams on boards to be reduced.
A study on the bottom trawl gear by the trial of a stern trawler-I -On the Resistance of bottom trawl gear-
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 36, issue 4, 2000, Pages 274~280
To analyze the resistance of the bottom trawl which is composed with 6 seams net, the field experiment was carried out on the sea near Kokunsan Is., western sea of Korea. The resistance was respectively measured in the otter board and the net according to the change of warp length and towing speed. The results obtained are summarized as follows : 1. Total resistance of the test trawl gear are slightly increased according to the length of warp. 2. The resistance of net is increasing a little according to the length of warp, but it is expressed.
representatively. 3. The resistance of otter board can be expressed
4. Comparing with the value of measuring resistance and Koyama formula resistance by the length of warp respectively, the resistance of test trawl gear is high in the slow towing speed, and the resistance of Koyama formula is high in the fast towing speed, and that the cross-point of the both line between the resistance of the test net and Koyama formula is moved to high according to the increment of warp length.
A study on the bottom trawl gear by the trial of a stern trawler-II -On the net shape of a bottom trawl gear-
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 36, issue 4, 2000, Pages 281~286
To analyze the shape of the net mouth of bottom trawl which is composed with 6 seams net, the field experiment was carried out on the sea near Kokunsan Is, Western sea of Korea. The distance of otter board, net height, trawl speed and resistance of the fishing gear were respectively measured according to the change of warp length and towing speed. The results obtained are summarized as follows : 1. The spreading distance of the otter board has been increased straightly according to the increment of towing speed and warp length. The rate of increase by the warp length has been greatly higher than the rate of increase by the towing speed. The total variation of the spreading distance was 57.0-82.8m, and it was occupied 43-62% of the hand rope, net pendent and the length of nets. 2. The height of net mouth has been decreased straightly according to the increment of towing speed and warp length. The rate of decrease by the towing speed has been greatly higher than the decrease rate of the warp length. The total variation of the net height was 3.1-4.0m. 3. When the distance of wing tip is increased, the height of net mouth is decreased, but the ratio of the decreasing rate of the height of net mouth for the increasing rate of the distance of wing tip was gradually low according to the increment of warp length. 4. The ratio of the distance of both wing tip for the height of net mouth has been increased gradually according to the increment of towing speed and warp length, and the total variation of the ratio was 4.17-7.81 times.
Application in Anchovy Boat Seine of Ship′s Distance Measuring System by the GPS Receiver
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 36, issue 4, 2000, Pages 287~298
The charge of distance and the change of tack between paired boats were measured by ship's distance measuring system fixed MCS in the main boat and MS in the following boat. The operating depth of the anchovy boat seine was recorded and analysed by self memory temperature/depth sensor in order to compare the relationship between the distance between towing boats and geometry of the anchovy boat seine net. The results are as follow, (1) When distance between paired boat was 5m, the fishing net was spreaded down deeply and unstably in accordance with bag net and flapper may be help to pass out anchovy school. (2) When distance between paired boat was 100m, vertical opening of the net was gradually increased with higher slope of towing depth in the square, bosom and flapper. Therefore, fishing efficiency could be decreased by preventing the entering of anchovy due to unstable shape of the bag net. (3) When distance between paired boat was 200m, the geometry of the anchovy seine was stable condition with the end of bag net was up while flapper was down and it may cause bad effect in fishing efficiency. (4) When distance between paired boat was 300m, the shape from wing net to bag net was gradually slow down and stable enough as well as good shape in bag net and flapper. (5) The ship's distance measuring system could be used for measurement and accurate control of distance between paired boat in accordance of anchovy recordings by fish finder in order to get higher fishing efficiency in anchory boat seine operation.
Improving of the Fishing Gear and Development of the Automatic Operation System in the Anchovy Boat Seine-I -Underwater Geometry of the Model Net-
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 36, issue 4, 2000, Pages 299~308
A model experiment on the anchovy boat seine was carried out in the southern sea of korea to analyze the vertical opening and the underwater geometry. The model net A was made of half size in the length and width of the prototype net. The model net B was attached floats and chain to the model net-A. The vertical opening and the underwater geometry of the model net were determined by distance of Minilog position with the combinations of the distance between paired boats and the towing speed. The results obtained can be summarized as follows; 1. Vertical opening of the model net was gradually lowered according to the increase of the distance between paired beats and the towing speed. 2. Vertical opening of Wing net, In side wing net, Square, Fore bag net, Flapper and After bag net of the model net A according to the distance between paired boats were varied in the range of 10.8~9.0, 12.0~8.3, 12.6~9.0, 10.4~6.6, 4.6~5.2, 8.8~7.7m respectively, varied in the range of 36~30, 21~15, 31~22, 80~51, 80~96, 59~51% of the normal opening respectively 3. Vertical opening of Wing net, In side wing net, Square, Fore bag net, Flapper and After bag net of the model net B according to the distance between paired boats were varied in the range of 9.1~8.5, 9.8~6.5, 11.2~8.0, 11.0~8.1, 4.7~5.0, 7.0~7.5m respectively, varied in the range of 30~28, 18~12, 27~20, 85~62, 87~93, 47~50% of the normal opening respectively 4. Vertical opening of each a part of the model net according to the towing speed was as same as the former. 5. Model net was appeared apparent the pocket shape, because Wing net and Inside wing net was opened 30% of the normal opening. 6. The bosom and the bag net of the model net A were risen up to the upper lazer, this phenomenon was more apparent as the distance between paired boats and the towing speed increase, but the model net B was almost constant. 7. Working depth of the model net was gradually hallowed according to the increase of the distance between paired boats and the towing speed.
The Hearing Ability of Dusky Spinefoot Siganus fuscescens to Audible Sound 1. The Auditory Threshold
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 36, issue 4, 2000, Pages 309~313
A experiment was carried out to measure the auditory threshold of dusky spinefoot Siganus fuscescens(Houttuyn) in the coast of Cheju Island by heartbeat conditioning technique using pure tones coupled with a delayed electric shock in order to investigate the hearing ability to audible sound. The audible range of dusky spinefoot extended from 80Hz to 800Mhz with a peak sensitivity at 200Hz. The mean auditory threshold levels of dusky spinefuot were 102dB, 96dB, 92dB, 95dB, 105dB and 121dB respectively in the range of measurement frequencies, As the frequency became higher than 300Hz, the auditory threshold increased rapidly.
The Hearing Ability of Coralfish Chromis notatus to Low Frequency Sound 2. The Auditory Critical Ratio and Hearing Index
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 36, issue 4, 2000, Pages 314~321
In order to obtain the fundamental data on the auditory thresholds of fishes for catching method using low frequency sound, the auditory thresholds of coralfish Chromis notatus were measured in the presence of masking noise in the spectrum level range of 73~83dB re l
Pa/√Hz by heartbeat conditioning technique using pure tones coupled with a delayed electric shock. Critical ratios were about 23~41dB at measurement frequency, The critical ratio increased almost linearly with increasing frequency from 500Hz. The noise spectrum level at the start of masking was about 60~65dB. This suggests that hearing of coralfish is masked in the natural environment with the noise spectrum level above 60dB. The sound pressure level of which the signal sound of 300Hz is recognized by coralfish under the ambient noise is above 88dB and the critical ratio of them is above 23dB. The hearing index of coralfish with ambient noise was 81.
Temperature Analysis for Welding Part of Capstan Drum using Finite Element Method
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 36, issue 4, 2000, Pages 322~328
Welding means that metal parts are joined by melting (with or without a filler material) or that new material is added to a metal part by melting. Welding of metal parts is an important technology method in manufacturing processes of capstan drum for costal vessels. Thermal stresses due to the non-uniform temperature fields during welding influence both the fabrication and the use of the weldment. In the problem of this thermal effect, particularly it is a well known that analysis for temperature gradient, temperature distribution, and the like become consequence factors to a safety and a strength design. This paper analyzes the temperature distribution of welding part in capstan drum for the inshore and costal vessels using finite element method. At early stage of the cooling after welding processes, the abrupt temperature gradient has been shown in vicinity of the bottom face of welding part. Therefore it calculates the numerical value that can be applied to the optimal design of welding parts in the shapes for capstan drum.
The Analysis of Elasto-Plastic Thermal Stresses for Welding Part in Double Capstan Drum
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 36, issue 4, 2000, Pages 329~336
Welding is a important technological method in mechanical engineering.
MAG(metal active gas) welding means that metal part in double capstan drum for the inshore and costal vessels are joined by melting(with or without a filler material) or that new material is added to a metal part by melting. The thermal stresses appear due to a non-uniform temperature field, inhomogeneous material properties, external restraint and volume changes during phase transformations. In this study analysis the elasto-plastic thermal stresses distribution of welding part in double capstan drum for the inshore and costal vessels using finite element method (FBM). Therefore it calculates the numerical value that can be applied to the optimum design of welding parts and the shapes. The significant results obtained in this study are summarized as fellows. At early stage of the cooling after welding process, the abrupt thermal stresses gradient has been shown in the vicinity of welding part. In the thermal stresses analysis due to temperature gradient and heat shocking maximum stress was occurred of welding part and stresses were distributed from 54MPa~48MPa.
A Study on Dynamic Response Analysis of High Structure under Earthquake Load
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 36, issue 4, 2000, Pages 337~346
Earthquake is a natural disaster accompanied by damage of human and properties caused by the ground motion, crustal movements, faults as well as tidal wave. The earthquake is known to occur mostly in earthquake-prone areas and the Korean Peninsula is known to be relatively safe in terms of geological characteristics. In order to withstand on severe environmental dynamic random load such as an earthquake, the large structure need to be designed to withstand the anticipated seismic tremor. The seismetic design is essential for building structures, bridges, and large structures which is handles explosive gases. Thus, the necessity of earthquake resistant analysis for large structure is growing and the capability of dynamic analysis should be obtained. In this thesis, dynamic responses of a high building(height 60m, width 18) which subjected to random earthquake load are presented which responses are derived using dynamic analysis methods such as response spectrum analysis, mode superposition and direct integration. Each results are also compared to review the merit of each methods.
A Study on the Development of Structural Analysis Program using MATLAB Language
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 36, issue 4, 2000, Pages 347~353
The construction and ability of CAE program are presented. The merit and ability of MATLAB which is widely using in the field of recently engineering and natural science are also introduced. Also, analysis program of frame structure used the MATLAB language which is divide in 4th generation language is presented. In this paper, the proposed program using MATLB language to be based upon the composition of general CAE program is composed to preprocess, solver and post-process procedure. And it is able to carried out the static and eigenvalue analysis of truss structure and two dimensional frame structure. Also, for the sample pre-processing and post-processing, it is used the characteristic of input window and plot window to be made of the various GUI function. Each finite elements to be required for analysis is formulated by the Galerkin's method, as a kind of weighted residual method. For check of the results of calculation for program used in this paper, the results to be calculated using program to be developed by the author was compared with its of ANSYS code for general structural analysis about two dimensional truss and frame structure.