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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Fisheries Technology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 37, Issue 4 - Nov 2001
Volume 37, Issue 3 - Aug 2001
Volume 37, Issue 2 - May 2001
Volume 37, Issue 1 - Feb 2001
Selecting the target year
The Study on the Hydrodynamic Characteristics of the Single Slot Cambered Otter Board
Park, Kyoung-Hyun ; Lee, Ju-Hee ; Hyun, Beom-Soo ; Bae, Jae-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 37, issue 1, 2001, Pages 1~8
This study deals with the experimental and numerical investigations to design the high performance otter board. Experiment was carried out to determine the most effective slot size of single-slot cambered otter board in the circulation water channel of BAEK KYUNG IND. Co. LTD. Numerical analysis was done by the commercial CFD code, FLUENT, to provide some valuable physical interpretations and finally to design the otter board section by numerical method. The major results are as follows ; 1. In experiment, the maximum lift and drag coefficients of simple cambered type otterboard were 1.41, 0.55, respectively, at the angle of attack
, while those of slot one with slot size 0.02C (C denotes the chord length) were 1.72, 0.42 at the angle of attack
. 2. The hydrodynamic characteristics depending upon slot size shows the greatest at 0.02C of the slot size. 3. Numerical results well visualized the streamlines, pressure fields, and speed vectors of a simple cambered and slot cambered otter board with slot size 0.02C. The slot cambered one with slot size 0.02C was shown that pressure field was distributed moderately on front and back side of otter board. And, the delay and decrease of separation were favorably achieved by flow through slot. 4. Computed result on the pattern of hydrodynamic field and the values of
by the commercial CFD code, FLUENT, show almost the same as those of the experimental result.
Recovery of Lost Fishing Gear in Alaska Pollack Fishing Ground of the East Coast in Korea
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 37, issue 1, 2001, Pages 9~17
To improve the fishing environment of Alaska pollack fishing ground of the East coast in Korea, lost fishing gear were recovered from June to July 1998, May 1999 and from July to August 1999 in the sea near Goseong, Gangwon province. The lost fishing gear was recovered by grapnel. As the results, the lost fishing gear, which was consist of gill nets and traps, was produced from fishing activities, whereas most of them was the bottom gill nets. The weight of lost fishing gears was gill nets of 1,170 t and traps off 4t. The recovered gill nets decreased 12.02 t per mile from 22.74 t, in 1998 to 10.72 t, in 1999. Recovery rate of lost fishing gear was low as 38% in 1998, 41.9% in 1999 and CPUE was 11.27 t/trial in 1998, 7.48 t/trial in 1999. The recovery of lost fishing gear in fishing ground by using grapnel was considered as a useful method.
Study on the Development of Three-Dimensional Positioning System and Numerical Modeling of Fish Behavior III. Examination of the Numerical Model by the Field Experiment
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 37, issue 1, 2001, Pages 18~23
In this paper, the several indexes represented by swimming characteristics of aquarcultured red seabream, Dchrysophrys majors in a farming water raft(10L×10W×5H) were measured by ultrasonic telemetry. The fishes tagged by pingers were tracked by the LBL method(Shin etc., 1994). The location of fishes were calculated by the hyperbolic method and the indexes were estimated by the least square method. The similarity was confirmed by the comparision between experiment and simulation on the swimming trajectory of fishes, the mean distance of individual from wall, the mean swimming speed and the mean distance between the nearest individuals. The obtained results are summerized as follows ; 1. The swimming trajectory of fishes tagged by the pingers and the swimming trajectory by the simulation for 120 minutes showed a simularity. 2. The mean swimming speed by the experiment and the simulation showed 39.2 ㎝/sec (1.4BL ㎝/sec) and 44.4 ㎝/sec (1.6BL ㎝/sec), respectively. 3. The mean swimming depth by the experiment and the simulation showed 238㎝ and 248 ㎝, respectively. 4. The mean distance of individuals from wall of the farming water raft by the experiment and the simulation showed 132 cm and 129 cm, respectively. 5. The mean distance between the nearest individuals by the experiment and the simulation showed 83 ㎝ and 61 ㎝, respectively.
Analysis on the Movement of Bag-Net in Set-Net by Telemetry Techniques
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 37, issue 1, 2001, Pages 24~34
The authors reconstruct a mooring type underwater positioning system to measure the movement of bag-net in a set-net by long base line mode with four transponders attached on the bag-net in latitudinal and a transponder fixed on the sea bed. To confirm the practical use of the system, the field experiments were carried out at the Jaran Bay, Kosung, Kyungnam Prov., on October 6, 2000 (neap tide) and November 28, 2000 (spring tide). And the vertical oscillation of bag-net was observed with three data loggers attached on the bottom of bag-net in longitudinal on November 28, 2000. The longitudinal movement range, the latitudinal one and the vertical one of the bag-net were 3.2 m, 3.4 m and 2.1 m. respectively. At the spring tide, these variations were 7.8 m, 7.8 m and 5.0 m, respectively. The vertical oscillation range about the bottom of the bag-net at near point of the slope net, at the middle part and at far point from the slope net were 3.2 m, 3.7 m and 8.4 m, respectively. The depth of the bottom net was decreased and its vertical oscillation appeared frequently when the current speed was more than 10 cm/s and the current direction was significantly different from the longitudinal axis of the bag-net. The variation of hydrophone coordinates measured by the transponder fixed on the sea bed presents that hydrophones equipped to the frame line of the set-net could be moved within several meters due to the tidal current. The fact indicates that the compensation of hydrophone coordinates is necessary to reduce the measuring errors. The position measuring errors of x, y and z axis of the system measured in the cage of aquaculture were 0.6 m, 0.8 m, and 1.2 m, respectively. And the errors of the transponders those were close to the base lines or placed in the baselines were smaller than those of others.
Analysis of the Wave Exciting Forces and Steady Drift Forces on a Tension Leg Platform in Multi-directional Irregular Waves (Frequency Domain Analysis)
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 37, issue 1, 2001, Pages 35~44
A numerical procedure is described for simultaneously predicting the wave exciting forces and drift forces on a Tension Leg Platform (TLP) in multi-directional irregular waves. The numerical approach is based on a three dimensional source distribution method to the wave exciting forces, a far-field method to the steady drift forces and a spectral analysis technique of directional waves. The spectral description for the linear system of TLP in the frequency domain is sufficient to completely define the wave exciting forces and steady drift forces. This is because both the wave inputs and the outputs are stationary Gaussian random process of which the statistical properties in the amplitude domain are well known. Numerical results of steady drift forces are compared with the experimental and numerical ones, which are obtained in the literature. The results of comparison confirmed the validity of the proposed approach.
Deformation of Cage Nets against Flow Velocity and Optimal Design Weight of Sinker
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 37, issue 1, 2001, Pages 45~51
In order to investigate the optimal design weight of sinkers for preventing cage net from deforming in current, the model experiment on 2 types of square cage nets with different S sub(n)/S, the ratio of total area of netting projected to the perpendicular to the water flow S sub(n) to wall area of netting S, and 4 kinds of sinkers was carried out in circulation water channel. The model cage nets were made in 1/10 scale and the total weight in water of 4 sinkers attached to each corner of their bottom frames was 18, 54, 90, and 126g, respectively equivalent to 0.1, 0.3, 0.5, and 0.7 kg per unit area of prototype net. The results obtained can be summarizes as follows; Due to the deformation of each net where it was lifted towards the surface in severe conditions, its volume was reduced. This depended highly on the weight of sinkers placed in the bottom corner of cage nets, even if the variation of S sub(n)/S had a little effect on their deformation in current less than 0.4 m/s. In addition, it was observed that the total weight of sinkers for preventing the net from deforming to the extent of less than 50% inside its initial volume was 31 to 245 kg in the range of 0.3 to 0.6 m/s and the adequate design weight of sinker was approximately 0.5 kg per its unit area.
Performance Characteristic of Live Fishing Tank in Cooling Apparatus inshore Fishing Boat
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 37, issue 1, 2001, Pages 52~56
A fundamental study on the cooling apparatus inshore fishing boat and its operation characteristics in sea water cooling system were performed experimentally. The circumstance is giving the blow against fisherman with incoming-decreasing and the difficulty of crew's supply and demand and management. In addition, the depression of the external situation such as the plan of EEZ(Exclusive Economic Zone) proclaim is forcing them into improving their fishing condition. By this international and domestic surrounding, the development of a cooling apparatus inshore fishing boat is demanded sincerely. We investigated load characteristics as the pilot plant operation characteristics estimation which is based on the development of cooling system and optimum cooling apparatus inshore fishing boat. These results provide useful informations which are applicable to an actual design and show the possibility of application to other fields.
Speed Sensorless Control of Induction Motors in the Very tow Speed Region Considering the Secondary Resistance Identification
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 37, issue 1, 2001, Pages 57~65
The speed control without a speed sensor is expected strongly to progress reliability, simplicity and cost performance of Induction Motor(I.M) systems. Also, it contributes to expansion of I.M systems into various industrial application fields. This paper investigates a novel speed sensorless control method of I.M considering the secondary resistance identification based on the transientless torque control technique. Especially, this paper aimed at the identification of the secondary resistance simultaneously with speed estimation superposing of sinusoidal flux wave to a constant flux value. Furthermore, the secondary flux with some frequency is controlled independently on torque control. The proposed speed estimation method is derived from a motor circuit equation theoretically and also it can be conducted easily by detecting primary motor currents and primary voltage commands at every sampling time. Some numerical simulations with the assumption of using a pulse width modulation(PWM) voltage source inverter are performed to verify the proposed method.
Study on the Prevention of Corrosion Damage for Underground Fuel Stroage Tank(1) (Corrosion Damage under the Sea Sand)
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 37, issue 1, 2001, Pages 65~70
As consumption rate of energy increase rapidly, the facilities of fuel storage tank become large size. Almost all of the industry or public facilities storing fuel in underground fuel storage tank is manufactured by steel materials. Thus, this fuel storage tank made of steel materials is damaged by stray-current corrosion, it become destruction. If fuel storage tank is destructed, petroleum, oil and gas are leaked. So it bring about environmental pollution, energy loss, fire and explosion. Therefor, in this study, for study on the prevention of corrosion damage in underground fuel storage tank, it were investigated by corrosion and stray-current corrosion for SS 400 in dry sea sand and wet sea sand along to specific resistance. The main results obtained are as follows : As specific resistance decrease in wet sea sand, corrosion rate per year increase linearly, in case of back fill up wet sea sand in underground fuel storage tank, if the water is flow into dry sea sand, corrosion tendency of underground fuel storage tank is supposed sensitive.