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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Fisheries Technology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 37, Issue 4 - Nov 2001
Volume 37, Issue 3 - Aug 2001
Volume 37, Issue 2 - May 2001
Volume 37, Issue 1 - Feb 2001
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Assembling Factors and Catch Fluctuation of Fyke Net Grounds in the Coastal Waters of Yosu(I) -Relation between Catch Fluctuation of Common Mullet, Mugil Cephalus and Temperature and Salinity -
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 37, issue 2, 2001, Pages 71~77
In order to find out the environmental factors influencing the catch of fyke nets in the coastal waters Yosu, the oceanographic factors, i.e., the waters temperature and the salinity were observed respectively from April to November in 1999, and each of them was compared with the catch of common mullet, Mugil cephalus by fyke net. The results obtained are summerized as follows : 1. The water temperature was ranged from 13.0 to
C and water temperature increased from April to August and decreased on September to November. 2. The range salinity in the fishing grounds was from 28.6 to 33.8
, and salinity was high from April to June. From July, however, the salinity decreased to continue a low value still september. 3. The catches of common mullet caught by funnel net were the highest in may and the smallest in November. The ranges of optimum water temperature for the funnel nets fishing was 15.0 to
C, the ranges of optimum salinity for fishing varied between from 32.6 to 33.8
Improving of the Fishing Gear and Development of the Automatic Operation System in the Anchovy Boat Seine- II Analysis of escaping behaviour of anchovy in relation to underwater light and towing flow velocity
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 37, issue 2, 2001, Pages 78~84
Escape behaviour of the anchovy (Engralius japonica, total length 4-7cm) at the inside wing net and bag net in the anchovy boat seine was observed by underwater video camera in order to clarify the relationship between visual stimulus of the gear or relative water flow inside gear and reacting behaviour. The vertical attenuation coefficient of underwater illuminance in the offshore of Keoje island and Tongyoung was ranged from 0.24 to 1.03 and it could be affect visual range and visual contrast of the fishing gear. The relative water flow at the joint part between inside wing and bagnet while towing was 1.5 times higher than at the middle part of inside wing or fore part of bag net, but it was estimated under than maximum swimming speed of 4-7 cm anchovy. The mean escaping number of anchovy from end part of inside wing of 30 cm mesh to out side for a minute within visual range of video camera was 455 and anchovy swimming forward from bag net through flapper was 308. These results revealed anchovy could escape as voluntary response in spite of higher visual stimulus or higher water flow.
A Study on the Diel Distribution and Activity Patterns of Fishes in the Korean Eastern Sea
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 37, issue 2, 2001, Pages 85~94
The vertical distribution and activity patterns of fishes during the evening and morning transitions were investigated acoustically and by pelagic trawling on October 2-10, 1997 in the Korean Eastern Sea. The acoustic data were collected from four stations with a scientific echo sounder operating at a frequency of 38 kHz, and the echogram was used to analyze the diel vertical migration of fish. Biological sampling was accomplished by pelagic trawling to identify fish species recorded on the echograms, and the species and length compositions were investigated. Vertical profiles of water temperature, salinity at the trawl station were taken with a CTD system and were related to the diel movement and the depth distribution of fish. During the day, one group of fish mainly distributed above the depth layer of 50 m, the other group was at deeper water, approximately 250 m, but began to migrate toward the surface before sunset with a time difference. During the night, they were dispersed between the surface and the depth of 125 m. Just prior to sunrise, the scattering layer was divided with 2 groups and began to migrate downwards, respectively. Several trials of pelagic trawling for scattering layers suggest that the most dominant scatterer in the survey area of this study was Japanese flying squid, Todarodes pacificus..
The Model Experiment on Holding Power of the Anchors used in the Set Net
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 37, issue 2, 2001, Pages 95~105
A series of experiment is carried out to determine the holding power of the existing anchors used in the stationary gear in the coast of the South sea. The experiment apparatus is made of the pulling machine, the load cell, the personal computer and three water tanks the bottom of which are mud, sand and m & s respectively. The result obtained are as follows : 1. On the tension and holding power of the existing anchors, B-type of the stock anchor with two fluke shows the greatest and gets smaller on order of A-type one with a fluke. The holding power of the anchors shows the greatest in the mud and gets smaller in order of m & s, sand. And, the holding power depending upon the length of anchor rope increase as the length does up to the 4 times of depth. 2. On the holding power per fluke area of the existing anchors in case of ration of length of anchor rope to depth is 2, 3 and 4, A-type anchor shows about 310-320 kg/m supper(2), 470-480 kg/m supper(2), 590-640 kg/m supper(2) respectively, B-type one 260-265 kg/m supper(2), 390-450 kg/m supper(2), 630-700 kg/m supper(2) respectively, and C-type one 70-100 kg/m supper(2), 150-180 kg/m supper(2), 210-270 kg/m supper(2) respectively. The holding power per fluke area of the anchors increase as the length of anchor rope does. 3. On the coefficient of holding power of the existing anchors, A-type anchor shows the greatest and gets smaller in the order of B-type one, C-type one.
Improvement of the Fishing Gear and Fishing Method of the East-Sea Trawl Fishery
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 37, issue 2, 2001, Pages 106~116
A serious of studies on the fishing gear and system of the East Sea trawl fishery was carried out to improve the fishing efficiency and the working conditions. As the first step of these studies, the fishing gear and system of the traditional East Sea trawl were checked in order to solve the some problems, such as the poor sheering efficiency of net mouth, the inconvenient fishing system of the side trawl and etc. And then the fishing system was reorganized from the side trawl into the stern trawl by setting up the net drum system on the stern deck, and introduction of two types of new designed nets, one for mainly the midwater trawl and the other for the bottom trawl. The results of the field experiment on the modified system and nets can be summarized as follows : 1. the modified system was well worked and could save the man-labour by about 80%. 2. The sheering efficiency of the improved net, A type was improved to 20 m height and 30 m width in the net mouth, and that of B type net, to 10 m height and 33 m width, compared with 1.5 m height and 15 m width in the traditional net. 3. Catch efficiency of pink shrimp in A or B type net was better about 3 or 5 times than that of traditional net, and in B net, for herring and other bottom fishes is better about 2 times than that of the traditional net.
Transmittance Characteristics of Fishing Lamp in the Anchovy Scoop Fishery
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 37, issue 2, 2001, Pages 117~123
Anchovy scoop nets, a kind of lift net have been used in the coastal area of Cheju and South sea of Korea. An incandescent lamp(AC 100V, 1kW) is being used as a fishing lamp for gathering anchovy. Fishing lamp was installed at 1m ahead of the prow and 1.5m higher than the water surface. The fishing lamp let fish school rise to the water surface and attract to bag net. Accordingly, a successful anchovy catching depends on controling of fishing lamp. On the study, the distribution of spectral irradiance illumination of incandescent lamp(1kw) and the irradiance efficiency of reflection plate were analyzed and discussed to investigate the ability of fishing lamp which can attract anchovy school effectively. The results obtained are summarized as follows : 1. Around 180% of irradiance efficiency of incandescent lamp was increased by using the reflection plate. The light of lamp was radiated into water with circular shape. 2. The irradiance illumination of incandescent lamp in air was a maximum in wave length of 994nm but it was 690nm at 0.5m and 1.0m of water depth. 3. The relationship between water depth(x) and water illumination(y) of vertical light is represented as follows : y=146.03e supper(-0.37x) 4. The light of incandescent lamp(1kW) pass through much better into vertical direction than horizontal but it was estimated that the light was not able to reach depth of 20m.
Response of Electrocardiogram of Mirror Carp, Cyprinus carpio to Light Stimuli
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 37, issue 2, 2001, Pages 124~132
The authors examined the response of electrocardiogram (ECG) of Mirror carp, Cyprinus carpio [Linnaeus] to light stimuli. The experiments were performed in such a way that three levels of light stimuli (10, 100, and 400 lux) were given to fishes with an electrode inserted into their bodies and then their ECGs were recorded continuously for 60 minutes. The results which are divided into by day and by night and then analyzed by fishes conditions are as follows : 1. Mirror carps reached a stable condition 5 minutes after anesthesia. In this condition, the average heart rate was 64.9 beat/min by day and 65.3 beat/min by night. And the average action potential was 36.9 nV by day and 32.9 nV by night. 2. The average heart rate by three levels of light stimuli was, 1) In a stimulus condition, in case of 10 lux 68.7 beat/min by day and 46.0 beat/min by night, in case of 100 lux 53.4 beat/min by day and 44.1 beat/min by night, and in case of 400 lux 53.2 beat/min by day and 40.1 beat/min by night. 2) In a recovery condition, in case of 10 lux 67.9 beat/min by day and 57.2 beat/min by night, in case of 100 lux 68.8 beat/min by day and 61.0 beat/min by night, and in case of 400 lux 69.6 beat/min by day and 63.6 beat/min by night. 3. The average action potential by three levels of light stimuli was, 1) In a stimulus condition, in case of 10 lux 59.1 nV by day and 24.0 nV by night, in case of 100 lux 26.8 nV by day and 45.6 nV by night, and in case of 400 lux 71.7 nV by day and 14.4 nV by night. 2) In a recovery condition, in case of 10 lux 38.8 nV by day and 27.3 nV by night, in case of 100 lux 29.0 nV by day and 39.3 nV by night, and in case of 400 lux 66.4 nV by day and 21.4 nV by night.
Studies on Dorsal Aspect Target Strengths of Rock Bream, Oplegnathus Fasciatus and Dusky Spinefoot, Siganus Fuscescens
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 37, issue 2, 2001, Pages 133~139
In order to obtain fundamental data for estimation of fisheries resource by echo sounder, we carried out the measuring of dorsal aspect Target strengths for rock bream and dusky spinefoot fishes that were caught much around the Jeju Island and in South Sea of Korea. The appropriate equations share the common form. TS=A+20 log L, where TS is the average dorsal aspect target strength in decibels, L is the fish total length in centimeters, and the coefficient A is determined by a least mean squares regression analysis. For rock bream, the result is TS=-72.97+20 log L and, for dusky spinefoot it is TS=-63.16+20 log L And, we have investigated the bearing range of maximum dorsal aspect target strength for all of rock bream and dusky spinefoot by the echo sounder with transducer of which frequency is 200kHz. They are
--8 espectively, when the fishes is swimming down to the bottom. The maximum dorsal target strengths are -41.50dB at -18 or rock bream and -30.69dB at
for dusky spinefoot.
Resistance to Weathering with Materials for Fisheries Facilities 2. Photodegradation of Plastic Materials for Floatation Unit
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 37, issue 2, 2001, Pages 140~146
In order to analyze the photodegradation of plastic materials for floats or frames of fisheries facilities, weathering experiment on 3 kinds of plastic materials like high density PE of Korea(KHDPE) and Norway(NHDPE) and high strength PVC(Hi-PVC) was carried out during 900 hours exposure by using xenon light source of weather-Ometer. The results obtained are as follows; With increasing of ultraviolet radiation(UVR) time, a remarkable losses in the mechanical properties of each specimen were observed except for the remaining strain of HDPE materials. As NHDPE lost almost 15% of its initial tensile stress during a 900 hours exposure followed by KHDPE 12% and Hi-PVC 6%. In addition, the remaining tensile stress RS(kg/
) decreases almost linearly with the lapse of exposure time to light Y(Year) and the empirical equations of each specimen computed as follows; KHDPE : RS=2.6769-0.0003Y(
=0.63) Hi-PVC : RS=5.3470-0.0003Y(
=0.91) NHDPE : RS=2.4929-0.0004Y(
=0.97) It was observed by scanning electron microscope that all specimens with UVR time had started to decompose and had bubbled areas and small holes.
Study on the Cathodic Protection Characteristics of Hot Water Boiler by Mg-Alloy Galvanic Anode(1)
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 37, issue 2, 2001, Pages 147~152
Corrosion damage of boiler, factory equipment and so forth occur quickly due to using of the polluted water, resulting in increasing leak accident. Especially, working life of hot water boiler using the polluted water becomes more short, and energy loss increases. The cathodic protection method is the most economical and reliable one to prevent corrosion damage of steel structures. Mg-base alloys galvanic anode protection of cathodic protection methode is suitable for the application of hot water boiler using water with high specific resistance such as tap water. This paper is studied on the cathodic protection characteristics of hot water boiler. In tap water solution, the measurement of cathodic protection potential according to the time elapsed is carried out, and behavior of cathodic polarization with current change is investigated. The main results obtained are as follows. In hot water boiler shell, the open circuit potential of base metal become less noble than that of weld Bone, and the current density of base metal becomes low than that of weld zone. The further distance from Mg-alloy galvanic anode, the higher cathodic protection potential of hot water boiler appears. And protective potential becomes high according to pass cathodic protection time and after 6∼10 days become stable.