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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Fisheries Technology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 38, Issue 4 - Nov 2002
Volume 38, Issue 3 - Aug 2002
Volume 38, Issue 2 - May 2002
Volume 38, Issue 1 - Feb 2002
Selecting the target year
Mesh Selectivity in Trammel Net for Flat Fish
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 38, issue 2, 2002, Pages 91~100
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2002.38.2.091
The field experiments were carried out to examine for the mesh selectivity in trammel net and optimum mesh size, during Aug. 10~13, Non 9~13 2000 in Jumunjin, Kangwon-Do and during Jun. 1~27 2001 in Suyong-Bay, Busan. The experiments in Jumunjin area were conducted by using trammel nets with seven different mesh sizes (60, 75, 90, 105, 135, 150, 180mm) and those in Suyong-Bay were done by using trammel nets and gill nets with three different mesh sizes (60, 75, 90mm) in order to compare two types of nets of same structure. The mesh selectivity analysis was done mainly with flat fish(Eopsetta grigorjewi) that was occupied 60% out of total catches. And the mesh selectivity was written by extension of Kitahara's method included master curve with function type. The results obtained are summarized as follows 1. Total number of catch by, trammel net was 2,331 and that of gill net was 1,433, and flat fishes occupied 59.8 ~60% in total catches. 2. The value of optimum l/m by, trammel net was higher about 0.1 than that of gill net according as trammel net was 2.56, and gill net was 2.47. 3. The 50% selection range by, trammel net was wider about 1.5 time than that of gill net according as trammel net was 1.88~3.36(1.48) and gill net was 2.00~3.02(1.02). 4. The optimum mesh size(OMS) was estimated that trammel net was about 141mm and gill net was about 132mm on first maturity length(FML) 265mm of flat fish. 5. On the optimum mesh size based on the first maturity length of flat fish, The 50% range by, trammel net was wider about 76mm than that of gill net according as trammel net was 265 mm~474mm and gill net was 265mm~398mm.
Strength and Vibration Characteristic of Aluminum Honeycomb Sandwich Panel Structure
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 38, issue 2, 2002, Pages 101~109
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2002.38.2.101
The aluminum honeycomb sandwich panel (AHSP) structure not only have high flexural rigidity and strength per density but also excellence in vibration and noise properties. The AHSP structure are very useful for railway, airplane and high speed ship which need lighter-weighted and more strengthened elements. In this paper, from comparison the AHSP with the equivalent aluminum single plate (EASP) structure on the result of analysis, it was shown that the AHSP is S times lighter weight to the same stiffness than the EASP. And the AHSP structure have high bending rigidity and small shear rigidity in the direction of the thickness. Also, to the characteristics of vibration for the AHSP and EASP, which the stiffness is larger than the EASP, are higher than EASP.
A Study of Meshless Method Programming
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 38, issue 2, 2002, Pages 110~118
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2002.38.2.110
The element free Galerkin method has been suggested by Belyschko, etc. it is applied for linear elastic analysis of solid problems and its convergence characteristics and stability are shown according to the weight function, influence domain and scattered points. The various numerical examples are performed to check the efficiency of 1D EFG and 2D EFG program by changing factors. As a result it have the best results when it used the cubic spline weight function and the scaling parameter d
=2. These programs were developed by mixed language programming method using Visual Basic and the C language. so it is fast and efficient. and visually shown the result.t.
Target Strength of Schlegel′s Black Rockfish (Sebastes schlegeli)and Red Seabream (Pagrus major)
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 38, issue 2, 2002, Pages 119~128
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2002.38.2.119
This study investigates dorsal aspect target strength with fish size, tilt angle and frequency characteristics for the schlegel's black rockfish(Sebastes achlegeli) and the red seabream (Pagrus major). This study was carried out on free swimming fish in a cage in order to obtain acoustic data of the biomass estimation using the scientific echo sounder. The results obtained from this study are summarized as follows; 1 The coefficients of the schlegel's black rockfish and the red seabream using maximum TS with fish length were expressed -63.7dB and -62.6dB at a frequency of 38kHz, -64.4dB and -65.4dB at 120kHz, and -62.4dB and -65.0dB at 200kHz, respectively. 2. The coefficients of the schlegel\`s black rockfish and the red seabream using averaged TS with fish length were expressed -68.4dB and -67.9dB at a frequency of 38kHz, -73.4dB and -72.7dB at 120kHz, and -70.BdE and -73.4dB at 2001Hs, respectively. 3. The coefficients of the schlegel's black rockfish and the red seabream using maximum TS with body weight were expressed -52.0dB and -50.9dB at a frequency of 38kHz, -52.7dB and -53.7dB at 120kHz, and -50.7dB and -53.3dB at 200kHz, respectively. 4. The coefficients of the schlegel's black rockfish and the red seabream using averaged TS with body weight were expressed -56.7dB and -56.2dB at a frequency of 38kHz, -61.7dB and -61.0dB at 120kHz, and -59.ldE and -61.6dB at 200kHz, respectively. 5. Varying the tiIt angle of the two red seabream from -26
, the variation width of target strength expressed smaller at a frequency of 38kHz than at 120kHz and expressed about 3~6dB higher head up than head down at 120kHz
Studies on the Distribution of Fisheries Resources by Bottom Trawling in the Yellow Sea
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 38, issue 2, 2002, Pages 129~139
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2002.38.2.129
Fish distribution characteristics are essential to assess and estimate fisheries resources in a particular area. The primary goal of this study is to determine the distribution characteristics by the bottom trawling in the Yellow Sea west of South Korea. The surveys were carried out between 33
00'N latitude and 124
00'E longitude at EEZ(Exclusive Economic Zone) of Korea in Yellow Sea on May and August, 1999 and April, 2000. The ships used in this survey were the R/V Chung-kyeong(G/T 300) and R/V Dong-baek(G/T 1,050) of Yeosu National University. The results obtained can be summarized as follows 1. From the trawl data the fisheries resources are seriously decreasing through most of the species(about more 50%) have been appeared only one time at the bottom trawl on April, 2000. The total fish species caught by the trawl net during the 3 times survey were 106 species and a few species(dominant species) of these occupied 50~90% of the quantity of the total quantity by number or by weight. Among the dominant species the tanaka's snailfish was recorded to be the most dominant species in the survey area. The fish species in the Yellow Sea were clustered according to the regions. They clustered in two or three partes to the south-north direction in the spring season and clustered in two parts to the on-off shore direction of the shore in the summer season. Most of the fish caught at the the trawl net with cover-net(30.3mm) were small sized. They were shorter than 15 cm in length and the extruding rate of the cod-end which was 60mm mesh size ranges about 90%. 2. The densities of the number and weight per unit volume derived from the total catches sampled in April, 2000 survey were
, respectively. 3. The density variation of fish population between 1999 and 2000 showed a slight tendency to increase.
Studies on Fish Distribution Characteristics Using a Scientific Echo Sounder in the Yellow Sea
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 38, issue 2, 2002, Pages 140~148
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2002.38.2.140
The primary goal of this study is to determine the distribution characteristics using a scientific echo sounder in the Yellow Sea west of South Korea. The survey was carried out between 33
00'N latitude and 124
00'E longitude during the months of May and August, 1999 and April, 2000. The ships used in this survey were the R/V Chung-kyeong(G/T 300) and R/V Dong-baek(G/T 1,050) of Yeosu National University. The results obtained are as follows : 1. From the oceanographic data the Yellow Sea were divided into three sea areas which were the western waters of Chejudo, Mokpo and Kunsan. The oceanographic conditions were different in each of these three areas and the western waters of Chejudo were higher about 1~5
more than the western waters of Gunsan. Generally, thermoclines were presented clearly in all three areas, but more so in August than in May according to seasons. 2. The horizontal distribution of S
(area backscattering coefficient per unit area) value is that the western sea waters of Chejudo area are higher than that of the western sea waters of Mokpo and Gunsan. 3. The vortical distribution of S
value varies with thermocline that the harder thermocline is, the higher the S
value is. 4. The S
values on the types of biomass distribution are different with frequency. At the 38kHz, the demersal schools have higher values than the pelagic schools. At the 120kHz, the pelagic schools have higher values than the demersal schools.
Analysis of Stomach Contents of Sea-eel Conger myriaster Caught from lost Plastic pot
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 38, issue 2, 2002, Pages 149~155
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2002.38.2.149
Sea-eels caught by fishing boat and trawl were analyzed to investigate feeding status and individual growth of sea-eels caught from the lost plastic sea-eel Pot which is estimated at the ghost fishing Average length of sea-eel caught from fishing boat and test fishing was 33.6cm, 48.9cm for trawl and 45.6cm for the lost plastic sea-eel pot, respectively. The length frequency distribution is the same as the fact that sea-eel goes to the offshore from the coastal waters according to the getting growth. Sea-eel rate having empty stomach were 5.0% for fishing boat, 4.2% for trawl and the empty stomach rate of sea-eel was the highest as 87.6% in the lost pot. Sea-eel rate feeding fish as prey were 98.7% for fishing boat, 78.8% for trawl and 63.3% for the lost pot, respectively and other preys were crustacean and cephalopod. Fatness index calculated using weight and length were 1.514 for trawl catches and 1.292 for the lost pot and the difference was 15% between trawl catches and the lost pot. There also was difference at the 5% significance level in the result of t-test of Covariance Analysis.
Improvement of Net Structure and Operating System in Purse Seine Fishery for Gizzard-shad, Konosirus Punctatns(I) -Underwater Geometry and Behaviour of fish School to the Net -
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 38, issue 2, 2002, Pages 156~163
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2002.38.2.156
In order to development the construction and dimension of fishing gear for gizzard shad coastal purse seine, first of all investigated to the sinking speed and underwater geometry of net, behaviour of fish school to the net during the fishing operation In the field. The results obtained are summarized as follows; 1. Average sinking speed of net was 13cm/sec in bunt, 9.0cm/sec and 9.5cm/sec in 170m and 280m of center, 4.9cm/sec in end wing side, therefore was fastest in start of shooting and decreased gradually during the shooting process. 2. The most of leadline was reached in bottom from the shooting immediately to hauling time and the mean depth of timber bar used equipment for the escaping prevention of fish school was within the 2.7m. 3. The fish school of gizzard shad was appearanced higher density and remained to the most time in bottom than the surface and repeated to vortical movement, and its tendency to distinct in rapid time of tide current. 4. Behaviour of fish school in the net was showed to the vortical movement by sinking and rising immediately with the shooting of net and then divide with the two shape to follow round the wall of net and no patterns straightly movement in the net, and tendency easily catched in fish school of the wall of net. 5. Escaping of fish school in the gap of wing side was to busy after that seting the timber bar, therefore its function for escaping prevention of fish school was very lowed. 6. Escaping behaviour of fish school was differenced with the depth of fishing ground, the above 20m escaped to busy through the below in ledline because the sinking speed of fish school is fast than the net.
Hydrodynamic Simulation of Midwater Trawl System Behavior
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 38, issue 2, 2002, Pages 164~171
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2002.38.2.164
In this study, a mass-spring model is used to dynamically describe and calculate the shape and movement of a mid-water trawl system. This mathematical model theorizes that the factors constituting the system are the material points and the external forces such as hydrodynamic load, gravity, and buoyancy act on these material points. In addition, it surmises that these material points are connected to each other by springs, the springs do not have any mass, and the internal force acts on these springs. The non-linear differential equations are implicitly integrated with time for guaranteeing a stable solution. The dynamic simulation by the mass-spring model shows the status of the gear such as fishing gear depth, distance between doors, shape of the gear, and tension of each line. It depends on the parameters such as towing force, warp length, force of a sinker, buoyancy of a float, type of door and netting materials. The validity of the model is verified by comparing simulation motions of a trawl system obtained from computed values to those from an actual experiment.
Dynamic simulation of a Purse seine net behavior for hydrodynamic analysis
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 38, issue 2, 2002, Pages 172~178
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2002.38.2.172
This study presents a dynamic simulation of a purse seine net behavior Mathematical model suitable for purse seining, which is based on data from a series of previous simulations, various field experiments, is modelized as a set of mass-spring system. In this model, a number of meshes are approximated as one mass point, each of which connected to its neighbors by massless springs, the equations of motion are derived from considering internal force from the springs and external forces such as resistance and gravitation. This simulation shows the quantitative state on every mass point of the net and purse line during the shooting and pursing phases. So it is possible that performance of a purse seine net be analyzed using various and evolving parameters such as the shooting speed, the hauling speed, the size or type of the sinker, float and twine, also the hanging ratio etc.